Unified Interior Regions

Kansas

Welcome to the Midcontinent Region! Our region includes 18 Science Centers in 11 States from the Great Lakes to the Dakotas. Our streamgage network is used to monitor and assess water resources across the region. Other research focuses on fisheries and aquatic ecosystems, midcontinental plant/animal species, invasive species, wildlife disease, and energy and mining.

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Welcome to the Midcontinent Region! Our region includes 18 Science Centers in 11 States from the Great Lakes to the Dakotas. Our streamgage network is used to monitor and assess water resources across the region. Other research focuses on fisheries and aquatic ecosystems, midcontinental plant/animal species, invasive species, wildlife disease, and energy and mining.

News

Date published: September 22, 2020

USGS Dye-Tracing Study on the Kansas River to Aid in Protecting Water Supplies

U.S. Geological Survey and partners will inject a harmless, bright red fluorescent dye into the Kansas River on September 29, weather permitting. The study is being done by the USGS in cooperation with the Kansas Water Office, Kansas Department of Health and Environment, The Nature Conservancy, City of Manhattan, City of Topeka, City of Olathe and WaterOne.

Date published: July 21, 2020

Assessment of Mercury Bioaccumulation in US National Parks Using Citizen Science

A team of federal, academic, and NGO researchers conducted a national-scale assessment of mercury bioaccumulation in aquatic ecosystems using dragonfly larvae as biosentinels.

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Date published: May 1, 2020
Status: Active

Kansas River Time of Travel Study

The Kansas River provides drinking water for multiple cities in northeastern Kansas and is used for recreational purposes. Thus, improving the scientific knowledge of streamflow velocities and traveltimes will greatly aid in water-treatment plans and response to critical events and threats to water supplies. Dye-tracer studies are usually done to enhance knowledge of transport characteristics...

Date published: June 26, 2019
Status: Active

Information by Region - Kansas

  

Date published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

Summer 2011 Missouri River Basin flood

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the 2011 Missouri River Basin Flood resulting from higher-than-average snowmelt runoff combined with heavy spring rains.

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Active

Sedgwick Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

Province Code: 5059

The Salina Basin Province (5059), covers an area of about 45,000 sq mi, consisting of the eastern half of Nebraska and the north-central portion of Kansas. The basin lies between the Cambridge Arch-Central Kansas Uplift Province (5053) on the west, the Nemaha Uplift Province (5055) to the east, the Sioux Arch Province (5032) to the north, and a...

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Active

Nemaha Uplift Province Oil and Gas Assessment

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Nemaha Uplift Province (5055).

     

    Date published: December 7, 2018
    Status: Archived

    Forest City Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

    The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Forest City Basin Province (5056).

       

      Date published: December 7, 2018
      Status: Active

      Cambridge Arch-Central Kansas Uplift Oil and Gas Assessment

      The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Cambridge Arch/Central Kansas Uplift Province (5053).

         

        Date published: November 30, 2018
        Status: Active

        Cherokee Platform Oil and Gas Assessments

        The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Cherokee Platform Province 5060 in Western Oklahoma, Southeast Kandas and Western Missouri.

          Date published: November 30, 2018
          Status: Active

          Anadarko Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

          The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Anadarko Basin Province 5058.

             

            Date published: November 29, 2018
            Status: Active

            Denver Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

            The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Denver Basin Province 5039 in Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wyoming.

            Date published: November 28, 2018
            Status: Active

            Natural Drought and Flood Histories from Lacustrine Archives

            Previous work performed as part of the USGS Holocene Synthesis project illuminated complex centennial-scale patterns of drought and wetter-than-average conditions across the North American continent interior during the past two millennia, where paleorecord data coverage is sparse.  In order to explain the patterns of naturally-occurring drought, floods, and storms for the past, identified by...

