Landsat Science Products

Landsat Surface Temperature

Collection 1 (Provisional)

Collection 1 (Provisional)

Technical information about the Collection 1 Provisional Surface Temperature product including documentation, product content, and data access.

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Collection 2

Collection 2

Technical information about the Collection 2 Surface Temperature product including documentation, product content, and data access.

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Landsat surface temperature measures the Earth’s surface temperature in Kelvin and is an important geophysical parameter in global energy balance studies and hydrologic modeling. Surface temperature data are also useful for monitoring crop and vegetation health, and extreme heat events such as natural disasters (e.g., volcanic eruptions, wildfires), and urban heat island effects.

Product Availability

The surface temperature product is currently available in Collection 1 U.S. Analysis Ready Data tile format for the following instruments:

  • Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI): April 2013 to present
  • Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+): July 1999 to present
  • Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper (TM): March 1984 to May 2012
  • Landsat 4 Thematic Mapper (TM): July 1982 to December 1993

Summary of Enhancement and Improvements 

A summary of the enhancements and improvements between Collection 1 and Collection 2 is provided in this quick reference guide.

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