Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 371
Date published: May 1, 2014
Status: Active

Updating Low-Flow Statistics at USGS Streamgages and Regionalization of Selected Low-Flow Characteristics for Alabama Streams

As part of their mission to protect public health and aquatic ecosystems, Alabama state agencies need accurate and representative streamflow statistics to establish realistic and applicable criteria for both water quality and water quantity (fig. 1). Historically, low-flow statistics, such as the annual minimum 7-day average flow that likely will occur, on average, once every 10 years (7Q10),...

Date published: April 17, 2014

Use of Amphibian Communities as Indicators of Restoration Success in the Greater Everglades

Habitat alteration and climate, when combined, are serious threats to amphibians and other wildlife. Habitat suitability models are being used to predict the responses of an amphibian community to hydrological and habitat restoration in the Greater Everglades Ecosystem. 

Date published: December 20, 2013

Ecological limit functions relating fish community response to hydrologic departures of the ecological flow regime in the Tennessee River basin, United States

Ecological limit functions relating streamflow and aquatic ecosystems remain elusive despite decades of research. We investigated functional relationships between species richness and changes in streamflow characteristics at 662 fish sampling sites in the Tennessee River basin. To learn more visit: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com...

Date published: February 27, 2013
Status: Active

Webinar: Preliminary Results from “La Florida” - A Land of Flowers on a Latitude of Deserts

View this webinar to learn more about climate modeling techniques used by ecologists to predict the impacts of climate change on Floridian wildlife.

Contacts: Dr. Thomas Smith
Date published: January 8, 2013

Environmental Flow Research in the Tennessee River Basin

The objective of this project is to improve understanding of how alteration of streamflow characteristics affects the ecological health of rivers and streams in Tennessee. Initial efforts are aimed at identifying critical streamflow characteristics and providing a set of statistical tools and analytical approaches for the prediction of these characteristics. Application of these tools will...

Date published: September 22, 2012

U.S. Geological Survey Flood Inundation Mapping Science

Static flood-inundation map libraries consist of maps that have been created in advance of a flood that are ready to be served through the Internet. Each library consists of a set of flood extent and depth maps developed for predetermined stream stage intervals (for example, a map for each one foot of stage). A user can view real-time or forecast stage data from a USGS streamgage or National...

Date published: September 22, 2012

USGS StreamStats

StreamStats is a Web-based tool that provides streamflow statistics, drainage-basin characteristics, and other information for USGS streamgaging stations and for user-selected ungaged sites on streams. When users select the location of a streamgaging station, StreamStats provides previously published information from a database. When users select a site on an ungaged stream, StreamStats will...

Date published: April 13, 2012

Predicting ecological flow regime at ungaged sites: A comparison of methods

Nineteen ecologically relevant streamflow characteristics were estimated using published rainfall–runoff and regional regression models for six sites with observed daily streamflow records in Kentucky. The regional regression model produced median estimates closer to the observed median for all but two characteristics. The variability of predictions from both models was generally less than the...

Date published: September 22, 2011
Status: Active

Terrestrial Light Detection and Ranging (T-LiDAR) Technology

T-LiDAR technology utilizes reflected laser pulses sent from a tripod-mounted scanning instrument to determine distances to targets of interest. The resulting dataset is a 3 dimensional model or "point cloud" of millions of XYZ data points, spaced only a few millimeters apart. This highly detailed dataset is used by USGS scientists to create topographic models, make detailed measurements, and...

Date published: September 2, 2011
Status: Active

Historical Preservation of Toomer's Oaks in Auburn, AL

The live oaks framing Toomer's Corner in Auburn, Alabama were planted about 1880 and have served as a focal point for Auburn celebrations in recent decades. The trees recently received a powerful dose of an herbicide known as Spike 80DF. In an effort to save the trees, a task force made up of university horticulturists, landscapers, agronomists, engineers, chemists and others has undertaken a...

Contacts: Dr. Luke Marzen
Date published: September 26, 2010
Status: Active

Coastal Plain Culvert Study

Various environmental groups in Alabama are concerned that the use of culverts at highway crossings to convey stream flows has detrimental effects on the natural conditions of streams. Specifically, some groups are concerned that changes in stream geomorphology, sediment concentrations, and associated turbidity adversely impact the benthic macroinvertebrate community when culverts are...

