Pacific Islands Water Science Center

Publications

Publications from the Pacific Islands Water Science Center are geographically grouped.

Search the USGS Pubs Warehouse for products written for the general public and scientists.

Filter Total Items: 168
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Year Published: 2013

Estimating hydraulic properties from tidal attenuation in the Northern Guam Lens Aquifer, territory of Guam, USA

Tidal-signal attenuations are analyzed to compute hydraulic diffusivities and estimate regional hydraulic conductivities of the Northern Guam Lens Aquifer, Territory of Guam (Pacific Ocean), USA. The results indicate a significant tidal-damping effect at the coastal boundary. Hydraulic diffusivities computed using a simple analytical solution for...

Rotzoll, Kolja; Gingerich, Stephen B.; Jenson, John W.; El-Kadi, Aly I.
Estimating hydraulic properties from tidal attenuation in the Northern Guam Lens Aquifer, territory of Guam, USA; 2013; Article; Journal; Hydrogeology Journal; Rotzoll, Kolja ; Gingerich, Stephen B.; Jenson, John W.; El-Kadi, Aly I.

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Year Published: 2013

Freshwater and drought on Pacific Islands

Izuka, Scot K.; Keener, Victoria
Freshwater and drought on Pacific Islands; 2013; Book chapter; Book; Climate Change and Pacific Islands: Indicators and Impacts: Report for the 2012 Pacific Islands Regional Climate Assessment; Scot K Izuka; Keener, Victoria

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Year Published: 2013

Trends and shifts in streamflow in Hawaii, 1913-2008

This study addresses a need to document changes in streamflow and base flow (groundwater discharge to streams) in Hawai'i during the past century. Statistically significant long-term (1913-2008) downward trends were detected (using the nonparametric Mann-Kendall test) in low-streamflow and base-flow records. These long-term downward trends are...

Bassiouni, Maoya; Oki, Delwyn S.
Trends and shifts in streamflow in Hawaii, 1913-2008; 2013; Article; Journal; Hydrological Processes; Bassiouni, Maoya; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2012

Availability and distribution of low flow in Anahola Stream, Kauaʻi, Hawaiʻi

Anahola Stream is a perennial stream in northeast Kauaʻi, Hawaiʻi, that supports agricultural, domestic, and cultural uses within its drainage basin. Beginning in the late 19th century, Anahola streamflow was diverted by Makee Sugar Company at altitudes of 840 feet (upper intake) and 280 feet (lower intake) for irrigating sugarcane in the Keālia...

Cheng, Chui Ling; Wolff, Reuben H.
Availability and distribution of low flow in Anahola Stream, Kauaʻi, Hawaiʻi; 2012; SIR; 2012-5264; Cheng, Chui Ling; Wolff, Reuben H.

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Year Published: 2012

Low-flow characteristics of streams under natural and diversion conditions, Waipiʻo Valley, Island of Hawaiʻi, Hawaiʻi

Over the past 100 years, natural streamflow in Waipiʻo Valley has been reduced by the transfer of water out of the valley by Upper and Lower Hāmākua Ditches. The physical condition and diversion practices along the two ditch systems have varied widely over the years, and as a result, so have their effects on natural streamflow in Waipiʻo...

Fontaine, Richard A.
Low-flow characteristics of streams under natural and diversion conditions, Waipiʻo Valley, Island of Hawaiʻi, Hawaiʻi; 2012; SIR; 2011-5118; Fontaine, Richard A.

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Year Published: 2012

Development of invertebrate community indexes of stream quality for the islands of Maui and Oahu, Hawaii

In 2009-10 the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collected physical habitat information and benthic macroinvertebrates at 40 wadeable sites on 25 perennial streams on the Island of Maui, Hawaiʻi, to evaluate the relations between the macroinvertebrate assemblages and environmental characteristics and to develop a multimetric invertebrate community...

Wolff, Reuben H.

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Year Published: 2012

Measurements of seepage losses and gains, East Maui Irrigation diversion system, Maui, Hawaiʻi

The U.S. Geological Survey conducted a field study from March to October 2011 to identify ditch characteristics and quantify seepage losses and gains in the East Maui Irrigation (EMI) diversion system, east Maui, Hawaiʻi. The EMI diversion system begins at Makapipi Stream in the east and ends at Māliko Gulch in the west. It consists of...

Cheng, Chui Ling
Measurements of seepage losses and gains, East Maui Irrigation diversion system, Maui, Hawaiʻi; 2012; OFR; 2012-1115; Cheng, Chui Ling

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Year Published: 2012

Sources of suspended sediment in the Waikele watershed, Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi

Data from streamflow/sediment gages and measurements of changes in channel-bed sediment storage were gathered between October 1, 2007, and September 30, 2010, to assess the sources of suspended sediment in the Waikele watershed, Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi. Streamflow from the watershed averaged 33 cubic feet per second during the study period, with...

Izuka, Scot K.
Sources of suspended sediment in the Waikele watershed, Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi; 2012; SIR; 2012-5085; Izuka, Scot K.

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Year Published: 2012

Groundwater availability in the Lahaina District, west Maui, Hawai'i

Most of the public water supply in the Lahaina District, west Maui, Hawai'i, is pumped from a freshwater lens in volcanic rocks. Because of population growth, groundwater withdrawals from wells in this area are expected to increase from about 5.8 million gallons per day in 2007 to more than 11 million gallons per day by 2030. Currently (2011), the...

Gingerich, Stephen B.; Engott, John A.
Groundwater availability in the Lahaina District, west Maui, Hawai'i; 2012; SIR; 2012-5010; Gingerich, Stephen B.; Engott, John A.

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Year Published: 2012

A water-budget model and estimates of groundwater recharge for Guam

On Guam, demand for groundwater tripled from the early 1970s to 2010. The demand for groundwater is anticipated to further increase in the near future because of population growth and a proposed military relocation to Guam. Uncertainty regarding the availability of groundwater resources to support the increased demand has prompted an investigation...

Johnson, Adam G.
A water-budget model and estimates of groundwater recharge for Guam; 2012; SIR; 2012-5028; Johnson, Adam G.

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Year Published: 2012

Numerical simulation of flow in deep open boreholes in a coastal freshwater lens, Pearl Harbor Aquifer, O‘ahu, Hawai‘i

The Pearl Harbor aquifer in southern O‘ahu is one of the most important sources of freshwater in Hawai‘i. A thick freshwater lens overlays brackish and saltwater in this coastal aquifer. Salinity profiles collected from uncased deep monitor wells (DMWs) commonly are used to monitor freshwater-lens thickness. However, vertical flow in...

Rotzoll, Kolja
Numerical simulation of flow in deep open boreholes in a coastal freshwater lens, Pearl Harbor Aquifer, O‘ahu, Hawai‘i; 2012; SIR; 2012-5009; Rotzoll, Kolja

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Year Published: 2011

A water-budget model and assessment of groundwater recharge for the Island of Hawaiʻi

Concern surrounding increasing demand for groundwater on the Island of Hawaiʻi, caused by a growing population and an increasing reliance on groundwater as a source for municipal and private water systems, has prompted a study of groundwater recharge on the island using the most current data and accepted methods. For this study, a daily water...

Engott, John A.
A water-budget model and assessment of groundwater recharge for the Island of Hawaiʻi; 2011; SIR; 2011-5078; Engott, John A.