Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 371
Date published: February 10, 2017

USGS Long-Term Water Monitoring Networks

“USGS long-term streamgages and groundwater wells are like a fine wine…they get better with age!”

The accurate, long-term monitoring networks of SAWSC provide valuable data in real-time and historical perspective to compare that data to. ...

Contacts: Brian McCallum
Date published: February 8, 2017

Epic September 2009 Flooding - Georgia

Many days of continuous heavy rain in mid-September 2009 resulted in flooding in many parts of Georgia, especially in north Georgia and the Atlanta region. The rains produced streamflows of record proportions. rivers and streams had magnitudes so great that the odds of it happening were less than 0.2 percent in any given year. In other words, there was less than a 1 in 500 chance that parts of...

Contacts: Brian McCallum
Date published: February 5, 2017
Status: Active

Real-Time Precipitation at Sites in Georgia, North and South Carolina

We now have a map and data table-based system to allow you to view real-time precipitation at Georgia, North and South Carolina water-monitoring sites. The rainfall maps and tables are updated continuously and display data from the last 1-3,6,12,24 hours and 2 and 7 days.

• Go to the Real-Time Precipitation Web site for:   ...

Date published: February 1, 2017
Status: Active

North Carolina Month-End Conditions Reports

Month-End Conditions Report for North Carolina - Monthly Precipitation, streamflow, and ground water levels for selected locations in North Carolina.

► Go to the North Carolina month-end conditions Web site

Date published: February 1, 2017
Status: Active

Current and Historical Peak Stage Bar Graphs for North Carolina

Current and Historical Peak Stage Bar Graphs for North Carolina

The Peak Stage Bar Graphs section for North Carolina allows you to compare current stream stage with historic peaks at water-monitoring sites throughout North Carolina. 

Go to the Current and...

Date published: February 1, 2017
Status: Active

Flood-inundation mapping in Tar River Basin, North Carolina

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has created flood-inundation maps for selected streamgage sites in North Carolina. These maps depict the approximate area that would be inundated at selected water levels, ranging from approximately top-of-bank to the maximum observed water level. The inundated areas depicted on these maps are approximate, and accuracy of the maps is a function of the accuracy...

Date published: January 30, 2017
Status: Active

Streamflow Alteration Assessments to Support Bay and Estuary Restoration in Gulf States

Human alteration of waterways has impacted the minimum and maximum streamflows in more than 86% of monitored streams nationally and may be the primary cause for ecological impairment in river and stream ecosystems. Restoration of freshwater inflows can positively affect shellfish, fisheries, habitat, and water quality in streams, rivers, and estuaries. Increasingly, state and local decision-...

Date published: January 26, 2017
Status: Active

Triangle Area, NC, Water Supply Monitoring

The Research Triangle area, located within the upper Cape Fear and Neuse River basins, is one of the most rapidly developing areas in the Nation. Growth has increased demand for water from public suppliers, the majority of which draw water from streams and lakes in the region. Growth also brings the threat of greater loads of contaminants and new contaminant sources that, if not properly...

Contacts: Mary L Giorgino
Date published: January 25, 2017

Turbidity Monitoring in Tennessee

A study involving suspended-sediment and turbidity monitoring at streamgaging stations near the segment of State Route 840 under construction between Fairview and Bending Chestnut. 

Contacts: W Scott Gain
Date published: January 25, 2017

Tennessee River (TENN) Basin Study

The Tennessee (TENN) River Basin encompasses an area of 40,890 square miles, making it the largest tributary to the Ohio River. The Tennessee River flows through portions of seven states: Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, and Kentucky. To learn more please visit: http://tn.water.usgs.gov/lten/tenn.html

Contacts: W Scott Gain
Date published: January 24, 2017
Status: Active

Assessment of Groundwater Availability in Aiken County, South Carolina

The objective of this project is to develop a groundwater-flow model that can be used by Aiken County water managers to manage current and projected reported and unreported demands on groundwater resource and to ensure the highest quality of groundwater.

Project Chief: Bruce Campbell
Cooperator: Aiken County, Gilbert-Summit Rural Water District, City of Aiken, Breezy Hill Water and...

