Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 366
Date published: February 28, 2019
Status: Active

Decision Analysis to Help Improve the Effectiveness of Invasive Plants Management

Melaleuca is an invasive tree that is highly problematic in the Everglades, threatening native wildlife and habitat. USGS is helping to improve management strategies for the invasive plant. 

Date published: February 28, 2019
Status: Completed

Fish Slam November 2018

In November 2018, USGS researchers joined partners in South Florida where they sampled freshwater bodies for non-native fishes. The bi-annual Fish Slam event helps monitor new introductions and document range expansion of known non-native fishes. 

Date published: February 28, 2019
Status: Active

Quantifying Restoration Benefits to Native Stream Fishes

This project is a collaboration of scientists from the USGS and University of Georgia to collect and analyze data describing how small-stream fishes use habitats created through stream restoration activities.  The USFWS Region 4 requested this Science Support Partnership (SSP) project as a means to evaluate the effectiveness of stream restoration (primarily in north Georgia, and potentially in...

Date published: February 28, 2019
Status: Completed

South Carolina Flood Frequency Q&A

In 2015, Dr. Robert Holmes, USGS National Flood Hazard Coordinator, took time to discuss some issues related to the flooding in South Carolina following the Appalachian Floods and Hurricane Joaquin.

Date published: February 27, 2019
Status: Completed

2015 Appalachian Floods and Hurricane Joaquin

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the 2015 Appalachian Floods and Hurrican Joaquin. An upper atmospheric low-pressure system over the Southeast combined with moisture from Hurricane Joaquin off the Atlantic coast to create historic rainfall in early October, 2015, across South Carolina.

Date published: February 27, 2019
Status: Active

Effects of Native and Non-native Fishes on Native Apple Snail Population Dynamics

The Florida apple snail is a critical component of the state's wetland food webs. USGS scientists assess the effects of native and non-native fishes on the native snail populations.

Contacts: Pamela J Schofield, Ph.D., Daniel Slone, Ph.D., Philip C. Darby, Ph.D., Silvia M. Gutierre, Ph.D.
Date published: February 27, 2019
Status: Active

Development of a Quantitative Risk Assessment Tool to Predict Invasiveness of Non-native Freshwater Fishes in Everglades National Park

The introduction of non-native fishes is a problem across the United States, particularly in Florida. USGS scientists are developing a decision support tool to help natural resourece managers prioritize which species to focus prevention, detection, rapid response, and control efforts. 

Contacts: Pamela J Schofield, Ph.D., Daniel Slone, Ph.D., William F. Loftus, Jeff Kline
Date published: February 27, 2019
Status: Active

Habitat Modeling for the Endangered Everglades Snail Kite and Its Prey

Joint Ecosystem Modeling (JEM) provides real-time habitat suitability models for species of interest in Everglades restoration planning, including the federally endangered Everglades snail kite. 

Date published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

April 2014 Floods in Alabama and Florida

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the April 2014 floods in Alabama and Florida.

Date published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

Spring/Summer 2011 Mississippi River Basin Floods

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the Spring/Summer 2011 floods throughout the Mississippi River Basin.

Date published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

May 2011 Memphis, Tennessee Flood

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the May 2011 flood in Memphis, Tennessee, including deploying emergency real-time surface-water stage gages at critical locations in Shelby County.

Date published: February 14, 2019
Status: Active

Actual Evapotranspiration for Florida

Evapotranspiration is a large component of the Florida water budget – generally second only to rainfall, but exceeding rainfall and all other components during droughts. The prominence of evapotranspiration highlights the need to accurately quantify this hydrologic component in quantitative analyses of watershed hydrology.  Spatio-temporal estimates of evapotranspiration throughout Florida are...

Filter Total Items: 67
Date published: September 26, 2016

Memphis Area Groundwater-Level Network

Groundwater Watch is a supplemental tool to NWISWeb and, as such, is able to provide additional benefits to the groundwater community. NWIS is the authoritative database for USGS groundwater data, and NWISWeb is the public interface for these groundwater data. This is information pertaining to the Memphis Area Groundwater-Level Network.

Date published: September 20, 2016

StreamStats for Georgia, North and South Carolina

StreamStats is a Web-based Geographic Information Systems (GIS) application that provides users with access to an assortment of analytical tools that are useful for a variety of water-resources planning and management purposes, and for engineering and design purposes.

