Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,124
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Year Published: 2020

Economic, land use, and ecosystem services impacts of Rwanda's Green Growth Strategy: An application of the IEEM+ESM platform

We develop and link the Integrated Economic-Environmental Modeling (IEEM) Platform to ecosystem services modeling (ESM). The IEEM+ESM Platform is an innovative decision-making framework for exploring complex public policy goals and elucidating synergies and trade-offs between alternative policy portfolios. The IEEM+ESM approach is powerful in its...

Banerjee, Onil; Bagstad, Kenneth J.; Cicowiecz, Martin; Dudek, Sebastian; Horridge, Mark; Alavalapati, Janaki; Masozera, Michel K.; Rukundo, Emmanuel; Rutebuka, Evariste

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Year Published: 2020

The Landsat Burned Area algorithm and products for the conterminous United States

Complete and accurate burned area map data are needed to document spatial and temporal patterns of fires, to quantify their drivers, and to assess the impacts on human and natural systems. In this study, we developed the Landsat Burned Area (BA) algorithm, an update from the Landsat Burned Area Essential Climate Variable (BAECV) algorithm. Here,...

Hawbaker, Todd J.; Vanderhoof, Melanie K.; Schmidt, Gail L.; Beal, Yen-Ju G.; Picotte, Joshua J.; Takacs, Joshua; Falgout, Jeff T.; Dwyer, John L.

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Year Published: 2020

A critical assessment of human-impact indices based on anthropogenic pollen indicators

Anthropogenic pollen indicators in pollen records are an established tool for reconstructing the history of human impacts on vegetation and landscapes. They are also used to disentangle the influence of human activities and climatic variability on ecosystems. The comprehensive anthropogenic pollen-indicator approach developed by Behre (1981) has...

Deza-Araujo, Mara; Morales-Molino, César; Tinner, Willy; Henne, Paul D.; Heitz, Caroline; Pezzatti, Gianni B; Hafner, Albert; Conedera, Marco

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Year Published: 2020

Geologic map of the Homestake Reservoir 7.5′ quadrangle, Lake, Pitkin, and Eagle Counties, Colorado

The Homestake Reservoir 7.5' quadrangle lies at the northwestern end of the Upper Arkansas Valley, and headwaters of the Arkansas River, and the Roaring Fork, Fryingpan, and Eagle Rivers of the Colorado River system.  The quadrangle lies within tectonic provinces of the 1.4 giga-annum (Ga) Picuris orogeny and includes the late Paleozoic...

Ruleman, Chester A.; Michael G. Frothingham; Brandt, Theodore R.; Shaw, Colin A.; Caffee, Marc W.; Goehring, Brent M.; Brugger, Keith A.
Ruleman, C.A., Frothingham, M.G., Brandt, T.R., Shaw, C.A., Caffee, M.W., Brugger, K.A., and Goehring, B.M., 2020, Geologic map of the Homestake Reservoir 7.5' quadrangle, Lake, Pitkin, and Eagle Counties, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3451, scale 1:24,000, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3451.

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Year Published: 2020

Testing ecosystem accounting in the United States: A case study for the Southeast

Ecosystem accounts, as formalized by the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting Experimental Ecosystem Accounts (SEEA EEA), have been compiled in a number of countries, yet there have been few attempts to develop them for the U.S. We explore the potential for U.S. ecosystem accounting by compiling ecosystem extent, condition, and ecosystem...

Warnell, Katie; Russell, Marc J.; Rhodes, Charles; Bagstad, Kenneth J.; Olander, Lydia P; Nowak, David J.; Poudel, Rajendra; Glynn, Pierre D.; Hass, Julie L.; Hiribayashi, Satoshi; Ingram, Jane Carter; Matuszak, John; Oleson, Kirsten L. L.; Posner, Stephen M.; Villa, Ferdinando

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Year Published: 2020

Assessing geohazards to the Denali National Park road with geologic mapping

Denali National Park (DENA) is home to iconic and breathtaking landscapes surrounding the tallest mountain range in North America, the Alaska Range. The park, which covers 6 million acres, is a major draw for tourism and recreation, making it an important economic engine for central Alaska. However, the geologic forces that created the beautiful,...

