Thomas Pratt

Biography

Thomas Pratt is a Research Geophysicist working in Reston, Virginia, and a member of the USGS Geologic Hazards Science Center. His research interests are in seismic imaging of active fault systems, modeling of geologic structures, studying the tectonic settings of earthquakes, and understanding ground motions during earthquakes.

 

 

Education

Cornell University        BA, Geology, 1980

Virginia Tech               M.Sc., Geophysics, 1982

Virginia Tech               Ph.D.,  Geophysics, 1986

 

Positions/Appointments Held

Research Geophysicist, USGS, Reston, VA, 2013-present.

Research Geophysicist, USGS, Seattle, WA, 1994-2013.

Affiliate Professor, Dept. of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Washington, 2003-2014.

Affiliate Professor, School of Oceanography, University of Washington, 2004-2014.

Visiting Professor, Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, May 5 - August 5, 2000.

Affiliate, School of Oceanography, University of Washington, 1994-2003.

Research Geophysicist, USGS, Golden, CO, 1991-1994.

Adjunct Faculty, Geophysics Department, Colorado School of Mines, 1991-1993.

Research Associate, Department of Earth Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 1989-1991.

Postdoctoral Research Associate, Department of Earth Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 1986-1989.

 

Professional Service

Associate Editor, Journal of Geophysical Research, 1991-1995.

Associate Editor, Bulletin Seismological Society America, 2014-present

Chair, Best Student Presentations Award Committee, Seismological Society America, 2010-2011.

Program for Array Seismic Studies of the Continental Lithosphere (PASSCAL) Standing Committee, IRIS, 1994-1998.

Program for Array Seismic Studies of the Continental Lithosphere (PASSCAL) Standing Committee, IRIS, 2007-2010.

Co-Chair, IRIS Active-Source Committee, 2009-2010.

 

Review Panels

USGS National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program External Grants Evaluation Panels:

     Member, Pacific Northwest Review Panels, 1995, 1996

     Member, Central and Eastern U.S. Review Panels, 1999, 2005, 2013, 2015

     Convener, Pacific Northwest Review Panels, 2006-2013

USGS Mendenhall Postdoctoral Applications Review Panel, 2014

USGS Venture Capital Proposals Review Panel, 2005

USGS Research Grade Evaluation Panels, 1992, 1993 (Chair), 1995, 1999, 2000 (Chair)

USGS Subject Matter Expert, "Requirements, Capabilities and Analysis for Earth Observations" (RCA-OE), 2014

NSF Proposal Review Panel, 2012

 

 

Mendenhall Post-doctoral Program [researcher (mentors)]

2005 - Megan Anderson (Tom Brocher, Thomas Pratt, Ray Wells, Rick Blakely, Ralph Haugerud).

2008 – Katie Keranen (Thomas Pratt, Joan Gomberg, John Vidale, Brian Sherrod and Art Frankel).

2010 – Emily Roland (Thomas Pratt, Peter Haeussler, Steve Kirby, Dave Scholl, Holly Ryan).

 

 

Student Advising

Masters Thesis Advisory Committee, Robert Williams, Colorado School of Mines, 1992.

Brian Haug, University of Washington – senior thesis, 2001

John Crouch, University of Washington – senior thesis, 2004

Qin Li, University of Washington - Masters degree, 2005

Curtis Clement, University of Washington – senior thesis, 2005

Ph.D. Supervisory Committee, Leiph Preston, University of Washington, University of Washington, 2001 - 2003.

Ph.D. Co-Advisor (initially with Anthony Qamar), Aggeliki Barberopoulou, University of Washington, 2003-2006.

Ph.D. Supervisory Committee, Eliza Nemser, University of Washington, 2005-2009.

Senior Thesis Advisor, Zurriya Hasnan – University of Washington, 2010-2011.

Ph.D. Supervisory Committee, Robert Weekly, University of Washington, 2008-2013.

Ph.D. Supervisory Committee, Dax Soule, University of Washington, 2012-2013.

M.S. Co-advisor, Peter Polivka, University of Washington, 2012-2013.

Ph.D. Supervisory Committee, Katie Boldt, University of Washington, 2011-2014.

 

University Teaching

Earth and Space Sciences (ESS) 467 / Oceanography 412: "Seismic Exploration", University of Washington, 2006-2012 (every other year)

McKinstrey Distinguished Lecturer, Department of Earth and Space Sciences, Harvard University, October 18-22, 2010 (taught a 1-week short course).

