USGS EROS Archive - Landsat Archives - Landsat Level-2 Provisional Surface Temperature (ST)

Science Center Objects

Landsat Level-2 Provisional Surface Temperature (ST) contains nine acquisition-based raster data products that represent the temperature of the Earth’s land surface in Kelvin, as well as quality assessment information.

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Landsat Surface Temperature (ST) for ARD - Oregon Coast

Landsat Surface Temperature (ST) for Landsat 8 CONUS ARD tile h004v002, July 23, 2018.

(Public domain.)

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) offers Landsat Level- 2 Surface Temperature (ST) data for Landsat 4-5 Thematic Mapper (TM), Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+), and Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI).  Landsat Surface Temperature contains nine acquisition-based raster data products that represent the temperature of the Earth’s land surface in Kelvin, as well as quality assessment information.

The Landsat Level-2 Surface Temperature (ST) Science Product is included in the U.S. Landsat Analysis Ready Data (ARD) tile-based product bundle. These data are processed to the highest scientific standards and can be used directly in monitoring and accessing landscape changes.

Landsat Surface Temperature represents the temperature of the Earth's surface in Kelvin (K) and is generated from Landsat top of atmosphere thermal infrared radiance, North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) data, and Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Global Emissivity Database (GED).

Note: The Landsat Surface Temperature Science Product has reached a provisional level of maturity for the United States, meaning that its uncertainties are understood in multiple locations and assessments of its results have demonstrated positive science value.  Algorithm artifacts have been identified under certain observational conditions, and are currently being analyzed to develop and test solutions to enhance algorithmic implementation, reduce uncertainty, and improve future surface temperature products.  Current algorithm performance is documented in the peer-reviewed literature on this web page and in the product guide.

The USGS is requesting that users of the surface temperature product - before it is declared operational - include the following disclaimer:

"USGS Landsat Surface Temperature Science Product may report unvalidated results for certain observational conditions."

The following date ranges apply to the availability of the Landsat Surface Temperature science product:

  • Landsat 8 OLI: April 2013 to present
  • Landsat 7 ETM+: July 1999 to present
  • Landsat 5 TM: March 1984 to May 2012
  • Landsat 4 TM: December 1982 to December 1993

Most Landsat Collection 1 Level-1 scenes can be processed to generate a Surface Temperature product. In addition to the caveats listed on the Landsat ARD Page, please consult the Landsat Surface Temperature Science Product Guide for additional product specific caveat explanations.

Additional Information

Access Data

Use EarthExplorer to search and download the Landsat ARD tile product that contains the ST product. The data are located under the Landsat category, Landsat Analysis Ready Data (ARD) subcategory, and listed as U.S. Landsat 4-8 ARD.