Groundwater and Streamflow Information Program

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The Groundwater and Streamflow Information Program (GWSIP) is one of four Water Investigations Programs funded by Congress to identify, measure, and assess the Nation’s water resources. The GWSIP is the principal USGS Program for monitoring groundwater and streamflow, including floods and droughts, related to groundwater resources at the regional/national scales.

News

Date published: June 26, 2018

Media Advisory: Witness Groundbreaking River Measurements Collected from the Sky

This Thursday, scientists with the U.S. Geological Survey and NASA will test new technologies near Parkdale, Colorado, located west of Cañon City, to better understand how unmanned aerial systems (UAS), or drones, may be used to measure water depth, water levels and velocity from the sky. 

Date published: May 31, 2018

USGS Hurricane Response Met Challenges in 2017, Prepares for 2018

No one has a crystal ball to foresee what will happen during the 2018 hurricane season that begins June 1, but NOAA forecasters say there’s a 75 percent chance this hurricane season will be at least as busy as a normal year, or busier.

Date published: April 12, 2018

USGS Releases New Web-Based Groundwater Model Visualization Tool

A new U.S. Geological Survey groundwater model visualization tool is now available to help users visualize the inputs and outputs of complex groundwater models across the country.

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Date published: July 27, 2018
Status: Active

Next Generation Water Observing System: Delaware River Basin

The USGS next-generation water observing system will provide high-fidelity, real-time data on water quantity and quality necessary to support modern water prediction and decision support systems for water emergencies and daily water operations. The Delaware River Basin pilot provides an opportunity to develop the NextGen observing system in a nationally important, complex interstate river...

Date published: August 8, 2017
Status: Active

Wood River Valley Aquatic Biology and Habitat Assessment

Blaine County’s population nearly quadrupled from about 5,700 to 22,000 people between 1970 and 2010. Residents and resource managers of the Wood River Valley of south-central Idaho are concerned about the potential effects that population growth and the expected increased demand for water might have on the quantity and quality of the valley’s ground and surface waters. Increased water use has...

Contacts: Dorene MacCoy
Date published: April 20, 2016

Groundwater, Aquifers, and Wells

Science to discover and describe the location, condition, and behavior of water in the ground.

Date published: March 12, 2016

Regional Groundwater Studies

These assessments will document the effects of human activities on water levels, groundwater storage, and discharge to streams and other surface-water bodies; explore climate variability impacts on the regional water budget; and evaluate the adequacy of data networks to assess impacts at a regional scale.

Date published: March 12, 2016

Stable Streamgaging Network

At the core of NSIP will be a set of USGS-funded streamgages strategically positioned across the country that are continuously operated to fulfill five Federal needs for streamflow information. These will be a permanent set of core streamgages from which streamflow information would be delivered in real time, uncompromised by changing support from funding partners.

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Date published: March 12, 2016

Groundwater Level Data

Measurements of groundwater levels from wells are used to monitor changes in groundwater conditions due to climate variability and withdrawals (pumping). The GWRP has supported the development of a Groundwater Climate-Response Network, a network of wells selected to illustrate the response of the groundwater system to climate variations nationwide.

Date published: March 12, 2016

Geophysical Methods & Applications

USGS conducts research into new and emerging geophysical methods and applications for groundwater investigations. Near-surface geophysical techniques can be used to rapidly and effectively characterize the shallow subsurface and to monitor hydrologic and remediation processes in ways not previously possible with standard technology.

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Date published: September 14, 2017

Hurricane Irma's Water Footprint

Hurricane Irma, the most intense hurricane observed in the Atlantic in the last decade, approached the west coast of Florida on September 10th, 2017. This animation shows the precipitation and river conditions through time as Irma moved over the southeastern United States.

Date published: September 5, 2017

Hurricane Harvey's Water Footprint

Active visualization of Hurricane Harvey's water footprint as it approached the Texas coast (Aug 25 - Aug 30, 2017)

Date published: August 31, 2017

WaterWatch Flood Map

Current stream conditions and NWS forecast stream conditions.

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Year Published: 2018

Geologic framework and hydrogeology of the Rio Rico and Nogales 7.5’ quadrangles, upper Santa Cruz Basin, Arizona, with three-dimensional hydrogeologic model

Rapid population growth and declining annual recharge to aquifers in the upper Santa Cruz Basin area of southern Arizona, have increased the demand for additional groundwater resources. This demand is predicted to escalate in the future because of higher temperatures, longer droughts, less aquifer recharge, and decreased river and stream base flow...

