Tom Parsons

I conduct research aimed at improving our ability to forecast hazardous events like earthquakes and tsunamis. Specifically, I study how earthquakes trigger others, how crustal movements cause earthquake stresses, and how to convert geologic observations of earthquake and tsunami processes into quantitative forecasts of use to planners, insurers, and builders.



1992 – Ph.D. in Geophysics, Stanford University

1990 – M.S. in Geophysics, Stanford University

1988 – B.S. in Applied Geophysics, UCLA


1994 –Present      Research Geophysicist, U. S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA

1992 –1994          National Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow

Honors and Awards

Senior Scientist (ST):  1/15

Fellow American Geophysical Union, Elected 1/12

Fulbright Mutual Educational Exchange Grant USA-Greece: 2007-2008

Alumni Pillar of Achievement: Golden West College Outstanding Alumni Award (10/07)

Fellow Geological Society of America, Elected 10/97

Shoemaker Communication Award (10/00)

National Association of Government Communicators Gold Screen Award (12/00)

National Research Council Post-Doctoral Fellow (8/92)

Service to the Scientific Community

Editor, AGU Advances, 2019-present

Editor in Chief, Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth, 2009-2015

Editor in Chief, Tectonophysics, 2007-2009

Editorial Board, Tectonophysics, 2005-2007

Editorial Board, Geology, 1995-2000, 2005-2008

Member: Executive Committee, Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities 2005-present

Member: SCEC Planning Committee, 2007-2009



Parsons, T. (2020), On the use of receiver operating characteristic tests for evaluating spatial earthquake forecasts, Geophysical Research Letters, 14,

Geist, E. L., and T. Parsons (2020), Distribution of earthquakes on a branching fault system using integer programming and greedy sequential methods, G-Cubed,

Roland, E., P. Haeussler, T. Parsons, and P. Hart (2020), Submarine Landslide Kinematics Derived From High‐Resolution Imaging, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 125,

Mancini, S., M. Segou, M. Werner, and T. Parsons (2020), The Predictive Skills of Elastic Coulomb Rate‐and‐State Aftershock Forecasts during the 2019 Ridgecrest, California, Earthquake Sequence, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America,

Segou, M., and T. Parsons (2020), The role of seismic and slow-slip events in triggering the 2018 M=7.1 Anchorage earthquake in the Central Alaska subduction zone, Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2019GL086640.

Segou, M., and T.Parsons (2020), A new technique to calculate eartquake stress transfer and to probe the physics of aftershocks, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 110,

Geist, E. L., and T. Parsons (2019), A Combinatorial approach to determine earthquake magnitude distributions on a variable slip-rate fault, Geophysical Journal International, v. 219, 734-752,

Trumbore, S., A. Barros, E. Davidson, B. Ehlmann, J. Famiglietti, N. Gruber, M. Hudson, T. Illangasekare, S. Kang, T. Parsons, P. Rizzoli, V. Salters, B. Stevens, D. Wuebbles, P. Zeitler, and T. Zhu (2019), Editorial: AGU Advances Goes Online, AGU Advances, v. 1,

Parsons, T., E. L. Geist, R. Console and R.  Carluccio (2018), Characteristic earthquake magnitude frequency distributions on faults calculated from consensus data in California, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 123,

Segou, M., and T. Parsons (2018), Testing earthquake links in Mexico from the 1978 M7.6 Oaxaca to the 2017 M7.1 Puebla shock, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 45.

Geist, E. L., and T. Parsons (2018), Determining on-fault earthquake magnitude distributions from integer programming, Computers and Geoscience, v. 111, p. 244–259.

Console, R., T. Parsons, G. Falcone, M. Murru, and K. Yamashina (2018), Comments on ‘Why is Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis (PSHA) still used?’ by F. Mulargia, P.B. Stark and R.J. Geller, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, v. 274,  214-215.

Grezio, A., A.  Babeyko, M. A. Viana Baptista, J. Behrens, A. Costa, G. Davies, E. L. Geist, F. Gonzalez, J. Griffin, C. Bonnevie Harbitz, R. J. LeVeque, S. Lorito, F. Løvholt, C. Mueller, T. Parsons, R. Paris, J. Polet, W. Power, J. Selva, M. B. Sørensen, and H. K. Thio (2017), Probabilistic tsunami hazard analysis: multiple sources and global applications, Reviews of Geophysics, v. 55, 1158–1198, doi:10.1002/2017RG000579. 

