Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 371
Date published: September 11, 2018
Status: Active

Coastal Basement Geology of the Southeastern U.S. Project

This project, centered on South Carolina and Georgia, extends coastal-basement geologic mapping and related research south of a geologic map in production for pre-Cretaceous rocks beneath the Atlantic Coastal Plain from Virginia to southern New Jersey, and adds detail to a national-scale basement domain map constructed to delineate mineral-resource prospectivity. Plans include efforts to build...

Date published: August 29, 2018
Status: Active

Environmental and Public Health Microbiology — St. Petersburg, Florida

About the Research

The Environmental Health Program collaboartes with microbiologists at the Environmental and Public Health Microbiology Laboratory (EPHML) develop analytical methods for the identification and quantitation of pathogenic microorganisms that can impact the health of humans and other organisms. This laboratory also develops methods for accessing aquatic,...

Date published: August 20, 2018
Status: Active

Wetlands in the Quaternary Project

Wetlands accumulate organic-rich sediment or peat stratigraphically, making them great archives of past environmental change. Wetlands also act as hydrologic buffers on the landscape and are important to global biogeochemical cycling. This project uses wetland archives from a range of environments to better understand how vegetation, hydrology, and hydroclimate has changed on decadal to multi-...

Date published: August 13, 2018
Status: Active

Water Use in Georgia

To provide estimates of water withdrawal, water use, and return flows to surface water needed for water management, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Environmental Protection Division (GaEPD), developed the Georgia Water-Use Program in 1979. This ongoing program focuses on collecting, compiling, and disseminating water-use ...

Contacts: Jaime A Painter
Date published: August 9, 2018
Status: Active

Gulf Coast Petroleum Systems Project - Assessments

This site highlights the assessments of the Gulf Coast Petroleum Systems Project.   Scientifically robust assessments of undiscovered, technically recoverable hydrocarbon resources are published in a variety of USGS publications.  This project also conducts research on the processes that impact the formation, accumulation, occurrence and alteration of hydrocarbon energy resources. The Gulf...

Date published: August 7, 2018
Status: Active

Relation between Plant Community Structure and Function and the Effectiveness of Wetland Restoration Efforts

High rates of wetland loss continue to occur along the northern Gulf of Mexico coast, and this remains an issue of concern to resource managers.

Date published: August 2, 2018
Status: Active

Integrating Science and Management for Optimal Prevention and Control of Invasive Nymphoides in Florida

Two invasive species of floating hearts, Nymphoides cristata and N. indica, are actively managed in Florida. A rare native species, N. humboldtiana, has been found in Florida and verified by molecular methods; this species is nearly indistinguishable from N. indica.

Date published: August 1, 2018
Status: Active

Piedmont Geology Along the Southeastern Fall Zone, Virginia and North Carolina

This task within the USGS NCGMP Piedmont-Blue Ridge Project aims to fill the void in geologic map coverage along the Fall Zone in southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina, and forge strong cooperative ties within the NCGMP by combining resources across all three Program components by supporting DMME and NCGS STATEMAP and UNC–W EDMAP components with targeted geologic mapping and...

Contacts: Mark W Carter
Date published: August 1, 2018
Status: Active

Wetland Forest Regeneration Dynamics and Productivity in Southeastern Cypress Swamp Ecosystems

Relict forests (i.e., forests unable to reestablish after disturbance) may develop in the southeastern U.S. in future predicted extreme climates of temperature, flooding, and drought, according to the International Panel on Climate Change.

Date published: July 23, 2018
Status: Active

Toro Negro, Puerto Rico

The USGS has installed instruments in a steep hillside northwest of the municipality of Villalba in the Toro Negro State Forest.

Contacts: Ben Mirus
Date published: July 23, 2018
Status: Active

Utuado, Puerto Rico

The USGS has installed instruments in a steep hillside east of the municipality of Utuado.

Contacts: Ben Mirus
Filter Total Items: 5,375
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Year Published: 2021

Gulf Coast vicariance shapes phylogeographic history of a North American freshwater mussel species complex

AimFreshwater mussels share habitat and are parasites of freshwater fishes during the larval life stage. Therefore, models of fish biogeography may also explain the historical biogeography of freshwater mussels. We tested this assumption using predictions of three biogeographic models constructed for northern Gulf of Mexico drainages on a...

Keogh, Sean M.; Johnson, Nathan; Williams, James D.; Randklev, Charles R.; Simons, Andrew

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Year Published: 2021

Population density and stream-habitat relations of the Yellowcheek Darter (Nothonotus moorei) among the headwaters of the Little Red River in Arkansas

Nothonotus moorei (Yellowcheek Darter [YCD]) is an endangered species endemic to the headwaters of the Little Red River in north-central Arkansas. Population decline, habitat loss and fragmentation, and threats from land use and seasonal drought necessitate monitoring of population density and distribution to determine ecological and habitat...

