Pierre Glynn, Ph.D.

Biography

Pierre Glynn heads the Water Cycle Branch in the Water Mission Area at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The scientists in his Branch conduct research to advance the qualitative and quantitative understanding of the water cycle, its dynamics, and its interactions with societal needs, including water-cycle dependencies and interactions with other natural resources (e.g. energy).

Beyond his Branch responsibilities, Pierre also serves as the Water Mission Area representative to the USGS Science and Decisions Center. The Center seeks to maximize the usefulness of science to policies and decisions relating to the management of natural resources and environments, and to the mitigation of natural hazards and catastrophes. Pierre’s current research interests include studies on (1) the role of human biases, beliefs, heuristics and values in the conduct of science, (2) public participation in science, (3) integrated modeling and the study of complex systems. His earlier research efforts focused on geochemical modeling, groundwater contamination, nuclear waste disposal, and groundwater dating. 

His academic background includes a B.A. (with a major in Geological Sciences) from Columbia College and Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, an M.Sc. from University of Quebec in Montreal in isotopic environmental geochemistry and the cycling of atmospheric 14CO2, and a Ph.D. from the University of Waterloo, where his studies focused on groundwater studies and the thermodynamics of water-rock interactions.

 

Professional Assignments:

March 2005 – Present: Chief, National Research Program, Eastern Branch.  Developed (and currently Co-Chair of) the USGS Strategic Laboratory Committee, assessing USGS laboratory practices, needs and capabilities. Water Resources Mission Area representative to USGS Science and Decisions Center: advancing assessments of (1) the benefits of geospatial data, (2) ecosystem services, (3) multi-resource analyses, and (4) integrated participatory modeling. Responsible for management of Eastern Branch of the National Research Program (NRP) in Hydrology. Help set science directions, budgets, and priorities for the NRP ($40 Million). Established science directions and teams for initiatives, such as: unconventional oil and gas impacts; 3D modeling; environmental issues in the lower Mississippi, Upper Klamath lake, and Colorado plateau; WEBB (Water, Energy, & Biogeochemical Budgets) watershed research program. Acting Chief Scientist for Hydrology on the USGS Regional Executive/Chief Scientist team (2008- 2009). 

April 2016 – December 2015: Acting Associate Director for Energy and Minerals, and for Environmental Health Mission Areas.  Led the two Mission Areas, and oversaw their cost-effective split. Presented FY17 President’s Budget, and led briefing of Congressional Staffers on consequent impacts. Developed FY18 initiatives and USGS goals and strategies (with other Associate Directors). Analyzed options for supervision and hosting of the USGS Science and Decisions Center. Spurred and advised USGS research on geologic carbon sequestration and emissions. Advised USGS science on assessments of wind energy and impacts. Oversaw, advised, and provided briefings on sensitive issues (e.g. Mineral Resource assessments in Western Lands and in Alaska, TRIGA nuclear reactor, USGS response capabilities to Zika virus, safety protocols for high-containment laboratories).

June – Sept. 2004: Acting Chief Scientist for Hydrology.  Chief Scientist responsibilities included: participating on the 2nd level 2004 Research Grade Evaluation panel; preparing (and being accountable for) the 2005 National Research Program (NRP) budget; co-leading the 2005 NRP In-depth Project Review and Budget Meeting; numerous interactions with other federal agencies and with the Department of Interior. 

Nov. 2001 – Feb. 2005: Staff Assistant to Chief Scientist for Hydrology.  Responsible for the Research Grade Evaluation peer-review process in the Water Discipline.  Led the USGS National Research Council post-doctoral fellowship program for the entire USGS, establishing science directions and finding funds and opportunities.  Program Coordinator in charge of leading the WEBB small watershed program.  Water Discipline representative on the USGS Climate Change working group.  Helped manage the National Research Program in the Water Discipline.  Responsible for assembling science teams in USGS priority areas, and for guiding USGS Water Discipline collaborations with universities. 

Jan. 1989 - Nov. 2001:  Research Hydrologist, National Research Program.  Research interests:  Modeling of radionuclide transport and performance assessments for Nuclear Waste Disposal sites (INEEL and Sweden); unsaturated-zone and ground-water geochemical investigations and modeling at Pinal Creek Toxics site, AZ and Äspö Hard-Rock Lab, Sweden; 14C dating of perched waters at Yucca Mountain.  Expert in thermodynamics of mineral/impurity/water interactions, in geochemical modeling and in ground-water geochemistry and contaminant transport.

Jan. 1987 – Jan. 1989:  National Academy of Sciences Research Associate at the U.S. Geological Survey. Competitively awarded National Research Council Postdoctoral Fellowship, National Academy of Sciences. Conducted research on the thermodynamics of mineral/water interactions: created models and predictions of how impurities affect mineral solubilities and how they are released or taken up by minerals. My research has been applied in many different fields, including nuclear waste disposal, contaminant transport, and the chemical evolution of natural waters.  

