Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 371
Date published: February 27, 2018
Status: Active

Paleoceanographic Proxy Calibration

A sediment trap time series in the northern Gulf of Mexico is used to better assess the control of environmental variables (e.g., temperature and salinity) on the flux of both microfossils and molecular fossils to the sediments. The information gained from sediment trap studies is used to develop better proxy-based estimates of past oceanographic conditions from analyses of microfossils and ...

Date published: February 22, 2018
Status: Active

Climate and Environmental Change in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean

This project documents paleoceanographic, climatic, and environmental changes in the Gulf of Mexico and adjacent land areas over the last 10,000 years. The paleoenvironmental data is used to determine rates of change in the past, and to better understand both the natural and anthropogenic factors that contribute to climate variability on inter-annual to millennial timescales.

Date published: February 7, 2018
Status: Active

Relative Sensitivity of Adult Mosquitoes and Butterflies to Adult Mosquito Control Pesticides

Mosquito control on Department of the Interior (DOI) managed lands is a resource management challenge. The pesticides used to control mosquitoes may also affect nontarget organisms whose conservation is one of the primary responsibilities of resource managers.

Date published: January 29, 2018
Status: Active

Groundwater/Surface Water Interaction near Ellerbe Creek, Durham, NC

Falls Lake has been included in the North Carolina Division of Water Quality’s 303(d) list of “impaired” waters, due to violations of the State chlorophyll-a standard caused by excessive nutrient inputs (North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Division of Water Quality, 2010a).  The North Carolina Environmental Management Commission has adopted nutrient management...

Date published: January 23, 2018
Status: Active

Scenario-Based Assessments for Coastal Change Hazard Forecasts

A decade of USGS research on storm-driven coastal change hazards has provided the data and modeling capabilities needed to identify areas of our coastline that are likely to experience extreme and potentially hazardous erosion during an extreme storm.

Contacts: Kara Doran
Date published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

Forecasting Coastal Change

This project focuses on understanding the magnitude and variability of extreme storm impacts on sandy beaches. The overall objective is to improve real-time and scenario-based predictions of coastal change to support management of coastal infrastructure, resources, and safety. 

Contacts: Kara Doran
Date published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Sea Level Rise

The original national coastal vulnerability index (CVI) assessment was motivated by expected accelerated sea-level rise (SLR) and the uncertainty in the response of the coastline to SLR. This research was conducted between 1999 and 2001, and is currently being updated using new data sources and methodology. This original study was part of the ...

Date published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

Long-Term Coastal Change

Goals of this task include developing and improving coastal-change assessments and supporting long-term planning and decision making to ensure sustainable coastal economies, infrastructure, and ecosystems.

Filter Total Items: 5,356
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Year Published: 2021

Changes in ecosystem nitrogen and carbon allocation with black mangrove (Avicennia germinans) encroachment into Spartina alterniflora salt marsh

Increases in temperature are expected to facilitate encroachment of tropical mangrove forests into temperate salt marshes, yet the effects on ecosystem services are understudied. Our work was conducted along a mangrove expansion front in Louisiana (USA), an area where coastal wetlands are in rapid decline due to compounding factors, including...

Macy, Aaron; Osland, Michael; Cherry, Julia A; Cebrian, Just

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Year Published: 2021

How plants influence resilience of salt marsh and mangrove wetlands to sea-level rise

This review evaluates the importance of plants and associated biological processes in determining the vulnerability of coastal wetlands to sea-level rise. Coastal wetlands occur across a broad sedimentary continuum from minerogenic to biogenic, providing an opportunity to examine the relative importance of biological processes in wetland...

Cahoon, Donald R.; McKee, Karen L.; James Morris

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Year Published: 2021

Resolving species boundaries in the critically imperiled freshwater mussel species, Fusconaia mitchelli (Bivalvia: Unionidae)

Species are a fundamental unit of biology, and defining accurate species boundaries is integral to effective conservation and management of imperiled taxa. Freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionidae) are among the most imperiled groups of organisms in North America, yet species boundaries remain uncertain for many taxa. The False Spike, ...

Smith, Chase H.; Johnson, Nathan; Havlik, Kaitlyn; Doyle, Robert D.; Randklev, Charles R.

