Unified Interior Regions

Kansas

Welcome to the Midcontinent Region! Our region includes 18 Science Centers in 11 States from the Great Lakes to the Dakotas. Our streamgage network is used to monitor and assess water resources across the region. Other research focuses on fisheries and aquatic ecosystems, midcontinental plant/animal species, invasive species, wildlife disease, and energy and mining.

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Welcome to the Midcontinent Region! Our region includes 18 Science Centers in 11 States from the Great Lakes to the Dakotas. Our streamgage network is used to monitor and assess water resources across the region. Other research focuses on fisheries and aquatic ecosystems, midcontinental plant/animal species, invasive species, wildlife disease, and energy and mining.

News

Date published: September 16, 2021

Mapping Challenge Update (09/16/21): Law Enforcement in KS & OK

Volunteers continue to make progress with 50 more edits coming in since last week - MARVELOUS!  

Date published: September 9, 2021

Mapping Challenge Update (09/09/21): Law Enforcement in KS & OK

Volunteers maintain momentum with over 60 edits contributed since last week - superb!  

Date published: August 30, 2021

Mapping Challenge Update (08/30/21): Law Enforcement in KS & OK

Almost two-thirds of the points for this challenge have been reviewed, leaving just over 400 points remaining - we can do it!!  

Filter Total Items: 44
Date published: May 1, 2020
Status: Active

Kansas River Time of Travel Study

The Kansas River provides drinking water for multiple cities in northeastern Kansas and is used for recreational purposes. Thus, improving the scientific knowledge of streamflow velocities and traveltimes will greatly aid in water-treatment plans and response to critical events and threats to water supplies. Dye-tracer studies are usually done to enhance knowledge of transport characteristics...

Date published: June 26, 2019
Status: Active

Information by Region - Kansas

  

Date published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

Summer 2011 Missouri River Basin flood

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the 2011 Missouri River Basin Flood resulting from higher-than-average snowmelt runoff combined with heavy spring rains.

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Active

Sedgwick Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

Province Code: 5059

The Salina Basin Province (5059), covers an area of about 45,000 sq mi, consisting of the eastern half of Nebraska and the north-central portion of Kansas. The basin lies between the Cambridge Arch-Central Kansas Uplift Province (5053) on the west, the Nemaha Uplift Province (5055) to the east, the Sioux Arch Province (5032) to the north, and a...

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Active

Nemaha Uplift Province Oil and Gas Assessment

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Nemaha Uplift Province (5055).

     

    Date published: December 7, 2018
    Status: Archived

    Forest City Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

    The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Forest City Basin Province (5056).

       

      Date published: December 7, 2018
      Status: Active

      Cambridge Arch-Central Kansas Uplift Oil and Gas Assessment

      The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Cambridge Arch/Central Kansas Uplift Province (5053).

         

        Date published: November 30, 2018
        Status: Active

        Cherokee Platform Oil and Gas Assessments

        The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Cherokee Platform Province 5060 in Western Oklahoma, Southeast Kandas and Western Missouri.

          Date published: November 30, 2018
          Status: Active

          Anadarko Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

          The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Anadarko Basin Province 5058.

             

            Date published: November 29, 2018
            Status: Active

            Denver Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

            The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Denver Basin Province 5039 in Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wyoming.

            Date published: November 28, 2018
            Status: Active

            Natural Drought and Flood Histories from Lacustrine Archives

            Previous work performed as part of the USGS Holocene Synthesis project illuminated complex centennial-scale patterns of drought and wetter-than-average conditions across the North American continent interior during the past two millennia, where paleorecord data coverage is sparse.  In order to explain the patterns of naturally-occurring drought, floods, and storms for the past, identified by...