Education:

1982–1986                          University of Waterloo             Ontario, Canada

Ph.D.   Earth Sciences.  Ground-water hydrology and chemistry. Thesis: Thermodynamic behaviour of solid-solution aqueous-solution systems: a theoretical and experimental investigation (Thesis Advisor: Eric Reardon).

1980–1982                          University of Quebec                      Montreal, Canada

M.Sc.  Earth Sciences.  Isotope geochemistry and 14C dating. Thesis: On the ground transfer of atmospheric 14CO2 as a function of latitude (46oN-76oN) and season in Quebec and Baffin Island. (Thesis Advisor: Claude Hillaire-Marcel).

1977–1980                          Columbia University                       New York, New York

B.A.  Major in Earth Sciences. (Advisors: Wally Broecker and Rhodes Fairbridge)

 

 

Supplemental Publications:

Pantea, M., Glynn P.D., Phelps, G., Bawden, G. and Soller, D., 2013, Three-dimensional visualization and modeling at the U.S. Geological Survey: examples and issues, p 69-73,  in Thorleifson, L.H., Berg, R.C. and Russell, H.A.J. (conveners): Three-Dimensional Geological Mapping; Workshop Extended Abstracts, Geological society of Americs Annual Meeting, Denver, Colorado, October 26, 2013, Minnesota Geological Survey Open File Report OFR-13-2, 84 p.  http://conservancy.umn.edu/bitstream/11299/159772/1/3dMapping_workshop_OFR_13_02.pdf

Glynn, P.D., 2012, Invited preface, Renewable Energy Applications for Freshwater Production,  Bundschuh J. & Hoinkis J. (eds), CRC Press, p. xxvii-xxix. http://www.taylorandfrancis.com/books/details/9780415620895/

Glynn, P.D., and Brown, J.G., 2012, Integrating field observations and inverse and forward modeling: application at a site with acidic, heavy-metal-contaminated groundwater, in Geochemical Modeling of Groundwater, Vadose and Geothermal Systems, Bundschuh J. & Zilberbrand M. (eds), CRC Press, Chapter 8, p. 181-234. http://www.taylorandfrancis.com/books/details/9780415668101/

Glynn, P.D., 2012, Invited foreword, Geochemical Modeling of Groundwater, Vadose and Geothermal Systems, Bundschuh J. & Zilberbrand M. (eds), CRC Press, p. xix-xx. http://www.crcpress.com/ecommerce_product/book_series.jsf?series_id=1924

Glynn P.D., L. Jacobsen, G. Phelps, G. Bawden, V. Grauch, R. Orndorff, R. Winston, M. Fienen, V. Cross and J. Bratton, 2011, 3D/4D Modeling, Visualization and Information Frameworks: Current US Geological Survey Practice and Needs, p 33-38,  in Russell, H.A.J., Berg, R.C., and Thorleifson, L.H. (compilers): Three-Dimensional Geological Mapping; Workshop Extended Abstracts, Minneapolis, Minnesota, October 8 2011, Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 6998, 80 p. doi:10.4095/289609, http://www.isgs.uiuc.edu/research/3DWorkshop/2011/workshop.shtml

Glynn, P.D. 2001, Plutonium and neptunium transport: sorption modeling for performance assessment of nuclear waste disposal in the Fennoscandian Shield, in Radionuclide Transport Modelling: Current Status and Future Needs: Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI) Report 02-30.

Glynn, P.D., 2000, Review of SR 97 performance assessment: Opinions on SKB's Safety Assessments SR 97 and SFL 3-5, Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI) Report 00:47, chapter 4, 14 p.

Glynn, P.D., 2000, Review of SFL 3-5 performance assessment: Opinions on SKB's Safety Assessments SR 97 and SFL 3-5, Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI) Report 00:47, chapter 16, 10 p.

Rousseau, J.P. et al., 2000, Review of the Transport of Selected Radionuclides in the Interim Risk Assessment for the Radioactive Waste Management Complex, Waste Area Group 7 Operable Unit 7-13/14, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, Idaho:  U.S. Geological Survey Administrative Report prepared in cooperation with the Idaho Operations Office, U.S. Department of Energy, under Interagency Agreement DE-A107-97ID13556, 300+ pages.

Angeroth, C.E., Fuller, C.C., Glynn, P.D., and Harvey, J.W., 1999, Surface- and ground-water investigations in Pinal Creek Basin near Globe, Arizona: Proceedings of the 12th Annual Symposium, Arizona Hydrological Society, September 9-11, 1999, 2p.

Brown, J.G., Glynn, P.D., and Bassett, R.L., 1999, Geochemistry and reactive transport of metal contaminants in ground water, Pinal Creek Basin, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 141-153. 

Crilley, D., Glynn, P.D. and Angeroth, C.E., 1999, Oxygen-18 and deuterium in precipitation: implications for ground-water recharge in Pinal Creek basin, AZ: Proceedings of the 12th Annual Symposium, Arizona Hydrological Society, September 9-11, 1999, 2p.

