Brian Shiro

Brian Shiro serves as Seismic Network Manager at the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO). He oversees instrumentation, data processing, analysis, and distribution from about 100 stations in the State of Hawaii. Shiro also manages HVO's formal response to significant earthquakes and volcanic activity. He also serves as Advanced National Seismic System regional coordinator for Hawaii.

Biography

Employment

  • Supervisory Geophysicist - US Geological Survey, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory: Hilo, HI (2016-03 to present)
  • Geophysicist - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Pacific Tsunami Warning Center: Honolulu, HI (2005-09 to 2016-03)
  • Graduate Assistant (Seismology) - Washington University in Saint Louis: Saint Louis, MO (2000-07 to 2005-05)
  • Undergraduate Assistant (Geochemistry and Geodesy) - Northwestern University: Evanston, IL (1998-09 to 2000-06)
  • NSF/NASA Fellow (Glaciology and Exploration Geophysics) - Juneau Icefield Research Program: Juneau, AK (1999-06 to 1999-08)
  • NSF REU Intern (InSAR Geodesy) - University of Alaska Fairbanks: Fairbanks, AK (1998-06 to 1998-08)
  • NSF REU Intern (Applied Physics) - Rice University and NASA Johnson Space Center: Houston, TX (1997-06 to 1997-08)

Education

  • Ph.D. (in progress), Geology and Geophysics - University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa: Honolulu, HI (2013-01 to present)
  • M.S., Space Studies - University of North Dakota: Grand Forks, ND (2007-08 to 2010-12)
  • M.A., Earth and Planetary Sciences - Washington University in Saint Louis: Saint Louis, MO (2000-08 to 2002-12 M.A., 2002-12 to 2005-05 Ph.D. ABD)
  • B.A., Integrated Science Program, Geological Sciences, Physics - Northwestern University: Evanston, IL (1996-09 to 2000-06)
  • Graduate Summer Schools:
    International Space University: Vancouver, BC (2005)
    NASA Planetary Science Summer School: Pasadena, CA (2003)
    NASA High Performance Computational Physics Summer School: Greenbelt, MD (2002)

Awards (selected since 2000)

  • HVO team, Runner up, Samuel J. Heyman Service to America Medals People's Choice Award (2019)
  • HVO team, Finalist, Samuel J. Heyman Service to America Medal (2019)
  • USGS STAR Award for 2018/19 government shutdown work (2019)
  • USGS STAR Award for 2018 eruption work (2019)
  • DOI Unit Award for Excellence of Service to HVO for work during Kilauea eruption (2019)
  • Stearns Fellowship (2016)
  • NOAA 10 Year Length of Service Award (2015)
  • NOAA Service Awards (annually 2006-2015)
  • NASA Astronaut selection "Highly Qualified" group, top 2-6% (2012)
  • NOAA Citation Award for performance during 2009-2011 Pacific tsunamis (2012)
  • NASA Flight Opportunities Program, co-Investigator (2012)
  • NOAA Climate Data Modernization Program (CDMP) grant, PI (2010)
  • NASA Astronaut selection "Highly Qualified" group, top 3-12% (2009)
  • NASA Planetary Science Summer School fellowship (2003)
  • NASA High Performance Computing Summer school fellowship (2002)
  • NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Honorable Mention (2002)
  • IRIS Workshop student travel grant (2002)
  • Carl Tolman Outstanding Teaching Assistant Award (2001)
  • Eagle Scout with 5 Palms (1993)

Media (selected since 2016)

