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Maps of elevation trend and detrended elevation for the Great Basin, USA

September 29, 2023

Topography provides information about the structural controls of the Great Basin and therefore information that may be used to identify favorable structural settings for geothermal systems. Specifically, local relative topography gives information about locations of faults and fault intersections relative to mountains, valleys, or at the transitions between. As part of U.S. Geological Survey efforts to engineer features that are useful for predicting geothermal resources, we construct a detrended elevation map that emphasizes local relative topography and highlights features that geologists use for identifying geothermal systems (i.e., providing machine learning algorithms with features that may improve predictive skill by emphasizing the information used by geologists). Herein, we provide the trend and local relative elevation maps documented in DeAngelo and others (2023), describing the process of removal of the regional trend and the resulting detrended elevation maps that emphasize basin-and-range scale structural features.

Regional elevation trends were estimated using a local linear regression and subtracted from a 30-m digital elevation model (DEM) of topography to create the detrended elevation (i.e., local relative topography) map; therefore one could add the detrended surface to the corresponding trend surface to construct the original DEM. In an effort to optimize the detrended surface, alternate versions were produced with different rates of smoothness resulting in three detrended elevation maps. The resulting detrended elevation maps emphasize geologic structure and relative displacement, and these products may be useful for other geologic research including mineral exploration, hydrologic research, and defining geologic provinces.

References: DeAngelo, J., Burns, E.R., Lindsey, C.R., and Mordensky, S.P., 2023, Detrending Great Basin elevation to identify structural patterns for identifying geothermal favorability, Geothermal Rising Conference Transactions, 47, Reno, Nevada, October 1-5, 2023.

Publication Year 2023
Title Maps of elevation trend and detrended elevation for the Great Basin, USA
DOI 10.5066/P9MQRCBY
Authors Jacob DeAngelo, Erick Burns, Stanley P Mordensky, Cary R Lindsey
Product Type Data Release
Record Source USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog
USGS Organization Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center