Contacts: Bruce Campbell
Date published: January 20, 2017
Status: Active

Stratification and Water Quality of Jordan Lake, North Carolina

The New Hope arm of Jordan Lake, located in Chatham County, North Carolina, serves as a drinking-water supply for the Towns of Cary, Apex, and Morrisville. The reservoir is listed as impaired due to nutrient over-enrichment and occasionally experiences algal blooms and fish kills.

In order to evaluate effects of installing a vertical-mixing system on the New Hope arm of Jordan Lake, the...

Contacts: Mary L Giorgino
Filter Total Items: 5,406
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Year Published: 2020

Modeling soil porewater salinity in mangrove forests (Everglades, Florida, USA) impacted by hydrological restoration and a warming climate

Hydrology is a critical driver controlling mangrove wetlands structural and functional attributes at different spatial and temporal scales. Yet, human activities have negatively affected hydrology, causing mangrove diebacks and coverage loss worldwide. In fact, the assessment of mangrove water budgets, impacted by natural and human disturbances,...

Zhao, Xiaochen; Rivera-Monroy, Victor H.; Wang, Hongqing; Xue, Zuo; Tsai, Cheng-Feng; Willson, C. S.; Castañeda-Moya, E.; Twilley, Robert R.

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Year Published: 2020

Observed and modeled mercury and dissolved organic carbon concentrations and loads at control structure S-12D, Florida Everglades, 2013–17

Mercury (Hg) has been a contaminant of concern for several decades in South Florida, particularly in the Florida Everglades. The transport and bioavailability of Hg in aquatic systems is intimately linked to dissolved organic carbon (DOC). In aquatic systems, Hg can be converted to methylmercury (MeHg), which is the form of Hg that bioaccumulates...

Booth, Amanda; Poulin, Brett A.; Krabbenhoft, David P.
Booth, A.C., Poulin, B.A., and Krabbenhoft, D.P., 2020, Observed and modeled mercury and dissolved organic carbon concentrations and loads at control structure S-12D, Florida Everglades, 2013–17: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1092, 27 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201092.

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Year Published: 2020

Phytoremediation of slightly brackish, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon‐contaminated groundwater from 250 ft below land surface: A pilot‐scale study using salt‐tolerant, endophyte‐enhanced hybrid poplar trees at a Superfund site in the Central Valley of California, April‒November 2019

Slightly brackish groundwater contaminated by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) at a Superfund site in the Central Valley of California was pumped from 250 feet below land surface to a water storage tank using solar power and then gravity‐fed into 18, 330‐gallon intermediate bulk containers (totes) as follows:(1)Five totes contained planting...

Landmeyer, James E.; Rock, Steven; Freeman, John; Nagle, Greg; Samolis, Mark; Levine, Herb; Cook, Anna-Marie; O'Neill, Harry

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Year Published: 2020

Methods for estimating selected low-flow frequency statistics and mean annual flow for ungaged locations on streams in Alabama

Streamflow data and statistics are vitally important for proper protection and management of the water quality and water quantity of Alabama streams. Such data and statistics are generally available at U.S. Geological Survey streamflow-gaging stations, also referred to as streamgages or stations, but are often needed at ungaged stream locations....

Feaster, Toby D.; Kolb, Katharine R.; Painter, Jaime A.; Clark, Jimmy M.
Feaster, T.D., Kolb, K.R., Painter, J.A., and Clark, J.M., 2020, Methods for estimating selected low-flow frequency statistics and mean annual flow for ungaged locations on streams in Alabama (ver. 1.1, November 20, 2020): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5099, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205099.

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Year Published: 2020

Stressor identification framework of biological impairment in Mississippi streams to support watershed restoration and TMDL development

The Clean Water Act (CWA) requires States to identify waters that are impaired for designated uses. These waters are published through a State’s §303(d) list. The CWA also requires that a total maximum daily load (TMDL) be completed for each water body to calculate the maximum amount of contaminants that can be present in that water body and still...

Hicks, Matthew B.; Cartwright, Jennifer M.
Hicks, M.B., and Cartwright, J.M., 2020, Stressor identification framework of biological impairment in Mississippi streams to support watershed restoration and TMDL development: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5098, 42 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205098.

