Climate Adaptation Science Centers

Publications

Since its inception in 2008, CASC-funded research projects have generated over 2,000 publications in academic journals across the sciences, including articles in high-impact journals such as Science and Nature. Browse a selection of publications from CASC-funded projects below. For a complete list of our scientific projects, publications, and data, explore our Project Explorer database.

Project Explorer

Regional CASC Annual Reports

Regional CASC Annual Reports

On an annual basis, each regional CASC produces a report documenting the activities of the host university and consortium institutions. Explore past reports from each CASC.

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CASC Network Annual Reports

CASC Network Annual Reports

The CASC Network develops a comprehensive annual report document each year, highlighting particularly successful and interesting activities from across the network that have occurred over the past year. Explore past network reports.

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Filter Total Items: 339
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Year Published: 2021

Shifting correlations among multiple aspects of weather complicate predicting future demography of a threatened species

Most studies of the ecological effects of climate change consider only a limited number of weather drivers that could affect populations, though we know that multiple weather drivers can simultaneously affect population growth rate. Multiple drivers could simultaneously increase/decrease one vital rate, or one may increase a vital rate while...

Louthan, Allison M; Walters, Jeffrey R.; Terando, Adam; Garcia, Victoria; Morris, William F

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Year Published: 2021

SiteOpt: An open-source R-package for site selection and portfolio optimization

Conservation planning involves identifying and selecting actions to best achieve objectives for managing natural, social and cultural resources. Conservation problems are often high dimensional when specified as combinatorial or portfolio problems and when multiple competing objectives are considered at varying spatial and temporal scales....

Saghand, Payman G; Haider, Zulqarnain; Charkhgard, Hadi; Eaton, Mitchell; Martin, Julien; Yurek, Simeon; Udell, Bradley J.

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Year Published: 2021

Engaging with stakeholders to produce actionable science: A framework and guidance

Natural and cultural resource managers are increasingly working with the scientific community to create information on how best to adapt to the current and projected impacts of climate change. Engaging with these managers is a strategy that researchers can use to ensure that scientific outputs and findings are actionable (or useful and usable). In...

Bamzai, Aparna; Cravens, Amanda E.; Wade, Alisa; McPherson, Renee A.

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Year Published: 2021

Identifying climate-resistant vernal pools: Hydrologic refugia for amphibian reproduction under droughts and climate change

Vernal pools of the northeastern United States provide important breeding habitat for amphibians but may be sensitive to droughts and climate change. These seasonal wetlands typically fill by early spring and dry by mid-to-late summer. Because climate change may produce earlier and stronger growing-season evapotranspiration combined with...

Cartwright, Jennifer M.; Morelli, Toni Lyn; Campbell Grant, Evan H.

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Year Published: 2021

COVID-19 influences on US recreational angler behavior

Recreational angling in the United States (US) is largely a personal hobby that scales up to a multibillion-dollar economic activity. Given dramatic changes to personal decisions and behaviors resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, we surveyed recreational anglers across the US to understand how the pandemic may have affected their fishing...

Midway, Stephen R.; Lynch, Abigail; Peoples, Brandon K.; Dance, Michael A.; Caffey, Rex

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Year Published: 2021

Divergent, plausible, and relevant climate futures for near- and long-term resource planning

Scenario planning has emerged as a widely used planning process for resource management in situations of consequential, irreducible uncertainty. Because it explicitly incorporates uncertainty, scenario planning is regularly employed in climate change adaptation. An early and essential step in developing scenarios is identifying “climate futures”—...

Lawrence, David J.; Runyon, Amber N.; Gross, John E.; Schuurman, Gregor W.; Miller, Brian W.

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Year Published: 2021

Climate impacts on the Gulf of Maine ecosystem: A review of observed and expected changes in 2050 from rising temperatures

The Gulf of Maine has recently experienced its warmest 5-year period (2015–2020) in the instrumental record. This warming was associated with a decline in the signature subarctic zooplankton species, Calanus finmarchicus. The temperature changes have also led to impacts on commercial species such as Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and American...

Pershing, Andrew J.; Alexander, Michael A.; Brady, Damian C.; Brickman, David; Curchitser, Enrique N.; Diamond, Anthony W.; McClenachan, Loren; Mills, Kathy; Nichols, Owen; Pendleton, Daniel; Record, Nicholas; Scott, James; Staudinger, Michelle; Wang, Yanjun

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Year Published: 2021

Ontogenetic trait shifts: Seedlings display high trait variability during early stages of development

Characterizing variation in plant functional traits is often key to understanding community-level processes and predicting ecosystem responses to environmental change. Trait-based ecology has focused on interspecific trait variation, but sources and consequences of within-species ontogenetic trait variation, particularly during early stages of...

Havrilla, Caroline Ann; Munson, Seth M.; Yackulic, Charles; Butterfield, Bradley J.

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Year Published: 2021

Climate change is creating a mismatch between protected areas and suitable habitats for frogs and birds in Puerto Rico

Climate change is altering the spatial distribution of many species around the world. In response, we need to identify and protect suitable areas for a large proportion of the fauna so that they persist through time. This exercise must also evaluate the ability of existing protected areas to provide safe havens for species in the context of...

Campos-Cerqueira, Marconi; Terando, Adam; Murray, Brent; Collazo, Jaime; Aide, Mitchell

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Year Published: 2021

The spatial-temporal relationship of blue-winged teal to domestic poultry: Movement state modeling of a highly mobile avian influenza host

 Migratory waterfowl facilitate long distance dispersal of zoonotic pathogens and are increasingly recognized as contributing to the geographic spread of avian influenza viruses (AIV). AIV are globally distributed and have the potential to produce highly contagious poultry disease, economically impact both large-scale and backyard poultry...

Humphreys, John M.; Douglas, David C.; Ramey, Andrew M.; Mullinax, Jennifer M.; Soos, Catherine; Link, Paul T.; Walther, Patrick; Prosser, Diann

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Year Published: 2021

A global dataset of inland fisheries expert knowledge

Inland fisheries and their freshwater habitats face intensifying effects from multiple natural and anthropogenic pressures. Fish harvest and biodiversity data remain largely disparate and severely deficient in many areas, which makes assessing and managing inland fisheries difficult. Expert knowledge is increasingly used to improve and inform...

Stokes, Gretchen L.; Lynch, Abigail; Funge-Smith, Simon; Valbo-Jørgensen, John; Beard, T. Douglas; Lowe, Benjamin S.; Wong, Jesse P.; Smidt, Samuel J.

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Year Published: 2021

Optimizing preservation for multiple types of historic structures under climate change

Cultural resources in coastal parks and recreation areas are vulnerable to climate change. The US National Park Service (NPS) is facing the challenge of insufficient budget allocations for both maintenance and climate adaptation of historic structures. Research on adaptation planning for cultural resources has predominately focused on...

Xiao, Xiao; Seekamp, Erin; Lu, Junyu; Eaton, Mitchell; van der Burg, Max Post