Abstracts & Publications

  • Shiro, B. (2019). “Seismicity of the 2018 Kilauea Eruption”, Bulletin of Volcanology, in preparation.
  • Flinders, A.F., 3 authors, and B. Shiro (2019). “Very long period seismic signals derived from ramp displacements during the 2018 summit collapses of Kīlauea Volcano”, in preparation.
  • Wassermann, J., F. Bernauer, B. Shiro, and 3 authors (2019). “Six Axis Measurements at an Active Volcano - More Data, More Puzzles?”, Geophysical Research Letters, in preparation.
  • Parcheta, C.P., 8 authors, and B. Shiro (2019). “Chronological Narrative for the 2018 Leilani Estates eruption of Kilauea Volcano”, in preparation.
  • Flinders, A.F., 4 authors, and B. Shiro (2019). “An overview of seismic velocity variations associated with the 2018 Lower East Rift Zone eruption of Kīlauea, Hawaiʻi”, Bulletin of Volcanology, in review.
  • Patrick, M.R., 8 authors, and B. Shiro (2019). "Cyclic lava effusion during the 2018 eruption of Kīlauea Volcano", Science, submitted.
  • Tepp, G., B. Shiro, and W. Chadwick (2019). “Volcanic hazards in the Pacific U.S. territories”, U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3036, 6 p., doi:10.3133/fs20193036.
  • Neal, C.A., 54 authors, and B. Shiro (2019). "The 2018 rift eruption and summit collapse of Kīlauea Volcano", Science, 363(6425), 367-374, doi:10.1126/science.aav7046.
  • Chang, J.C., B. Shiro, and 6 authors (2019). “Evolution of Seismicity During the 2018 Kīlauea Volcano Eruption”, Seismological Research Letters, 90(2B), 1020, doi:10.1785/0220190061.
  • Hotovec-Ellis, A., B. Shiro, and 6 authors (2019). “Seismic Velocity Changes Associated With the 2018 Collapse of Kīlauea’s Summit”, Seismological Research Letters, 90(2B), 1021, doi:10.1785/0220190061.
  • Tepp, G., A.J. Hotovec-Ellis, B. Shiro, M. Haney, and W. Thelen (2019). “Understanding Summit Failure Processes During the 2018 Kilauea Eruption Through Analysis of Earthquake Swarms”, Seismological Research Letters, 90(2B), 1021, doi:10.1785/0220190061.
  • Wassermann, J.M., F. Bernauer, B. Shiro, and 3 authors (2019). “Six Axis Measurements at Kilauea – More Riddles to Be Solved?”, Seismological Research Letters, 90(2B), 1022, doi:10.1785/0220190061.
  • Shiro, B. and 10 authors (2018). “Earthquake sequences of the 2018 Kīlauea Volcano eruption”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract Abstract V41B-01.
  • Anderson, K.R., 16 authors, and B. Shiro (2018). “The 2018 summit eruption and caldera collapse at Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract V41B-03.
  • Bleacher, J.E., B. Shiro, and 9 authors (2018). “Studies of Young Hawaiian Lava Tubes to Develop Techniques for Interpreting Lava Emplacement and Inferring Past Environment on the Moon and Mars”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract P31H-3800.
  • Dawson, P.B., A.F. Flinders, B.A. Chouet, B. Shiro, and 3 authors (2018)., “Initial Interpretation of the Source Mechanism of Caldera Collapse Events During the 2018 Kīlauea Volcano Eruption”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract V41B-05.
  • Farrell, J., 7 authors, and B. Shiro (2018). “Seismic Monitoring of the 2018 Kilauea Eruption Using a Temporary Dense Geophone Array”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract V41B-07.
  • Fee, D., J.J. Lyons, W.A. Thelen, B. Shiro, and 3 authors (2018). “Infrasound from the repeated collapses of Kilauea caldera: High-resolution source location and waveform inversion”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract V41B-04.
  • Johanson, I.A., 18 authors, and B. Shiro (2018). “Integrating diverse geodetic data to understand processes in the 2018 Kīlauea Volcano eruption and earthquake sequence.”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract V41B-02
  • Johnson, J.H., R. Herd, J. Eyles, B. Shiro, and B. McLeod (2018). “Shear Wave Splitting Tomography at Kilauea”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract V43J-0293.
  • Miller, M., 7 authors, and B. Shiro (2018). “RAPID Dense Seismic Array Deployment in Response to Recent Kilauea Activity: Deployment Logistics, Array Design, and Data Quality”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract V43J-0290.
  • Thelen, W.A., 3 authors, and B. Shiro (2018). “Insights into the collapse of Kīlauea caldera using seismicity and infrasound”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract V43J-0282.
  • Waite, G.P., W.A. Thelen, and B. Shiro (2018). “The infrasound signal from a draining lava lake: the exceptional recordings from Halema`uma`u, Kīlauea volcano in April and May 2018”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract V43J-0303.