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Year Published: 2020

Unfamiliar territory: Emerging themes for ecological drought research and management

Novel forms of drought are emerging globally, due to climate change, shifting teleconnection patterns, expanding human water use, and a history of human influence on the environment that increases the probability of transformational ecological impacts. These costly ecological impacts cascade to human communities, and understanding this changing...

Crausbay, Shelley D.; Betancourt, Julio L.; Bradford, John; Cartwright, Jennifer M.; Dennison, William C.; Dunham, Jason B.; Enquist, Carolyn Armstrong; Frazier, Abby G. ; Hall, Kimberly R.; Littell, Jeremy S.; Luce, Charlie H.; Palmer, Richard; Ramirez, Aaron R.; Rangwala, Imtiaz; Thompson, Laura; Walsh, Brianne M.; Carter, Shawn

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Year Published: 2020

Using boosted regression tree models to predict salinity in Mississippi embayment aquifers, central United States

High salinity limits groundwater use in parts of the Mississippi embayment. Machine learning was used to create spatially continuous and three‐dimensional predictions of salinity across drinking‐water aquifers in the embayment. Boosted regression tree (BRT) models, a type of machine learning, were used to predict specific conductance (SC) and...

Knierim, Katherine J.; Kingsbury, James A.; Haugh, Connor J.; Ransom, Katherine Marie

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Year Published: 2020

The roles of storminess and sea level rise in decadal barrier island evolution

Models of alongshore sediment transport during quiescent conditions, storm‐driven barrier island morphology, and poststorm dune recovery are integrated to assess decadal barrier island evolution under scenarios of increased sea levels and variability in storminess (intensity and frequency). Model results indicate barrier island response regimes of...

Passeri, Davina; Dalyander, P. Soupy; Long, Joseph W.; Mickey, Rangley C.; Jenkins, Robert L.; Thompson, David M.; Plant, Nathaniel G.; Godsey, Elizabeth; Gonzalez, Victor

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Year Published: 2020

Effects of water level alteration on carbon cycling in peatlands

Globally, peatlands play an important role in the carbon (C) cycle. High water level is a key factor in maintaining C storage in peatlands, but water levels are vulnerable to climate change and anthropogenic disturbance. This review examines literature related to the effects of water level alteration on C cycling in peatlands to summarize new...

Zhong, Yehui; Ming, Jiang; Middleton, Beth

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Year Published: 2020

SurfRCaT: A tool for remote calibration of pre-existing coastal cameras to enable their use as quantitative coastal monitoring tools

The Surf-camera Remote Calibration Tool (SurfRCaT) is a Python-based software application to calibrate and rectify images from pre-existing video cameras that are operating at coastal sites in the United States. The software enables remote camera calibration and subsequent image rectification by facilitating the remote-extraction of ground control...

Conlin, Matthew P.; Adams, Peter N; Wilkinson, Benjamin; Dusek, Gregory; Palmsten, Margaret Louise; Brown, Jenna A.

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Year Published: 2020

A global biophysical typology of mangroves and its relevance for ecosystem structure and deforestation

Mangrove forests provide many ecosystem services but are among the world’s most threatened ecosystems. Mangroves vary substantially according to their geomorphic and sedimentary setting; while several conceptual frameworks describe these settings, their spatial distribution has not been quantified. Here, we present a new global mangrove...

Thorley, Julia; Worthington, Thomas A.; zu Ermgassen, Philine S.E.; Friess, Daniel A.; Krauss, Ken; Lovelock, Catherine E.; Tingey, Rick; Woodroffe, Colin D.; Bunting, Pete; Cormier, N.; Lagomasino, David; Lucas, Richard; Murray, Nicholas J.; Sutherland, William J.; Spalding, Mark

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Year Published: 2020

Genetic diversity targets and indicators in the CBD post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework must be improved

The 196 parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) will soon agree to a post-2020 global framework for conserving the three elements of biodiversity (genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity) while ensuring sustainable development and benefit sharing. As the most significant global conservation policy mechanism, the new CBD framework...

