Scientific investigations of the current state of the summit of Kīlauea are needed to interpret monitoring network data and to characterize threats and hazards to the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and surrounding area.
Activities will include repeat gravity and other geophysical surveys (ground-based and airborne) of the volcano and geologic evaluation of new exposures in the expanded caldera walls. This work will improve our understanding of summit and rift zone structure and magmatic plumbing, as well as the history and likelihood of dangerous explosive eruptions from the summit region.
Namiki, A., Patrick, M.R., Manga, M., and Houghton, B.F., 2021, Brittle fragmentation by rapid gas separation in a Hawaiian fountain: Nature Geoscience, v. 14, no. 4, p. 242-247.
Houghton, B.F., Cockshell, W.A., Gregg, C.E., Walker, B.H., Kim, K., Tisdale, C.M., and Yamashita, E., 2021, Land, lava, and disaster create a social dilemma after the 2018 eruption of Kīlauea volcano: Nature Communications, v. 12, no. 1, p. 1223.
Mosbrucker, A.R., Zoeller, M.H., and Ramsey, D.W., 2020, Digital elevation model of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaiʻi, based on July 2019 airborne lidar surveys: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9F1ZU8O.
Patrick, M.R., Swanson, D.A., Zoeller, M.H., Mulliken, K.M., Parcheta, C.E., Lynn, K.J., Downs, D.T., and Flinders, A.F., 2021, Water-level data for the crater lake at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano, Island of Hawaiʻi, 2019–2020: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9262JDH