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Year Published: 2021

Scientific contributions of the Mangrove Macrobenthos and Management (MMM) conference series, 2000-2019

The conservation of mangrove forests has become an important international policy priority in recent decades, and is mirrored by a large increase in research interest. Multiple disciplines now use mangroves as a study system, from molecular biology to social science. The variety of research conducted in mangroves is exemplified by the Mangrove...

Friess, Daniel A.; Dahdouh-Guebas, Farid; Satyanarayana, Behara; Cannicci, Stefano; Vannini, Marco; Chua, Siew Chin; Duke, Norman; Feller, Ilka C.; Jaafer, Zeehan; Jayatissa, L.P.; Koedam, Nico; Krauss, Ken; Lee, Shing Yip; Mancera Pineda, Jose Ernesto; Ruwa, Renison; Yando, Erik S.

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Year Published: 2021

Multiple in-stream stressors degrade biological assemblages in five U.S. regions

Biological assemblages in streams are affected by a wide variety of physical and chemical stressors associated with land-use development, yet the importance of combinations of different types of stressors is not well known. From 2013 to 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey completed multi-stressor/multi-assemblage stream ecological assessments in five...

Waite, Ian R.; Van Metre, Peter C.; Moran, Patrick W.; Konrad, Christopher P.; Nowell, Lisa H.; Meador, Michael R.; Munn, Mark D.; Schmidt, Travis S.; Gellis, Allen; Carlisle, Daren; Bradley, Paul M.; Mahler, Barbara

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Year Published: 2020

Mapping Phragmites australis live fractional cover in the lower Mississippi River Delta, Louisiana

In response to a co-occurring non-native scale infestation and Phragmites australis dieback in southeast Louisiana, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) satellite mapping was implemented to track P. australis condition in the lower Mississippi River Delta. While the NDVI mapping successfully documented relative condition changes,...

Rangoonwala, Amina; Howard, Rebecca J.; Ramsey III, Elijah W.
Rangoonwala, A., Howard, R.J., and Ramsey, E.W., III, 2020, Mapping Phragmites australis live fractional cover in the lower Mississippi River Delta, Louisiana (ver. 1.1, January 2021): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1131, 24 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201131.

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Year Published: 2020

Underwater photographic reconnaissance and habitat data collection in the Florida Keys—A procedure for ground truthing remotely sensed bathymetric data

Bathymetric geoprocessing analyses of the Florida Reef Tract have provided insights into trends of seafloor accretion and seafloor erosion over time and following major storm events. However, bathymetric surveys sometimes capture manmade structures and vegetation, which do not represent the desired bare-earth data. Therefore, ground truthing is...

Fehr, Zachery W.; Yates, Kimberly K.
Fehr, Z.W., and Yates, K.K., 2020, Underwater photographic reconnaissance and habitat data collection in the Florida Keys—A procedure for ground truthing remotely sensed bathymetric data: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1118, 13 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201118.

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Year Published: 2020

Council monitoring and assessment program (CMAP): Common monitoring program attributes and methodologies for the Gulf of Mexico Region

Executive Summary Under the Resources and Ecosystem Sustainability, Tourist Opportunities, and Revived Economies of the Gulf Coast States Act of 2012 (RESTORE Act), the Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Council (RESTORE Council or Council) is required to report on the progress of funded projects and programs. Systematic monitoring of restoration at...

Bosch, Julie; Burkart, Heidi B; Chivoiu, Bogdan; Clark, Randy; Clement, Chris; Enwright, Nicholas; Giordano, Steve; Jeffrey, Chris; Johnson, Ed; Hart, Rheannon; Hile, Sarah D; Howell, Jacob S; Laurenzano, Claudia; Lee, Michael; McCloskey, Terrance; McTigue, Terry; Meyers, Michelle B; Miller, Katie E; Mize, Scott; Monaco, Mark E.; Owen, Kevin; Rebich, Richard; Rendon, Samuel H.; Robertson, Ali; Sample, Thomas; Sanks, Kelly Marie; Steyer, Gregory; Suir, Kevin; Swarzenski, Christopher M.; Thurman, Hana Rose

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Year Published: 2020

Water resources of Red River Parish, Louisiana

Information concerning the availability, use, and quality of water in Red River Parish, Louisiana, is critical for proper water-supply management. The purpose of this fact sheet is to present information that can be used by water managers, parish residents, and others for stewardship of this vital resource. In 2014, about 5.76 million gallons per...

