Pacific Islands Water Science Center

Publications

Publications from the Pacific Islands Water Science Center are geographically grouped.

Search the USGS Pubs Warehouse for products written for the general public and scientists.

Filter Total Items: 169
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2011

A water-budget model and assessment of groundwater recharge for the Island of Hawaiʻi

Concern surrounding increasing demand for groundwater on the Island of Hawaiʻi, caused by a growing population and an increasing reliance on groundwater as a source for municipal and private water systems, has prompted a study of groundwater recharge on the island using the most current data and accepted methods. For this study, a daily water...

Engott, John A.
A water-budget model and assessment of groundwater recharge for the Island of Hawaiʻi; 2011; SIR; 2011-5078; Engott, John A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2011

Potential effects of roadside dry wells on groundwater quality on the Island of Hawai'i-Assessment using numerical groundwater models

Widespread use of dry wells to dispose of roadside runoff has raised concern about the potential effects on the quality of groundwater on the Island of Hawai‘i. This study used semi-generic numerical models of groundwater flow and contaminant transport to assess the potential effect of dry wells on groundwater quality on the Island of Hawai...

Izuka, Scot K.
Potential effects of roadside dry wells on groundwater quality on the Island of Hawai'i-Assessment using numerical groundwater models; 2011; SIR; 2011-5072; Izuka, Scot K.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2011

Hydrogeology of the Hawaiian islands

Volcanic-rock aquifers are the most extensive and productive aquifers in the Hawaiian Islands. These aquifers contain different types of groundwater systems depending on the geologic setting in which they occur. The most common groundwater systems include coastal freshwater-lens systems in the dike-free flanks of the volcanoes and dike-impounded...

Cabrera, Maria del Carmen; Lambán, Luis Javier; Valverde, Margarida; Gingerich, Stephen B.; Oki, Delwyn S.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2011

Recent storm and tsunami coarse-clast deposit characteristics, southeast Hawai'i

Deposits formed by extreme waves can be useful in elucidating the type and characteristics of the depositional event. The study area on the southeast coast of the island of Hawaiʻi is characterized by the presence of geologically young basalts of known age that are mantled by recent wave-derived sedimentary deposits. The area has been impacted by...

Richmond, B.M.; Watt, Sebastian; Buckley, M.; Jaffe, B.E.; Gelfenbaum, G.; Morton, R.A.
Recent storm and tsunami coarse-clast deposit characteristics, southeast Hawai'i; 2011; Article; Journal; Marine Geology; Richmond, B. M.; Watt, S.; Buckley, M.; Jaffe, B. E.; Gelfenbaum, G.; Morton, R. A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2010

An approach for modeling sediment budgets in supply-limited rivers

Reliable predictions of sediment transport and river morphology in response to variations in natural and human-induced drivers are necessary for river engineering and management. Because engineering and management applications may span a wide range of space and time scales, a broad spectrum of modeling approaches has been developed, ranging from...

Wright, Scott A.; Topping, David J.; Rubin, David M.; Melis, Theodore S.
An approach for modeling sediment budgets in supply-limited rivers; 2010; Article; Journal; Water Resources Research; Wright, Scott A.; Topping, David J.; Rubin, David M.; Melis, Theodore S.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2010

Changes of freshwater-lens thickness in basaltic island aquifers overlain by thick coastal sediments

Freshwater-lens thickness and long-term changes in freshwater volume in coastal aquifers are commonly assessed through repeated measurement of salinity profiles from monitor wells that penetrate into underlying salt water. In Hawaii, the thickest measured freshwater lens is currently 262 m in dike-free, volcanic-rock aquifers that are overlain by...

Rotzoll, Kolja; Oki, Delwyn S.; El-Kadi, Aly I.
Changes of freshwater-lens thickness in basaltic island aquifers overlain by thick coastal sediments; 2010; Article; Journal; Hydrogeology Journal; Rotzoll, Kolja ; Oki, Delwyn S.; El-Kadi, Aly I.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2010

Effects of groundwater withdrawal on borehole flow and salinity measured in deep monitor wells in Hawai'i-implications for groundwater management

Water-resource managers in Hawai`i rely heavily on salinity profiles from deep monitor wells to estimate the thickness of freshwater and the depth to the midpoint of the transition zone between freshwater and saltwater in freshwater-lens systems. The deep monitor wells are typically open boreholes below the water table and extend hundreds of feet...