 

Professional Societies

American Geophysical Union

Seismological Society of America

Geological Society of America

Potomac Geophysical Society

 

 

 

 

 

Publications

Pratt, T.L., Troost, K.G., Stephenson, W., and Odum, J., 2015, Kinematics of shallow backthrusts in the Seattle fault zone, Washington State, Geosphere, v. 11, no. 6, p. 1948-1974. doi:10.1130/GES01179.1 [Link]

McAuliffe, L.J., Dolan, J.F., Rhodes, E.J., Hubbard, J., Shaw, J.H., and Pratt, T.L., 2015, Paleoseismologic evidence for large-magnitude (Mw≥7.5) earthquakes on the Ventura blind thrust fault: Implications for multi-fault ruptures in the Transverse Ranges of southern California, Geosphere, v. 11, no. 5, p. 1629-1650. doi:10.1130/GES01123.1 [Link]

Finn, S.P., Liberty, L.M., Haeussler, P.J., and Pratt, T.L., 2015, Active faults and landslide deposits beneath eastern Prince William Sound, Alaska, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 105, no. 5, p. 2343-2353. doi:10.1785/0120140273. [Link]

Pratt, T.L., Horton, J.W., Jr., Spears, D.B., Gilmer, A.K., and McNamara, D.E., 2015, The 2011 Virginia Mw 5.8 earthquake: Insights from seismic reflection imaging into the influence of older structures on eastern U.S. seismicity, in Horton, J.W., Jr., Chapman, M.C., and Green, R.A., eds., The 2011 Mineral, Virginia, Earthquake, and Its Significance for Seismic Hazards in Eastern North America: Geological Society of America Special Paper 509, p. 1–10, doi:10.1130/2015.2509(16). [Link]

Haeussler, P.J., Armstrong, P.A., Liberty, L., Ferguson, K., Finn, S., Arkle, J., and Pratt, T.L., 2015, Focused exhumation along megathrust splay faults in Prince William Sound, Alaska, Quaternary Science Reviews, Volume 113, 1 April 2015, Pages 8–22. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.10.013. [Link]

Coleman, J.L., Jr., and Pratt, T.L., 2015, Examination of the Reelfoot rift petroleum system, south-central United States, and the elements that remain for potential exploration and development, 2015 Gulf Coast Section Society for Sedimentary Geology (GCSSEPM) Research Foundation proceedings, in press

Casale, G. and Pratt, T.L., 2015, Thin-skin or thick-skin faulting in the Yakima Fold and Thrust Belt of central Washington State?: Constraints from kinematic modeling of the Saddle Mountains Anticline,Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 105, p.1042-1048. doi:10.1785/0120140207. [Download File]

Hubbard, J., Shaw, J.H., Dolan, J., Pratt, T.L., McAuliffe, L., and Rockwell, T.K., 2014, Structure and seismic hazard of the Ventura Avenue anticline and Ventura fault, California: Prospect for large, multisegment ruptures in the Western Transverse Ranges, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 105, p. 1070-1087. doi:10.1785/0120130125. [Link]

Liberty, L.M., Finn, S.P., Haeussler, P.J., Pratt, T.L. and Peterson, A., 2013, Megathrust splay faults at the focus of the Prince William Sound asperity, Alaska, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 118, 1–14, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50372. [Link]

Pratt, T.L., 2012, Large-scale splay faults on a strike-slip fault system: The Yakima Folds, Washington State, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (G-Cubed), v. 13, Q11004, 14 pp. doi:10.1029/2012GC004405. [Link]

Pratt, T.L., 2012, Kinematics of the New Madrid Seismic zone, Central United States, based on stepover models, Geology, v. 40, p. 371-374. doi:10.1130/G32624.1. [Link]

Pratt, T.L., Williams, R.A., Odum, J.K., and Stephenson, W.J., 2012, Origin of the Blytheville Arch, and long-term displacement on the New Madrid seismic zone, central United States, in Cox, R.T., Tuttle, M.P., Boyd, O.S., and Locat, J., eds., Recent Advances in North American Paleoseismology and Neotectonics East of the Rockies: Geological Society of America Special Paper 493, p. 1–15, doi:10.1130/2012.2493(01). [Link]