Driver, Lucas; Justus, Billy

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Year Published: 2021

Inclusion of pesticide transformation products is key to estimating pesticide exposures and effects in small U.S. streams

Improved analytical methods can quantify hundreds of pesticide transformation products (TPs), but understanding of TP occurrence and potential toxicity in aquatic ecosystems remains limited. We quantified 108 parent pesticides and 116 TPs in more than 3 700 samples from 442 small streams in mostly urban basins across five major regions of the...

Mahler, Barbara; Nowell, Lisa H.; Sandstrom, Mark W.; Bradley, Paul; Romanok, Kristin; Konrad, Christopher; Van Metre, Peter

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Year Published: 2021

Review of the invasive Asian clam Corbicula spp. (Bivalvia: Cyrenidae) distribution in North America, 1924–2019

The bivalve Corbicula is one of the most successful aquatic mollusk invaders in the world. Since being intro­duced to North America from its native range in Asia, it has dispersed widely over a large portion of the continent from southern Canada to Panama. The first evidence of its introduc­tion in the Western Hemisphere was discovered in 1924 in...

Benson, Amy J.; Williams, James D.
Benson, A.J., and Williams, J.D., 2021, Review of the invasive Asian clam Corbicula spp. (Bivalvia: Cyrenidae) distribution in North America, 1924–2019: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2021–5001, 66 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20215001.

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Year Published: 2021

Gulf of Mexico blue hole harbors high levels of novel microbial lineages

Exploration of oxygen-depleted marine environments has consistently revealed novel microbial taxa and metabolic capabilities that expand our understanding of microbial evolution and ecology. Marine blue holes are shallow karst formations characterized by low oxygen and high organic matter content. They are logistically challenging to sample, and...

Patin, N.V.; Dietrich, Z.A.; Stancil, A.; Quinan, M.; Beckler, J.S.; Hall, E.R.; Culter, J; Smith, Christopher; Taillefert, Martial; Stewart, F.J.

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Year Published: 2021

National-scale reservoir thermal energy storage pre-assessment for the United States

The U.S. Geological Survey is performing a pre-assessment of the cooling potential for reservoir thermal energy storage (RTES) in five generalized geologic regions (Basin and Range, Coastal Plains, Illinois Basin, Michigan Basin, Pacific Northwest) across the United States. Reservoir models are developed for the metropolitan areas of eight cities...

Pepin, Jeff D.; Burns, Erick; Dickinson, Jesse E.; Duncan, Leslie L.; Kuniansky, Eve L.; Reeves, Howard W.

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Year Published: 2021

Tropicalization of temperate ecosystems in North America: The northward range expansion of tropical organisms in response to warming winter temperatures

Tropicalization is a term used to describe the transformation of temperate ecosystems by poleward‐moving tropical organisms in response to warming temperatures. In North America, decreases in the frequency and intensity of extreme winter cold events are expected to allow the poleward range expansion of many cold‐sensitive tropical organisms,...

Osland, Michael; Stevens, Philip; Lamont, Margaret; Brusca, Richard; Hart, Kristen; Waddle, Hardin; Langtimm, Catherine; Williams, Caroline; Keim, Barry; Terando, Adam; Reyier, Eric; Marshall, Katie; Loik, Michael E.; Boucek, Ross; Lewis, Amanda; Seminoff, Jeffrey A.

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Year Published: 2021

Feral swine as sources of fecal contamination in recreational waters

Recreational waters are primary attractions at many national and state parks where feral swine populations are established, and thus are possible hotspots for visitor exposure to feral swine contaminants. Microbial source tracking (MST) was used to determine spatial and temporal patterns of fecal contamination in Congaree National Park (CONG) in...

McKee, Anna M.; Bradley, Paul; Shelley, David; McCarthy, Shea; Molina, Marirosa

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Year Published: 2021

Retreat, detour or advance? Understanding the movements of birds confronting the Gulf of Mexico

During migration, birds must locate stopover habitats that provide sufficient resources to rest and refuel while en route to the breeding or non-breeding area. Long-distance migrants invariably encounter inhospitable geographic features, the edges of which are often characterized by habitat limited in food and safety. In response, they often...

Zenzal, Theodore J.; Ward, Michael P.; Diehl, Robert H.; Buler, Jeffrey J.; Smolinsky, Jaclyn (Contractor) Ann; Deppe, Jill L.; Bolus, Rachel T; Celis-Murillo, Antonio; Moore, Frank R.