Rotzoll, Kolja
Effects of groundwater withdrawal on borehole flow and salinity measured in deep monitor wells in Hawai'i-implications for groundwater management; 2010; SIR; 2010-5058; Rotzoll, Kolja

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2010

Groundwater availability study for Guam; goals, approach, products, and schedule of activities

An expected significant population increase on Guam has raised concern about the sustainability of groundwater resources. In response, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in collaboration with the University of Guam's Water and Environmental Research Institute of the Western Pacific (WERI) and with funding from the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC), is...

Gingerich, Stephen B.; Jenson, John W.
Groundwater availability study for Guam; goals, approach, products, and schedule of activities; 2010; FS; 2010-3084; Gingerich, Stephen B.; Jenson, John W.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2010

Groundwater resources of Mosteiros basin, island of Fogo, Cape Verde, West Africa

Groundwater resources in Cape Verde provide water for agriculture, industry, and human consumption. These resources are limited and susceptible to contamination. Additional groundwater resources are needed for continued agricultural development, particularly during times of drought, but increased use and (or) climatic change may have adverse...

Heilweil, Victor M.; Gingerich, Stephen B.; Plummer, Niel; Verstraeten, Ingrid M.
Groundwater Resources of Mosteiros Basin, Island of Fogo, Cape Verde, West Africa; 2010; FS; 2010-3069; Heilweil, Victor M.; Gingerich, Stephen B.; Plummer, L. Niel; Verstraeten, Ingrid M.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2010

Groundwater resources of Ribeira Fajã basin, island of São Nicolau, Cape Verde, West Africa

Groundwater resources in Cape Verde provide water for agriculture, industry, and human consumption. These resources are limited and susceptible to contamination. Additional groundwater resources are needed for continued agricultural development, particularly during times of drought, but increased use and (or) climatic change may have adverse...

Heilweil, Victor M.; Gingerich, Stephen B.; Plummer, Niel; Verstraeten, Ingrid M.
Groundwater Resources of Ribeira Faja Basin, Island of Sao Nicolau, Cape Verde, West Africa; 2010; FS; 2010-3071; Heilweil, Victor M.; Gingerich, Stephen B.; Plummer, L. Niel; Verstraeten, Ingrid M.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2010

Groundwater resources of Ribeira Paúl basin, island of Santo Antão, Cape Verde, West Africa

Groundwater resources in Cape Verde provide water for agriculture, industry, and human consumption. These resources are limited and susceptible to contamination. Additional groundwater resources are needed for continued agricultural development, particularly during times of drought, but increased use and (or) climatic change may have adverse...

Heilweil, Victor M.; Gingerich, Stephen B.; Verstraeten, Ingrid M.
Groundwater Resources of Ribeira Paul Basin, Island of Santo Antao, Cape Verde, West Africa; 2010; FS; 2010-3070; Heilweil, Victor M.; Gingerich, Stephen B.; Verstraeten, Ingrid M.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2010

Streamflow, suspended-sediment, and soil-erosion data from Kaulana and Hakioawa watersheds, Kaho'olawe, Hawai'i,

Various events over the last two centuries have destroyed the vegetation and caused rapid soil erosion on large areas of the small, arid, windy tropical shield-volcano island of Kaho`olawe, Hawai`i. These activities were largely halted in the 1990s, and efforts have been made to restore the island's vegetation in order to stem erosion. In 2003,...

Izuka, Scot K.; Abbott, Lyman L.
Streamflow, suspended-sediment, and soil-erosion data from Kaulana and Hakioawa watersheds, Kaho'olawe, Hawai'i,; 2010; OFR; 2010-1182; Izuka, Scot K.; Abbott, Lyman L.