  • Patrick, M.R., T.R. Orr, D.A. Swanson, T. Elias, and B. Shiro (2018). "Lava lake activity at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano in 2016", U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5008, 58 p., doi:10.3133/sir20185008.
  • Shiro, B. (2017). “HI-SEAS as a Testbed for Living and Working on Other Worlds”, International Moonbase Summit, Waikoloa, HI: 1-5 October 2017.
  • Bleacher, J., B.R. Shiro, and 7 authors (2017). “EVA Science at the HI-SEAS Planetary Analog Site in Hawai‘i: Balancing Field Objectives during Long Duration Missions”, NASA Exploration Science Forum, Moffett Field, CA: 18-20 July 2017.
  • Shiro, B., et al. (2017). “Geophysical mapping of a lava tube cave on Mauna Loa volcano, Hawai‘i”, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. 49(4), doi:10.1130/abs/2017CD-292583.
  • Garry, W.B., B. Shiro, S.K. Rowland, and J.E. Bleacher (2017). “Analysis of a lava tube with LiDAR on Mauna Loa volcano, Hawai‘i”, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. 49(4), doi:10.1130/abs/2017CD-292954.
  • Bleacher, J., B. Shiro, and 13 authors (2017). “Studies of Young Hawaiian Lava Tubes: Linking Geophysics, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Habitability in Basaltic Subsurface Environments on Mars”, 48th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, The Woodlands, TX: 20-24 March 2017, Abstract 1964, p. 2634.
  • Binsted K., 9 authors, and B. Shiro (2017). "Investigations At Hi-SEAS Into Team Function And Performance On, And Crew Composition For, Long Duration Exploration Missions." NASA Human Research Program Investigators' Meeting, Galveston, TX: 23-26 January 2017, Abstract XXX.
  • Garry, W.B., 5 authors, and B. Shiro (2016). “Exploring Lava Tubes with LiDAR in Idaho and Hawai‘I”, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. 48(7), doi:10.1130/abs/2016AM-282438.
  • Weber, R.C., 7 authors, and B. Shiro (2016). “Mars Internal Structure: Seismic Predictions for Core Phase Arrivals in Anticipation of the InSight Mission”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract DI34A-08.
  • Antolik, L., B. Shiro, and P. Friberg (2016). “Modernization of the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory Seismic Processing Infrastructure”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S23C-2791.
  • Earle, P.S., 11 authors, and B. Shiro (2016). “Populating the Advanced National Seismic System Comprehensive Earthquake Catalog”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S53A-2821.
  • Roma, P., Binsted, K., Caldwell, B., and Shiro, B. (2016). "Team Cohesion, Performance, and Biopsychosocial Adaptation Research at the Hawai'i Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HI-SEAS)." Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Annual Conference, Anaheim, California.
  • Binsted K., 11 authors, and B. Shiro (2016). "Investigations at HI-SEAS into Team Function and Performance on Long Duration Exploration Missions." NASA Human Research Program Investigators' Meeting, Galveston, TX, Abstract 7355.
  • Shiro, B., et al. (2016), “Geophysical investigation of lava tubes at the HI-SEAS planetary analog site in Hawai‘i”, NASA Exploration Science Forum, Moffett Field, CA: 20-22 July 2016.
  • Shiro, B., et al. (2015). "Asynchronous geological exploration operations at the HI-SEAS planetary surface analog simulation in Hawaii", NASA Exploration Science Forum, Moffett Field, CA. - Manyapu, K., 2 authors, and B. Shiro (2015). "Effects of Dust Contamination on NDX-1 Planetary Spacesuit Material During Simulated EVAs”, International Conference on Environmental Systems, Bellevue, WA.
  • Shiro, B., et al. (2014). "Tsunami.gov: NOAA’s Tsunami Information Portal", Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S21A-4411.
  • Tree, J.P., B. Shiro, and 7 authors (2014). "Spatial Distribution, Density Structure, and Relationship of Intrusive And Extrusive Volcanics of Seamounts Along the Northwest Hawaiian Ridge", Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract DI43A-4359.
  • Smith, J.R., 18 authors, and B. Shiro (2014). “New R/V Falkor Multibeam Data from the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract OS34A-06.
  • Shiro, B., Binsted, K., and Rowland, K. (2014). "Geological field activities at the HI-SEAS planetary surface analog mission simulation in Hawai'i". NASA Exploration Science Forum, Moffett Field, California.
  • Binsted, K., 6 authors, and B. Shiro (2014). "Determining Key Contributors to the Maintenance and Regulation of Team Function and Performance on Long Duration Exploration Missions at the HI-SEAS Habitat". Human Research Program Investigators Workshop, Galveston, TX, Abstract 3297.
  • Shiro, B., K. Binsted, and J. Hunter (2013). "HI-SEAS: A Planetary Surface Analog Mission Simulation in Hawaii". International Conference on Environmental Systems, Vail, Colorado.