            Filter Total Items: 31
            Date published: June 23, 2020

            Global Geochemical Database for Critical Minerals in Archived Mine Samples

            The Critical Minerals in Archived Mine Samples Database (CMDB) contains chemistry and geologic information for historic ore and ore-related rock samples from mineral deposits in the United States. In addition, the database contains samples from archetypal deposits from 27 other countries in North America, South America, Asia, Africa and Europe. Samples were obtained from archived ore

            Date published: April 23, 2020

            Domestic Wells in the United States

            Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

            Date published: September 26, 2019

            Data for assessing the susceptibility of groundwater used for drinking water supply from selected principal aquifers of the Western United States, 2004-2018

            Groundwater age distribution and susceptibility to natural and anthropogenic contaminants were assessed for selected principal aquifers of the Western United States: the Central Valley aquifer system (CVAL), the Basin and Range basin-fill aquifers (BNRF), the Rio Grande aquifer system (RIOG), the High Plains aquifer (HPAQ), the Columbia Plateau basaltic-rock aquifers (

            Date published: July 12, 2019

            Crustal Architecture Beneath the Southern Midcontinent (USA) -- Data Grids and 3D Geophysical Models

            Regional grid files and 3D voxel models were used to study crustal architecture beneath the Southern Midcontinent (USA) by McCafferty and others (2019). The study covered a rectangular, multi-state area of 924 by 924 kilometers centered on Missouri, and a corresponding volume extending from the topographic surface to a depth of 50 kilometers below sea level. The grid files consist of

            Date published: December 6, 2018

            Downloadable Data for Forest City Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

            GIS Data for Forest City Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

            Date published: December 6, 2018

            Downloadable Data for Sedgwick Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

            GIS Data for Sedgwick Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

            Date published: December 6, 2018

            Downloadable Data for Cambridge Arch-Central Kansas Uplift Oil and Gas Assessments

            GIS Data for Cambridge Arch-Central Kansas Uplift Oil and Gas Assessments 

            Date published: August 28, 2018

            USGS Domestic Continuous (Unconventional) Oil & Gas Assessments, 2000-Present

            Interactively explore assessment summary information for continuous (unconventional) assessments conducted at the USGS from 2000-2018. The assessment results data used to generate this visualization can be downloaded here in Excel Format.  These data represent all assessment results...

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            Black and grey map of the contiguous 48 states shaded by the number of people using domestic wells per square kilometer (2010)
            April 23, 2020

            Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

            Map of Johnson County, Kansas
            June 14, 2017

            An interactive map of Johnson County with sites.

            Flood water with a Highway 152 sign sticking out June-July 2007
            August 11, 2016

            This map shows the location of stream gages where the water level is currently at or above flood stage (depicted as a black triangle) or at high flow (depicted as blue circles) The high flow conditions are expressed as percentiles that compare the current (i.e., within the past several hours) instantaneous flow value to historical daily mean flow values

            Map of Kansas with a mark at Wamego and De Soto
            August 1, 2016

            Study area for the Kansas River Algal project.

            Indian Creek Map
            June 15, 2016

            The purpose of the study is to assess the effects of wastewater discharge and treatment facility upgrades on the environmental and biological conditions of Indian Creek, downstream from the Middle Basin wastewater treatment facility (WWTF).

            Map showing the outline of the Equus study area with icons for various wells, and recharge sites
            June 15, 2016

            Equus Site Map has various wells and recharge points in the Equus study area to promote water recharge.

            Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
            April 19, 2016

            The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

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            Year Published: 2021

            Earthquake source mechanisms and stress field variations associated with wastewater-induced seismicity in southern Kansas, USA

            The strong increase of seismicity rates in the contiguous USA over the last 10 years is linked to the injection of huge amounts of wastewater from oil and gas production in unconventional hydrocarbon reservoirs. We calculated 549 moment tensors of induced earthquakes (MW ≤ 4.9) in southern Kansas to study their source mechanisms and...

            Amemotou, Amandine; Martinez-Garzon, Patricia; Kwiatek, Grzegorz; Rubinstein, Justin; Bohnhoff, Marco

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            Year Published: 2021

            Characterization of water-resource threats and needs for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuges in the Legacy Mountain-Prairie Region, 2020

            The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), began a study in 2019 to complete the compilation and quality assurance of water-resource threats and needs data for the 117 National Wildlife Refuges (NWRs) in the FWS Legacy Mountain-Prairie Region (LMPR) and to characterize the water-resource threats and...

            Bauch, Nancy J.; Kohn, Michael S.; Caruso, Brian S.
            Bauch, N.J., Kohn, M.S., and Caruso, B.S., 2021, Characterization of water-resource threats and needs for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuges in the Legacy Mountain-Prairie Region, 2020: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1007, 46 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211007.