Robinson, Angela L.; White, Vincent E.
Robinson, A.L., and White, V.E., 2020, Water resources of Red River Parish, Louisiana: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020–3053, 6 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203053.

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Year Published: 2020

Water resources of Bienville Parish, Louisiana

Information concerning the availability, use, and quality of water in Bienville Parish, Louisiana, is critical for proper water-supply management. The purpose of this fact sheet is to present information that can be used by water managers, parish residents, and others for stewardship of this vital resource. In 2014, about 13.03 million gallons per...

Robinson, Angela L.; White, Vincent E.
Robinson, A.L., and White, V.E., 2020, Water resources of Bienville Parish, Louisiana: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020–3052, 6 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203052.

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Year Published: 2020

Reestablishing a stepping-stone population of the threatened elkhorn coral Acropora palmata to aid regional recovery

Recovery of the elkhorn coral Acropora palmata is critical to reversing coral reef ecosystem collapse in the western Atlantic, but the species is severely threatened. To gauge potential for the species’ restoration in Florida, USA, we conducted an assisted migration experiment where 50 coral fragments of 5 nursery-raised genetic strains...

Kuffner, Ilsa B.; Stathakopoulos, Anastasios; Toth, Lauren T.; Bartlett, Lucy

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Year Published: 2020

Continuous stream discharge, salinity, and associated data collected in the lower St. Johns River and its tributaries, Florida, 2019

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Jacksonville District, is deepening the St. Johns River channel in Jacksonville, Florida, from 40 to 47 feet along 13 miles of the river channel beginning at the mouth of the river at the Atlantic Ocean, in order to accommodate larger, fully loaded cargo vessels. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the...

Ryan, Patrick J.
Ryan, P.J., 2020, Continuous stream discharge, salinity, and associated data collected in the lower St. Johns River and its tributaries, Florida, 2019: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1140, 48 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201140.

Filter Total Items: 498
Photomicrograph of a pale green lace-like desmid alga
August 31, 2017

A glimpse of the microbial world's hidden beauty

To collect, identify and document these single-celled algae called desmids, USGS biologist Barry H. Rosen has traveled by airboat into the interior of Florida’s Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, where decaying marsh grasses created a mosaic of peat soils and the soft, slightly acidic water where desmids grow. Rosen thinks the area may have some of the world’s greatest

...
Photo of a small concrete block; a disk attached to the top holds a small growing coral.
August 17, 2017

USGS monitors growth rates of Elkhorn Coral

 

USGS monitors the growth rates of the threatened Elkhorn Coral (Acropora palmata) at Dry Tortugas National Park (pictured) and throughout the Florida Keys, U.S.A.

August 7, 2017

Developing Effective Drought Monitoring Tools for Farmers and Ranchers

This webinar was conducted on August 7, 2017 as part of the USGS National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center’s Climate Change Science and Management Webinar Series, held in partnership with the USFWS National Conservation Training Center. 

Webinar Summary: The South Central U.S. is one of the main agricultural regions in North America: annual agricultural

July 31, 2017

A Current Immersion

Curt Storlazzi of the USGS explains how the water cycle pulled him into oceanography, and how his personal interests parallel his profession.
 

Microscopic image of cyanobacteria that show up red in fresh water
July 17, 2017

In fresh water, these red cyanobacteria don't absorb a green stain

This is the first of two microscopic images of potentially toxic cyanobacteria, Microcystis aeruginosa.  In both images, the cyanobacteria have been exposed to a green stain.

Image 1: Microcystis aeruginosa in freshwater. The green stain doesn’t enter the cells, which show up in red.

 

July 17, 2017

In salty water these cell walls absorb a green stain and turn green

This is the second of two microscopic images of potentially toxic cyanobacteria, Microcystis aeruginosa.  In both images, the cyanobacteria have been exposed to a green stain.
Image 2: Mycrocystis aeruginosa In water half as salty as seawater. The cell walls are breaking down and the stain has penetrated them, turning the colony green.

