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Year Published: 2018

Spatial and temporal patterns in population trends and burrow usage of burrowing owls in North America

Many researchers have suggested that abundance of Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia) has declined in many portions of their breeding range, but a thorough review of their population trends over time is lacking. Published population trends from the North American Breeding Bird Survey program suggested that Burrowing Owl populations in the US have...

Conway, Courtney J.

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Year Published: 2018

Evaluating indices of lipid and protein content in lesser snow and Ross's geese during spring migration

Assessing nutrient stores in avian species is important for understanding the extent to which body condition influences success or failure in life‐history events. We evaluated predictive models using morphometric characteristics to estimate total body lipids (TBL) and total body protein (TBP), based on traditional proximate analyses, in spring...

Webb, Elisabeth B.; Fowler, Drew N.; Woodall, Brendan A.; Vrtiska, Mark P.

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Year Published: 2018

Habitat associations of three crayfish endemic to the Ouachita Mountain Ecoregion

Many crayfish are of conservation concern because of their use of unique habitats and often narrow ranges. In this study, we determined fine-scale habitat use by 3 crayfishes that are endemic to the Ouachita Mountains, in Oklahoma and Arkansas. We sampled Faxonius menae (Mena Crayfish), F. leptogonopodus (Little River Creek...

Dyer, Joseph J.; Brewer, Shannon K.

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Year Published: 2018

The influence of drought on flow‐ecology relationships in Ozark Highland streams

Drought and summer drying can have strong effects on abiotic and biotic components of stream ecosystems. Environmental flow‐ecology relationships may be affected by drought and drying, adding further uncertainty to the already complex interaction of flow with other environmental variables, including geomorphology and water quality.Environment–...

Lynch, Dustin T.; Leasure, Douglas R.; Magoulick, Daniel D.

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Year Published: 2018

Rapid discovery of SNPs differentiating hatchery steelhead trout from ESA-listed natural-origin steelhead trout using a 57K SNP array

Natural-origin steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792)) in the Pacific Northwest, USA, are threatened by a number of factors including habitat destruction, disease, decline in marine survival, and a potential erosion of genetic viability due to introgression from hatchery strains. Our major goal was to use a recently developed...

Larson, Wesley; Palti, Yniv; Gao, Gunagtu; Warheit, Kenneth I.; Seeb, James E.

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Year Published: 2018

Activity of southeastern bats along sandstone cliffs used for rock climbing

Bats in the eastern U.S. are facing numerous threats and many species are in decline. Although several species of bats commonly roost in cliffs, little is known about use of cliffs for foraging and roosting. Because rock climbing is a rapidly growing sport and may cause disturbance to bats, our objectives were to examine use of cliff habitats by...

Loeb, Susan C.; Jodice, Patrick G. R.

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Year Published: 2018

Combining genetic, isotopic, and field data to better describe the influence of dams and diversions on Burbot Movement in the Wind River Drainage, Wyoming

Dams and water diversions fragment habitat, entrain fish, and alter fish movement. Many Burbot Lota lota populations are declining, with dams and water diversions thought to be a major threat. We used multiple methods to identify Burbot movement patterns and assess entrainment into an irrigation system in the Wind River, Wyoming. We...

Hooley-Underwood, Zachary; Mandeville, Elizabeth G.; Gerrity, Paul C.; Deromedi, J. W.; Johnson, Kevin; Walters, Annika W.

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Year Published: 2018

Diel habitat selection of largemouth bass following woody structure installation in Table Rock Lake, Missouri

Largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède) use of installed habitat structure was evaluated in a large Midwestern USA reservoir to determine whether or not these structures were used in similar proportion to natural habitats. Seventy largemouth bass (>380 mm total length) were surgically implanted with radio transmitters...

Harris, J.M.; Paukert, Craig P.; Bush, S.C.; Allen, M.J.; Siepker, Michael

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Year Published: 2018

Green‐wave surfing increases fat gain in a migratory ungulate

Each spring, migratory herbivores around the world track or ‘surf’ green waves of newly emergent vegetation to distant summer or wet‐season ranges. This foraging tactic may help explain the great abundance of migratory herbivores on many seasonal landscapes. However, the underlying fitness benefits of this life‐history strategy remain poorly...

Middleton, Arthur D.; Merkle, Jerod A.; McWhirter, Douglas E.; Cook, John G.; Cook, Rachel C.; White, P.J.; Kauffman, Matthew J.

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Year Published: 2018

Synthesizing models useful for ecohydrology and ecohydraulic approaches: An emphasis on integrating models to address complex research questions

Ecohydrology combines empiricism, data analytics, and the integration of models to characterize linkages between ecological and hydrological processes. A challenge for practitioners is determining which models best generalizes heterogeneity in hydrological behaviour, including water fluxes across spatial and temporal scales, integrating...

Brewer, Shannon K.; Worthington, Thomas; Mollenhauer, Robert; Stewart, David; McManamay, Ryan; Guertault, Lucie; Moore, Desiree

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Year Published: 2018

The role of environmental driving factors in historical and projected carbon dynamics of wetland ecosystems in Alaska

Wetlands are critical terrestrial ecosystems in Alaska, covering ~177,000 km2, an area greater than all the wetlands in the remainder of the United States. To assess the relative influence of changing climate, atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration, and fire regime on carbon balance in wetland ecosystems of Alaska, a modeling...

Lyu, Zhou; Genet, Helene; He, Yujie; Zhuang, Qianlai; McGuire, A. David; Bennett, Alec; Breen, Amy; Clein, Joy; Euskirchen, Eugenie S.; Johnson, Kristofer; Kurkowski, Tom; Pastick, Neal J.; Rupp, T. Scott; Wylie, Bruce K.; Zhu, Zhiliang
Lyu, Z. , Genet, H. , He, Y. , Zhuang, Q. , McGuire, A. D., Bennett, A. , Breen, A. , Clein, J. , Euskirchen, E. S., Johnson, K. , Kurkowski, T. , Pastick, N. J., Rupp, T. S., Wylie, B. K. and Zhu, Z. (2018), The role of environmental driving factors in historical and projected carbon dynamics of wetland ecosystems in Alaska. Ecol Appl. . doi:10.1002/eap.1755

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Year Published: 2018

Reduction of solids and nutrient loss from agricultural land by tailwater recovery systems

Best management practices are being implemented throughout the Lower Mississippi River Alluvial Valley with the aim of alleviating pressures placed on downstream aquatic systems by sediment and nutrient losses from agricultural land; however, research evaluating the performance of tailwater recovery (TWR) systems, an increasingly important...

Omer, A.R.; Miranda, Leandro E.; Moore, M. T.; Krutz, L. J.; Prince Czarnecki, J. M.; Kröger, R.; Baker, B. H.; Hogue, J.; Allen, P. J.