Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 366
Date published: May 11, 2016
Status: Archived

Wildlife Indicators of Greater Everglades Restoration Progress, Climate Change, and Shifts in Ecosystem Service

As Greater Everglades restoration project implementation progresses, wetlands in near coastal areas may undergo changes in salinity, hydroperiod, and water depth.

Date published: May 6, 2016
Status: Active

Joint Ecosystem Modeling: Greater Everglades Modeling Decision Support Tools

The Joint Ecosystem Modeling team is developing and applying ecological models and other decision support tools for Greater Everglades restoration project planning.

Date published: May 6, 2016
Status: Active

Optimal Control Strategies for Invasive Exotics in South Florida

The establishment and proliferation of exotic plants and animals can interfere with native ecological processes and can cause severe stress to sensitive ecosystems.

Date published: May 2, 2016
Status: Active

The Oysters of Chicopit: Status of the Oyster Population in Chicopit Bay before, during, and after the Construction of the Mile Point Project

Chicopit Bay, part of the Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve in Florida, is a small embayment at the intersection of San Pablo Creek (part of the Intercoastal Waterway) and the St. Johns River. Home to a number of small oyster beds, this area is now being dredged to help eliminate cross currents from the main shipping channel of the St. Johns. WARC researchers collect baseline...

Contacts: Michael Randall
Date published: May 2, 2016
Status: Active

Lionfish Distribution, Geographic Spread, Biology, and Ecology

Many aspects of lionfish biology are studied at the USGS Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.  As part of the U.S. Geological Survey Nonindigenous Aquatic Species database, the distribution of lionfish is tracked over time.

Date published: May 2, 2016
Status: Active

Impacts of Non-Native Fishes in the Florida Everglades

The Florida Everglades is the largest wetland ecosystem in the United States and supports a diverse flora and fauna, including many rare species.

Date published: April 25, 2016
Status: Active

Gulf of Mexico Land Loss Change Assessment: A Cooperative Study with the Bureau of Ocean and Energy Management

Eighty-five percent of the coastal wetland loss in the contiguous United States occurs in the Gulf of Mexico. Documenting and understanding the occurrence of this wetland loss will provide for effective planning, mitigation, and restoration activities.

Date published: April 25, 2016
Status: Active

Advanced Technological Solutions in Support of Greater Everglades Priority Ecosystem Science: Joint Ecosystem Modeling (JEM)

The JEM Biological Database offers secure data storage in relational databases, as well as web applications to manage, search, analyze, and report on captured data.

Contacts: Mark McKelvy
Date published: April 25, 2016

Collaborative Development of Ecological Forecasting Model and Data Manipulation Software: Everglades National Park, South Florida Natural Resources Center (SFNRC)

The goal of the Advanced Applications Team’s partnership with SFNRC is to facilitate the use of scientific research findings in restoration and land management decisions.

Contacts: Kevin Suir
Date published: April 18, 2016
Status: Active

Long-term Trends in Swamp Tree Growth across Drought and Salinity Gradients along the Northern Gulf Coast

This study will examine the potential effects of climate-change-induced sea level rise, drought and water extraction by examining tree growth patterns across the Gulf Coast, specifically targeting long-term research plots available in the North American Baldcypress Swamp Network (NABCSN) and the Suwannee River.

Date published: April 18, 2016
Status: Completed

Baseline Aquatic Contamination and Endocrine Status in Resident Fish Populations of Biscayne National Park and in the Adjacent Coastal Environment

As part of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan, water managers are planning to use treated wastewater from the South District Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) to supplement the canal waters that will be used to rehydrate wetlands adjacent to the Biscayne National Park (Park).

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Year Published: 2020

An integrative GIS approach to analyzing the impacts of septic systems on the coast of Florida, USA

An estimated 2.7 million septic systems in Florida, USA are potential ground and surface water contaminant sources that may affect environmental and human health. This study examined the spatial distribution of septic systems, coastal surface water contamination, and related environmental factors of coastal Florida watersheds at the 8-digit...

Flanagan, Kyle; Dixon, Barnali; Rivenbark, Tess; Griffin, Dale W.

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Year Published: 2020

Quantifying hydrologic controls on local- and landscape-scale indicators of coastal wetland loss

Background and AimsCoastal wetlands have evolved to withstand stressful abiotic conditions through the maintenance of hydrologic feedbacks among vegetation production and flooding. However, disruption of these feedbacks can lead to ecosystem collapse, or a regime shift from vegetated wetland to open water. To prevent the loss of critical coastal...

Stagg, Camille; Osland, Michael; Moon, Jena A.; Hall, Courtney; Feher, Laura; Jones, William R.; Couvillion, Brady; Hartley, Stephen B.; Vervaeke, William

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Year Published: 2020

Winter climate change and the poleward range expansion of a tropical invasive tree (Brazilian pepper ‐ Shinus terebinthifolius)

Winter climate change is expected to lead to the tropicalization of temperate ecosystems, where tropical species expand poleward in response to a decrease in the intensity and duration of winter temperature extremes (i.e., freeze events). In the southeastern United States, freezing temperatures control the northern range limits of many invasive...

Osland, Michael; Feher, Laura

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Year Published: 2020

Effects of climate-related variability in storage on streamwater solute concentrations and fluxes in a small forested watershed in the Southeastern United States

Streamwater quality can be affected by climate-related variability in hydrologic state, which controls flow paths and affects biogeochemical processes. Thirty-one years of input/output solute fluxes at Panola Mountain Research Watershed, a small, forested, seasonally water-limited watershed near Atlanta, Georgia, were used to quantify the effects...

Aulenbach, Brent T.

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Year Published: 2020

Using carbon isotope ratios to verify predictions of a model simulating the interaction between coastal plant communities and their effect on ground water salinity

As sea level rises in low-lying coastal islands, salt-tolerant (halophytic) coastal vegetation communities may be able to migrate inland, replacing the freshwater vegetation that is unable to tolerate salt stress. The pace of such shifts may be accelerated by a self-reinforcing feedback between the halophytic vegetation and salinity, as well as by...

Subedi, Suresh C.; Sternberg, Leonel; DeAngelis, Donald L.; Ross, Michael S.; Ogarcak, Danielle

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Year Published: 2020

Considerations for maximizing the adaptive potential of restored coral populations in the western Atlantic

Active coral restoration typically involves two interventions: crossing gametes to facilitate sexual larval propagation; and fragmenting, growing, and outplanting adult colonies to enhance asexual propagation. From an evolutionary perspective, the goal of these efforts is to establish self‐sustaining, sexually reproducing coral populations that...

Baums, Iliana B.; Baker, Andrew C; Davies, Sarah W; Grottoli, Andrea G; Kenkel, Carly D; Kitchen, Sheila A; Kuffner, Ilsa B.; LaJeunesse, Todd C; Matz, Mikhail V; Miller, Margaret W; Parkinson, John E; Shantz, Andrew A

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Year Published: 2020

A comprehensive approach uncovers hidden diversity in freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionidae) with the description of a novel species

Major geological processes have shaped biogeographical patterns of riverine biota. The Edwards Plateau of central Texas, USA, exhibits unique aquatic communities and endemism, including several species of freshwater mussels. Lampsilis bracteata (Gould, 1855) is endemic to the Edwards Plateau region; however, its phylogenetic relationship...

Inoue, Kentaro; Harris, John L.; Robertson, Clint; Johnson, Nathan; Randklev, Charles R.

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Year Published: 2020

Establishing genome sizes of focal fishery and aquaculture species along Baja California, Mexico

Genome size—the total haploid content of nuclear DNA— is constant in all cells in individuals within a species, but differs among species. Consequently, the genome size is a quantifiable genetic signature that not only characterizes a species, but it can reflect chromatin modifications, which play fundamental roles in most biological processes...

del Mar Ochoa-Saloma, Constanza; Jenkins, Jill A.; Segovia, Manuel A.; Del Rio-Portilla, Miguel A.; Paniagua-Chavez, Carmen G.

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Year Published: 2020

Upwelling buffers climate change impacts on coral reefs of the eastern tropical Pacific

Corals of the eastern tropical Pacific live in a marginal and oceanographically dynamic environment. Along the Pacific coast of Panamá, stronger seasonal upwelling in the Gulf of Panamá in the east transitions to weaker upwelling in the Gulf of Chiriquí in the west, resulting in complex regional oceanographic conditions that drive differential...

Randall, Carly J.; Toth, Lauren T.; Leichter, James J; Mate, Juan L; Aronson, Richard B.

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Year Published: 2020

Enhanced El Niño-Southern Oscillation variability in recent decades

The El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) represents the largest source of year-to-year global climate variability. While Earth system models suggest a range of possible shifts in ENSO properties under continued greenhouse gas forcing, many centuries of preindustrial climate data are required to detect a potential shift in the properties of recent...

Grothe, Pamela R.; Cobb, Kim M.; Liguori, Giovanni; Di Lorenzo, Emanuele; Capotondi, Antonietta; Lu, Yanbin; Cheng, Hai; Edwards, R. Lawrence; Southon, John R.; Santos, Guaciara M.; Decampo, Daniel M.; Lynch-Stieglitz, Jean; Chen, Tianran; Sayani, Hussein R.; Thompson, Diane M.; Conroy, Jessica L.; Moore, Andrea L.; Townsend, Kayla; Hagos, Melat; O’Connor, Gemma; Toth, Lauren T.

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Year Published: 2019

Spatially referenced models of streamflow and nitrogen, phosphorus, and suspended-sediment loads in the southeastern United States

Spatially Referenced Regression On Watershed attributes (SPARROW) models were applied to describe and estimate mean-annual streamflow and transport of total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), and suspended sediment (SS) in streams and delivered to coastal waters of the southeastern United States on the basis of inputs and management practices...

Hoos, Anne B.; Roland II, Victor L.
Hoos, A.B., and Roland, V.L. II, 2019, Spatially referenced models of streamflow and nitrogen, phosphorus, and suspended-sediment loads in the Southeastern United States: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5135, 91 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195135.

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Year Published: 2019

Louisiana Coastal Zone sediment characterization; Comparison of sediment grain sizes for samples collected in 2008 and 2015–2016 from the western Chenier plain to the Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana—Louisiana Barrier Island Comprehensive Monitoring (BICM) Program

Repeated sampling and grain-size analysis of surficial sediments along the sandy shorelines of Louisiana is necessary to characterize coastal-zone sediment properties and evaluate sediment transport patterns within the nearshore environments. In 2008, and again in 2015 and 2016, sediment grab samples were collected along the shorelines of the...

Bosse, Stephen T.; Flocks, James G.; Bernier, Julie C.; Georgiou, Ioannis Y.; Kulp, Mark A.; Brown, Michael
Bosse, S.T., Flocks, J.G., Bernier, J.C., Georgiou, I.Y., Kulp, M.A., and Brown, M., 2019, Louisiana Coastal Zone sediment characterization; Comparison of sediment grain sizes for samples collected in 2008 and 2015–2016 from the western Chenier plain to the Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana—Louisiana Barrier Island Comprehensive Monitoring (BICM) Program: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1132, 17 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191132.

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USGS boat crew prepares for a discharge measurement during May 2011 Memphis, Tennessee flooding
May 4, 2011

USGS boat crew prepares for a discharge measurement

USGS boat crew prepares for a discharge measurement during May 2011 Memphis, Tennessee flooding

April 20, 2011

Climate Connections: Visiting Students in North Carolina (Episode 1)

America has questions about climate change, and the USGS has real answers. In this episode of Climate Connections, USGS scientists answer questions gathered from middle and high school students in Mt. Airy, NC.

  • Do all scientists agree that climate change is occurring?
  • Could climate change impact fishing?
  • Will the climate change abruptly or
USGS
April 18, 2011

USGS Hydrologic Investigation of West Africa's Congo River (part 3)

USGS South Carolina Water Science Center Data Chief, John Shelton in a special hydrologic expedition down the Congo River, West Africa. Part three of the three part episode, reveals a hydrologic data set that changed the world record books.

Tangled web of prop roots from red mangrove trees, intermixed with black mangroves and white mangroves farther back in the photo
April 13, 2011

Mangrove forest, Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park

Tangled web of prop roots from red mangrove trees, intermixed with black mangroves and white mangroves farther back in the forest.  Mangrove forests cover much of the southwestern coastal region of Everglades National Park.  The red mangroves are the most salinity tolerant and grow with their prop roots in the water or within the range of high tide.

Rainbow Springs, Florida, USA
March 11, 2011

Spring water is usually clear and cool, which attracts swimmers.

Rainbow Springs, Florida, USA

A spring is a water resource formed when the side of a hill, a valley bottom or other excavation intersects a flowing body of groundwater at or below the local water table, below which the subsurface material is saturated with water. A spring is the result of an aquifer being filled to the point that the water overflows

...
USGS CoreCast
March 6, 2011

Groundwater Awareness Week is March 6-12

Groundwater is not a single vast pool of underground water; rather, it is contained within a variety of aquifer systems. Each of these aquifers has its own set of questions and challenges. From large drawdowns in the Great Plains aquifer to arsenic in some wells in New England, this episode of CoreCast highlights six different USGS groundwater studies all across the United

Photo of bleaching colony of elliptical star coral, Dichocoenia stokesii, Florida Keys.
August 17, 2010

Bleaching colony of elliptical star coral, Dichocoenia stokesii

Bleaching colony of elliptical star coral, Dichocoenia stokesii, Florida Keys. When corals are stressed, the symbiosis between the coral animal and its photosynthetic algal symbionts (zooxanthellae) breaks down and the zooxanthellae are expelled from the coral tissue. The zooxanthellae’s photosynthetic pigments contribute much of the color we see in corals, so

...
Photo of bleaching colony of elliptical star coral, Dichocoenia stokesii
August 17, 2010

Bleaching colony of elliptical star coral, Dichocoenia stokesii

Bleaching colony of elliptical star coral, Dichocoenia stokesii, Florida Keys. When corals are stressed, the symbiosis between the coral animal and its photosynthetic algal symbionts (zooxanthellae) breaks down and the zooxanthellae are expelled from the coral tissue. The zooxanthellae’s photosynthetic pigments contribute much of the color we see in corals, so

...
Photo of bleaching colony of symmetrical brain coral, Diploria strigosa
August 17, 2010

Bleaching colony of symmetrical brain coral, Diploria strigosa

Bleaching colony of symmetrical brain coral, Diploria strigosa, Florida Keys. When corals are stressed, the symbiosis between the coral animal and its photosynthetic algal symbionts (zooxanthellae) breaks down and the zooxanthellae are expelled from the coral tissue. The zooxanthellae’s photosynthetic pigments contribute much of the color we see in corals, so when

...
Photo of bleaching colony of symmetrical brain coral, Diploria strigosa
August 17, 2010

Bleaching colony of symmetrical brain coral, Diploria strigosa

Bleaching colony of symmetrical brain coral, Diploria strigosa, Florida Keys. When corals are stressed, the symbiosis between the coral animal and its photosynthetic algal symbionts (zooxanthellae) breaks down and the zooxanthellae are expelled from the coral tissue. The zooxanthellae’s photosynthetic pigments contribute much of the color we see in corals, so when

...
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USGS science for a changing world logo
September 6, 2005

The USGS is releasing today a 25-minute videotape of footage showing coastal impacts resulting from Hurricane Katrina along the coastline of the northern Gulf of Mexico.

USGS
September 2, 2005

 

The USGS has posted aerial photos from the northern Gulf of Mexico coastline showing before and after conditions in response to Hurricane Katrina. The photos show five photo pairs of the Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana, and three photo pairs of Dauphin Island, Alabama. A set of ‘quick response’ photos from Bay St. Louis to Biloxi, Mississippi are also posted.

USGS science for a changing world logo
September 2, 2005

 

The USGS has posted aerial photos from the northern Gulf of Mexico coastline showing before and after conditions in response to Hurricane Katrina. The photos show five photo pairs of the Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana, and three photo pairs of Dauphin Island, Alabama. A set of ‘quick response’ photos from Bay St. Louis to Biloxi, Mississippi are also posted.

USGS science for a changing world logo
September 2, 2005

"The past several days have seen remarkable devastation resulting from Hurricane Katrina. Our thoughts and prayers are with everyone who has been affected by this disaster," said USGS Acting Director Pat Leahy. "In the aftermath of Katrina, USGS research on hurricanes and natural hazards is no longer just a scientific endeavor – it is a matter of public safety."

USGS
August 29, 2005

Did you know that from your desk you can monitor the effect of Hurricane Katrina as it moves inland? The U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) WaterWatch Web site can show you what’s happening to streams in your local area and show you the places most affected by heavy rains expected from this storm.

USGS science for a changing world logo
August 29, 2005

Did you know that from your desk you can monitor the effect of Hurricane Katrina as it moves inland? The U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) WaterWatch Web site can show you what’s happening to streams in your local area and show you the places most affected by heavy rains expected from this storm.

USGS science for a changing world logo
August 26, 2005

Did you know that from your desk you can monitor the effect of Hurricane Katrina on Florida’s waterways? The U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) WaterWatch Web site can show you what’s happening to streams in your local area and show you the places most affected by heavy rains expected from the storm.

USGS
August 26, 2005

Did you know that from your desk you can monitor the effect of Hurricane Katrina on Florida’s waterways? The U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) WaterWatch Web site can show you what’s happening to streams in your local area and show you the places most affected by heavy rains expected from the storm.

USGS science for a changing world logo
August 2, 2005

U.S. Geological Survey fisheries biologists in Gainesville, Fla., have confirmed the presence of the voracious non-native northern snakehead fish in Meadow Lake in Queens, N.Y. Five specimens have been collected by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation from the lake in Flushing Meadows Corona Park since early July.

USGS
August 1, 2005

In its latest report on water use in the United States, the USGS looked at the nation's dependence on ground water. The report entitled Estimated Withdrawals from Principal Aquifers in the United States, 2000, provides details of ground-water withdrawals and use from principal aquifers in each state.

USGS science for a changing world logo
July 27, 2005

A team of scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is tracking and collecting samples from a large African dust cloud that originated in the Sahara Desert and is moving over parts of Florida and the Caribbean.

USGS
July 27, 2005

A team of scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is tracking and collecting samples from a large African dust cloud that originated in the Sahara Desert and is moving over parts of Florida and the Caribbean.

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

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