Glynn, P.D., Busenberg, E., and Brown, J.G., 1999, Use of chlorofluorocarbons, dissolved gases and water isotopes to characterize ground-water recharge in an aquifer contaminated by acidic, metal-laden wastewater: U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program--Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8-12, 1999--Volume 1 of 3--Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A, p. 155-162.

Glynn, P.D., Busenberg, E., and Brown, J.G., 1999, Use of chlorofluorocarbons, dissolved gases and water isotopes to characterize ground-water recharge in an aquifer contaminated by acidic metal-laden wastewater: Proceedings of the 12th Annual Symposium, Arizona Hydrological Society, September 9-11, 1999, 2 p.

Glynn, P.D., and Voss, C.I., 1999, Geochemical Characterization of Simpevarp Ground Waters near the Äspö Hard Rock Laboratory, Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI), SKI report 96:29, 210 p.

Glynn, P.D., Voss, C.I., and Provost, A.M., 1999, Deep penetration of oxygenated meltwaters from warm based ice sheets into the Fennoscandian Shield, in Use of Hydrological Information in testing groundwater flow models: Technical Summary and Proceedings of a Workshop organized by the NEA Coordinating Group on Site Evaluation and Design of Experiments for Radioactive Waste Disposal (SEDE) and by the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB), Borgholm, Sweden, September 1-3, 1997, p. 201-241.

Brown, J.G., Bassett R. and Glynn, P.D., 1998, Analysis and simulation of reactive transport of metal contaminants in ground water in Pinal Creek Basin, Arizona, Journal of Hydrology, v. 209, p. 225-250.

Glynn, P.D., Busenberg, E., and Brown, J.G., 1998, Use of chlorofluorocarbons, dissolved gases and isotopes to characterize groundwater flow in an aquifer contaminated by acidic, metal-laden wastewater, in Isotope techniques in the Study of Environmental Change, Proceedings of a symposium, Vienna, April 14-18, 1997, International Atomic Energy Agency, p. 786-787.

Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate and consultants including Glynn, P.D., 1997, SITE-94: Deep Repository Performance Assessment Project, SKI Report 96:36 (2 vols.), 660 p.

Geier, J.E. (editor), Tirén, S., Dverstorp, B., and Glynn, P.D., 1996, Site-specific base data for the performance assessment (SITE-94): SKI Report 96:10, Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate, Stockholm, 99 p.

Glynn, P.D., and Busenberg, E., 1996, Dissolved gas and chlorofluorocarbon content of ground waters in the Pinal Creek Basin, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., [eds.], U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program -- Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 1043-1054.

Glynn, P.D., and Busenberg, E., 1996, Unsaturated zone diffusion of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the Pinal Creek Basin, Arizona, in Morganwalp, D.W., and Aronson, D.A., [eds.], U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program -- Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 20-24, 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4015, v. 2, p. 1055-1064.

Revesz, K., Coplen, T.B., Baedecker, M.J., Glynn, P.D., and Hult, M., 1996, Investigation of methane production and consumption by use of stable isotopes, in Isotope in Water Resources Management: v. 1, Vienna, International Atomic Energy Agency, p. 381-387.

Brown, J.G., Bassett R.L., Glynn, P.D., and Parkhurst, D.L., 1995, Reactive transport of metal contaminants in ground water in Pinal Creek Basin, Arizona: Proceedings of the 8th Annual Symposium of the Arizona Hydrological Society, Tucson, Arizona, September 14-15, 1995, p. 104-105.

Plummer, L.N., Michel, R.L., Thurman, E.M., and Glynn, P.D., 1993, Environmental tracers for age-dating young ground water, in Alley, W.M., [ed.], Regional Ground-Water Quality: Chap. 11, Van Nostrand Reinhold, p. 255-294. 

Glynn, P.D., 1992, Effect of impurities in gypsum on contaminant transport at Pinal Creek, Arizona, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., [eds.], U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program -- Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, Calif, March 10-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 466-474.

Glynn, P.D., Engesgaard, P., and Kipp, K.L., 1992, Use and limitations of two computer codes for simulating geochemical mass transport at the Pinal Creek toxic-waste site, in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A., [eds.], U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program -- Proceedings of the technical meeting, Monterey, Calif, March 10-15, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4034, p. 454-460.

Glynn, P.D., and Parkhurst, D.L., 1992, Modeling non-ideal solid-solution aqueous-solution reactions in mass-transfer computer codes, in Kharaka, Y.K., and Maest, A.S., [eds.], Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction, A.A. Balkema Publishers, v. 1, p. 175-179.

Glynn, P.D., and Reardon, E.J., 1992, Reply to Comment by Königsberger and Gamsjäger on "Solid-solution aqueous-solution equilibria: thermodyanmic theory and representation": American Journal of Science, v. 292, p. 215-225.

Glynn, P.D., 1990, Modeling solid-solution reactions in low-temperature aqueous systems, in Chemical Modeling in Aqueous Systems II: American Chemical Society Symposium Series, v. 416, p. 74-86.