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Geomorphology and Sediment Studies

Geomorphology is the study of the formation and evolution of landforms on Earth's surface. In the MD-DE-DC region, rain, snow, wind, vegetation, animals, and people all shape the landscape at different scales of time and space. Of particular interest in the region is the form and processes of rivers, a branch of the science termed fluvial geomorphology.

Geomorphology is classified as the study of the origin and evolution of topographic and bathymetric features created by physical, chemical or biological processes operating at or near the Earth's surface. Adding water creates a whole new dynamic known as Fluvial Morphology. Rivers and streams act as conduits of water along with sediment. As water flows over the channel bed, it is able to mobilize sediment and transport it downstream. The rate of sediment transport depends on the availability of sediment itself on the riverbed as well as its discharge.