USGS EROS Archive - Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer - AVHRR

Science Center Objects

1-km multispectral data from the NOAA satellite series. (1979 to present) To all users of AVHRR composites.  The NOAA 19 satellite which currently supports the AVHRR sensor has been degrading in orbit to the point where the nadir view is on the day night terminator within its orbit. 

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Global Land 1-KM AVHRR Project

Global Land 1-KM AVHRR Project 
(Public domain)

To all users of AVHRR composites.  The NOAA 19 satellite which currently supports the AVHRR sensor has been degrading in orbit to the point where the nadir view is on the day night terminator within its orbit.  Due to this, inputs of AVHRR data from NOAA CLASS are severely degraded and we can no longer generate AVHRR NDVI composites for an indefinite period going forward.  We continue to explore options for the current AVHRR NDVI collection and are working on options for future NDVI composites as well.  In the meantime, we recommend using the eMODIS NDVI V6, 7 and 14 day composites available in the Vegetation Monitoring section of Earth Explorer https://earthexplorer.usgs.gov.  

The Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) provides four- to six-band multispectral data from the NOAA polar-orbiting satellite series. There is fairly continuous global coverage since June 1979, with morning and afternoon acquisitions available. The resolution is 1.1 kilometer at nadir.

The number of available bands will depend on the satellite. 

The USGS produces a series of derived AVHRR NDVI composites and Global Land Cover Characterization (GLCC) data.

Raw (Level 1b) data consists of a single scene that was collected by a single AVHRR satellite on a specific date and time. The approximate scene size is 2400 x 6400 kilometers (1491 x 4000 miles). Public distribution is via the NOAA Satellite Active Archive.

Additional Information

Access Data

EarthExplorer can be used to search, preview, and download Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR). The collection are located under the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) category.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) - AVHRR Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number: /10.5066/F7K35S5K