G. A. Thompson and T. Parsons (2017), From coseismic offsets to fault-block mountains, Proceedings of the National Academy of the Sciences, doi/10.1073/pnas.1711203114.

Parsons, T., L. Malagnini, and A. Akinci (2017), Nucleation speed limit on remote fluid induced earthquakes, Science Advances, v. 3, e1700660, doi: 1026/sciadv.1700660.

Field, E. H., T. H. Jordan, M. T. Page, K. R. Milner, B. E. Shaw, T. E. Dawson, G. P. Biasi, T. Parsons, J. L. Hardebeck,  A. J. Michael, R. J. Weldon II, P. M. Powers, K. M. Johnson, Y. Zeng, P. Bird, K. R. Felzer, N. van der Elst, C. Madden, R. J. Arrowsmith, M. J. Werner, W. R. Thatcher, and D. D. Jackson (2017), A Synoptic View of the Third Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast (UCERF3), Seismological Research letters, doi:10.1785/0220170045.

Console, R., A. Nardi, R. Carluccio, M. Murru, G. Falcone, and T. Parsons (2017), A physics-based earthquake simulator and its application to seismic hazard assessment in Calabria (Southern Italy) region, Acta Geophysica, v. 65, p. 243 – 257, 10.1007/s11600-017-0020-2.

Grezio, A., S. Lorito, T. Parsons, and J. Selva (2017), Tsunamis: Bayesian probabilistic analysis, Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science, doi:10.1007/978-3-642-27737-5_645-1., p. 1-25.

Watt, J, D. Ponce, T. Parsons, and P. Hart (2016), Missing link between the Hayward and Rodgers Creek faults, Science Advances, 2:e1601441.

Segou, M. and T. Parsons (2016), Prospective earthquake forecasts at the Himalayan Front after the 25 April 2015 M 7.8 Gorkha Mainshock, Seismological Research Letters, v. 87, 816-825, doi:10.1785/0220150195

Thompson, G. A., and T. Parsons (2016), Vertical deformation associated with normal fault systems evolved over coseismic, postseismic, and multiseismic periods, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 121, doi:10.1002/2015JB012240.

Murru, M., A. Akinci, G. Falcone, S. Pucci, R. Console, and T. Parsons (2016), M≥7 Earthquake Rupture Forecast and Time-Dependent Probability for the Sea of Marmara Region, Turkey, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 121, doi:10.1002/2015JB012595.

Geist, E. L., and T. Parsons (2016), Reconstruction of far-field tsunami size distributions from earthquake sources, Pure and Applied Geophysics, v. 173, DOI 10.1007/s00024-016-1288-x.

Field, E. H., G. P. Biasi, P. Bird, T. E. Dawson, K. R. Felzer, D. D. Jackson, K. M. Johnson, T. H. Jordan, C. Madden, A. J. Michael, K. R. Milner, M. T. Page, T. Parsons, P. M. Powers, B. E. Shaw, W. R. Thatcher, R. J. Weldon, and Y. Zeng (2015), Long-term, time-dependent probabilities for third Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast (UCERF3), Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 105, p. 511-543, doi:10.1785/0120140093.

Parsons, T., and D. L. Minasian (2015), Earthquake rupture recreated from a natural fault surface, Journal of Geophysical Research, v.120, p. 7852-7862, doi:10.1002/2015JB012448.

Parsons, T., M. Segou, and W. Marzocchi (2014), Invited Review: The global aftershock zone, Tectonophysics, v. 618, p. 1-34, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2014.01.038

Haeussler, P. J., T. Parsons, D. Finlayson, P. Hart, J. Chaytor, H. Ryan, H. Lee, K. Labay, A. Peterson, and L. Liberty (2014), New Imaging Of Submarine Landslides From The 1964 Earthquake Near Whittier, Alaska, And A Comparison To Failures In Other Alaskan Fjords, in Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences, Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research, v. 37, p 361-370.