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            Year Published: 2021

            Characterizing stress orientations in southern Kansas

            Induced seismicity predominantly occurs along faults that are optimally oriented to the local principal compressive stress direction, and the characterization of these stress orientations is an important component of understanding seismic hazards. The seismicity rate in southern Kansas rapidly increased in 2013 primarily due to the disposal of...

            Skoumal, Robert; Cochran, Elizabeth S.; Kroll, Kayla A.; Rubinstein, Justin; McPhillips, Devin

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            Year Published: 2020

            Injection‐induced earthquakes near Milan, Kansas, controlled by Karstic Networks

            Induced earthquakes from waste disposal operations in otherwise tectonically stable regions significantly increases seismic hazard. It remains unclear why injections induce large earthquakes on non‐optimally oriented faults kilometers below the injection horizon, particularly since fluids are not injected under pressure, but rather poured, into...

            Joubert, Charlene; Sohrabi, Reza; Rubinstein, Justin; Jansen, Gunnar; Miller, Stephen A

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            Year Published: 2019

            Combining dynamic rupture simulations with ground motion data to characterize seismic hazard from Mw 3-5.8 earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas

            Many seismically active areas suffer from a lack of near‐source ground‐motion recordings, making ground‐motion prediction difficult at distances within ∼40  km">∼40  km∼40  km from an earthquake. We aim to aid the development of near‐source ground‐motion prediction equations (GMPEs) by generating...

            Bydlon, Samuel; Withers, Kyle; Dunham, Eric M.

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            Year Published: 2018

            Ground motions from induced earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas

            Improved predictions of earthquake ground motions are critical to advancing seismic hazard analyses and earthquake response. The high seismicity rate from 2009 to 2016 in Oklahoma and Kansas provides an extensive data set for examining the ground motions from these events. We evaluate the ability of three suites of ground‐motion prediction...

            Moschetti, Morgan P.; Thompson, Eric M.; Powers, Peter M.; Hoover, Susan M.; McNamara, Daniel E.

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            Year Published: 2018

            A flatfile of ground motion intensity measurements from induced earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas

            We have produced a uniformly processed database of orientation-independent (RotD50, RotD100) ground motion intensity measurements containing peak horizontal ground motions (accelerations and velocities) and 5-percent-damped pseudospectral accelerations (0.1–10 s) from more than 3,800 M ≥ 3 earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas that occurred...

            Rennolet, Steven B.; Moschetti, Morgan P.; Thompson, Eric M.; Yeck, William L.

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            Year Published: 2017

            Considerations in comparing the U.S. Geological Survey one‐year induced‐seismicity hazard models with “Did You Feel It?” and instrumental data

            The recent steep increase in seismicity rates in Oklahoma, southern Kansas, and other parts of the central United States led the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to develop, for the first time, a probabilistic seismic hazard forecast for one year (2016) that incorporates induced seismicity. In this study, we explore a process to ground‐truth the...

            White, Isabel; Liu, Taojun; Luco, Nicolas; Liel, Abbie
            White IJO, Liu T, Luco N, & Liel AB (2017), "Considerations in Comparing the U.S. Geological Survey One-Year Induced-Seismicity Hazard Models with "Did You Feel It?" and Instrumental Data," Seismological Research Letters, Vol. 89(1), pp. 127-137.

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            Year Published: 2017

            Methods for estimating annual exceedance-probability streamflows for streams in Kansas based on data through water year 2015

            A study was done by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Kansas Department of Transportation and the Federal Emergency Management Agency to develop regression models to estimate peak streamflows of annual exceedance probabilities of 50, 20, 10, 4, 2, 1, 0.5, and 0.2 percent at ungaged locations in Kansas. Peak streamflow frequency...

            Painter, Colin C.; Heimann, David C.; Lanning-Rush, Jennifer L.
            Painter, C.C., Heimann, D.C., and Lanning-Rush, J.L., 2017, Methods for estimating annual exceedance-probability streamflows for streams in Kansas based on data through water year 2015 (ver. 1.1, September 2017): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5063, 20 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175063.