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            Date published: June 23, 2020

            Global Geochemical Database for Critical Minerals in Archived Mine Samples

            The Critical Minerals in Archived Mine Samples Database (CMDB) contains chemistry and geologic information for historic ore and ore-related rock samples from mineral deposits in the United States. In addition, the database contains samples from archetypal deposits from 27 other countries in North America, South America, Asia, Africa and Europe. Samples were obtained from archived ore

            Date published: April 23, 2020

            Domestic Wells in the United States

            Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

            Date published: September 26, 2019

            Data for assessing the susceptibility of groundwater used for drinking water supply from selected principal aquifers of the Western United States, 2004-2018

            Groundwater age distribution and susceptibility to natural and anthropogenic contaminants were assessed for selected principal aquifers of the Western United States: the Central Valley aquifer system (CVAL), the Basin and Range basin-fill aquifers (BNRF), the Rio Grande aquifer system (RIOG), the High Plains aquifer (HPAQ), the Columbia Plateau basaltic-rock aquifers (

            Date published: July 12, 2019

            Crustal Architecture Beneath the Southern Midcontinent (USA) -- Data Grids and 3D Geophysical Models

            Regional grid files and 3D voxel models were used to study crustal architecture beneath the Southern Midcontinent (USA) by McCafferty and others (2019). The study covered a rectangular, multi-state area of 924 by 924 kilometers centered on Missouri, and a corresponding volume extending from the topographic surface to a depth of 50 kilometers below sea level. The grid files consist of

            Date published: December 6, 2018

            Downloadable Data for Forest City Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

            GIS Data for Forest City Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

            Date published: December 6, 2018

            Downloadable Data for Sedgwick Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

            GIS Data for Sedgwick Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

            Date published: December 6, 2018

            Downloadable Data for Cambridge Arch-Central Kansas Uplift Oil and Gas Assessments

            GIS Data for Cambridge Arch-Central Kansas Uplift Oil and Gas Assessments 

            Date published: August 28, 2018

            USGS Domestic Continuous (Unconventional) Oil & Gas Assessments, 2000-Present

            Interactively explore assessment summary information for continuous (unconventional) assessments conducted at the USGS from 2000-2018. The assessment results data used to generate this visualization can be downloaded here in Excel Format.  These data represent all assessment results...

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            Black and grey map of the contiguous 48 states shaded by the number of people using domestic wells per square kilometer (2010)
            April 23, 2020

            Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

            Map of Johnson County, Kansas
            June 14, 2017

            An interactive map of Johnson County with sites.

            Flood water with a Highway 152 sign sticking out June-July 2007
            August 11, 2016

            This map shows the location of stream gages where the water level is currently at or above flood stage (depicted as a black triangle) or at high flow (depicted as blue circles) The high flow conditions are expressed as percentiles that compare the current (i.e., within the past several hours) instantaneous flow value to historical daily mean flow values

            Map of Kansas with a mark at Wamego and De Soto
            August 1, 2016

            Study area for the Kansas River Algal project.

            Indian Creek Map
            June 15, 2016

            The purpose of the study is to assess the effects of wastewater discharge and treatment facility upgrades on the environmental and biological conditions of Indian Creek, downstream from the Middle Basin wastewater treatment facility (WWTF).

            Map showing the outline of the Equus study area with icons for various wells, and recharge sites
            June 15, 2016

            Equus Site Map has various wells and recharge points in the Equus study area to promote water recharge.

            Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
            April 19, 2016

            The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

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            Year Published: 2020

            Injection‐induced earthquakes near Milan, Kansas, controlled by Karstic Networks

            Induced earthquakes from waste disposal operations in otherwise tectonically stable regions significantly increases seismic hazard. It remains unclear why injections induce large earthquakes on non‐optimally oriented faults kilometers below the injection horizon, particularly since fluids are not injected under pressure, but rather poured, into...

            Joubert, Charlene; Sohrabi, Reza; Rubinstein, Justin; Jansen, Gunnar; Miller, Stephen A

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            Year Published: 2019

            Combining dynamic rupture simulations with ground motion data to characterize seismic hazard from Mw 3-5.8 earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas

            Many seismically active areas suffer from a lack of near‐source ground‐motion recordings, making ground‐motion prediction difficult at distances within ∼40  km">∼40  km∼40  km from an earthquake. We aim to aid the development of near‐source ground‐motion prediction equations (GMPEs) by generating...