Hudson, Adam M.; Ruleman, Chester A.; Capps, Denny M
Hudson, A.M., Ruleman, C.A., Capps, D.M., 2020, Assessing geohazards to the Denali National Park Road with geologic mapping: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020–3016, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203016.

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Year Published: 2020

Depth-dependent soil mixing persists across climate zones

Soil mixing over long (>102 y) timescales enhances nutrient fluxes that support soil ecology, contributes to dispersion of sediment and contaminated material, and modulates fluxes of carbon through Earth’s largest terrestrial carbon reservoir. Despite its foundational importance, we lack robust understanding of the rates and patterns of...

Gray, Harrison J.; Keen-Zebert, Amanda; Furbish, David; Tucker, Gregory E.; Mahan, Shannon A.

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Year Published: 2020

Climate explorer: Improved access to local climate projections

The goal of the U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit’s (CRT) Climate Explorer (CE) is to provide information at appropriate spatial and temporal scales to help practitioners gain insights into the risks posed by climate change. Ultimately, these insights can lead to groups of local stakeholders taking action to build their resilience to a changing...

Lipschultz, Fredric ; Herring, David ; Ray, Andrea J. ; Alder, Jay R.; Dahlman, LuAnn ; DeGaetano, Arthur ; Fox, James F. ; Gardiner, Edward ; Herring, Jamie; Hicks, Jeff ; Melton, Forrest; Morefield, Philip E. ; Sweet, William

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Year Published: 2020

Quantifying interregional flows of multiple ecosystem services – A case study for Germany

Despite a growing number of national-scale ecosystem service (ES) assessments, few studies consider the impacts of ES use and consumption beyond national or regional boundaries. Interregional ES flows – ecosystem services “imported” from and “exported” to other countries – are rarely analyzed and their importance for global sustainability is...

Kleeman, Janina; Schröter, Matthias; Bagstad, Kenneth J.; Kuhlicke, Christian; Kastner, Thomas; Fridman, Dor; Schulp, Catharina J. E.; Wolff, Sarah; Martinez-Lopez, Javier; Koellner, Thomas; Arnhold, Sebastian; Martin-Lopez, Berta; Marques, Alexandra; Lopez-Hoffman, Laura; Liu, Jianguo; Kissinger, Meidad; Guerra, Carlos; Bonn, Aletta

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Year Published: 2020

Geologic map of Petroglyph National Monument and vicinity, Bernalillo County, New Mexico

This geologic map depicts and briefly describes geologic units underlying Petroglyph National Monument and immediately adjacent areas in Bernalillo County, New Mexico. The Monument is underlain dominantly by Quaternary basalts of the Albuquerque Volcanoes volcanic field, a series of basin-filling volcanic flows and associated vents from a...

Thompson, Ren A.; Chan, Christine F.; Gilmer, Amy K.; Shroba, Ralph R.
Thompson, R.A., Chan, C.F., Gilmer, A.K., and Shroba, R.R., 2020, Geologic map of Petroglyph National Monument and vicinity, Bernalillo County, New Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3447, scale 1:24,000, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3447.

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Year Published: 2020

Dust deposited on snow cover in the San Juan Mountains, Colorado, 2011-2016: Compositional variability bearing on snow-melt effects

Light-absorbing particles in atmospheric dust deposited on snow cover (dust-on-snow, DOS) diminish albedo and accelerate the timing and rate of snow melt. Identification of these particles and their effects are relevant to snow-radiation modeling and thus water-resource management. Laboratory-measured reflectance of DOS samples from the San Juan...

Reynolds, Richard L.; Goldstein, Harland L.; Moskowitz, Bruce M.; Kokaly, Raymond; Munson, Seth M.; Solheid, Peat; Breit, George N.; Lawrence, Corey R.; Derry, Jeff

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Year Published: 2020

Mapping forested wetland inundation in the Delmarva Peninsula, USA: Use of deep learning model

The Delmarva Peninsula in the eastern United States is dominated by thousands of small, forested depressional wetlands that are highly sensitive to climate change and climate variability but provide critical ecosystem services. Due to the relatively small size of these depressional wetlands and occurrence under forest canopy cover, it is very...

Du, Ling; McCarty, Greg W.; Zhang, Xinhow; Lang, Megan W.; Vanderhoof, Melanie K.; Lin, Xian-Dan; Huang, Chengquan; Lee, Sangchul; Zou, Zhenhua