Filter Total Items: 5,079
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Year Published: 2019

Mississippi river sediment diversions and coastal wetland sustainability: Synthesis of responses to freshwater, sediment, and nutrient inputs

Management and restoration of coastal wetlands require insight into how inundation, salinity, and the availability of mineral sediment and nutrients interact to influence ecosystem functions that control sustainability. The Mississippi River Delta, which ranks among the world's largest and most productive coastal wetland complexes, has experienced...

Elsey-Quirk, Tracy; Graham, Sean A.; Mendelssohn, Irving A.; Snedden, Gregg; Day, John W.; Shaffer, Gary P.; Sharp, Leigh Anne; Twilley, Robert R.; Pahl, James; Lane, R.R.

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Year Published: 2019

Resource concentration mechanisms facilitate foraging success in simulations of a pulsed oligotrophic wetland

ContextMovement of prey on hydrologically pulsed, spatially heterogeneous wetlands can result in transient, high prey concentrations, when changes in landscape features such as connectivity between flooded areas alternately facilitate and impede prey movement. Predators track and exploit these concentrations, depleting them as they arise....

Yurek, Simeon; DeAngelis, Donald L.

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Year Published: 2019

Invasive plant species

Invasive species may be one of the worts environmental problems facing the conservation of natural areas, because of their role in changing ecosystem function. At the same time, invasive species cause much human suffering and economic loss. The approach to eliminating invasive species can be improved by a better understanding of the...

Middleton, Beth A.

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Year Published: 2019

Florida Coastal Mapping Program—Overview and 2018 workshop report

The Florida Coastal Mapping Program is a nascent but highly relevant program that has the potential to greatly enhance the “Blue Economy” of Florida by coordinating and facilitating sea-floor mapping efforts and aligning partner and stakeholder activities for increased efficiency and cost reduction. Sustained acquisition of modern coastal mapping...

Hapke, Cheryl J.; Kramer, Philip A. ; Fetherston-Resch, Elizabeth H.; Baumstark, Rene D.; Druyor, Ryan; Fredericks, Xan; Fitos, Ekaterina
Hapke, C.J., Kramer, P.A., Fetherston-Resch, E.H., Baumstark, R.D., Druyor, R., Fredericks, X., and Fitos, E., 2019, Florida Coastal Mapping Program—Overview and 2018 workshop report: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1017, 19 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191017.

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Year Published: 2019

Coastal habitat change and marine megafauna behavior: Florida manatees encountering reduced food provisions in a prominent winter refuge

A decline in submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) within Florida’s spring-fed thermal refuges raises questions about how these systems support winter foraging of Florida manatees Trichechus manatus latirostris. We analyzed telemetry data for 12 manatees over 7 yr to assess their use of Kings Bay, a winter refuge with diminished SAV. After...

Littles, Chanda J.; Bonde, Robert K.; Butler, Susan M.; Jacoby, Charles A.; Notestein, Sky K.; Reid, James P.; Slone, Daniel H.; Frazer, Thomas K.

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Year Published: 2019

The plant diversity sampling design for The National Ecological Observatory Network

The National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) is designed to facilitate an understanding of the impact of environmental change on ecological systems. Observations of plant diversity—responsive to changes in climate, disturbance, and land use, and ecologically linked to soil, biogeochemistry, and organisms—result in NEON data products that...

Barnett, David T.; Adler, Peter B.; Chemel, Benjamin R.; Duffy, Paul A.; Enquist, Brian J.; Grace, James B.; Harrison, Susan P.; Peet, Robert K.; Schimel, David S.; Stohlgren, Thomas J.; Vellend, Mark

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Year Published: 2019

Influence of salinity on relative density of American crocodiles (Crocodylus acutus) in Everglades National Park: Implications for restoration of Everglades ecosystems

The status of the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) has long been a matter of concern in Everglades National Park (ENP) due to its classification as a federal and state listed species, its recognition as a flagship species, and its function as an ecosystem indicator. Survival and recovery of American crocodiles has been linked with regional...

Mazzotti, Frank J.; Smith, Brian; Squires, Michiko; Cherkiss, Michael S.; Farris, Seth C; Hackett, Caitlin; Hart, Kristen M.; Briggs-Gonzalez, Venetia; Brandt, Laura A.

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Year Published: 2019

Microclimate influences mangrove freeze damage: Implications for range expansion in response to changing macroclimate

In response to warming winter air temperatures, freeze-sensitive mangrove forests are expected to expand at the expense of freeze-tolerant salt marshes. To better anticipate and prepare for mangrove range expansion, there is a need to advance understanding of the modulating role of microclimate. Here, we synthesized hypotheses regarding the...

