National Minerals Information Center

The Mineral Industry of Texas

Statistics and information on the nonfuel mineral commodities produced in Texas

Minerals Yearbook Vol. II - Domestic

Minerals Yearbook Vol. II - Domestic

The 2014 Texas chapter containing text and data tables is available in PDF and XLS formats. Other years are available throught the links below, and 2015-2016 data are presented in the table.

Sources of information

Texas leads in cement, common clay, crushed stone, dimension stone, and gypsum production. A variety of other industrial; minerals produced include ball clay, bentonite, construction and industrial sand and gravel, and zeolites.

Statistical Summary

Aggregates Data by State, Type, and End Use

Mineral Commodity Summaries

Mineral Industry Surveys

Minerals Yearbook Volume I -- Metals and Minerals

Mineral Yearbook Volume II - Texas chapters

The following data table gives nonfuel mineral commodity production data for Texas extracted from Table 5 in the 2016 Minerals Yearbook Statistical Summary.

Nonfuel Mineral Commodity Production in Texas1,2,3
Mineral Commodity Units 2015 Quantity 2015 Value (thousands) 2016 Quantity 2016 Value (thousands)
Cement, masonry thousand metric tons (1000 t) 268 46,200e 287 48,700e
Cement, portland 1000 t 10,400 1,200,000e 10,900 1,260,000e
Clay, bentonite 1000 t 51 8,570 43 8,170
Clay, common 1000 t 1,910r 39,000r 1,950 24,500
Gemstones, naturale   NA 180 NA 33
Lime 1000 t 1,460 170,000 1,530 176,000
Salt 1000 t 7,570 173,000 7,420 169,000
Sand and gravel, construction 1000 t 82,900r 787,000r 85,800 818,000
Sand and gravel, industrial 1000 t 14,200 706,000 10,900 417,000
Stone, crushed 1000 t 163,000r 1,630,000r 166,000 1,720,000
Stone, dimension 1000 t 1,060 142,000 1,180 130,000
Combined values of clay (ball clay, fire clay, kaolin, montmorillonite),  gypsum (crude), helium (crude), iodine [crude (2015)], talc, (crude), zeolites   XX 65,400r XX 54,100
Total   XX 4,960,000r XX 4,830,000

eEstimated. rRevised. NA Not available. XX Not applicable.

1Includes data from the commodity chapters published in the Minerals Yearbook as they were completed and released through March 2019.

2Production as measured by mine shipments, sales, or marketable production (including consumption by producers).

3Data are rounded to no more than three significant digits; may not add to totals shown.

Minerals Yearbook Volume II Texas chapters:

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Robert M Callaghan

State Mineral Specialist
National Minerals Information Center
Phone: 703-648-7709

Madan M Singh

State Mineral Specialist
National Minerals Information Center
Phone: 703-648-4916