Wetland and Aquatic Research Center


The cold-blooded amphibians includes frogs, toads, newts, salamanders, and the worm-like caecilians. Named for their dual existence – they live partly in water, partly on land – amphibians are found on every continent except Antarctica and reside in a variety of habitats including wetlands, rainforests, rivers and streams, deserts, and mountains. More than 6,000 amphibian species exist worldwide, with approximately 287 of them found in the United States. In response to indications of declines of amphibian populations worldwide, the National Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative (ARMI) was formed. WARC’s amphibian researchers help ARMI provide amphibian status and trend information to environmental managers, relate status and trends to management options, identify causes of amphibian declines, and provide essential information to support management actions that will arrest or reverse declines.
Filter Total Items: 11
Date published: April 4, 2019
Status: Active

Survey and Assessment of Live Food Markets as an Invasion Pathway

Live food markets may be a source of the increasing number of non-native wild invertebrate and fish species, like Asian swamp eels and snakeheads. USGS is surveying such markets around the United States to identify and document species that might be of concern if released live into the wild to assess if the live food market is a possible invasion pathway. 

Contacts: Leo Nico, Ph.D.
Date published: March 5, 2019
Status: Active

The Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Flood and Storm Tracker (FaST)

Storm-related flooding can lead to the potential spread of nonindigenous (or non-native) aquatic species into waterways they have not been seen in before. The USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species program has developed an innovative mapping tool to help natural resource managers with post-storm nonindigenous aquatic species detection and assessment efforts. 

Date published: June 17, 2016

Monitoring of Amphibians at St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge in Northwest Florida

Freshwater wetlands provide critical habitat for a diverse array of organisms, including many amphibians. Yet, under the threat of climate change, these habitats are among the most imperiled ecosystems on Earth.

Date published: April 30, 2016

Amphibian Occupancy Modeling in the South-Central Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative (ARMI) Region

In response to growing public concerns about this loss of biodiversity, the U.S. Congress funded the Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative (ARMI), a national program coordinated by the U.S. Geological Survey.

Date published: April 17, 2016

Population Demography and Food Web Analysis of Large Aquatic Salamanders (Siren and Amphiuma) in North Florida

Understanding amphibian's life-histories can help predict how they may persist in aquatic habitats in the face of droughts and other climate change-associated events. 

Date published: March 17, 2016

Use of a Sustained-Release Chemical Delivery Device in Assessing Effects of Systemic Insecticides

Neonicotinoid insecticides the fastest growing insecticide worldwide - and may play a role in the declines of terrestrial and aquatic vertebrate species.

Date published: February 2, 2016
Status: Active

Adaptive Habitat Conservation for Flatwoods Salamanders

USGS scientists investigate adaptive habitat conservation for Flatwoods salamanders.

Date published: April 17, 2015

Evaluating the Prevalence of the Amphibian Chytrid Fungus, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, in the Southeastern U.S.: Any Evidence of Disease-Related Population Declines?

Pathogens and infectious disease play a role in some recent species extinctions and are likely to impact biodiversity in the future. Environmental DNA - eDNA - is coupled with traditional amphibian sampling methods to determine the distribution and prevalence of the amphibian chytrid fungus, also known as Bd, in the southeastern US. 

Date published: April 17, 2015
Status: Completed

A Decision Support Tool for Repatriation of Aquatic Fauna: A Case Study Involving the Striped Newt (Notophthalmus perstriatus) at St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge, Florida

The Striped Newt is a small salamander found in xeric habitats (e.g., scrub, sandhill, dry flatwoods) of the lower coastal plain and northern peninsular Florida. Though once considered "common," they are currently a candidate species for federal listing. 

Date published: April 17, 2014

Use of Amphibian Communities as Indicators of Restoration Success in the Greater Everglades

Habitat alteration and climate, when combined, are serious threats to amphibians and other wildlife. Habitat suitability models are being used to predict the responses of an amphibian community to hydrological and habitat restoration in the Greater Everglades Ecosystem. 

Date published: April 17, 2013

Coping with Invasive Alien Species and Environmental Stressors: Linking Behavioral Studies with Management for Anuran Amphibians

Climate change and invasive species are two key drivers of biodiversity loss. Knowing how amphibians respond to climate change and invasive species can greatly improve predictions of species' persistence in the face of these factors and can help guide resource managers and conservation biologists in developing strategies to manage for these encroaching disturbances.