Osland, Michael J.; Hartmann, Arik M.; Day, Richard H.; Ross, Michael S.; Hall, Courtney T.; Feher, Laura C.; Vervaeke, William

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Year Published: 2019

Deep search: Deep sea exploration to advance research on coral/canyon/cold seep habitats

Led by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), the United States Geological Survey (USGS), and OER is an interagency partnership to explore and characterize sensitive deepwater habitats of the U.S. mid- and south Atlantic deep-sea habitats. Sponsored by the National Oceanographic Partnership Program, the study has brought together scientists...

Cordes, Erik E.; Demopoulos, Amanda W.J.; Rasser, Michael; Adams, Caitlin

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Year Published: 2019

Adapting a regional water-quality model for local application: A case study for Tennessee, USA

We evaluated whether SPAtially Referenced Regression On Watershed attributes (SPARROW) models calibrated for two adjacent USA regions could be applied at the local scale to support management decisions for streams in Tennessee. Nutrient-source apportionment of load is important for this local-scale application and demands careful...

Hoos, Anne B.; Wang, Sherry H.; Schwarz, Gregory E.

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Year Published: 2019

Modeling δ18O as an early indicator of regime shift arising from salinity stress in coastal vegetation

In many important coastal habitats, a combination of increasing soil salinization due to sea level rise, reduced precipitation and storm surges may induce regime shift from salinity-intolerant glycophytic vegetation to salinity-tolerant halophytic species. Early detection of regime shift due to salinity stress in vegetation may facilitate...

Teh, Su Yean; Koh, Hock Lye; DeAngelis, Donald L.; Voss, Clifford I.; da Silveira Lobo Sternberg, Leonel

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Year Published: 2019

Hydrodynamic controls on sediment retention in an emerging diversion-fed delta

The morphodynamics of river-dominated deltas are largely controlled by the supply and retention of sediment within deltaic wetlands and the rate of relative sea-level rise. Yet, sediment budgets for deltas are often poorly constrained. In the Mississippi River Delta, a system rapidly losing land due to natural...

Keogh, Molly E.; Kolker, Alexander S.; Snedden, Gregg A.; Renfro, Alisha A.

Filter Total Items: 495
USGS scientists working during the epic September 2009 flood in Georgia. Power Springs Creek (02336870)
September 21, 2009

USGS scientists measuring Sept. 2009 flooding, Powder Springs Cr, GA

Epic Flooding in Georgia, 2009

Metropolitan Atlanta—September 2009 Floods

  • The epic floods experienced in the Atlanta area in September 2009 were extremely rare. Eighteen streamgages in the Metropolitan Atlanta area had flood magnitudes much greater than the estimated 0.2-percent (500-year) annual exceedance probability.
  • The
...
Queen angelfish - Hurricane Hole, Virgin Islands
September 18, 2009

Queen angelfish - Hurricane Hole, Virgin Islands

A queen angelfish peers through the safety of the mangrove roots across the rich colors and textures of corals, sponges, urchins, and algae. Queen angelfish feed almost exclusively on sponges, which are abundant in these mangroves.

USGS
September 15, 2009

Hurricane Floyd, and the Floods of 1999

USGS North Carolina Water Science Center Director Jerad Bales discusses Hurricane Floyd and flood impacts on North Carolina in 1999.

USGS
September 1, 2009

Hurricane Hugo, Storm-surge monitoring techniques, twenty-years later

South Carolina Water Science Center Surface Water Specialist Paul Conrads discusses USGS storm-surge monitoring techniques changes since Hurricane Hugo in 1989.

Ryan Rasmussen and Cassandra Pfeifle, Hydrologic Technicians, collect samples at Little River Reservoir, 2009.
August 19, 2009

Water Sampling at Little River Reservoir, Durham County, NC, 2009.

Ryan Rasmussen and Cassandra Pfeifle, Hydrologic Technicians, collect samples at Little River Reservoir, 2009. 

USGS
July 30, 2009

Introduction to USGS Water Science in South Carolina

SC Water Science Center Director Eric W. Strom discusses USGS water science programs in South Carolina, as interviewed by SC Public Radio "Your Day" host, Donna London.

