Foreshocks, aftershocks - what's the difference?
"Foreshock" and "aftershock" are relative terms.
Foreshocks are earthquakes that precede larger earthquakes in the same location. An earthquake cannot be identified as a foreshock until after a larger earthquake in the same area occurs.
Aftershocks are smaller earthquakes that occur in the same general area during the days to years following a larger event or "mainshock." They occur within 1-2 fault lengths away and during the period of time before the background seismicity level has resumed. As a general rule, aftershocks represent minor readjustments along the portion of a fault that slipped at the time of the mainshock. The frequency of these aftershocks decreases with time. Historically, deep earthquakes (>30 km) are much less likely to be followed by aftershocks than shallow earthquakes. (modified from Univ. of Washington)
Earthquakes do occur occasionally in Antarctica, but not very often. There have been some big earthquakes--including one magnitude 8--in the Balleny Islands. The boundary between the Scotia Plate and the Antarctic Plate just grazes the north tip of the Antarctic Peninsula (again, look "northwest" from the Pole toward South...Read Full Answer
Earthquakes induced by human activity have been documented at many locations in the United States and in many other countries around the world. Earthquakes can be induced by a wide range of causes including impoundment of reservoirs, surface and underground mining, withdrawal of fluids and gas from the subsurface, and...Read Full Answer
Can the position of the moon or the planets affect seismicity? Are there more earthquakes in the morning/in the evening/at a certain time of the month?
Earthquakes are equally as likely to occur in the morning or the evening. Many studies in the past have shown no significant correlations between the rate of earthquake occurrence and the semi-diurnal tides when using large earthquake catalogs.
Several recent studies, however, have found a correlation between earth...Read Full Answer
A magnitude 7.8 earthquake struck Nepal on April 25, 2015 at 06:11:26 UTC. Visit the USGS event page to learn more about this earthquake.
RESTON, Va.-- Aftershocks from the 2011 Virginia earthquake have helped scientists identify the previously unknown fault zone on which the earthquake occurred.
MENLO PARK, Calif. — Large earthquakes can alter seismicity patterns across the globe in very different ways, according to two new studies by U.S. Geological Survey seismologists. Both studies shed light on more than a decade of debate on the origin and prevalence of remotely triggered earthquakes.
RESTON, Va.—The aftershock sequence of the magnitude-7 earthquake that struck near Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on Jan. 12, 2010, will continue for months, if not years. The frequency of events will diminish with time, but damaging earthquakes will remain a threat.
A minor aftershock struck the Seattle area early Thursday morning, March 1, 2001. The aftershock, which struck at 1:10 a.m. local time, had a preliminary magnitude of 3.4 and was felt throughout the Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia area.
When is a badly damaged, but stable building safe to enter after an earthquake? That is a question that safety-response and building-department officials have to answer in order to let occupants retrieve important possessions and business records, and to let contractors begin emergency repairs
A magnitude 5.5 aftershock to Monday’s (Oct. 9) earthquake in Mexico occurred on Thurs., Oct. 12, 1995, at 12:52 p.m. EDT (10:52 a.m. local time in Mexico), according to the U.S. Geological Survey.
60 aftershocks greater than or equal to M4.0 occurred in the first 48 hours after the mainshock. The blue dot is the location of the main Jan 23 earthquake. Yellow and orange dots are aftershock epicenters.
Mexico City after earthquake
Map of sesmic activity near Christchurch, New Zealand, from 9/4/2010 to 4/11/2014
The aftershock sequence of the magnitude 7 earthquake that struck Haiti on Jan. 12, 2010, will continue for months, if not years. The frequency of events will diminish with time, but damaging earthquakes will remain a threat.
Michael Blanpied, USGS Associate Earthquakes Hazards Program coordinator, discusses concerns and precautions for the future in Haiti and the Caribbean region as a whole.
Civilians on street between severely damaged buildings in Mianyang.