Data archiving is a process that supports long-term storage of scientific data and methods used to read or interpret it.
Archive vs. Repository: Is There a Difference?
In the field of data management, the terms "archive" and "repository" often are used interchangeably. Within the Federal government, however, the term "archive" is specific to the mission and activities of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
The Difference Between Archives and Backups
Archives are created for long-term storage of historically important data that are no longer needed for immediate access. Backups are created to restore data and continue operations in case of disasters (e.g. deletion, catastrophic equipment loss).