            Bydlon, Samuel; Withers, Kyle; Dunham, Eric M.

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            Year Published: 2018

            Ground motions from induced earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas

            Improved predictions of earthquake ground motions are critical to advancing seismic hazard analyses and earthquake response. The high seismicity rate from 2009 to 2016 in Oklahoma and Kansas provides an extensive data set for examining the ground motions from these events. We evaluate the ability of three suites of ground‐motion prediction...

            Moschetti, Morgan P.; Thompson, Eric M.; Powers, Peter M.; Hoover, Susan M.; McNamara, Daniel E.

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            Year Published: 2018

            A flatfile of ground motion intensity measurements from induced earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas

            We have produced a uniformly processed database of orientation-independent (RotD50, RotD100) ground motion intensity measurements containing peak horizontal ground motions (accelerations and velocities) and 5-percent-damped pseudospectral accelerations (0.1–10 s) from more than 3,800 M ≥ 3 earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas that occurred...

            Rennolet, Steven B.; Moschetti, Morgan P.; Thompson, Eric M.; Yeck, William L.

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            Year Published: 2017

            Considerations in comparing the U.S. Geological Survey one‐year induced‐seismicity hazard models with “Did You Feel It?” and instrumental data

            The recent steep increase in seismicity rates in Oklahoma, southern Kansas, and other parts of the central United States led the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to develop, for the first time, a probabilistic seismic hazard forecast for one year (2016) that incorporates induced seismicity. In this study, we explore a process to ground‐truth the...

            White, Isabel; Liu, Taojun; Luco, Nicolas; Liel, Abbie
            White IJO, Liu T, Luco N, & Liel AB (2017), "Considerations in Comparing the U.S. Geological Survey One-Year Induced-Seismicity Hazard Models with "Did You Feel It?" and Instrumental Data," Seismological Research Letters, Vol. 89(1), pp. 127-137.

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            Year Published: 2017

            Methods for estimating annual exceedance-probability streamflows for streams in Kansas based on data through water year 2015

            A study was done by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Kansas Department of Transportation and the Federal Emergency Management Agency to develop regression models to estimate peak streamflows of annual exceedance probabilities of 50, 20, 10, 4, 2, 1, 0.5, and 0.2 percent at ungaged locations in Kansas. Peak streamflow frequency...

            Painter, Colin C.; Heimann, David C.; Lanning-Rush, Jennifer L.
            Painter, C.C., Heimann, D.C., and Lanning-Rush, J.L., 2017, Methods for estimating annual exceedance-probability streamflows for streams in Kansas based on data through water year 2015 (ver. 1.1, September 2017): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5063, 20 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175063.

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            Year Published: 2017

            Predicting cyanobacterial abundance, microcystin, and geosmin in a eutrophic drinking-water reservoir using a 14-year dataset

            Cyanobacterial blooms degrade water quality in drinking water supply reservoirs by producing toxic and taste-and-odor causing secondary metabolites, which ultimately cause public health concerns and lead to increased treatment costs for water utilities. There have been numerous attempts to create models that predict cyanobacteria and their...

            Harris, Ted D.; Graham, Jennifer L.

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            Year Published: 2016

            A rare moderate‐sized (Mw 4.9) earthquake in Kansas: Rupture process of the Milan, Kansas, earthquake of 12 November 2014 and its relationship to fluid injection

            The largest recorded earthquake in Kansas occurred northeast of Milan on 12 November 2014 (Mw 4.9) in a region previously devoid of significant seismic activity. Applying multistation processing to data from local stations, we are able to detail the rupture process and rupture geometry of the mainshock, identify the causative fault plane, and...