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            Year Published: 2017

            Predicting cyanobacterial abundance, microcystin, and geosmin in a eutrophic drinking-water reservoir using a 14-year dataset

            Cyanobacterial blooms degrade water quality in drinking water supply reservoirs by producing toxic and taste-and-odor causing secondary metabolites, which ultimately cause public health concerns and lead to increased treatment costs for water utilities. There have been numerous attempts to create models that predict cyanobacteria and their...

            Harris, Ted D.; Graham, Jennifer L.

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            Year Published: 2016

            A rare moderate‐sized (Mw 4.9) earthquake in Kansas: Rupture process of the Milan, Kansas, earthquake of 12 November 2014 and its relationship to fluid injection

            The largest recorded earthquake in Kansas occurred northeast of Milan on 12 November 2014 (Mw 4.9) in a region previously devoid of significant seismic activity. Applying multistation processing to data from local stations, we are able to detail the rupture process and rupture geometry of the mainshock, identify the causative fault plane, and...

            Choy, George; Rubinstein, Justin L.; Yeck, William L.; McNamara, Daniel E.; Mueller, Charles; Boyd, Oliver S.
            George L. Choy, Justin L. Rubinstein, William L. Yeck, Daniel E. McNamara, Charles S. Mueller, Oliver S. Boyd DOI: 10.1785/0220160100 Published on November 2016, First Published on September 14, 2016

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            Year Published: 2016

            Spatiotemporal variability of inorganic nutrients during wastewater effluent dominated streamflow conditions in Indian Creek, Johnson County, Kansas, 2012–15

            Nutrients, particularly nitrogen and phosphorus, are a leading cause of water-quality impairment in Kansas and the Nation. Indian Creek is one of the most urban drainage basins in Johnson County, Kansas, and environmental and biological conditions are affected by contaminants from point and other urban sources. The Johnson County Douglas L. Smith...

            Foster, Guy M.; Graham, Jennifer L.; Williams, Thomas J.; King, Lindsey R.
            Foster, G.M, Graham, J.L., Williams, T.J., and King, L.R., 2016, Spatiotemporal variability of inorganic nutrients during wastewater effluent dominated streamflow conditions in Indian Creek, Johnson County, Kansas, 2012–15: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016–5147, 37 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165147.

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            April 26, 2021

            EarthShots — Satellite Images of Environmental Change

            The US Geological Survey's Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, or "EROS" archive’s data from the LandSat satellites which have been in operation from 1972 to the present day. EarthShots presents environmental changes using Landsat images. 
             

            March 19, 2021

            Earth As Art 1 (AD)

            The Earth As Art project began in the early 2000s, and its original intent remains the same: to produce images that do not look like satellite images at first glance. Earth As Art shows not only what satellites capture in the visible wavelengths of light you and I can see, but also what’s hiding in the invisible wavelengths that Landsat sensors can detect in the infrared

            March 19, 2021

            Earth As Art 1

            The Earth As Art project began in the early 2000s, and its original intent remains the same: to produce images that do not look like satellite images at first glance. Earth As Art shows not only what satellites capture in the visible wavelengths of light you and I can see, but also what’s hiding in the invisible wavelengths that Landsat sensors can detect in the infrared

            USGS scientist uses a weighted basket sampler to collect a Time of Travel red-dye sample
            September 30, 2020

            Collecting a red-dye sample in Olathe, Kansas

            USGS scientist uses a weighted basket sampler to collect a Time of Travel red-dye sample at WaterOne in Olathe, Kansas. 

            USGS scientist Chantelle Davis prepares to collect a red-dye sample
            September 30, 2020

            USGS scientist prepares to collect a red-dye sample in Olathe, Kansas

            USGS scientist Chantelle Davis prepares to collect a red-dye sample, at sunrise, for the Time of Travel study in Olathe, Kansas. 

            USGS scientist watches over the many samples collected during the red-dye study trial run in Desoto, Kansas.
            September 29, 2020

            Samples collected during the red-dye study trial run in Desoto, Kansas

            USGS scientist watches over the many samples collected during the red-dye study trial run in Desoto, Kansas while he awaits the next sample.