Parsons, T., and M. Segou (2014), Stress, distance, magnitude, and clustering influences on the success or failure of an aftershock forecast: the 2013 M=6.6 Lushan Earthquake and other examples,Seismological Research Letters, 85, 44-51, doi: 10.1785/0220130100

Geist, E. L., and T. Parsons (2014), Undersampling power law size distributions: Effect on the assessment of extreme natural hazards, Natural Hazards, DOI 10.1007/s11069-013-1024-0.

Field, E. H., G. P. Biasi, P. Bird, T. E. Dawson, K. R. Felzer, D. D. Jackson, K. M. Johnson, T. H. Jordan, C. Madden, A. J. Michael, K. R. Milner, M. T. Page, T. Parsons, P. M. Powers, B. E. Shaw, W. R. Thatcher, R. J. Weldon, and Y. Zeng (2013), Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast, Version 3 (UCERF3)—The time-independent model, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 104, p. 1122–1180, doi: 10.1785/0120130164.

Parsons, T., E. L. Geist (2014), The 2010-2014.3 global earthquake rate increase, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 41, p. 4479–4485, DOI: 10.1002/2014GL060513.

Segou, M, W. Ellsworth, and T. Parsons (2014) Stress transfer by the 2008 Mw 6.4 Achaia earthquake to the western Corinth Gulf and its relation with the 2010 Efpalio sequence, central Greece, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 104, p. 1723–1734, doi: 10.1785/0120130142.

Segou, M., and T. Parsons (2014), The stress shadow problem in physics-based aftershock forecasting: does incorporation of secondary stress changes help?, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 41, p. 3810–3817, doi:10.1002/2013GL058744.

Parsons, T., E. L. Geist, H. F. Ryan, H. J. Lee, P. J. Haeussler, P. Lynett, P. E. Hart, R. Sliter, and E. Roland (2014), Source and progression of a submarine landslide and tsunami: the 1964 Great Alaska earthquake at Port Valdez, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 119, doi:10.1002/2014JB011514.

Parsons, T., M. Segou, V. Sevilgen, K. Milner, E. Field, S. Toda, and R. S. Stein (2014), Stress based aftershock forecasts made within 24 hours post-mainshock: Expected north San Francisco Bay area seismicity changes after the 2014 M=6.0 West Napa earthquake, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL062379.

Field, E. H., G. P. Biasi, P. Bird, T. E. Dawson, K. R. Felzer, D. D. Jackson, K. M. Johnson, T. H. Jordan, C. Madden, A. J. Michael, K. R. Milner, M. T. Page, T. Parsons, P. M. Powers, B. E. Shaw, W. R. Thatcher, R. J. Weldon, and Y. Zeng (2013), Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast, Version 3 (UCERF3)—The time-independent model, USGS Open-File Report, v. 2013–1165, CGS Special Report, v. 228, and Southern California Earthquake Center Publication, v. 1792, 114 pp.,

Segou, M., T. Parsons, and W. Ellsworth (2013), Comparative evaluation of physics-based and statistical forecasts in Northern California, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 118, doi:10.1002/2013JB010313.

Geist, E. L., J. D. Chaytor, T. Parsons, and U. ten Brink (2013), Estimation of submarine mass failure probability from a sequence of dateable deposits, Geosphere, v. 9, 287-298, doi:10.1130/GES00829.1

Milner, K. R., M. T. Page, E. H. Field, T. Parsons, G. P. Biasi, and B. E. Shaw (2013), Appendix T—Defining the Inversion Rupture Set Using Plausibility Filters, USGS Open-File Report, v. 2013–1165, 14 pp. Appendix T

Biasi, G., T. Parsons, R. J. Weldon II, and T. E. Dawson (2013), Appendix J— fault-to-fault rupture probabilities, USGS Open-File Report, v. 2013–1165, 20 pp., Appendix J

Parsons, T., K. M. Johnson, P. Bird, J.M. Bormann, T.E. Dawson, E.H. Field, W.C. Hammond, T.A. Herring, R. McCaffrey, Z.-K. Shen, W.R. Thatcher, R.J. Weldon II, and Y. Zeng (2013), Appendix C—Deformation models for UCERF3, USGS Open-File Report, v. 2013–1165, 66 pp., Appendix C

Parsons, T., Y. Ogata, J. Zhuang, and E. L. Geist (2012), Evaluation of static stress change forecasting with prospective and blind tests, Geophysical Journal International, v. 188, 1425–1440, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05343.x.

