Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 960
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Coexisting seismic behavior of transform faults revealed by high-resolution bathymetry

Transform faults are known to have anomalously low rates of seismicity, but no direct observations reveal why this is the case. We use new, autonomous underwater vehicle high-resolution seafloor mapping to image the morphology of and offsets along transform fault segments in the Gulf of California. Fault splays display a varied history of...

Hilley, George E.; Sare, Robert M.; Aron, Felipe; Baden, Curtis W; Caress, Dave; Castillo, Chris; Dobbs, Stephen C; Gooley, Jared T; Johnstone, Samuel A.; Liu, Frances; McHargue, Tim; Nevitt, Josie M; Paull, Charles K.; Shumaker, Lauren E.; Traer, Miles M; Young, Holly H

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Progress in natural capital accounting for ecosystems

Reversing the ongoing degradation of the planet's ecosystems requires timely and detailed monitoring of ecosystem change and uses. Yet, the System of National Accounts (SNA), first developed in response to the economic crisis of the 1930s and used by statistical offices worldwide to record economic activity (for example, production, consumption,...

Hein, Lars; Bagstad, Kenneth J.; Obst, Carl; Edens, Bram; Schenau, Sjoerd; Castillo, Gem; Soulard, Francois; Brown, Claire; Driver, Amanda; Bordt, Michael; Steurer, Anton; Harris, Rocky; Capparros, Alejandro

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Dilution and propagation of provenance trends in sand and mud: Geochemistry and detrital zircon geochronology of modern sediment from central California (U.S.A.)

Integrated, multi-method provenance studies of siliciclastic sedimentary deposits are increasingly used to reconstruct the history of source-to-sink transport, paleogeography, and tectonics. Invariably, analysis of large-scale depositional systems must confront issues regarding how to best sample the system and adequately cope with the details of...

Malkowski, Matthew A.; Sharman, Glenn R.; Johnstone, Samuel A.; Grove, Marty J.; Kimbrough, Dave L.; Graham, Stephen A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Quaternary displacement on the Joiner Ridge Fault, eastern Arkansas

The New Madrid seismic zone of the central United States is an intraplate seismic zone with blind structures that are not seismically active but may pose seismic hazards. The Joiner Ridge fault is the 35 km long east-bounding fault of the Joiner Ridge blind horst located in eastern Arkansas approximately 50 km northwest of Memphis, Tennessee....

Price, Audrey C.; Woolery, Edward W; Counts, Ron; Van Arsdale, Roy; Larsen, Daniel; Mahan, Shannon A.; Beck, Glynn

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Orogenic recycling of detrital zircons characterizes age distributions of North American Cordilleran strata

Detrital zircon (DZ) analysis has become the standard tool for source‐to‐sink sediment routing studies at many spatial and temporal scales. In North American source‐to‐sink studies, DZ distributions are commonly classified according to the presence/absence and proportions of DZ age groups associated with North American crustal provinces as well as...

Schwartz, Theresa Maude; Schwartz, Robert K.; Weislogel, A.L.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Dissolved organic matter in the deep TALDICE ice core: A nano-UPLC-nano-ESI-HRMS method

Trace organic compounds in deep ice cores supply important paleoclimatic information. Untargeted analyses of dissolved organic matter provide an overview of molecular species in ice samples however, sample volumes usually required for these analyses are generally not available from deep ice cores. Here, we developed an analytical method using a...

Zangrando, Roberta; Zanella, Veronica; Karroca, Ornela; Barbaro, Elena; Kehrwald, Natalie; Battistel, Dario; Gambaro, Andrea; Barbante, Carlo

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Protracted multipulse emplacement of a post-resurgent pluton: The case of Platoro caldera complex (Southern Rocky Mountain volcanic field, Colorado)

Many eroded calderas expose associated postcollapse plutons, but detailed fieldwork‐supported studies have rarely focused on the internal structure that can contribute to understanding of emplacement dynamics. The Alamosa River monzonite pluton is a postcollapse intrusion at the Platoro caldera complex that erupted six large ignimbrites between 30...

Tomek, Filip; Gilmer, Amy; Petronis, M. S.; Lipman, Peter W.; Foucher, M. S.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Status of three-dimensional geological mapping and modeling activities in the U.S. Geological Survey

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), created in 1879, is the national geological survey for the United States and the sole science agency within its cabinet-level bureau, the Department of the Interior. The USGS has a broad mission, including: serving the Nation by providing reliable scientific information to describe and understand the Earth;...

Sweetkind, Donald; Graymer, Russell; Higley, D.K.; Boyd, Oliver S.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Influence of multi-decadal land use, irrigation practices and climate on riparian corridors across the Upper Missouri River Headwaters Basin, Montana

The Upper Missouri River Headwaters Basin (36,400 km2) depends on its river corridors to support irrigated agriculture and world-class trout fisheries. We evaluated trends (1984-2016) in riparian wetness, an indicator of riparian condition, in peak irrigation months (June, July, August) for 158 km2 of riparian area across the basin using the...

Vanderhoof, Melanie K.; Christensen, J.R.; Alexander, Laurie C.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Challenges for monitoring the extent and land use/cover changes in monarch butterflies’ migratory habitat across the United States and Mexico

This paper presents a synopsis of the challenges and limitations presented by existing and emerging land use/ land cover (LULC) digital data sets when used to analyze the extent, habitat quality, and LULC changes of the monarch (Danaus plexippus) migratory habitat across the United States of America (US) and Mexico. First, the characteristics,...

Rafael Moreno-Sanchez; James Raines; Diffendorfer, James E.; Drummond, Mark A.; Jessica Manko

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Review of indicators for comparing environmental effects across energy sources

Robust, quantitative comparisons of environmental effects across energy sources can support development of energy planning strategies that meet growing demand while managing and minimizing undesirable effects on environmental resources. Multicriteria analyses of energy systems often use a suite of indicators to make such comparisons, but those...

Dorning, Monica; Diffendorfer, James E.; Scott R Loss; Bagstad, Kenneth J.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Plant and insect herbivore community variation across the Paleocene–Eocene boundary in the Hanna Basin, southeastern Wyoming

Ecosystem function and stability are highly affected by internal and external stressors. Utilizing paleobotanical data gives insight into the evolutionary processes an ecosystem undergoes across long periods of time, allowing for a more complete understanding of how plant and insect herbivore communities are affected by ecosystem imbalance. To...

Schmidt, Lauren E; Dunn, Regan E; Mercer, Jason J; Dechesne, Marieke; Currano, Ellen D