Date published: April 21, 2016

Sea-Level Rise Visualization for Alabama and Mississippi

The interactive sea-level rise visualization tool results from a collaborative effort between NOAA's Coastal Services Center, USGS WARC, and USGS Mississippi Water Science Center. The tool illustrates the scale of potential flooding, but not the exact location, and does not account for erosion, subsidence, sediment accretion, or future construction. 

Date published: April 21, 2016

Alabama Strategic Habitat Units Applications

WARC's Advanced Applications Team develops and maintains databases and applications to help the Alabama Department of Transportation and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service ensure new road construction and existing road maintenance at waterway crossings don't adversely affect threatened and endangered species dependent on those waterways. 

Date published: April 20, 2016

Structures Data

USGS data portray selected structures data, including the location and characteristics of manmade facilities. Characteristics consist of a structure's physical form (footprint), function, name, location, and detailed information about the structure. The types of structures collected are largely determined by the needs of the disaster planning and response and homeland security organizations....

Date published: April 19, 2016

The United States Interagency Elevation Inventory (USIEI)

The USIEI is a comprehensive, nationwide listing of known high-accuracy topographic and bathymetric data for the United States and its territories. The project is a collaborative effort of the USGS and NOAA with contributions from other federal agencies. The inventory supports the 3D Elevation Program and the Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping effort. This resource is updated in Spring and...

Date published: April 19, 2016

Elevation Data

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of lidar point clouds (LPC), standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Date published: April 18, 2016

Coastal and Marine Geology Video and Photography Portal

This portal contains U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) video and photography of the seafloor off of coastal California and Massachusetts, and aerial imagery of the coastline along segments of the Gulf of Mexico and mid-Atlantic coasts. These data were collected as part of several USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program Seafloor Mapping projects and Hurricane and Extreme Storm research.

Date published: April 12, 2016

Orthoimagery Data

Orthoimagery data typically are high resolution aerial images that combine the visual attributes of an aerial photograph with the spatial accuracy and reliability of a planimetric map. The National Map offers public domain, 1-meter orthoimagery for the conterminous United States with many urban areas and other locations at 2-foot or finer resolution.

Date published: April 12, 2016

The National Map Small-Scale Collection

The National Map offers a collection of small-scale datasets, most of which are at 1:1,000,000. The National Map publishes two data collections at one million-scale: one for Global Map users and one for National Map users. In terms of vector geometry, the lines, points, and areas in these data collections are identical. The difference is in the attributes assigned to these features.

Filter Total Items: 5,232
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Year Published: 2021

Divergent species‐specific impacts of whole ecosystem warming and elevated CO2 on vegetation water relations in an ombrotrophic peatland

Boreal peatland forests have relatively low species diversity and thus impacts of climate change on one or more dominant species could shift ecosystem function. Despite abundant soil water availability, shallowly rooted vascular plants within peatlands may not be able to meet foliar demand for water under drought or heat events that increase vapor...

Warren, Jeffrey M .; Jensen, Anna M; Ward, Eric; Guha, Anirban; Childs, Joanne; Wullschleger, Stan D.; Hanson, Paul J

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Year Published: 2021

Home ranges and movements of two diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin macrospilota) in northwest Florida

The diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) is a small estuarine turtle distributed along the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of the USA that is threatened by drowning in crab pots, road mortality, exploitation in the pet trade, and habitat loss. Little is known about the movement patterns and home ranges of these turtles, particularly along the U.S....

Lamont, Margaret; Johnson, Darren; Catizone, Daniel J

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Year Published: 2021

Piloting urban ecosystem accounting for the United States

In this study, we develop urban ecosystem accounts in the U.S., using the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting Experimental Ecosystem Accounting (SEEA EEA) framework. Most ecosystem accounts focus on regional and national scales, which are appropriate for many ecosystem services. However, ecosystems provide substantial services in cities,...