Eft Stage of a Red-Spotted Newt
May 23, 2009

Eft Stage of a Red-Spotted Newt

The eft stage of a red-spotted newt in Walker County, Georgia (Crockford-Pigeon Mountain Wildlife Management Area)

Image: Northwest Florida is inundated by floodwaters
April 15, 2009

Northwest Florida is inundated by floodwaters

The rural landscape in northwest Florida is inundated by floodwaters of the Alapaha River.

Image: Florida floods with extreme highwater
April 15, 2009

Florida floods with extreme highwater

The dry landscape of northwest Florida floods with extreme highwater from the Withlacoochee River.

Image: A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument
March 21, 2009

A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument

This photo shows a mangrove ecosystem that may be unique in the Caribbean in terms of the abundance and diversity of corals.

USGS scientists are collaborating with scientists at the University of the Virgin Islands to learn more about why these corals are thriving while coral cover on USVI reefs has declined by 60% from bleaching and disease.  With climate change,

...
Image: A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument
March 21, 2009

A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument

This photo shows a mangrove ecosystem that may be unique in the Caribbean in terms of the abundance and diversity of corals.

USGS scientists are collaborating with scientists at the University of the Virgin Islands to learn more about why these corals are thriving while coral cover on USVI reefs has declined by 60% from bleaching and disease.  With climate change,

...
Filter Total Items: 393
USGS
March 3, 2000

A new population of non-native Asian swamp eels, a highly adaptable predatory fish, has been found near the eastern border of Everglades National Park in the area of Homestead, Fla.

USGS
November 19, 1999

Although Hurricane Lenny brought high winds and heavy rains to Puerto Rico, residents in the vicinity of Lago La Plata were spared the hazards and inconveniences of an unnecessary evacuation Wednesday morning, in part because of the efforts of U.S. Geological Survey Caribbean District Office personnel in advance of, and during the storm.

USGS
October 21, 1999

Due to an unprecedented decision by the U.S. Geological Survey representative in Puerto Rico, two USGS employees in Guaynabo have actually moved to the city’s civil defense facility and will remain there until the latest in a series of hurricanes (Jose) no longer appears to threaten the lives and property of the residents of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.

USGS
October 19, 1999

Today, as Hurricane Jose was upgraded from a tropical storm, the U. S. Geological Survey in Puerto Rico was monitoring the storm’s path and intensity very closely. If the hurricane threatens Puerto Rico later this week, as predicted, the USGS is prepared to provide critical information to local government and emergency management officials responsible for protecting the lives and property of Puert

USGS
September 29, 1999

While navigating the treacherous floodwaters in North Carolina to measure the rising water caused by Hurricane Floyd, U.S. Geological Survey scientists rescued four citizens threatened by the storm.

USGS
September 23, 1999

While much of eastern North Carolina remains under water, U.S. Geological Survey scientists and hydrologic technicians are boating over rooftops, submerged cars, and bridges and roads topped by deep water to collect data and determine the amount of environmental damage done by Hurricane Floyd’s heavy rains.

USGS
September 21, 1999

Flood levels from Hurricane Floyd exceeded those from Hurricane Fran, which occurred in September 1996.Preliminary assessments indicate that flood levels in much of the Tar River Basin were at the 500-year recurrence interval. (500-year flood flow has a 0.2-percent chance of being equalled or exceeded during any given year at a particular location.)

USGS
September 20, 1999

River stage and streamflow data--The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collects river stage and streamflow data at more than 200 sites across North Carolina. Near real-time data at most sites are transmitted via satellite to a central data base that compiles current and historical data.

USGS
September 17, 1999

USGS scientists from the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, the National Wetlands Research Center and the Florida and Caribbean Science Center are gearing up to assess Hurricane Floyd damage to wildlife and habitat from Florida to Maine.

USGS
September 17, 1999

Wildfires have long played a key role in structuring ecosystems and plant communities in the southeastern United States. From the coastal prairie of Texas and Louisiana to the marshes and pinelands of Florida, many native species have adapted to a natural regime of frequent wildfire caused by lightning strikes.

USGS
September 14, 1999

The USGS, in collaboration with State and other Federal agencies, is evaluating the extent of erosion along North Carolina’s coastline following Hurricane Dennis. The following activities have been completed or are in progress toward that goal:

USGS
September 10, 1999

While Hurricane Dennis is little more than a soggy memory, scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) are hard at work trying to understand how the storm changed the landscape of beaches along the Virginia and Carolina coasts.

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors.