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Year Published: 2018

Effects of turbidity, sediment, and polyacrylamide on native freshwater mussels

Turbidity is a ubiquitous pollutant adversely affecting water quality and aquatic life in waterways globally. Anionic polyacrylamide (PAM) is widely used as an effective chemical flocculent to reduce suspended sediment (SS) and turbidity. However, no information exists on the toxicity of PAM‐flocculated sediments to imperiled, but ecologically...

Buczek, Sean B.; Cope, W. Gregory; McLaughlin, Richard A.; Kwak, Thomas J.

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Year Published: 2018

Estimating distribution and connectivity of recolonizing American marten in the northeastern United States using expert elicitation techniques

The American marten Martes americana is a species of conservation concern in the northeastern United States due to widespread declines from over‐harvesting and habitat loss. Little information exists on current marten distribution and how landscape characteristics shape patterns of occupancy across the region, which could help develop...

Aylward, C.M.; Murdoch, J.D.; Donovan, Therese M.; Kilpatrick, C.W.; Bernier, C.; Katz, J.

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Year Published: 2018

Fall and winter microhabitat use and suitability for spring chinook salmon parr in a U.S. Pacific Northwest River

Habitat degradation has been implicated as a primary threat to Pacific salmon Oncorhynchus spp. Habitat restoration and conservation are key toward stemming population declines; however, winter microhabitat use and suitability knowledge are lacking for small juvenile salmonids. Our objective was to characterize microhabitat use and...

Favrot, Scott D.; Jonasson, Brian C.; Peterson, James

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Year Published: 2018

Imidacloprid sorption and transport in cropland, grass buffer and riparian buffer soils

An understanding of neonicotinoid sorption and transport in soil is critical for determining and mitigating environmental risk associated with the most widely used class of insecticides. The objective of this study was to evaluate mobility and transport of the neonicotinoid imidacloprid (ICD) in soils collected from cropland, grass vegetative...

Satkowski, Laura E.; Goyne, Keith W.; Anderson, Stephen H.; Lerch, Robert N.; Allen, Craig R.; Snow, Daniel D.

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Year Published: 2018

Precision of four otolith techniques for estimating age of white perch from a thermally altered reservoir

The White Perch Morone americana is an invasive species in many Midwestern states and is widely distributed in reservoir systems, yet little is known about the species' age structure and population dynamics. White Perch were first observed in Sooner Reservoir, a thermally altered cooling reservoir in Oklahoma, by the Oklahoma Department...

Snow, Richard A.; Porta, Michael J.; Long, James M.

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Year Published: 2018

Shoal bass hybridization in the Chattahoochee River Basin near Atlanta, Georgia

The shoal bass (Micropterus cataractae) is a sportfish endemic to the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint Basin of the southeastern United States. Introgression with several non-native congeners poses a pertinent threat to shoal bass conservation, particularly in the altered habitats of the Chattahoochee River. Our primary objective was to...

Taylor, Andrew T.; Tringali, Michael D.; O'Rourke, Patrick M.; Long, James M.

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Year Published: 2018

Effects of summer air exposure on the survival of caught-and-released salmonids

Despite the success of catch‐and‐release regulations, exposing fish to air during release has emerged as a growing concern over the past two decades. We evaluated the effect of air exposure during midsummer on survival of Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout Oncorhynchus clarkii bouvieri, Bull Trout Salvelinus confluentus, and Rainbow Trout ...

Roth, Curtis J.; Schill, Daniel J.; Quist, Michael; High, Brett
Roth, C. J., Schill, D. J., Quist, M. C. and High, B. (2018), Effects of Air Exposure in Summer on the Survival of Caught‐and‐Released Salmonids. North Am J Fish Manage, 38: 886-895. doi:10.1002/nafm.10184

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Year Published: 2018

A guide to Bayesian model checking for ecologists

Checking that models adequately represent data is an essential component of applied statistical inference. Ecologists increasingly use hierarchical Bayesian statistical models in their research. The appeal of this modeling paradigm is undeniable, as researchers can build and fit models that embody complex ecological processes while simultaneously...

Conn, Paul B.; Johnson, Devin S.; Williams, Perry J.; Melin, Sharon R.; Hooten, Mevin B.
Conn, P. B., Johnson, D. S., Williams, P. J., Melin, S. R. and Hooten, M. B. (2018), A guide to Bayesian model checking for ecologists. Ecol Monogr. . doi:10.1002/ecm.1314

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Year Published: 2018

Probabilistic measures of climate change vulnerability, adaptation action benefits, and related uncertainty from maximum temperature metric selection

Predictions of the projected changes in species distributions and potential adaptation action benefits can help guide conservation actions. There is substantial uncertainty in projecting species distributions into an unknown future, however, which can undermine confidence in predictions or misdirect conservation actions if not properly considered...

DeWeber, Jefferson T.; Wagner, Tyler

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Year Published: 2018

Do postlarval amphidromous fishes transport marine‐derived nutrients and pollutants to Caribbean streams?

Diadromous fishes are known biotransport vectors that can move nutrients, energy and contaminants in an upstream direction in lotic ecosystems. This function has been demonstrated repeatedly in anadromous salmonids, but the role of other diadromous species, especially tropical taxa, as biotransport vectors is less studied. Amphidromous fish...

Engman, Augustin C.; Kwak, Thomas J.; Cope, W. Gregory

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Year Published: 2018

Genome-wide analysis of SNPs is consistent with no domestic dog ancestry in the endangered Mexican Wolf (Canis lupus baileyi)

The Mexican gray wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) was historically distributed throughout the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. Extensive predator removal campaigns during the early 20th century, however, resulted in its eventual extirpation by the mid 1980s. At this time, the Mexican wolf existed only in 3 separate captive lineages (...

Fitak, Robert R.; Rinkevich, Sarah E.; Culver, Melanie