Parsons, T., J. O. Kaven, A. A. Velasco, and H. Gonzalez-Huizar (2012), Unraveling the apparent magnitude threshold of remote earthquake triggering using full wave-field surface wave simulation,Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems (G3), v. 13, doi: 10.1029/2012GC004164.

Parsons, T. (2012), Paleoseismic interevent times interpreted for an unsegmented earthquake rupture forecast, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 39, doi:10.1029/2012GL052275.

Parsons, T., and E. L. Geist (2012) Were global M≥8.3 earthquake time intervals random between 1900-2011?, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 102, p. 1583-1592, doi:10.1785/0120110282.

Parsons, T., R. Console, G. Falcone, M. Murru, and K. Yamashina (2012), Comparison of characteristic and Gutenberg-Richter models for time-dependent M≥7.9 earthquake probability in the Nankai-Tokai subduction zone, Japan, Geophysical Journal International, v. 190, p. 1673-1688, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05595.x

Parsons, T., E. H. Field, M. T. Page, and K. Milner (2012), Earthquake rupture connections on mapped California faults ranked by calculated static linking stresses, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 102, p. 2667-2676, doi: 10.1785/0120110349.

Parsons, T., and A. A. Velasco (2011), Absence of remotely triggered large earthquakes beyond the main shock region, Nature Geoscience, v. 4, p. 312–316, doi:10.1038/ngeo1110.

Parsons, T. and W. Thatcher (2011), Diffuse Pacific - North American plate boundary: 1000 km of dextral shear inferred from modeling GPS data, Geology, v. 39, p. 943–946; doi:10.1130/G32176.

Geist, E. L., and T. Parsons (2011), Assessing historical rate changes in global tsunami occurrence, Geophysical Journal International, v. 187, p. 497–509, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05160.x

Parsons, T. (2011), No correlation between Anderson Reservoir stage level and underlying Calaveras fault seismicity despite calculated differential stress increases, Lithosphere, 3, p. 261-264, doi:10.1130/L148.1

Geist, E. L., and T. Parsons (2010), Estimating the empirical probability of submarine landslide occurrence, International Symposium on Submarine Mass Movements and their Consequences, Book Series: Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research, v. 28, Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences,

Oppenheimer, D., W. Bakun, T. Parsons, R. Simpson, J. Boatwright, R. Uhrhammer (2010), The 2007 M5.4 Alum Rock Earthquake: Implications for Future Earthquakes on the Central and Southern Calaveras Fault, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 115, doi:10.1029/2009JB006683.

Parsons, T. (2010), Earthquake probability calculated from paleoseismic observations on the south Hayward fault, in Knudsen, K., Baldwin, J., Brocher, T. Burgmann, R., Craig, M., Cushing, D., Hellwig, P., Wiegers, M., and Wong, I., eds., Proceedings of the Third Conference on Earthquake Hazards in the Eastern San Francisco Bay Area, California Geological Survey Special Report 219, p. 179-183.

Gonzalez, F., E. Geist, C. E. Synolakis, D. Arcas, D. Bellomo, D. Carlton, T. Horning, B. Jaffe, J. Johnson, H. Mofjeld, J. Newman, T. Parsons, R. Peters, C. Peterson, G. Priest, V. V. Titov, A. Venturato, J. Weber, F. Wong, A. Yalciner (2009), Probabilistic tsunami hazard assessment at Seaside, Oregon, for near‐ and far‐field seismic sources, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 114, doi:10.1029/2008JC005132.

Parsons, T., and A. A. Velasco (2009), On near-source earthquake triggering, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 114, doi:10.1029/2008JB006277.

Parsons, T. (2009), Lasting earthquake legacy, Nature, v. 462, p. 41-42. 