Heris, Mehdi; Bagstad, Kenneth J.; Rhodes, Charles R.; Troy, Austin; Middel, Ariane; Hopkins, Kristina G.; Matuszak, John

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Year Published: 2021

Non-native Asian swamp eel, Monopterus albus/javanensis (Zuiew, 1973/Lacepede, 1800), responses to low temperatures

Asian swamp eel, Monopterus albus/javanensis [Zuiew, 1973/Lacepede 1800], has been established in the southeastern USA since at least 1994, yet little is known about its ability to survive low winter temperatures. We use standard thermal methodologies to quantify low temperature responses and provide a detailed description of swamp eel...

Saylor, Ryan K.; Schofield, Pam; Bennett, Wayne A

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Year Published: 2021

Reconstructing population dynamics of a threatened marine mammal using multiple data sets

Models of marine mammal population dynamics have been used extensively to predict abundance. A less common application of these models is to reconstruct historical population dynamics, filling in gaps in observation data by integrating information from multiple sources. We developed an integrated population model for the Florida manatee (...

Hostetler, J.; Martin, Julien; Kosempa, M.; Edwards, H.; Rood, K.; Barton, S.; Runge, Michael C.

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Year Published: 2021

Joint species distribution models of Everglades wading birds to inform restoration planning

Restoration of the Florida Everglades, a substantial wetland ecosystem within the United States, is one of the largest ongoing restoration projects in the world. Decision-makers and managers within the Everglades ecosystem rely on ecological models forecasting indicator wildlife response to changes in the management of water flows within the...

D'Acunto, Laura; Pearlstine, Leonard G.; Romanach, Stephanie

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Year Published: 2021

In vitro effects-based method and water quality screening model for use in pre- and post-distribution treated waters

Recent urban public water supply contamination events emphasize the importance of screening treated drinking water quality after distribution. In vitro bioassays, when run concurrently with analytical chemistry methods, are effective tools to evaluating the efficacy of water treatment processes and water quality. We tested 49 water...

Medlock-Kakaley, Elizabeth; Cardon, Mary C.; Evans, Nicola; Iwanowicz, Luke R.; Allen, Joshua M.; Wagner, Elizabeth; Bokenkamp, Katherine; Richardson, Susan D; Plewa, Michael J; Bradley, Paul; Romanok, Kristin; Kolpin, Dana W.; Conley, Justin M.; Gray, L. Earl Jr.; Hartig, Phillip C.; Wilson, Vickie S.

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Year Published: 2021

Sentinel-2 and WorldView-3 atmospheric correction and signal normalization based on ground-truth spectroradiometric measurements

Remote sensing satellite Earth Observing Systems (EOS) provide a variety of products for monitoring Earth surface processes at varying spatial and spectral resolutions. Combining information from high and medium spatial resolution images is valuable for monitoring ground cover and vegetation status in cropland, grassland, forests, and other...

Pancorbo, J.L.; Lamb, Brian T.; Quemada, Miguel; Hively, W. Dean; Gonzalez-Fernandez, I.; Molina, Inigo

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Year Published: 2021

The history of surface-elevation paradigms in mangrove biogeomorphology

Positioned in the intertidal zone, mangrove forests are a key model ecosystem with which to observe and test biogeomorphological concepts. Understanding how mangroves interact with their intertidal environment, particularly tidal inundation, is important if we are to assess their vulnerability or resilience to accelerated sea-level rise. While...

Friess, Daniel A.; McKee, Karen L.

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Year Published: 2021

Does geomorphology determine vulnerability of mangrove coasts to sea-level rise?

The greatest climate-based threat to coastlines worldwide is sea-level rise. We tested the hypothesis that tropical coasts fringed by mangroves and receiving high inputs of terrigenous sediment are less vulnerable to sea-level rise than biogenic systems dependent upon peat formation for vertical land development. An analysis of published data...

McKee, Karen L.; Krauss, Ken; Cahoon, Donald

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Year Published: 2021

Development and application of surrogate models, calculated loads, and aquatic export of carbon based on specific conductance, Big Cypress National Preserve, south Florida, 2015–17

Understanding the carbon transport within aquatic environments is crucial to quantifying global and local carbon budgets, yet limited empirical data currently (2021) exist. This report documents methodology and provides data for quantifying the aquatic export of carbon from a cypress swamp within Big Cypress National Preserve and is part of a...