Page, William R.; Bultman, Mark W.; VanSistine, D. Paco; Menges, Christopher M.; Gray, Floyd; Pantea, Michael P.
Page, W.R., Bultman, M.W., VanSistine, D.P., Menges, C.M., Gray, Floyd, and Pantea, M.P., 2018, Geologic framework and hydrogeology of the Rio Rico and Nogales 7.5’ quadrangles, upper Santa Cruz Basin, Arizona, with three-dimensional hydrogeologic model: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5062, 34 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185062.

Year Published: 2018

Pliocene erosional pulse and glacier-landscape feedbacks in the western Alaska Range

Pliocene–Pleistocene glaciation modified the topography and erosion of most middle- and high-latitude mountain belts, because the evolution of catchment topography controls long-term glacier mass balance and erosion. Hence, characterizing how erosion rates change during repeated glaciations can help test hypothesized glacier erosion-landscape...

Lease, Richard O.
Lease, Richard O., 2018, Pliocene erosional pulse and glacier-landscape feedbacks in the western Alaska Range: Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Year Published: 2018

Refinement of a regression-based method for prediction of flow-duration curves of daily streamflow in the conterminous United States

Regional regression is a common tool used to estimate daily flow-duration curves (FDCs) at ungaged locations. In this report, several refinements to a particular implementation of the regional regression method for estimating FDCs are evaluated by consideration of different methodological options through a leave-one-out cross-validation procedure...

Over, Thomas M.; Farmer, William H.; Russell, Amy M.
Over, T.M., Farmer, W.H., and Russell, A.M., 2018, Refinement of a regression-based method for prediction of flow-duration curves of daily streamflow in the conterminous United States: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5072, 34 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185072.

Year Published: 2018

Applying high-resolution imagery to evaluate restoration-induced changes in stream condition, Missouri River Headwaters Basin, Montana

Degradation of streams and associated riparian habitat across the Missouri River Headwaters Basin has motivated several stream restoration projects across the watershed. Many of these projects install a series of beaver dam analogues (BDAs) to aggrade incised streams, elevate local water tables, and create natural surface water storage by...

Vanderhoof, Melanie; Burt, Clifton
Vanderhoof, M.K,, Burt, C. (2018) Applying high-resolution imagery to evaluate restoration-induced changes in stream condition, Missouri River Headwaters Basin, Montana. Remote Sensing, 10, 913: doi:10.3390/rs10060913.

Year Published: 2018

Quantifying the visual-sensory landscape qualities that contribute to cultural ecosystem services using social media and LiDAR

Landscapes are increasingly recognized for providing valuable cultural ecosystem services with numer- ous non-material benefits by serving as places of rest, relaxation, and inspiration that ultimately improve overall mental health and physical well-being. Maintaining and enhancing these valuable benefits through targeted management and...

Van Berkel, Derek B.; Tabrizian, Payam; Dorning, Monica; Smart, Lindsey S.; Newcomb, Doug; Mehaffey, Megan; Neale, Anne; Meentemeyer, Ross K.
Van Berkel, D. B., Tabrizian, P., Dorning, M. A., Smart, L., Newcomb, D., Mehaffey, M., … Meentemeyer, R. K. (2018). Quantifying the visual-sensory landscape qualities that contribute to cultural ecosystem services using social media and LiDAR. Ecosystem Services, 31 Part C: 326–335. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2018.03.022

Year Published: 2018

Application of a luminescence‐based sediment transport model

Quantifying the transport history of sand is a challenging but important goal in geomorphology. In this paper, we take a simple idea that luminescence is bleached during transport and regenerates during storage, and use this as a basis to re‐envision luminescence as a sediment tracer. We apply a mathematical model describing luminescence through...

Gray, Harrison J.; Tucker, Gregory E.; Mahan, Shannon A.
Gray, H.J., Tucker, G. E., and Mahan, S.A., 2018, Application of a Luminescence‐Based Sediment Transport Model, Geophysical Research Letters 45 912), 6071-6080.

Year Published: 2018

High latitude Southern Hemisphere fire history during the mid-late Holocene (750- 6000 yr BP)

We determined the specific biomass burning biomarker levoglucosan in an ice core from the TALos Dome Ice CorE drilling project (TALDICE) during the mid- to late Holocene (6000–750 BP). The levoglucosan record is characterized by a long-term increase with higher rates starting at  ∼  4000 BP and peaks between 2500 and 1500 BP. The anomalous...