Thompson, G. A., and T. Parsons (2009), Can footwall unloading explain late Cenozoic uplift of the Sierra Nevada crest?, International Geology Review, v. 51, p. 986-993, doi:10.1080/00206810903059156.

Field, E. H., T. E. Dawson, K. R. Felzer, A. D. Frankel, V. Gupta, T. H. Jordan, T. Parsons, M. D. Petersen, R. S. Stein, R. J. Weldon II, and C. J. Wills (2009), The uniform California earthquake rupture forecast, version 2 (UCERF 2), Bulletin of the Seismological Society of Americav. 99, p. 2053-2107, doi: 10.1785/0120080049.

Parsons, T., and E. L. Geist (2009), Is there basis for preferring characteristic earthquakes over Gutenberg-Richter distributions on individual faults in probabilistic earthquake forecasting?, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 99, p. 2012–2019, doi: 10.1785/0120080069

Ganas, A., and T. Parsons (2009), 3-D model of Hellenic Arc deformation and origin of the Cretan uplift, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 114, doi:10.1029/2008JB005599.

Geist, E. L., and T. Parsons (2009), Assessment of source probabilities for potential tsunamis affecting the U.S. Atlantic coast, Marine Geology, v. 264, p. 98-108, DOI: 10.1016/j.margeo.2008.08.005.

Geist, E. L., T. Parsons, U.S. ten Brink, and H. J. Lee (2009), Chapter 4: Tsunami Probability, in The Sea: Volume 15 (Tsunamis), edited by A. R. Robinson and E. N. Bernard, Harvard University Press, Boston, MA, p. 93-135, ISBN 978-0-674-03173-9

Parsons, T., and E. L. Geist (2008), Tsunami probability in the Caribbean region, Pure and Applied Geophysics, v. 165, p. 2089–2116, DOI 10.1007/s00024-008-0416-7

Mallman, E. P., and T. Parsons (2008), A Global Search for Stress Shadows, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 113, doi:10.1029/2007JB005336.

Parsons, T. (2008), Earthquake recurrence on the south Hayward fault is most consistent with a time dependent, renewal process, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 36, doi:10.1029/2008GL035887

Ryan, H., T. Parsons, and R. Sliter (2008), Vertical tectonic deformation associated with the San Andreas fault zone offshore of San Francisco, California, Tectonophysics, v. 457, p. 209-223, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2008.06.011

Parsons, T. (2008), Monte Carlo method for determining earthquake recurrence parameters from short paleoseismic catalogs: Example calculations for California, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 113, doi:10.1029/2007JB004998

Parsons, T., C. Ji, and E. Kirby (2008), Stress changes from the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake and increased hazard in the Sichuan basin, Nature, v. 454, p. 509-510, doi:10.1038/nature07177.

Velasco, A. A., S. Hernandez, T. Parsons, and K. Pankow (2008), Global ubiquity of dynamic earthquake triggering, Nature Geoscience, v. 1, p. 375-379, doi:10.1038/ngeo204.

Geist, E. L., and T. Parsons (2008), Distribution of tsunami inter-event times, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 35, doi:10.1029/2007GL032690

Parsons, T. (2008), Persistent earthquake clusters and gaps from slip on irregular faults, Nature Geoscience, v. 1, p. 59-63, doi:10.1038/ngeo.2007.36

Mikhailov, V. O., T. Parsons, R. W. Simpson, E. P. Timoshkina, and C. Williams (2007), Why the Sacramento Delta Area Differs from Other Parts of the Great Valley: Numerical Modeling of Thermal Structure and Thermal Subsidence of Forearc Basins, Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth, v. 43, p. 75–90.

Parsons, T. (2007), Forecast experiment: Do temporal and spatial b-value variations along the Calaveras fault portend M≥4.0 earthquakes?, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 112, doi:10.1029/2006JB004632

Parsons, T. (2006), M≥7.0 earthquake recurrence on the San Andreas fault from a stress renewal model, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 111, doi:10.1029/2006JB004415.