            USGS scientist gets a field fluorometer reading from a recently collected red-dye study sample from the Kansas River in DeSoto.
            September 29, 2020

            Getting a field fluorometer reading from a red-dye study sample

            USGS scientist Ian Gambill gets a field fluorometer reading from a recently collected red-dye study sample from the Kansas River in DeSoto, Kansas.

            February 12, 2020

            Image of the Week - When Snowfall Takes Sides

            In 2019, a December storm dropped around five inches of snow over northeast China near Baicheng. If conditions on the ground are right, a snow pattern can reveal a storm's path with remarkable detail. Landsat 8 captured this image of the area, revealing a distinct division between snow cover and clear ground. This stark divide is rare when trees and mountains are present,

            October 11, 2019

            Earth as Art 6

            The Earth As Art project began in the early 2000s, and its original intent remains the same: to produce images that do not look like satellite images at first glance. Earth As Art shows not only what satellites capture in the visible wavelengths of light you and I can see, but also what’s hiding in the invisible wavelengths that Landsat sensors can detect in the infrared

            Sunrise over the Kansas River at Topeka
            September 23, 2019

            Kansas River at Topeka

            View of the sunrise from the Topeka water plant site (0688990) on the Kansas River.

            Photo of the Kansas River at Topeka
            September 23, 2019

            ToT Kansas River at Topeka

            Photo from the bank of the Kansas River at Topeka for the Time of Travel study.

            Photo of the Kansas River at Wamego
            September 23, 2019

            ToT Kansas River At Wamego

            Photo from the bridge overlooking the Kansas River at Wamego for the Time of Travel study.

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            TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: Law Enforcement in KS & OK
            September 16, 2021

            Volunteers continue to make progress with 50 more edits coming in since last week - MARVELOUS!  

            TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: Law Enforcement in KS & OK
            September 9, 2021

            Volunteers maintain momentum with over 60 edits contributed since last week - superb!  

            TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: Law Enforcement in KS & OK
            August 30, 2021

            Almost two-thirds of the points for this challenge have been reviewed, leaving just over 400 points remaining - we can do it!!  

            TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: Law Enforcement in KS & OK
            August 19, 2021

            Volunteers continue to make progress on this challenge with over 40 edits contributed!

            TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: Law Enforcement in KS & OK
            August 5, 2021

            Volunteers dive in feet first with approximately 20 edits since this challenge was launched - EXCELLENT!  

            TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: Law Enforcement in KS & OK NEW
            July 28, 2021

            TNMCorps mapping challenges continue in the Midwest with a new challenge for law enforcement features in Kansas and Oklahoma! This is an excellent challenge for Standard Editors and Peer Reviewers with many red and green points that need to be confirmed.

            Photo of a red dye-tracer study in June 2016 on the Missouri River near Fort Peck Dam, Montana.
            July 6, 2021

            U.S. Geological Survey scientists and partners will inject a harmless, bright red fluorescent dye into the Kansas River at Eudora July 7-9, weather permitting.

            Photo of a red dye-tracer study in June 2016 on the Missouri River near Fort Peck Dam, Montana.
            April 28, 2021

            U.S. Geological Survey and partners will inject a harmless, bright red fluorescent dye into the Kansas River on April 29, weather permitting. The study is being done by the USGS in cooperation with the Kansas Water Office, Kansas Department of Health and Environment, The Nature Conservancy, City of Manhattan, City of Topeka, City of Olathe, City of Lawrence, and WaterOne.

            thumbnail of Extreme Events monitoring flyer
            April 16, 2021

            Kansas Water Science Center Presents: Extreme Events Monitoring with USGS

            THUMBNAIL: Timelapse of CityHalls in KS & OK
            April 13, 2021

            Summary statistics are now available for this challenge. Thanks again to everyone who contributed!

            TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in KS & OK FINISHED
            April 1, 2021

            This challenge is now complete! Thank you to everyone who contributed!

            Photo of a red dye-tracer study in June 2016 on the Missouri River near Fort Peck Dam, Montana.
            March 26, 2021

            The U.S. Geological Survey and partners will inject a harmless, bright red fluorescent dye into the Kansas River at Eudora on March 31, weather permitting. 

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