  • Becker, N.C., D. Wang, B. Shiro, and B. Ward (2013). “Scientific Animations for Tsunami Hazard Mitigation: The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center's YouTube Channel”, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract PA43B-2041.
  • Shiro, B., et al. (2013). “Mars Geophysical Lander Mission: A Mission Concept from the 2003 Nasa Planetary Science Summer School”, 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, The Woodlands, TX: 18-22 March 2013, Abstract 1719, p. 1706.
  • Shiro, B., P. Okubo, K. Koyanagi, W. Thelen, and R. Gernold (2012). "Enhanced Real-Time Seismic Monitoring in Hawaii", Seismological Research Letters, 83(2), 462.
  • Wang, D., 13 authors, and B. Shiro (2012). "Real‐time forecasting of the April 11, 2012 Sumatra tsunami", Geophysical Research Letters, 39(19), L19601, doi:10.1029/2012gl053081.
  • Ferrone, K.. B. Shiro, and 4 authors (2012). “Astronauts4Hire: The Development of a Commercial Crew Service”, IEEE Paper 8.0504, doi:10.1109/AERO.2012.6187283.
  • Weinstein, S., N. Becker, B. Shiro, and 9 authors (2011). "The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center's Response to the Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami", Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract U53D-0075.
  • Shiro, B. (2011). "Demystifying 'The Power of the Sea'", EARTH Magazine, June 2011 issue, pp 54-55.
  • Shiro, B. and C. Stoker (2010). "Iterative Science Strategy on Analog Geophysical EVAs", NASA Lunar Science Forum, Moffett Field, CA. - Ferrone, K., 4 authors, and B. Shiro (2010). "Flashline Mars Arctic Research Station (FMARS) 2009 Crew Perspectives", AIAA Paper AIAA-2010-2258, doi:10.2514/6.2010-2258.
  • Shiro, B.R. and K.L. Ferrone (2010). “In Situ Geophysical Exploration by Humans in Mars Analog Environments”, 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, The Woodlands, TX: 18-22 March 2013, Abstract 1533, p. 2052.
  • Shiro, B., J. Palaia, and K. Ferrone (2009). “Use of Web 2.0 Technologies for Public Outreach on a Simulated Mars Mission”,  Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract ED11A-0565.
  • McCreery, C., S. Weinstein, 9 authors, and B. Shiro (2007). "Post-Sumatra Enhancements at the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center", Eos Trans. AGU, 88(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S53A-1024.
  • Banerdt, B. and B. Shiro (2007), "The Seismic Exploration of Mars: History, Prospects and Barriers", Seismological Research Letters, 78(2), 276.
  • Shiro, B., S.K. Koyanagi, P.G. Okubo, C.J. Wolfe, & W.U. Savage (2007). "Towards the Establishment of the Hawaii Integrated Seismic Network (HISN)", Seismological Research Letters, 78(2), 291.
  • Shiro, B.R., S.K. Koyanagi, P.G. Okubo, & C.J. Wolfe (2006). "Towards the Establishment of the Hawaii Integrated Seismic Network for Tsunami, Seismic, and Volcanic Hazard Mitigation", Eos Trans. AGU, 87(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract T23A-0475.
  • Fryer, G., B. Hirshorn, B. Shiro, and 4 authors (2006). "The Local Tsunami Warning System in Hawaii", Seismological Research Letters, 77(2), 310.
  • Singhroy, V., 6 authors, and B. Shiro (2005). "Wildfire Forecasting through the Use of Space Technologies", 56th International Astronautical Congress, Fukuoka, Japan: 17-21 Oct 2005, Paper IAC05b2.1.03.
  • Shiro, B.R., D.A. Wiens, and R.J. Phillips (2004). "Outer Rise Stresses of the Tonga Subduction Zone Inferred from Earthquakes and 2D Models of Flexure", Eos Trans. AGU, 85(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S53-0184.
  • Pozgay, S.H., D.A. Wiens, P.J. Shore, A. Sauter, J.T. Camacho, and B. Shiro (2003). "Seismic Recording of the Anatahan Eruption", Eos Trans. AGU, 84(46), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract V32B-1019.
    [Note: Name change from "R. Brian White" to "Brian R. Shiro" in 2003]
  • White, R.B., et al. (2002), "Florida to Edmonton Array of Broadband Seismometers", IRIS Workshop, Waikoloa, HI.
  • White, R.B. and D.A. Wiens (2002), “Outer Rise Seismicity and Dynamics: Implications for Plate Rheology and Seamount Loading at the Tonga Subduction Zone”, Eos Trans. AGU, 82(47), Fall Meet. Suppl. Abstract T52B-1201.
  • White, R.B. and D.A. Wiens (2001), "Outer Rise Seismicity at the Tonga Trench Recorded by Ocean Bottom Seismographs", Eos Trans. AGU, 82(47), Fall Meet. Suppl. Abstract T22C-0934.
  • White, R.B., I. Kay, and G. Adema (1999), "Seismic Profiles on the Demorest Glacier, Juneau Icefield, Alaska", JIRP Open File Report 1999.
  • Guritz, R., 3 authors, and R.B. White (1998), "Large DEM of Delta Junction, Alaska", Proc. IEEE IGARSS, Seattle, WA.