 

Distant view of sandy beach stretching from bottom left to upper right of photo
June 20, 2017

“Snapshot” or first frame of beach video, Madeira Beach, Florida

Snapshot, or first frame of from a 17-minute video shot on June 20, 2017, in Madeira Beach, Florida. Researchers at the USGS are using these and other video images to improve understanding and computer modeling of beach processes, especially those that change the coast. See also, a 

...
Distant view of sandy beach stretching from bottom left to upper right of photo.
June 20, 2017

Time-averaged image from video of beach in Madeira Beach, Florida

Time-averaged image, or “timex,” created by averaging the intensity of light recorded at each spot, or “pixel,” during a 17-minute video taken at Madeira Beach, Florida, on June 20, 2017. Blurred white bands show where waves are breaking. Offshore band shows location of a sand bar. Line between wet and dry sand shows the maximum height on the beach reached by the waves (“

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Image in mostly black and gray tones showing distant view of beach stretching from bottom left to upper right of photo.
June 20, 2017

Variance image from video of beach in Madeira Beach, Florida

“Variance” image produced from video shot at Madeira Beach, Florida, on June 20, 2017. The more the light intensity changes at a given spot, or “pixel,” during the video, the brighter the value assigned to that pixel. Motion tends to produce changes in light intensity. Note bright bands parallel to shore where waves were breaking. Researchers are using these and other

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Piles of seaweed fragments on sand beach. Low sand cliff on left with broken walkway. Multistory buildings, clouds in distance.
June 7, 2017

Sunset Beach in St. Pete Beach, Florida, after Tropical Storm Colin

Photograph taken June 7, 2016, one day after Tropical Storm Colin, on Sunset Beach in the town of St. Pete Beach, Florida. Storm waves eroded the beach and dune, producing a cliff-like feature called a beach scarp.

Filter Total Items: 399
Image: Louisiana Black Bear and Cubs
November 19, 2014

The bear species nicknamed “teddy” more than a century ago that inspired the iconic stuffed toy still popular today will likely survive at least another century, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey study. 

USGS
November 12, 2014

A study designed to provide baseline information on groundwater quality in Lee and Chatham counties prior to oil and gas exploration there found low levels of dissolved methane gas and a small percentage of wells with other constituents at levels exceeding federal and state drinking water standards, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
November 12, 2014

Groundwater contamination that was first detected in Chesterfield County in the early 2000s has been linked to historical agricultural land use, according to a recent U.S. Geological Survey study.

2014 US Topo map of the Florence, Alabama
October 22, 2014

This new design was launched earlier this year and is now part of the new US Topo quadrangles for Alabama (840 maps), replacing the first edition US Topo maps for the states.

Image: Bent Sea Rod Bleaching
September 9, 2014

Late-summer water temperatures near the Florida Keys were warmer by nearly 2 degrees Fahrenheit in the last several decades compared to a century earlier, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
August 6, 2014

June and July rainfall deficits continue to point toward abnormally dry to moderate drought conditions in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
July 30, 2014

Nesting loggerhead sea turtles in the northern Gulf of Mexico feed among areas that were oiled by the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill and where human activities occur, several of which are known to pose threats to sea turtles, a new U.S Geological study showed.

USGS
July 28, 2014

The U.S. Virgin Islands are now available for structure updates with The National Map Corps crowd-sourcing volunteers

USGS
July 28, 2014

Urban areas in the Southeastern United States will double in size by 2060 unless there are significant changes to land development, according to a new study by the Department of Interior’s Southeast Climate Science Center and North Carolina State University.

Screenshot of National Map showing a university at the end of the Isla Grande Airport
June 26, 2014

Desde agosto de 2013, cada uno de los 50 estados se han encontrado disponible para editarse dentro del USGS (“United States Geological Survey”, por su nombre en inglés) The National Map Corps (Cuerpo de El Mapa Nacional o “TNM Corps” por sus siglas en inglés), a través del proyecto Voluntario de Información Geográfica.

Screenshot of National Map showing a university at the end of the Isla Grande Airport
June 26, 2014

Since August 2013, all 50 states have been available for editing under the USGS The National Map Corps Volunteer Geographic Information project. Starting this month, TNMCorps is pleased to add Puerto Rico to that list.

USGS
June 25, 2014

On the one-year anniversary of President Obama’s Climate Action Plan, Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell today released a new report showing that forests, wetlands and farms in the eastern United States naturally store 300 million tons of carbon a year (1,100 million tons of CO2 equivalent).

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

Filter Total Items: 283