Hoban, Sean M.; Bruford, Michael W.; D'Urban Jackson, Josephine; Lopes-Fernandes, Margarida; Heuertz, Myriam; Hohenlohe, Paul A.; Sjögren-Gulve, Per; Segelbacher, Gernot; Vernesi, Cristiano; Aitken, Sally; Bertola, Laura D.; Bloomer, Paulette; Breed, Martin; Rodríguez-Correa, Hernando; Funk, W. Chris; Grueber, Catherine E.; Hunter, Margaret; Jaffe, Rodolfo; Liggins, Libby; Mergeay, Joachim; Moharrek, Farideh; O'Brien, David; Ogden, Rob; Palma-Silva, Clarisse; Paz-Vinas, Ivan; Pierson, Jennifer; Ramakrishnan, Uma; Simo-Droissart, Murielle; Tani, Naoki; Waits, Lisette; Laikre, Linda

Filter Total Items: 498
Cyanobacterial blooms in 2016 on Lake Okeechobee, Florida
July 9, 2016

Cyanobacterial blooms in 2016 on Lake Okeechobee, Florida

Cyanobacterial blooms, such as the one shown that occurred in 2016 on Lake Okeechobee, Florida, can release toxins.

June 6, 2016

Wave runup during Tropical Storm Colin at Madeira Beach, Florida

This short video demonstrates wave runup and setup on a beach on a stormy day during Tropical Storm Colin. The camera, positioned in the surf zone, shows a multistory building in the background, while waves run up the shallow beach and wash sand from the eroded dune edge (scarp). The vegetation that normally protects the dune has dangling roots where the sand has been

Fairweather Fault
June 5, 2016

Fairweather Fault

USGS research geologist Kate Scharer with her finger on the Fairweather Fault in southeast Alaska. The magnitude 7.8 Lituya Bay earthquake caused shaking that toppled trees along the fault, which left a break in the forest shown here.

South Crillon Glacier
June 5, 2016

South Crillon Glacier

Nearly 60 years after a magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck Lituya Bay, Alaska — leading to a tsunami that devastated the area — six U.S. Geological Survey geologists revisited the isolated region of Alaska, to pick up where their scientific predecessors left off. In this photo, members of the USGS research team pause to take in the view of South Crillon Glacier from a study

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Left: Map of Tampa Bay area and Gulf of Mexico. Colored balloons along shore. Right: total-water-level graph (top) and diagram.
June 4, 2016

Total Water Level and Coastal Change Forecast Viewer

Screenshot of Total Water Level and Coastal Change Forecast Viewer on June 4, 2016, two days before Tropical Storm Colin was expected to hit Florida’s Gulf of Mexico coast. This forecast is for Treasure Island (blue balloon on map) on the day of Colin’s arrival (June 6, 2016). Top

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 Beach erosion at Rodanthe, NC, along the coast on August 30, 2011, three days after landfall of Hurricane Irene
April 14, 2016

Beach erosion, North Carolina, 2011, caused by Hurricane Irene.

Oblique aerial photograph near Rodanthe, NC, along the coast on August 30, 2011, three days after landfall of Hurricane Irene. A breach was carved through the barrier island, severing NC Highway 12. The storm surge was approximately 2 m high on the sound-side and was less on the ocean-side. Flow from the sound to the ocean may have played a role in cutting

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A colony of the soft coral known as the "bent sea rod" stands bleached on a reef off of Islamorada, Florida.
April 12, 2016

Bent Sea Rod Bleaching

A colony of the soft coral known as the "bent sea rod" stands bleached on a reef off of Islamorada, Florida. Hard and soft corals are presently bleaching- losing their symbiotic algae – all over the coral reefs of the Florida Keys due to unusually warm ocean temperatures this summer. Months with waters warmer than 85 F have become more frequent in the last several decades

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Water evaporating from a power-plant cooling tower.
April 9, 2016

Power-generating plants use evaporation to cool their hot water.

Cooling towers at a power-production facility

Power-generation plants, including Plant Bowen in Georgia, produce power by using heat (in this case, from burning coal) to convert water into steam. The steam, very hot and under a great deal of pressure, is pumped through pipes to turn the blades of a turbine, which is connected by a shaft to a

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Thermoelectric power plant with cooling towers, smokestacks, and transmission towers
April 9, 2016

Thermoelectric power plant Bowen owned by Georgia Power Company

Thermoelectric power plant Bowen owned by Georgia Power Company, from Highway 113, Euharlee, Bartow County, Georgia. Plant Bowen is one of the largest coal-fired power plants in the United States. Plant Bowen uses recirculating cooling, decreasing the amount of water that must be withdrawn.