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Year Published: 2021

Documentation of methods and inventory of irrigation information collected for the 2015 U.S. Geological Survey estimated use of water in the United States

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water-Use Science Project strives to report water-use estimates using the best available information for the period of the estimates. The information available on water used for irrigation activities varies from State to State and in some areas from county to county within a State, which results in many...

Painter, Jaime A.; Brandt, Justin T.; Caldwell, Rodney R.; Haynes, Jonathan V.; Read, Amy L.
Painter, J.A., Brandt, J.T., Caldwell, R.R., Haynes, J.V., and Read, A.L., 2021, Documentation of methods and inventory of irrigation information collected for the 2015 U.S. Geological Survey estimated use of water in the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5139, 39 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205139.

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Year Published: 2021

The role of habitat heterogeneity and canyon processes in structuring sediment macrofaunal communities associated with hard substrate habitats in Norfolk Canyon, USA

Topographic and hydrodynamic complexity in submarine canyons promotes steep gradients in food availability and geophysical parameters which affect ecological assemblages and beta diversity. While habitat heterogeneity in submarine canyons is known to support diverse and abundant megafaunal communities, due to difficulty in sampling little is known...

Bourque, Jill; Demopoulos, Amanda; Robertson, Craig M.; Mienis, Furu

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Year Published: 2021

Machine-learning predictions of redox conditions in groundwater in the Mississippi River Valley alluvial and Claiborne aquifers, south-central United States

Machine-learning models developed by the U.S. Geological Survey were used to predict iron concentrations and the probability of dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations exceeding a threshold of 1 milligram per liter (mg/L) in groundwater in aquifers of the Mississippi embayment physiographic region. DO and iron concentrations are driven by and reflect...

Knierim, Katherine J.; Kingsbury, James A.; Haugh, Connor J.
Knierim, K.J., Kingsbury, J.A., and Haugh, C.J., 2021, Machine-learning predictions of redox conditions in groundwater in the Mississippi River Valley alluvial and Claiborne aquifers, south-central United States: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3468, 16 p., 3 sheets, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3468.

Filter Total Items: 498
A hydrographer marks a high water mark on the eaves of a church
September 21, 2018

A high water mark above the eaves of a Spring Hill, NC house

USGS hydrologic technician Rob Forde flags a high water mark above the eaves at Presbyterian Church of the Covenant, 118 Manchester Road, Spring Hill, North Carolina on Sept. 21, 2018, in the wake of flooding brought on by Hurricane Florence.

September 20, 2018

Habitat Connectivity: Assessing Threats and IDing Conservation Actions

An important conservation strategy for climate change is to enhance and maintain regional habitat connectivity for the long-term viability of wildlife populations. Modeling habitat connectivity for wildlife species often results in a mapped network of linkages between habitat patches. A critical next step is to determine which of those linkages are priorities for

A hydrographer kneels in water to measure a high water mark on a wall.
September 18, 2018

Measuring a high water mark as flooding recedes

USGS hydrographer Kyle Marchman measures a high water mark on the rear wall of a Kangaroo gas station on Highway 24 north of Fayetteville, NC on Sept. 18, 2018, after flooding caused by Hurricane Florence.

USGS intern James Stonecypher measures Lumber River floodwaters
September 17, 2018

Measuring the Lumber River floodwaters

James Stonecypher measures flood waters from the Lumber River that breached a dam in Lumberton, North Carolina after the passage of Hurricane Florence, Sept. 17, 2018. 

Map of USGS streamgages at or over flood stage in NC Sept. 19, 2018
September 16, 2018

As Florence rains, rivers keep rising, submerging some USGS instrument

A WaterWatch web map shows streamgages in North and South Carolina that approached or exceeded major flood stage EST on September 19, 2018, as the former Hurricane Florence, now downgraded to a tropical depression, deluged the states with rain.

USGS scientist takes measurement in a flooded NC creek
September 16, 2018

Working to keep vital flood information flowing in the Carolinas

David Stillwell, USGS hydrologic technician, performs a discharge measurement to help document and forecast flooding caused by Hurricane Florence at Long Creek in Rhyne, North Carolina on Sept. 16. 

 

Image shows a USGS storm tide sensor attached to a pier
September 10, 2018

USGS Storm-Tide Sensor for Hurricane Florence

A USGS storm-tide sensor, deployed in advance of Hurricane Florence's landfall. The sensors are housed in vented steel pipes a few inches wide and about a foot long. They are being installed on bridges, piers, and other structures that have a good chance of surviving the storm.

