The USGS can install a streamgage almost anywhere, but in most cases we do not choose when and where to do that. We typically install and operate streamgages where other entities ask and reimburse us to do so. We operate streamgages for entities such as cities, towns, counties, state agencies, and other federal agencies to assist with their missions and to provide data for general public use. There are, however, technical and safety considerations that might limit the feasibility of installing a streamgage at a specific location.
If there is need for a streamgage in your area, reach out to a local government agency and ask them to contact the USGS about entering into an agreement to install and operate a new gage.