Booth, Amanda
Booth, A.C., 2021, Development and application of surrogate models, calculated loads, and aquatic export of carbon based on specific conductance, Big Cypress National Preserve, South Florida, 2015–17: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1136, 14 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201136.

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Year Published: 2021

Modeling structural mechanics of oyster reef self-organization including environmental constraints and community interactions

Self-organization is a process of establishing and reinforcing local structures through feedbacks between internal population dynamics and external factors. In reef-building systems, substrate is collectively engineered by individuals that also occupy it and compete for space. Reefs are constrained spatially by the physical environment, and by...

Yurek, Simeon; Eaton, Mitchell; Lavaud, Romain; Laney, R. Wilson; DeAngelis, Don; Pine, William E.; LaPeyre, Megan K.; Martin, Julien; Frederick, Peter C; Wang, Hongqing; Lowe, Michael R.; Johnson, Fred; Camp, Edward V.; Mordecai, Rua

Filter Total Items: 500
Photo of the eastern berm of Jim Foot Key. An arrow points to a growing breach in the berm after Hurricane Irma.
April 30, 2019

Breach in Eastern Berm of Jim Foot Key, Florida

In Photo: Eastern berm of Jim Foot Key, April 2019.  This photo taken from Florida Bay, looking in toward the center of the island (now covered in water).  The arrow points toward a breach in the berm, first noted in 2014, but the cut has deepened significantly after Hurricane Irma, and the island interior appears to be permanently tidal.  Loss of the berm structure is

Interior mudflat on Jim Foot Key covered with saline water. Dead mangrove stumps and underwater grasses can be seen.
April 27, 2019

Interior Mudflat on Jim Foot Key, Florida

In Photo: Interior mudflat on Jim Foot Key covered with saline water, April 2019.  Stumps of dead mangroves (reportedly damaged by Hurricane Donna in 1960 (Craighead, 1962)) are visible projecting from the water.  Shadowed areas below the water are underwater grasses typically found in Florida Bay, now growing inside the island, indicating the mudflat is converting to an 

Juvenile mangroves on eastern berm of Jim Foot Key. Mangroves are intermingled with saltwort.
April 27, 2019

Juvenile Mangroves on Jim Foot Key, Florida

In Photo: Juvenile mangroves on eastern berm of Jim Foot Key, April 2019.  Mangroves are intermingled with saltwort, the dominant live vegetation on the damaged berms, and standing dead mangroves.  Grid is 25 cm high.  The question is whether these trees will mature fast enough to protect the berm from rising sea level. 

Scientists from the Florence Bascom

Jessica Rodysill (Reston) and Hunter Wilcox (SPCMSC) deploying a corer in Lake Enriquillo.
April 24, 2019

Researchers deploying a corer in Lake Enriquillo.

Jessica Rodysill (Reston) and Hunter Wilcox (SPCMSC) deploying a corer in Lake Enriquillo. The scientists will use the cores to construct precipitation changes in Dominican Republic over the late Holocene (~5000 years ago to present) time period.

Photo taken as SPMSC scientist Lauren Toth conducts a photographic survey of Porter Patch reef off Key Largo
April 3, 2019

SPMSC scientist Lauren Toth conducts a photographic survey of the reef

SPMSC scientist Lauren Toth conducts a photographic survey of Porter Patch reef off Key Largo, one of the sites that has been surveyed as part of FWRI’s Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring project since 1996. The modern reef surveys will be compared to historic surveys to determine how much structural complexity the reefs of the Florida Keys have lost over the past two decades

Image showing mangroves that have lost all their leaves and a berm that is significantly thinner following Hurricane Irma. 
April 2, 2019

Berm at Jim Foot Key, Florida (2019)

In Photo:  Berm of Jim Foot Key about 1.5 years after Hurricane Irma. The red circle indicates the same position as shown in the April 2014 photo. The mature mangrove trees have not recovered from the storm.  

Scientists from the Florence Bascom Geoscience Center

USGS pilots landing a Unmanned Aerial Systems (uas) on  Dauphin Island, Alabama
March 12, 2019

USGS pilot landing an unmanned aerial system on Dauphin Island, AL

 USGS unmanned aerial system (drone) pilot collecting aerial imagery and ground control points for the Coastal Resource Evaulation for Management Applications (CREMA) project on Dauphin Island, Alabama

A turtle mosaic made from broken tiles
February 12, 2019

A sea turtle mosaic made from the field station's broken floor tiles

After Hurricane Michael obliterated Fish Inn, the sea turtle research team's field station, team members salvaged some of the building's floor tiles and made this sea turtle mosaic, which they plan to eventually install in a new field station.