Lamb, A.P., Liberty, L.M.L., Blakely, R.J., Pratt, T.L., Sherrod, B.L., and van Wijk, K., 2012, The western limits of the Seattle fault zone and its interaction with the Olympic Peninsula, Washington,Geosphere, v. 8, no. 4, p. 1-16. doi:10.1130/GES00780.1. [Link]

Barnett, E.A., Haugerud, R.A., Sherrod, B.L., Weaver, C.S., Pratt, T.L., and Blakely, R.J., 2010, Preliminary atlas of active shallow tectonic deformation in the Puget Lowland, Washington, U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2010-1149. [Link]

Pratt, T.L., and Dolan, J. F., 2010, Comment on “Near-Surface Location, Geometry, and Velocities of the Santa Monica Fault Zone, Los Angeles, California,” Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 100; no. 5A; p. 2329-2337. [Download File]

Clement, C.R., Pratt, T.L., Holmes, M.L., and Sherrod, B.L., 2010, High-Resolution Seismic Reflection Imaging of Growth Folding and Shallow Faults beneath the Southern Puget Lowland, Washington State,Bulletin Seismological Society America, v. 100; no. 4; p. 1710-1723. [Download File]

Leon, L. A., J. F. Dolan, J. H. Shaw, and T. L. Pratt, 2009, Evidence for large Holocene Earthquakes on the Compton Thrust Fault, Los Angeles, California, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 114, B12305 doi: 10.1029/2008JB00619. [Link]

Liberty, L.M., Pratt, T.L., Lyle, M., and Madin, I.P., 2009, Seismic Reflection Imaging of Complex Structures beneath Upper Klamath Lake, Oregon: Neotectonic Implications, in Oldow, J.S. and P. Cashman, eds., Late Cenozoic Structure and Evolution of the Great Basin – Sierra Nevada Transition: Geological Society of America Special Paper 447, p. 71-82. [Link]

Pratt, T.L., 2009, Finding trapped miners using a prototype seismic recording system made from music-recording hardware, U. S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2009-1095, 38p. [Link]

Liberty, L.M. and Pratt, T.L., 2008, Structure of the Eastern Seattle Fault Zone, Washington State: New Insights from Seismic Reflection Data, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 98; no. 4; p. 1681-1695; DOI: 10.1785/0120070145. [Download File]

Leon, L. A., Christofferson, S.A., Dolan, J.F., Shaw, J.H., and Pratt, T.L., 2007, Earthquake-by-earthquake fold growth above the Puente Hills blind thrust fault, Los Angeles, California: Implications for fold kinematics and seismic hazard, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, B03S03, doi:10.1029/2006JB004461. [Link]

Snelson, C.M., Brocher, T.M., Miller, K.C., Pratt, T.L. and Tréhu, A.M., 2007, Seismic Amplification Within the Seattle Basin, Washington State: Insights from SHIPS Seismic Tomography Experiments,Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 97; no. 5; p. 1432-1448; DOI: 10.1785/0120050204. [Download File]

Pratt, T.L., 2006, Basin effects and ground shaking in the Puget Lowland, Washington State, USA, Bulletin of the Earthquake Research Institute (University of Tokyo), 81, 283-289. [Link]

Stephenson, W. J., A. D. Frankel, J. K. Odum, R. A. Williams, and T. L. Pratt, 2006, Toward resolving an earthquake ground motion mystery in west Seattle, Washington State: Shallow seismic focusing may cause anomalous chimney damage, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L06316, doi:10.1029/2005GL025037. [Link]

Liberty, L.M., Pratt, T.L., and Hess, S.S., 2006, Seeing through the noise: seismic reflection profiling in urban areas, Proceedings of the 2006 Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems (SAGEEP), p. 492-498. [Link]

Pratt, T.L., 2006, Site response, basin effects, and attenuation in the Puget Lowland, Washington State, USA, Proceedings of the 2006 Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems (SAGEEP), p. 274-282. [Link]

Liberty, L.M. and Pratt, T.L., 2006, Recent high-resolution seismic reflection studies of active faults in the Puget Lowland, Proceedings of the 2006 Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems (SAGEEP), p. 254-259. [Link]

Pratt, T.L., Templeton, M.E., Frost, R., and Shafer, A., 2006, Variations in short-period geophone responses in temporary seismic arrays, Seismological Research Letters, v. 77, p. 377-388. [Link]