January 30, 2016

Magical Manatees

This video was shot in Three Sisters Springs at the Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge, Florida. The footage was captured using a GoPro while conducting health check-ups and taking photography for population research on Jan. 30, 2014.

Special Thanks
Dr. Bob Bonde, USGS and the dozens of volunteers who conduct annual manatee health

Filter Total Items: 400
USGS science for a changing world logo
November 29, 2011

Three non-native fish species have been spotted in Florida waters again this past year after not being seen for as many as 19 years.  The fishes -- a panther grouper, spotted scat, and yellow tang -- were found off West Palm, Stuart and Pompano Beach. 

USGS science for a changing world logo
November 15, 2011

Water from wells in Lee and Chatham counties will be sampled and tested for baseline information because of potential for shale gas exploration in these areas. 

USGS science for a changing world logo
November 10, 2011

The USGS Tennessee Water Science Center is working this week in cooperation with FEMA, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, National Weather Service, and local agencies to provide emergency real-time surface-water stage gages at critical locations in Shelby County. 

USGS science for a changing world logo
October 7, 2011

Gerard McMahon has been selected as the Director of the Department of the Interior’s Southeast Climate Science Center located at North Carolina State University in Raleigh.

McMahon will be the first permanent director of the new center, which is one of eight regional Climate Science Centers being established. The new centers will be managed by the National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center

USGS science for a changing world logo
September 12, 2011

Disposal of industrial wastewater by the commercial printing industry into sumps, floor drains and sinks that drained into sewer and stormwater systems is the probable cause of widespread groundwater contamination in downtown Montgomery, according to a U.S. Geological Survey report released today. 

USGS science for a changing world logo
August 26, 2011

Hurricane response crews from the USGS have installed storm-surge sensors at key locations along the North Carolina coast in advance of Hurricane Irene. And now, they are actively consulting with federal and state partners about the need for similar equipment for other coastal areas including the Chesapeake Bay, the Delaware Bay, Long Island Sound and even as far north as Cape Cod.

USGS science for a changing world logo
August 23, 2011

The Marcellus Shale contains about 84 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered, technically recoverable natural gas and 3.4 billion barrels of undiscovered, technically recoverable natural gas liquids according to a new assessment by the U. S. Geological Survey (USGS). 

USGS science for a changing world logo
July 18, 2011

 Streamflow and groundwater conditions in southwestern Georgia and adjacent parts of Florida and Alabama continued to worsen during July. Waterways in many of the regions rivers are setting new record lows with gauges on the Flint, Suwannee, Ochlocknee, Alapaha, and Apalachicola rivers recording the lowest water levels in their history due to lower than normal rainfall.

USGS science for a changing world logo
July 15, 2011

A manatee spotted this week in Calvert County, Maryland is the same one that first made waves 17 years ago when he appeared in Chesapeake Bay just before the onset of winter and later had to be rescued.

USGS science for a changing world logo
July 15, 2011

Harvesting the bountiful and renewable energy of the Florida sun, a new solar heating system that will reduce carbon dioxide emissions and save on energy costs is being installed at the U.S. Geological Survey facility in St. Petersburg, Fla.  Evacuated-tube solar collectors will supplement the current natural-gas boiler to provide heat in the winter and reheat conditioned air in the summer.

USGS science for a changing world logo
June 24, 2011

Waterways in south Georgia's rivers are setting new record lows with gauges on the Flint, Suwannee, Ochlocknee, Alapaha and Altamaha rivers recording the lowest water levels in their history due to lower than normal rainfall.

USGS science for a changing world logo
June 7, 2011

The Tallapoosa River has new eyes.  A webcam recently installed at the site of the historic May 2003 flood near Wadley, Ala., by the U.S Geological Survey’s Alabama Water Science Center is capturing live streaming video, enabling scientists, emergency managers and the public to visually monitor the Tallapoosa River’s water levels in real time.

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

Filter Total Items: 283