USGS scientists prepare for fieldwork in Florida Bay
January 29, 2019

Preparing for fieldwork in Florida Bay

Conducting field work after Hurricane Irma on Bob Allen Key in Florida Bay, Everglades National Park, January 29, 2018. Lynn Wingard (left) and Miriam Jones (right) consult field notes from 2014 to decide where to take samples. Photo: B. Stackhouse, USGS

Pilots from two USGS Coastal and Marine Science Centers collect imagery data using Unmanned Aerial System, while personnel from
December 31, 2018

Scientists collect data on Pelican Island, Alabama

In an effort spanning the Natural Hazards and Ecosystems Mission Areas, pilots from the Saint Petersburg and Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Centers collect imagery data using Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) while personnel from the Wetlands and Aquatic Research Center (WARC) conduct ground-based site surveys of Pelican Island, Alabama. These data are being combined to

December 31, 2018

Cuban treefrog - Osteopilus septentrionalis

Can you hear the difference between the non-native Cuban treefrog and two common Louisiana native treefrogs? Cuban treefrogs’ call is distinctive. Biologist Paul Moler of the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission recorded them in South Florida. Credit: Paul Moler, used with permission.

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Hurricane Isaac carousel image
September 11, 2018

Hurricane response crews from the U.S. Geological Survey are installing storm-tide sensors at key locations in Puerto Rico from Cabo Rojo to Naguabo in advance of Hurricane Isaac. Under a mission assignment from the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the USGS plans to deploy about 20 sensors along the island’s coast

This USGS storm-tide sensor was installed Sept. 9 in Dare County, North Carolina, in preparation for Hurricane Florence.
September 10, 2018

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Florence, visit the USGS Hurricane Florence page at https://www.usgs.gov/florence.

This USGS storm-tide sensor was installed Sept. 9 in Dare County, North Carolina, in preparation for Hurricane Florence.
September 10, 2018

Reporters: Do you want to accompany a USGS crew as they work in the field to install storm-tide sensors before Hurricane Florence’s arrival?

If so, please contact John Shelton for NC and SC at 803-750-6112 or jmshelto@usgs.gov

Image shows a map of Florida with USGS groundwater monitoring stations
January 24, 2018

At 12:32 am Alaska time on January 23, 2018, a magnitude 7.9 earthquake shook Alaska residents out of their beds and set off fears of a tsunami all down the West Coast. Fortunately, the tsunami was only a few inches in height, but within an hour of the earthquake in Alaska, waves of a different sort were hitting far away in Florida. 

Image: USGS Science Aids Manatees
November 24, 2017

It may be hard to believe the legend that sailors long-at-sea once considered manatees to be mermaids. The manatee nickname – the “Sea Cow” – which comes from the herbivores’ affinity for grazing on vegetation and their slow, ambling way just makes more sense. But a U.S. Geological Survey video reveals that while they may be cow-like, they also have more than a bit of the magical mermaid to them.

Distant view of sandy yellow beach stretching from bottom left to upper right of photo.
November 8, 2017

Coastal communities count on beaches for recreation and for protection from large waves, but beaches are vulnerable to threats such as erosion by storms and flooding. Whether beaches grow, shrink, or even disappear depends in part on what happens just offshore. How do features like shifting sandbars affect waves, currents, and the movement of sand from the beach to offshore and back?

A USGS hydrologic technician examines a wall in Puerto Rico for a high-water mark after flooding from Hurricane Maria.
November 8, 2017

U.S. Geological Survey field crews in Puerto Rico are rapidly repairing the damage wrought by Hurricanes Irma and Maria, tracking the scope of storm floods, and documenting the new contours of rivers re-sculpted by floodwaters and mountains re-shaped by landslides.

A picture of Wise Lake in Congaree National Park, South Carolina.
October 12, 2017

A recent study led by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the National Park Service found dozens of contaminants within the protected areas of Congaree National Park in South Carolina.

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

Filter Total Items: 283