Battistel, Dario; Kehrwald, Natalie; Zennaro, Piero; Pellegrino, Giuseppe; Barbaro, Elena; Zangrando, Roberta; Pedeli, Xanthi X.; Varin, Cristiano; Spolaor, Andrea; Vallelonga, Paul T.; Gambaro, Andrea; Barbante, Carlo
Battistel, D., Kehrwald, N. M., Zennaro, P., Pellegrino, G., Barbaro, E., Zangrando, R., Pedeli, X. X., Varin, C., Spolaor, A., Vallelonga, P. T., Gambaro, A., and Barbante, C.: High-latitude Southern Hemisphere fire history during the mid- to late Holocene (6000–750 BP), Clim. Past, 14, 871-886, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-871-2018, 2018.

Year Published: 2018

Geologic map of the Fort Morgan 7.5' quadrangle, Morgan County, Colorado

The Fort Morgan 7.5′ quadrangle is located on the semiarid plains of northeastern Colorado, along the South Platte River corridor where the river has incised into Upper Cretaceous Pierre Shale. The Pierre Shale is largely covered by surficial deposits that formed from alluvial, eolian, and hillslope processes operating in concert with...

Berry, Margaret E.; Taylor, Emily M.; Slate, Janet L.; Paces, James B.; Hanson, Paul R.; Brandt, Theodore R.
Berry, M.E., Taylor, E.M., Slate, J.L., Paces, J.B., Hanson, P.R., and Brandt, T.R., 2018, Geologic map of the Fort Morgan 7.5' quadrangle, Morgan County, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3408, 2 sheets, scale 1:24,000, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3408.

Year Published: 2018

Origin of last-glacial loess in the western Yukon-Tanana Upland, central Alaska, USA

Loess is widespread over Alaska, and its accumulation has traditionally been associated with glacial periods. Surprisingly, loess deposits securely dated to the last glacial period are rare in Alaska, and paleowind reconstructions for this time period are limited to inferences from dune orientations. We report a rare occurrence of loess deposits...

Muhs, Daniel; Pigati, Jeffrey S.; Budahn, James R.; Skipp, Gary L.; Bettis, E. Arthur; Jensen, Britta
Muhs, D.R., Pigati, J.S., Budahn, J.R., Skipp, G.L., Bettis, E.A. III, Jensen, B., 2018. Origin of last-glacial loess in the western Yukon-Tanana Upland, central Alaska, USA. Quaternary Research, v. 89, p. 797-819.

Year Published: 2018

Geologic map of the Leadville North 7.5’ quadrangle, Eagle and Lake Counties, Colorado

The Leadville North 7.5’ quadrangle lies at the northern end of the Upper Arkansas Valley, where the Continental Divide at Tennessee Pass creates a low drainage divide between the Colorado and Arkansas River watersheds. In the eastern half of the quadrangle, the Paleozoic sedimentary section dips generally 20–30 degrees east. At Tennessee Pass and...

Ruleman, Chester A.; Brandt, Theodore R.; Caffee, Marc W.; Goehring, Brent M.
Ruleman, C.A., Brandt, T.R., Caffee, M.W., and Goehring, B.M., 2018, Geologic map of the Leadville North 7.5’ quadrangle, Eagle and Lake Counties, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3400, 1:24,000, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3400.

Year Published: 2018

Phosphorus speciation and solubility in aeolian dust deposited in the interior American West

Aeolian dust is a significant source of phosphorus (P) to alpine oligotrophic lakes, but P speciation in dust and source sediments and its release kinetics to lake water remain unknown. Phosphorus K-edge XANES spectroscopy shows that calcium-bound P (Ca−P) is dominant in 10 of 12 dust samples (41−74%) deposited on snow in the central Rocky...

Zhang, Zhuojun; Goldstein, Harland L.; Reynolds, Richard L.; Hu, Yongfeng; Wang, Xiaoming; Zhu, Mengqiang
Zhang, Z., Goldstein, H.L., Reynolds, R.L., Hu, Y., Wang, X., Zhu, M., 2018. Phosphorus Speciation and Solubility in Aeolian Dust Deposited in the Interior American West, Environmental Science & Technology 2018 52 (5), 2658-2667, doi: 10.1021/acs.est.7b04729

Year Published: 2018

U.S. Geological Survey continuous monitoring workshop—Workshop summary report

Executive SummaryThe collection of high-frequency (in other words, “continuous”) water data has been made easier over the years because of advances in technologies to measure, transmit, store, and query large, temporally dense datasets. Commercially available, in-situ sensors and data-collection platforms—together with new techniques for data...

Sullivan, Daniel J.; Joiner, John K.; Caslow, Kerry A.; Landers, Mark N.; Pellerin, Brian A.; Rasmussen, Patrick P.; Sheets, Rodney A.
Sullivan, D.J., Joiner, J.K., Caslow, K.A., Landers, M.N., Pellerin, B.A., Rasmussen, P.P., and Sheets, R.A., 2018, U.S. Geological Survey continuous monitoring workshop—Workshop summary report: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1059, 29 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181059.

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Date published: March 12, 2016

Modeling and Software

Hydrologic modeling and analysis tools are important components of NAWQA studies. The types of modeling and analysis tools that play a large role in NAWQA include: Statistical models and analyses, Geographic information system (GIS) analyses, Process-based models, and Hybrid statistical, GIS, and process-based models.

Date published: March 7, 2011

FLASH: A Computer Program for Flow-Log Analysis of Single Holes

FLASH (Flow-Log Analysis of Single Holes) is a computer program for the analysis of borehole vertical flow logs.

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September 30, 2017

USGS Hurricane Preparedness

Before a hurricane, USGS Scientists undertake a data collection effort of a grand scale. They install a temporary mobile network of sensors along the coasts to collect additional data on the intensity of storm surge, one of the most dangerous elements of a hurricane. This effort provides critical information that allows various USGS partners and emergency responders to

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July 31, 2017

Historic Context of the Continuous Slope Area Method

The Arizona Water Science Center details the history and development of the Continuous Slope-Area Method. Learn about the people and events that began these new advances in the field of stream gaging. 

Music Artist: Glenn Jones, “Bergen County Farewell”. CC License. Music provided by www.FreeMusicArchive.com

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May 31, 2017

Reach-Scale Monitoring | Advances in Stream Gaging

The Arizona Water Science Center demonstrates new methods in Reach-Scale Monitoring to improve accuracy and measurability of high flow events. By installing pressure transducers and using LiDAR to measure topography data, hydrologists are able to simulate flows with two dimensional models which will help better calibrate stream gages. These advances have potential to aid

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March 11, 2017

USGS Supports Broward Water Matters Day 2017

Caribbean-Florida Water Science Center, Davie Office, supported Broward County Watter Matters Day on March 11, 2017 as part of an outreach event to the public.
http://www.broward.org/WaterMatters/Pages/ProgramsWMD.aspx

December 31, 2016

Establishing a Permanent Measuring Point and Reference Marks at a Well

This video demonstrates how to establish permanent reference points and markers at a well site.
 

December 31, 2016

Measuring Total Well Depth Using a Steel Tape - YouTube

This video demonstrates how to measure total well depth below land surface using a weighted, graduated steel tape.

December 31, 2016

Historic USGS Streamgage on the Wabash River at Lafayette Indiana

This video will provide a brief history and purpose for one of the oldest streamgages in Indiana. The gage is at the Wabash River at Lafayette, Indiana. The site number is 03335500. This video was produced at the request of the West Lafayette Parks Department where this historic gage is located. A QR code is displayed on an interpretive plaque next to the gage which is

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View of the Rio Brazos river with green trees and blue sky as the backdrop.
October 17, 2016

Rio Brazos near Tierra Amarilla, NM

Hydrologic technician Lindsay Hastings took this photo of the Rio Brazos near Tierra Amarilla, New Mexico during her first field trip as a streamgager with the New Mexico Water Science Center. Did you know that New Mexico was the birth place of streamgaging? The USGS began collecting streamflow information in 1889 when the first streamgage was established on the Rio Grande

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Photo of a spring sampling location along Little Sandy River in southern Wyoming.
July 20, 2016

Spring sampling in Wyoming

Spring sampling location along Little Sandy River in southern Wyoming. Groundwater discharge that flows into the Upper Colorado River Basin varies in response to drought, which is likely due to aquifer systems that contain relatively young groundwater, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey study

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Photo of USGS scientist collecting noble gas sample from spring site near Roaring Judy, Colorado. 
July 20, 2016

USGS scientist collects noble gas sample from spring site

USGS scientist collects noble gas sample from spring site near Roaring Judy, Colorado. Groundwater discharge that flows into the Upper Colorado River Basin varies in response to drought, which is likely due to aquifer systems that contain relatively young groundwater, according to a new U.S. Geological

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Photo of water quality and sampling equipment deployed at spring site near Roaring Judy, Colorado.
July 20, 2016

Water quality and sampling at spring site

Water quality and sampling equipment deployed at spring site near Roaring Judy, Colorado. Groundwater discharge that flows into the Upper Colorado River Basin varies in response to drought, which is likely due to aquifer systems that contain relatively young groundwater, according to a new U.S. Geological

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Photo of USGS scientists monitoring the water quality off a bridge near Sedgwick, Kansas
July 12, 2016

Water Quality Monitoring in Kansas

USGS scientists monitor the water quality off a bridge near Sedgwick, Kansas. A new USGS study shows that water quality on the Little Arkansas River and in the Equus Beds aquifer has not substantially changed since 2007 recharge activities began in the Equus Beds aquifer.

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Date published: June 26, 2018

Media Advisory: Witness Groundbreaking River Measurements Collected from the Sky

This Thursday, scientists with the U.S. Geological Survey and NASA will test new technologies near Parkdale, Colorado, located west of Cañon City, to better understand how unmanned aerial systems (UAS), or drones, may be used to measure water depth, water levels and velocity from the sky. 

Date published: May 31, 2018

USGS Hurricane Response Met Challenges in 2017, Prepares for 2018

No one has a crystal ball to foresee what will happen during the 2018 hurricane season that begins June 1, but NOAA forecasters say there’s a 75 percent chance this hurricane season will be at least as busy as a normal year, or busier.

Date published: April 12, 2018

USGS Releases New Web-Based Groundwater Model Visualization Tool

A new U.S. Geological Survey groundwater model visualization tool is now available to help users visualize the inputs and outputs of complex groundwater models across the country.

Date published: March 7, 2018

USGS Flood Experts Respond to High Water in Central, Northeastern U.S.

Crews from the U.S. Geological Survey have been in the field for weeks measuring flooding in the Midwest and in the Mississippi River watershed, and more recently flooding and storm tides on the Northern Atlantic coast, as higher temperatures, heavy rain, snowmelt and nor’easters affected numerous states. 

Date published: January 24, 2018

Alaska Earthquake Rattles Florida’s Groundwater Plumbing

At 12:32 am Alaska time on January 23, 2018, a magnitude 7.9 earthquake shook Alaska residents out of their beds and set off fears of a tsunami all down the West Coast. Fortunately, the tsunami was only a few inches in height, but within an hour of the earthquake in Alaska, waves of a different sort were hitting far away in Florida. 

Date published: October 7, 2017

USGS Installs Storm-Tide Sensors Along Gulf Coast for Hurricane Nate

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Nate, visit the USGS Hurricane Nate page at https://www.usgs.gov/nate. 

Date published: October 5, 2017

New Report on Channel Bed Erosion Helps Assess Bridge Stability in St. Louis

A new assessment of channel bed erosion near 13 highway bridges in the greater St. Louis, Missouri, area is now available in an online report from the U.S. Geological Survey, produced in cooperation with the Missouri Department of Transportation.

Date published: September 28, 2017

USGS Crews Are in the Field Documenting the Extent of Flooding from Hurricane Irma

Reporters: Do you want to accompany a USGS field crew as they work in the field to document how high the flood waters and storm surge from Hurricane Irma reached around the Jacksonville, Tampa and Fort Myers Areas?

If so, please contact Jeanne Robbins, jrobbins@usgs.gov, 919-571-4017.  

Date published: September 26, 2017

Hurricane Maria expected to alter North Carolina, Virginia and Maryland Beaches

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Maria, visit the USGS Hurricane Maria page at https://www.usgs.gov/maria.

Date published: September 22, 2017

USGS Tidal Network Monitoring Elevated Water Levels Off Hampton Roads

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Jose, visit the USGS Hurricane Jose page at https://www.usgs.gov/jose.

Date published: September 18, 2017

USGS to Conduct Dye Tracer and Aerial Mapping Surveys on Kootenai River

BONNERS FERRY, Idaho — From Sept. 24 through 29, scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey will conduct dye tracer and aerial mapping studies on northern Idaho’s Kootenai River. Data from the studies will support Idaho Department of Fish and Game and Kootenai Tribe of Idaho fisheries and river restoration projects.

Date published: September 13, 2017

Borehole Geophysical Logs Now Easily Accessible through new USGS Online Map

Digital borehole geophysical logs and related data files are now easily accessible through GeoLog Locator a new web-based, map view and retrieval tool developed by the U.S. Geological Survey.

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