Washington Water Science Center

Data and Tools

The USGS Washington Water Science Center currently operates over 380 data-collection sites in Washington.  The sites collect surface water, groundwater, water quality and meteorological data that are available in real time.  Current and historic data can be retrieved from the National Database called the National Water Information System (NWIS). Many of the links below access this database.

Surface Water

Surface Water

Streamflow measurements are vital to understanding stream conditions. We monitor rivers & streams throughout Washington.

Streamflow Data

Water Quality

Water Quality

Monitoring water quality is important for protecting human and ecosystem health. We monitor rivers, streams, and lakes around the state.

Water-Quality Data



The USGS monitors groundwater levels throughout Washington. The data are used to determine sustainable pumping rates for irrigation and domestic supplies.

Groundwater Data
Filter Total Items: 92
Date published: January 1, 2017

Longitudinal profile of the lower Cedar River, Washington, 2010.

A field survey of the lower Cedar River from Landsburg to Renton, WA was conducted on 29 April 2010 from a raft using real-time kinetic global positioning system to determine horizontal location and water surface elevation and a pressure transducer to measure depths along the thalweg of the river. These data were averaged over 100 m intervals to generate water surface elevations, river bed el...

Date published: January 1, 2017

Surficial sediment data on the North Fork Stillaguamish River and State Route 530 landslide near Oso, Washington

These tables document grain-size distributions of sediment collected as part of a study on the geomorphic impacts of the March 2014 State Route 530 Landslide near Oso, Washington. This includes samples of material from the landslide deposit itself, covering a range of distinct facies present in the landslide, and samples of sand and gravel at various locations along the North Fork Stillagua...

Date published: January 1, 2017

Suspended sediment and water temperature monitoring in the Sauk River, Washington, water years 2012-2016

The Sauk River, a fedrally designated Wild and Scenic River, is one of the few large glacier-fed rivers in western Washington that is unconstrained by dams and drains a relatively pristine landscape which includes Glacier Peak, a glaciated stratovolcano. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) conducted a 5-year study (2012-2016 water years) of suspended-sediment and water temperature mon

Date published: January 1, 2017

A Baseline Assessment of Contaminant Concentrations in Sediment and Biota in Proximity to Coal Transport Tracks in the Pacific Northwest (2014)

This dataset provides baseline concentrations (from 2014) of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), other aromatic organic compounds, mercury (Hg), and trace metal concentrations in sediment and biota collected from two sites along an existing rail line used for coal transport in the Columbia River Gorge, Washington. For this study, aquatic surface sediments, aquatic insec

Date published: May 19, 2016

Sediment chemistry and sediment toxicity in wadable streams across the Midwestern United States, 2013.

These data present chemistry and toxicity results from freshwater stream sediments collected from 99 wadable stream sites across eleven states in the Midwestern U.S. as one component of a larger USGS study in the summer of 2013. This data presents a selected suite of chemistry collected at these sites (PAHs, Organochlorines, PCBs, Trace Elements, and current use pesticides) used in

Date published: January 1, 2016

Trace elements concentrations in pore water and surface water near the sediment-water interface in the Upper Columbia River, Washington (2015)

Smelter slag containing copper and other trace elements is widespread in riverbed sediment of the upper Columbia River (UCR) of the United States. To evaluate potential risk to aquatic life concentrations of copper and other trace elements were measured in shallow pore-water and in river water samples collected near the sediment-water interface. Samples were collected using an in-situ pore-wa...

Date published: January 1, 2016

Concentration of nitrate and other water-quality constituents in groundwater from the water table beneath forage fields receiving seasonal applications of dairy manure, Whatcom County, Washington (2015)

Nitrate contamination of groundwater is widespread and persistent in the shallow surficial aquifer of northwestern Whatcom County where dairy farming and forage production is a primary land-use activity. Application of dairy manure to cropland is intended to provide nutrients for crop growth and improve soil quality with the ideal goal to match the rate of nutrient application to that rate of...

Date published: September 14, 2007

Chehalis River Seepage Investigations

A series of discharge measurements were made Sept. 11-13, 2007, on the Chehalis River and some of its tributaries to
study gains and losses. The reach covered 81.6 miles.