Parsons, T., G. A. Thompson, A. H. Cogbill (2006), Earthquake and volcano clustering via stress transfer at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, Geology, v. 34, p. 785–788, doi: 10.1130/G22636.1

Parsons, T., R. S. Yeats, Y. Yagi, and A. Hussain (2006), Static stress change from the 8 October, 2005 M=7.6 Kashmir earthquake, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 33, doi:10.1029/2005GL025429

Stein, R. S., S. Toda, T. Parsons, and E. Grunewald (2006), A new probabilistic seismic hazard assessment for greater Tokyo, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A, v. 364, p. 1965–1988, doi:10.1098/rsta.2006.1808

Geist, E. L., and T. Parsons (2006), Probabilistic analysis of tsunami hazards, Natural Hazards, v. 37, p. 277–314, DOI 10.1007/s11069-005-4646-z.

Parsons, T. (2006), Tectonic stressing in California modeled from GPS observations, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 111, doi:10.1029/2005JB003946

Geist, E. L., and T. Parsons (2005), Triggering of tsunamigenic aftershocks from large strike-slip earthquakes: analysis of the November 2000 New Ireland earthquake sequence, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems (G3), v. 6, doi:10.1029/2005GC000935

Parsons, T. (2005), Significance of stress transfer in time-dependent earthquake probability calculations, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 110, doi:10.1029/2004JB003190.

Parsons, T. (2005), A hypothesis for delayed dynamic earthquake triggering, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 32, doi:10.1029/2004GL021811.

Parsons, T., T. R. Bruns, R. Sliter (2005), Structure and mechanics of the San Gregorio-San Andreas fault junction, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems (G3), v. 6, doi:10.1029/2004GC000838.

Parsons, T. (2004), Recalculated probability of M≥7 earthquakes beneath the Sea of Marmara, Turkey, Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, doi:10.1029/2001JB002667.

Parsons, T., R. Sliter, E. L. Geist, R. C. Jachens, B. E. Jaffe, A. Foxgrover, P. E. Hart, and J. McCarthy (2003), Structure and mechanics of the Hayward-Rodgers Creek fault stepover, San Francisco Bay, California, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 93, p. 2187-2200.

Brocher, T. M., T. Parsons, A. M. Tréhu, R. S. Crosson, C. M. Snelson, and M. A. Fisher (2003), Seismic evidence for widespread serpentinized forearc upper mantle along the Cascadia Margin: Geology, v. 31, p. 267–270.

Parsons, T. (2002), Nearly frictionless faulting from unclamping in long-term interaction models, Geology, v. 30, p. 1063-1066.

Parsons, T. (2002), Global Omori law decay of triggered earthquakes: Large aftershocks outside the classical aftershock zone, Journal of Geophysical Research, 107, 2199, doi:10.1029/2001JB000646

ten Brink, U. S., P. C. Molzer, M. A. Fisher, R. J. Blakely, R. C. Bucknam, T. Parsons, R. S. Crosson, and K. C. Creager (2002), Subsurface geometry and evolution of the Seattle Fault Zone and the Seattle Basin, Washington, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 92, 1737-1753.

Parsons, T. (2002), Post-1906 stress recovery of the San Andreas fault system from 3-D finite element analysis, Journal of Geophysical Research, 107, 2162, doi:10.1029/2001JB001051

Parsons, T., R. J. Blakely, and T. M. Brocher (2001), A simple algorithm for sequentially incorporating gravity observations in seismic traveltime tomography, International Geology Review, 43, 1073-1086.

Parsons, T., J. McCarthy, and G. A. Thompson (2001), Very different crustal response to extreme extension in the southern Basin and Range and Colorado Plateau transition, in, Erskine, M. C., Faulds, J. E., Bartley, J. M., and Rowley, P. D., editors, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Pacific Section Guidebook, GB 78, p. 291-304.

Parsons, T., and D. Dreger (2000), Static-stress impact of the 1992 Landers earthquake sequence on nucleation and slip at the site of the 1999 M=7.1 Hector Mine earthquake, southern California, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 27, p. 1949-1952.

Hole, J. A., T. M. Brocher, S. L. Klemperer, T. Parsons, H. M. Benz, and K. P. Furlong (2000), Three-dimensional seismic velocity structure of the San Francisco Bay area, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 105, p. 13859-13874.