            Choy, George; Rubinstein, Justin L.; Yeck, William L.; McNamara, Daniel E.; Mueller, Charles; Boyd, Oliver S.
            George L. Choy, Justin L. Rubinstein, William L. Yeck, Daniel E. McNamara, Charles S. Mueller, Oliver S. Boyd DOI: 10.1785/0220160100 Published on November 2016, First Published on September 14, 2016

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            Year Published: 2016

            Spatiotemporal variability of inorganic nutrients during wastewater effluent dominated streamflow conditions in Indian Creek, Johnson County, Kansas, 2012–15

            Nutrients, particularly nitrogen and phosphorus, are a leading cause of water-quality impairment in Kansas and the Nation. Indian Creek is one of the most urban drainage basins in Johnson County, Kansas, and environmental and biological conditions are affected by contaminants from point and other urban sources. The Johnson County Douglas L. Smith...

            Foster, Guy M.; Graham, Jennifer L.; Williams, Thomas J.; King, Lindsey R.
            Foster, G.M, Graham, J.L., Williams, T.J., and King, L.R., 2016, Spatiotemporal variability of inorganic nutrients during wastewater effluent dominated streamflow conditions in Indian Creek, Johnson County, Kansas, 2012–15: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016–5147, 37 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165147.

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            Year Published: 2016

            Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974

            The Defense Minerals Administration (DMA), Defense Minerals Exploration Administration (DMEA), and Office of Minerals Exploration (OME) mineral exploration programs were active over the period 1950–1974. Under these programs, the Federal Government contributed financial assistance in the exploration for certain strategic and critical minerals. The...

            Frank, David G.
            Frank, D.G., 2016, Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1004, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds1004.

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            Year Published: 2016

            Likelihood testing of seismicity-based rate forecasts of induced earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas

            Likelihood testing of induced earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas has identified the parameters that optimize the forecasting ability of smoothed seismicity models and quantified the recent temporal stability of the spatial seismicity patterns. Use of the most recent 1-year period of earthquake data and use of 10–20-km smoothing distances...

            Moschetti, Morgan P.; Hoover, Susan M.; Mueller, Charles

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            Year Published: 2016

            Logistic and linear regression model documentation for statistical relations between continuous real-time and discrete water-quality constituents in the Kansas River, Kansas, July 2012 through June 2015

            The Kansas River is a primary source of drinking water for about 800,000 people in northeastern Kansas. Source-water supplies are treated by a combination of chemical and physical processes to remove contaminants before distribution. Advanced notification of changing water-quality conditions and cyanobacteria and associated toxin and taste-and-...

            Foster, Guy M.; Graham, Jennifer L.
            Foster, G.M., and Graham, J.L., 2016, Logistic and linear regression model documentation for statistical relations between continuous real-time and discrete water-quality constituents in the Kansas River, Kansas, July 2012 through June 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016–1040, 27 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161040.

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            February 12, 2020

            Image of the Week - When Snowfall Takes Sides

            In 2019, a December storm dropped around five inches of snow over northeast China near Baicheng. If conditions on the ground are right, a snow pattern can reveal a storm's path with remarkable detail. Landsat 8 captured this image of the area, revealing a distinct division between snow cover and clear ground. This stark divide is rare when trees and mountains are present,

            October 11, 2019

            Earth as Art 6

            The Earth As Art project began in the early 2000s, and its original intent remains the same: to produce images that do not look like satellite images at first glance. Earth As Art shows not only what satellites capture in the visible wavelengths of light you and I can see, but also what’s hiding in the invisible wavelengths that Landsat sensors can detect in the infrared

            Sunrise over the Kansas River at Topeka
            September 23, 2019

            Kansas River at Topeka

            View of the sunrise from the Topeka water plant site (0688990) on the Kansas River.

            Photo of the Kansas River at Topeka
            September 23, 2019

            ToT Kansas River at Topeka

            Photo from the bank of the Kansas River at Topeka for the Time of Travel study.

            Photo of the Kansas River at Wamego
            September 23, 2019

            ToT Kansas River At Wamego

            Photo from the bridge overlooking the Kansas River at Wamego for the Time of Travel study.

