Paul C Selmants
Terrestrial ecosystem scientist interested in forests, carbon and climate change. I use remote sensing, data synthesis and simulation modeling to quantify the influence of human activities on ecosystem carbon balance at regional to continental scales.
2007 Ph.D. Forest Science, Northern Arizona University
2000 M.S. Botany, University of Wyoming
1996 B.S. Botany, Miami University of Ohio
2016- Research Physical Scientist, U.S. Geological Survey
2014-16 Affiliate Faculty, University of Hawaii at Hilo
2012-16 Research Faculty, University of Hawaii at Manoa
2008-11 Postdoc, University of California, Santa Cruz
2007-08 Postdoc, Northern Arizona University
Science and Products
Effects of contemporary land-use and land-cover change on the carbon balance of terrestrial ecosystems in the United States
Changes in land use and land cover (LULC) can have profound effects on terrestrial carbon dynamics, yet their effects on the global carbon budget remain uncertain. While land change impacts on ecosystem carbon dynamics have been the focus of numerous studies, few efforts have been based on observational data incorporating multiple ecosystem types...Sleeter, Benjamin M.; Liu, Jinxun; Daniel, Colin; Rayfield, Bronwyn; Sherba, Jason; Hawbaker, Todd J.; Zhu, Zhiliang; Selmants, Paul; Loveland, Thomas R.
Evaluating the role of land cover and climate uncertainties in computing gross primary production in Hawaiian Island ecosystems
Gross primary production (GPP) is the Earth’s largest carbon flux into the terrestrial biosphere and plays a critical role in regulating atmospheric chemistry and global climate. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS)-MOD17 data product is a widely used remote sensing-based model that provides global estimates of spatiotemporal...Kimball, Heather L.; Selmants, Paul; Moreno, Alvaro; Running Steve W; Giardina, Christian P.
Baseline and projected future carbon storage and carbon fluxes in ecosystems of Hawai‘i
This assessment was conducted to fulfill the requirements of section 712 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 and to improve understanding of factors influencing carbon balance in ecosystems of Hawai‘i. Ecosystem carbon storage, carbon fluxes, and carbon balance were examined for major terrestrial ecosystems on the seven main...Selmants, Paul C.; Giardina, Christian P.; Jacobi, James D.; Zhu, Zhiliang
Flowering phenology shifts in response to biodiversity loss
Observational studies and experimental evidence agree that rising global temperatures have altered plant phenology—the timing of life events, such as flowering, germination, and leaf-out. Other large-scale global environmental changes, such as nitrogen deposition and altered precipitation regimes, have also been linked to changes in flowering...Wolf, Amelia A.; Zavaleta, Erika S; Selmants, Paul C.
The potential carbon benefit of reforesting Hawai‘i Island non-native grasslands with endemic Acacia koa trees
Large areas of forest in the tropics have been cleared and converted to pastureland. Hawai‘i Island is no exception, with over 100,000 ha of historically forested land now dominated by non-native grasses. Passive forest restoration has been unsuccessful because these grasslands tend to persist even after grazers have been removed, yet active...Ohara, Rebekah Dickens; Friday, James B.; Selmants, Paul; Sleeter, Benjamin M.; Koch, Nicholas; Friday, James B.