Parsons, T., S. Toda, R. S. Stein, A. Barka, and J. H. Dieterich (2000), Heightened odds of large earthquakes near Istanbul: an interaction-based probability calculation, Science, v. 288, p. 661-665

Parsons, T., R. S. Stein, R. W. Simpson, and P. A. Reasenberg (1999), Stress sensitivity of fault seismicity: a comparison between limited-offset oblique and major strike-slip faults, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 104, p. 20183-20202.

Parsons, T., and P. E. Hart (1999), Dipping San Andreas and Hayward faults revealed beneath San Francisco Bay, California, Geology, v. 27, p. 839-842.

Parsons, T., R. E. Wells, E. Flueh, U. S. ten Brink, and M. A. Fisher (1999), Three-dimensional velocity structure of Siletzia and other accreted terranes in the Cascadia fore arc of Washington, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 104, p. 18015-18039

Fisher, M. A., E. R. Flueh, D.W. Scholl, T. Parsons, R. E. Wells, A. Trehu, U. ten Brink, and C. S. Weaver (1999), Geologic processes of accretion: Cascadia subduction zone west of Washington State,Journal of Geodynamics, v. 27, p. 277-288.

Parsons, T. (1998), Seismic-reflection evidence that the Hayward fault extends into the lower crust of the San Francisco Bay area, California, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 88, 1212-1223

Flueh, E., M. A. Fisher, J. Bialas, J. R. Childs, D. Klaeschen, N. Kukowski, T. Parsons, D. W. Scholl, U. ten Brink, A. M. Trehu, and N. Vidal (1998), New seismic images of the Cascadia subduction zone from Cruise SO108- ORWELL, Tectonophysics, v. 293, 69-84.

Parsons, T., G. A. Thompson, and R. P. Smith (1998), More than one way to stretch: A tectonic model for extension along the plume track of the Yellowstone hotspot and adjacent Basin and Range Province, Tectonics, 17, p. 221-234.

Parsons, T., A. M. Trehu, J. H. Luetgert, K. Miller, F. Killbride, R. E. Wells, M. A. Fisher, E. Flueh, U. S. ten Brink, and N. I. Christensen (1998), A new view into the Cascadia subduction zone and volcanic arc: Implications for earthquake hazards along the Washington margin, Geology, v. 26, p. 199-201.

Parsons, T., and M. L. Zoback (1997), Three-dimensional upper crustal velocity structure beneath San Francisco Peninsula, California, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 102, p. 5473-5490.

Parsons, T., and J. McCarthy (1996), Crustal and upper mantle velocity structure of the Salton Trough, southeast California, Tectonics, v. 15, p. 456-471.

Parsons, T., J. McCarthy, W. M. Kohler, C. J. Ammon, H. M. Benz, J. A. Hole, and E. E. Criley (1996), The crustal structure of the Colorado Plateau, Arizona: Application of new long-offset seismic data analysis techniques, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 101, p. 11173-11194.

Bohannon, R. G., and Parsons, T. (1995), Tectonic implications of post-30 Ma Pacific and North American relative plate motions, Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 107, p. 937-959.

Parsons, T., Christensen, N. I., and Wilshire, H. G. (1995), Velocities of southern Basin and Range xenoliths: Insights on the nature of lower crustal reflectivity and composition, Geology, v. 23, p. 129-132.

Parsons, T. (1995), The Basin and Range Province, in Continental Rifts: Evolution, Structure and Tectonics, Olsen, K., ed., Amsterdam, Elsevier, ISBN 044489-566-3, p. 277-324.

Parsons, T., and McCarthy, J. (1995), The active southwest margin of the Colorado Plateau: Uplift of mantle origin: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 107, p. 139-147.

McCarthy, J., and Parsons, T. (1994), Insights into the kinematic Cenozoic evolution of the Basin and Range-Colorado Plateau transition from coincident seismic refraction and reflection data, Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 106, p. 747-759

Parsons, T., Thompson, G. A., and Sleep, N. H. (1994), Mantle plume influence on the Neogene uplift and extension of the U.S. western Cordillera? Geology, v. 23, p. 83-86

Parsons, T., and Thompson, G. A. (1993), Does magmatism influence low-angle normal faulting? Geology, v. 21, p. 247-250