Pratt, T.L., and Brocher, T.M., 2006, Site response and attenuation in the Puget Lowland, Washington State, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 96, p. 536-552. [Download File]

Barberopoulou, A., Qamar, A., Pratt, T.L., and Steele, W., 2006, Long-Period Effects of the Denali Earthquake on Water Bodies in the Puget Lowland: Observations and Modeling, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 96, p. 519-535. [Download File]

Li, Q., Wilcock, W.S.D., Pratt, T.L., Snelson, C.M., and Brocher, T.M., 2006, Seismic attenuation structure of the Seattle basin, Washington State, from explosive-source refraction data, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 96, p. 553-571. [Download File]

Pratt, T.L., Meagher, K., Brocher, T.M., Weaver, C.S., Yelin, T., Hultgrien, L., and Barnett, E., 2003, Earthquake and blast recordings from the 2002 Seattle Seismic Hazard Investigation of Puget Sound (SHIPS) Experiment, Washington State, U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-361. [Link]

Brocher, T.M., Pratt, T.L., Spence, G.D., Reidel, M., and Hyndman R.D., 2003, Wide-angle seismic recordings from the 2002 Georgia Basin geohazards initiative, northwestern Washington and British Columbia, U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-160. [Link]

Pratt, T.L., Holmes, M., Schweig, E.S., Gomberg, J., and Cowan, H.A., 2003, High resolution seismic imaging of faults beneath Limón Bay, northern Panama Canal, Republic of Panama, Tectonophysics, v. 368, p. 211-227. [Link]

Pratt, T.L., Brocher, T.M., Weaver, C.S., Miller, K.C., Tréhu, A.M., Creager, K.C., and Crosson, R.S., 2003, Amplification of seismic waves by the Seattle basin, Washington State, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 93, p. 533-545. [Download File]

Brocher, T.M., Pratt, T.L., Weaver, C.S., Snelson, C.M., and Frankel, A.D., 2002, Implosion, earthquake, and explosion recordings from the 2002 Kingdome Seismic Hazard Investigation of Puget Sound (SHIPS), Washington, U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-123. [Link]

Pratt, T.L., Shaw, J. H., Dolan, J. F., Christofferson, S., Williams, R. A., Odum, J. K., and Plesch, A., 2002, Shallow seismic imaging of folds above the Puente Hills blind-thrust fault, Los Angeles, California, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 29, no. 9, p. 18-1 – 18-4 (May 8, 2002). [Link]

Pratt, T.L., Weaver, C.S., Brocher, T.M., Parsons, T., Fisher, M.A., Creager, K.C., Crosson, R.S., Hyndman, R.D., Spence, G., Trehu, A.M., Miller, K.C., and ten Brink, U.S., 2002, Understanding the seismotectonics of the Cascadia subduction zone: Overview and recent seismic work, in Fujinawa, Y., and Toshida, A., editors, Seismotectonics in Convergent Plate Boundary, Terra Scientific Publishing, Tokyo, p. 25-36. [Link]

Shaw, J. H., Plesch, A., Dolan, J.F., Pratt, T.L., and Fiore, P., 2002, Puente Hills blind-thrust system, Los Angeles, California, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 92, p. 2946-2960.[Download File]

Brocher, T. M., and Pratt, T.L., 2001, Data files from the “Dry SHIPS” recordings of the Chi-Chi earthquake, Seattle, Washington, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 91, p. 1395. [Download File]

Stephenson, W.J., Odum, J.K., Williams, R.A., Pratt, T.L., Harrison, R.W., and Hoffman, D., 1999, Deformation and Quaternary faulting in southeast Missouri across the Commerce Geophysical Lineament,Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 89, p. 140-155. [Download File]

Pratt, T.L., Dolan, J.F., Odum, J.K., Stephenson, W.J., Williams, R.A., and Templeton, M.E., 1998, Multi-scale imaging of active fault zones for hazard assessment: A case study of the Santa Monica fault zone, Los Angeles, California, Geophysics, v. 63, no. 2, p. 1-11. [Link]

Pratt, T.L., Johnson, S.Y., Potter, C.J., Stephenson, W.J., and Finn, C., 1997, Seismic Reflection Images beneath Puget Sound, Western Washington State: The Puget Lowland Thrust Sheet hypothesis,Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 102, no. B12, p. 27,469-27,489. [Link]