The information the sensors collect will help define the depth and duration of a storm

...
Image shows USGS scientists in PFDs collecting a seismic airgun while at sea
September 6, 2018

Retrieving Seismic Airguns

USGS personnel on the deck of the R/V Hugh R. Sharp during retrieval of seismic airguns.  The streamer that receives the seismic signals generated by the airguns is towed behind the ship and is here shown

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A coral worn smooth with a badly eroded base
August 28, 2018

Erosion has taken a toll on this Keys coral

A reef in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary with little living coral and extensive bioerosion. Photo taken under research permit number FKNMS-2016-085-A1. Credit: USGS, Ilsa Kuffner.

Two divers use a tripod and drill to take a coral core
August 21, 2018

USGS scientists drill a coral core in the Florida Keys

Research Oceanographer Lauren Toth and student volunteer Liz Whitcher drill a coral-reef core from a reef off Key West, Florida, in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Photo taken under research permit FKNMS-2015-058. Credit: Anastasios Stathakopoulos, USGS.

A coral worn smooth by erosion
June 26, 2018

Like many Keys corals, this one has no new growth

A modern coral reef in Dry Tortugas National Park. There is little living coral and high rates of bioerosion. Photo taken under research permit number DRTO-2018-SCI-0005. Credit: Lauren Toth, USGS

1985-2018 Lion fish invasion. Ecosystems Mission Area. Wetlands and Aquatic Research Center
May 16, 2018

1985-2018 Lionfish Invasion

Lionfish invasion (1985-2018). Lionfish invaded US Atlantic coastal waters, the Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico with unprecedented, alarming speed. Though reports of sightings date back to the 1980s, it is only recently that the species has exploded in numbers and range. In fact, the lionfish invasion is the 

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Filter Total Items: 400
American oystercatcher with chick.
March 16, 2016

The American oystercatchers studied on Cape Lookout National Seashore in North Carolina were disturbed more by pedestrians and off-road vehicles passing their nests than the U.S. military aircraft flying overhead.

USGS science for a changing world logo
March 14, 2016

The U.S. Geological Survey has created 20 new flood inundation maps that can help South Carolinians take steps to prevent or reduce future flood damage in the areas affected by the widespread floods of October 2015.

USGS science for a changing world logo
February 17, 2016

USGS scientists have detected toxins known as microcystins produced by various forms of algae in 39 percent of the small streams assessed throughout the southeastern United States. Their recent study looked at 75 streams in portions of Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia.

Image: USGS Measures Historic Flooding Across the Nation
January 4, 2016

U.S. Geological Survey field crews are measuring record flooding on rivers and streams in 12 states across the country. USGS is making preparations for a prolonged field effort along the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers as major flooding will extend well into mid-to-late January, particularly along the lower Mississippi River.

Image:  Big Sagebrush Re-establishing 15 Years Post-wildfire Along the Boise Front Mountains
December 7, 2015

CORVALLIS, Ore. — Ecosystem restoration is complex and requires an understanding of how the land, plants, and animals all interact with each other over large areas and over time. Today, the U.S. Geological Survey published part two of a three-part handbook addressing restoration of sagebrush ecosystems from the landscape to the site level.

Planned US Topo map production schedule for the next three- year revision cycle
November 19, 2015

With the release of new US Topo maps for Illinois and South Dakota, the USGS has completed the second, three-year cycle of revising and updating electronic US Topo quadrangles. This means that since late 2009, the USGS has published nearly every map in the conterminous U.S., twice.

USGS
November 10, 2015

A new interactive Flood Inundation Map to improve flood warnings and assist with emergency management along Big Creek in Alpharetta and Roswell, Georgia, was debuted during a ceremony today in Alpharetta’s Rock Mill Park.

USGS science for a changing world logo
October 28, 2015

Alligators and the Everglades go hand-in-hand, and as water conditions change in the greater Everglades ecosystem, gators are one of the key species that could be affected.

USGS science for a changing world logo
October 22, 2015

During the historic October 2015 floods in South Carolina, 17 U.S. Geological Survey streamgages recorded the highest peak streamflow and/or river height (or stage) since those streamgages were installed. An additional 15 USGS streamgages recorded peaks in the top 5 for their periods of record.

Image: USGS Scientist Inspects Streamgage During Flooding Event
October 5, 2015

Heavy rains and hazardous weather conditions are occurring in western South Carolina, with record flooding occurring and more expected over parts of the region over the next several days.

Screenshot of portal entry page
October 2, 2015

As the path of Hurricane Joaquin continues to move farther offshore, making landfall in the U.S. less likely, U.S. Geological Survey coastal change experts say there’s still a high probability of dune erosion along parts of the Atlantic coast, from the North Carolina Outer Banks to Cape Cod.

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

Filter Total Items: 283