Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 2,228
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Year Published: 2020

Global physical controls on estuarine habitat distribution during sea levelchange: Consequences for genetic diversification through time

Determining the extrinsic (physical) factors controlling speciation and diversification of species through time is of key interest in paleontology and evolutionary biology. The role of sea-level change in shaping species richness patterns of marginal marine species has received much attention, but with variable conclusions. Recent work combining...

Dolby, Greer A.; Bedolla, Arturo M.; Bennett, S.; Jacobs, David K.

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Year Published: 2020

Northward migration of the Oregon forearc on the Gales Creek fault

The Gales Creek fault (GCF) is a 60-km-long, northwest-striking dextral fault system (west of Portland, Oregon) that accommodates northward motion and uplift of the Oregon Coast Range. New geologic mapping and geophysical models confirm inferred offsets from earlier geophysical surveys and document ∼12 km of right-lateral offset of a basement high...

Wells, Ray; Blakely, Richard J.; Bemis, Sean

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Year Published: 2020

Zircon-hosted melt inclusion record of silicic magmatism in the Mesoproterozoic St. Francois Mountains terrane, Missouri: Origin of the Pea Ridge iron oxide-apatite rare earth element deposit and implications for regional crustal pathways of mineralization

Voluminous silicic magmatism was coeval with iron ore mineralization in the St. Francois Mountains terrane in southeast Missouri, part of the broader Mesoproterozoic Granite-Rhyolite province along the eastern margin of Laurentia. Some of the iron deposits contain extraordinary endowments of critical elements, such as the Pea Ridge iron oxide-...

Watts, Kathryn E.; Mercer, Celestine N.

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Year Published: 2020

Post-12 Ma deformation of the lower Colorado River corridor, southwestern USA: Implications for diffuse transtension and the Bouse Formation

Structural evidence presented here documents that deformation was ongoing within the lower Colorado River corridor (southwestern USA) during and after the latest Miocene Epoch, postdating large-magnitude extension and metamorphic core complex formation. Geometric and kinematic data collected on faults in key geologic units constrain the timing of...

Thacker, Jacob; Karlstrom, Karl; Crossey, Laura; Crow, Ryan S.; Cassidy, Colleen; Beard, L. Sue; Singleton, John; Strickland, Evan; Seymour, Nikki; Wyatt, Michael

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Year Published: 2020

Geophysical characterization of a Proterozoic REE terrane at Mountain Pass, eastern Mojave Desert, California

Mountain Pass, California (USA), located in the eastern Mojave Desert, hosts one of the world’s richest rare earth element (REE) deposits. The REE-rich terrane occurs in a 2.5-km-wide, northwest-trending belt of Mesoproterozoic (1.4 Ga) stocks and dikes, which intrude a larger Paleoproterozoic (1.7 Ga) metamorphic block that extends ∼10 km...

Denton, Kevin; Ponce, David A.; Peacock, Jared R.; Miller, David M.

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Year Published: 2020

Effects of Cenozoic subduction along the outboard margin of the Northern Cordillera: Derived from e-book on the Northern Cordillera (Alaska and Western Canada) and adjacent marine areas

This article describes the regional effects of Cenozoic subduction along the outboard margin of the Northern Cordillera (Alaska, USA, and Western Canada), and thereby acquaints the reader with several chapters of the e-book Dynamic Geology of the Northern Cordillera (Alaska, Western Canada, and Adjacent Marine Areas). This article and the e-...

Nokleberg, Warren J.; Scholl, David; Bundtzen, Thomas K.; Stone, David B.

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Year Published: 2020

Low O2 level enhances CH4-derived carbon flow into microbial communities in landfill cover soils

CH4 oxidation in landfill cover soils plays a significant role in mitigating CH4 release to the atmosphere. Oxygen availability and the presence of co-contaminants are potentially important factors affecting CH4 oxidation rate and the fate of CH4-derived carbon. In this study, microbial populations that oxidize CH4 and the...

He, Ruo; Su, Yao; Leewis, Mary-Cathrine; Chu, Yi-Xuan; Wang, Jing; Ma, Ruo-Chan; Wu, Donglei; Zhan, Liang-Tong; Herriott, Ian Charold; Leigh, Mary Beth

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Year Published: 2020

Apatite trace element geochemistry and cathodoluminescent textures—Acomparison between regional magmatism and the Pea Ridge IOA-REE andBoss IOCG deposits, southeastern Missouri iron metallogenic province, USA

The southeast Missouri iron metallogenic province contains a remarkable wealth of historically important Fe, Cu, Au, and rare earth element (REE) deposits including the Pea Ridge iron oxide-apatite-rare earth element (IOA-REE) deposit and the Boss iron oxide-copper-gold (IOCG) deposit. These deposits are coeval with silicic and intermediate...

Mercer, Celestine N.; Watts, Kathryn E.; Gross, Juliane

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Year Published: 2020

Porphyry copper potential of the U.S. Southern Basin and Range using ASTER data integrated with geochemical and geologic datasets to assess potential near-surface deposits in well-explored permissive tracts

ArcGIS was used to spatially assess and rank potential porphyry copper deposits using Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) data together with geochemical and geologic datasets in order to estimate undiscovered deposits in the southern Basin and Range Province in the southwestern United States. The assessment was...

Mars, John C.; Robinson,, Gilpin R.; Hammarstrom, Jane M.; Zürcher, Lukas; Whitney, Helen A.; Solano, Federico; Gettings, Mark E.; Ludington, Stephen

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Year Published: 2019

Holocene sedimentary architecture and paleoclimate variability at Mono Lake, California

Mono Lake occupies an internally drained basin on the eastern flank of the Sierra Nevada, and it is sensitive to climatic changes affecting precipitation in the mountains (largely delivered in the form of snowpack). Efforts to recover cores from the lake have been impeded by coarse tephra erupted from the Mono Craters, and by disruption of the...

Zimmerman, Susan H; Hemming, Sidney R.; Starratt, Scott W.

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Year Published: 2019

Depth to bedrock based on modeling of gravity data of the eastern part of Edwards Air Force Base, California

We describe a gravity survey acquired to determine the thickness of basin-fill deposits (depth to bedrock) and to delineate geologic structures that might influence groundwater flow beneath the eastern part of Edwards Air Force Base, California. Inversion of these gravity data combined with geologic map and well information provides an estimate of...

Langenheim, Victoria; Morita, Andrew; Christensen, Allen H.; Cromwell, Geoffrey; Ely, Christopher
Langenheim, V.E., Morita, A., Christensen, A.H., Cromwell, G., and Ely, C., 2019, Depth to bedrock based on modeling of gravity data of the eastern part of Edwards Air Force Base, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1128, 12 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191128.

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Year Published: 2019

High-resolution and accurate topography reconstruction of Mount Etna from Pleiades satellite data

The areas characterized by dynamic and rapid morphological changes need accurate topography information with frequent updates, especially if these are populated and involve infrastructures. This is particularly true in active volcanic areas such as Mount (Mt.) Etna, located in the northeastern portion of Sicily, Italy. The Mt. Etna volcano is...

Palaseanu-Lovejoy, Monica; Bisson, Marina; Spinetti, Claudia; Buongiorno, Maria Fabrizia; Alexandrov, Oleg; Cecere, Thomas