            Image from an application that navigates users through USGS National Oil and Gas Assessment Provinces
            November 14, 2018

            National Oil and Gas Assessment Provinces

            This is a graphic from the USGS National Oil and Gas Assessment Explorer application, which allows user to drill into 70 oil and gas assessment provinces throughout the United States.

            Village model
            October 22, 2018

            Water and Village model

            USGS scientists showing students how water flows through a village using a model.

            groundwater model
            October 22, 2018

            Presenting a groundwater model

            USGS scientist teaching students about the water cycle using a groundwater model for demonstration.

            Testing water
            October 22, 2018

            Testing water

            USGS scientists showing students how they test water samples in the lab.

            U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientist working on data analysis of cyanotoxins in water samples
            September 24, 2018

            (USGS scientist working on data analysis of cyanotoxins in water

            U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientist working on data analysis of cyanotoxins in water samples

            Keith A. Loftin, USGS, is the lead scientist for algal and cyanobacterial toxins
            September 24, 2018

            Keith A. Loftin is the lead scientist for algal and cyanobacteria

            Keith A. Loftin, USGS, is the lead scientist for algal and cyanobacterial toxins

            USGS scientists evaluating the nebulizer assembly in a mixed mode ionization source of a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer
            September 24, 2018

            USGS scientists evaluating the nebulizer assembly

            USGS scientists evaluating the nebulizer assembly in a mixed mode ionization source of a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer used to measure individual cyanotoxins

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            Photo of red dye in Missouri river
            September 22, 2020

            U.S. Geological Survey and partners will inject a harmless, bright red fluorescent dye into the Kansas River on September 29, weather permitting. The study is being done by the USGS in cooperation with the Kansas Water Office, Kansas Department of Health and Environment, The Nature Conservancy, City of Manhattan, City of Topeka, City of Olathe and WaterOne.

            Dragonfly larvae being held in an open hand
            July 21, 2020

            A team of federal, academic, and NGO researchers conducted a national-scale assessment of mercury bioaccumulation in aquatic ecosystems using dragonfly larvae as biosentinels.

            Color image of Kansas Applied Remote Sensing (KARS) map
            May 9, 2019

            In the spring of 1996, the Kansas Applied Remote Sensing (KARS) program on the campus of Kansas University started chronicling the greening and browning of America.

            Low streamflow on the Arkansas River at Syracuse, Kansas.
            June 26, 2017

            Human activity, such as groundwater pumping, land management, reservoir operations and urbanization, has a measurable effect on streamflows in Kansas locally, regionally and statewide, according to a new report by the U.S. Geological Survey, done in cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism.

            High Plains aquifer water-level changes, predevelopment to 2015
            June 16, 2017

            The U.S. Geological Survey has released a new report detailing changes of groundwater levels in the High Plains aquifer. The report presents water-level change data in the aquifer for two separate periods: from 1950 – the time prior to significant groundwater irrigation development – to 2015, and from 2013 to 2015.

            Image: Harmful Algal Blooms
            March 31, 2017

            Two decades of harmful algal bloom, nutrient and sediment research by the U.S. Geological Survey is helping to support Wichita’s long-term vision of a sustainable water supply into the future. Early warning indicators of harmful algal blooms have been developed for Cheney Reservoir, Kansas, according to a new USGS publication done in cooperation with the City of Wichita, Kansas.

            USGS
            February 17, 2017

            Small variations in the density of the earth’s crust—undetectable to humans without sensitive instruments—influence where earthquakes may occur in the central United States. These new findings from the U.S. Geological Survey, published today in Nature Communications, may allow scientists to map where future seismicity in the center of the country is most likely.

            Map of Northern High Plains Aquifer
            December 13, 2016

            A new U.S. Geological Survey publication and model can be applied by multiple entities to better understand flow, quantity, sources and sinks of groundwater in the Northern High Plains Aquifer, which covers approximately 100,000 square miles across Nebraska, South Dakota, Kansas, Colorado and Wyoming.

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