Spectroscopy Lab

Publications

Filter Total Items: 338
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Year Published: 2020

Quantifying uncertainty for remote spectroscopy of surface composition

Remote surface measurements by imaging spectrometers play an important role in planetary and Earth science. To make these measurements, investigators calibrate instrument data to absolute units, invert physical models to estimate atmospheric effects, and then determine surface properties from the spectral reflectance. This study quantifies the...

Thompson, David R.; Braverman, Amy; Brodrick, Philip; Candela, Alberto; Carmon, Nimrod; Clark, Roger N.; Connelly, David; Green, Robert O.; Kokaly, Raymond; Li, Longlei; Mahowald, Natalie; Miller, Ronald L.; Okin, Gregory S.; Painter, Thomas H.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Turmon, Michael; Susilouto, Jouni; Wettergreen, David

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Year Published: 2020

Dust deposited on snow cover in the San Juan Mountains, Colorado, 2011-2016: Compositional variability bearing on snow-melt effects

Light-absorbing particles in atmospheric dust deposited on snow cover (dust-on-snow, DOS) diminish albedo and accelerate the timing and rate of snow melt. Identification of these particles and their effects are relevant to snow-radiation modeling and thus water-resource management. Laboratory-measured reflectance of DOS samples from the San Juan...

Reynolds, Richard L.; Goldstein, Harland L.; Moskowitz, Bruce M.; Kokaly, Raymond; Munson, Seth M.; Solheid, Peat; Breit, George N.; Lawrence, Corey R.; Derry, Jeff

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Year Published: 2020

Classification of oil spill by thicknesses using multiple remote sensors

Satellite Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is an operational tool for monitoring and assessment of oil spills. Satellite SAR has primarily been used to detect the presence/absence of oil, yet its ability to discriminate oil emulsions within a detected oil slick has not been fully exploited. Additionally, one of the challenges in the past has been...

Garcia-Pineda, Oscar; Staples, Gordon; Jones, Cathleen E; Hu, Chuanmin; Holt, Benjamin; Kourafalou, Villy; Graettinger, George; DiPinto, Lisa; Ramirez, Ellen; Street, David; Cho, Jay; Swayze, Gregg A.; Sun, Shaojie; Garcia, Diana; Haces-Garcia, Francisco

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Year Published: 2019

Comparison of methods for modeling fractional cover using simulated satellite hyperspectral imager spectra

Remotely sensed data can be used to model the fractional cover of green vegetation (GV), non-photosynthetic vegetation (NPV), and soil in natural and agricultural ecosystems. NPV and soil cover are difficult to estimate accurately since absorption by lignin, cellulose, and other organic molecules cannot be resolved by broadband multispectral data...

Dennison, Philip E.; Qi, Yi; Meerdink, Susan K.; Kokaly, Raymond; Thompson, David R.; Daughtry, Craig S.T.; Quemada, Miguel; Roberts, Dar A.; Gader, Paul; Wetherley, Erin; Numata, Izaya; Roth, Keely L.

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Year Published: 2019

Isotopic ratios of Saturn's rings and satellites: Implications for the origin of water and Phoebe

Isotopic ratios have long been used to learn about physical processes acting over a wide range of geological environments, and in constraining the origin and/or evolution of planetary bodies. We report the spectroscopic detection of deuterium in Saturn's rings and satellites, and use these measurements to determine the (D/H) ratios in their near-...

Clark, Roger N.; Brown, Robert H.; Cruikshank, D.P.; Swayze, Gregg A.
Ong, C., Carrère, V., Chabrillat, S., Clark, R., Hoefen, T., Kokaly, R., Marion, R., Souza Filho, C.R., Swayze, G., and Thompson, D.R., 2019, Imaging Spectroscopy for the Detection, Assessment and Monitoring of Natural and Anthropogenic Hazards: Surveys in Geophysics, 40(3): 431-470, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10712-019-09523-1.

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Year Published: 2018

Characteristics of tropical tree species in hyperspectral and multispectral data

Remote sensing has been hailed as a promising technology to provide spatially explicit information on tree species distribution. Such information is of high value for ecologists and forest managers, particularly in tropical environments in which it is acquired by costly field inventories performed at the plot level (∼1 ha). Over the last decade,...

Thenkabail, Prasad S.; Lyons, John J.; Huete, Alfredo; Pinheiro Ferreira, Matheus; Hummel do Amaral, Cibele; Vaglio Laurin, Gaia; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Roberto de Souza Filho, Carlos; Edemir Shimabukuro, Yosio

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Year Published: 2018

Spatial spectroscopic models for remote exploration

Ancient hydrothermal systems are a high-priority target for a future Mars sample return mission because they contain energy sources for microbes and can preserve organic materials (Farmer, 2000; MEPAG Next Decade Science Analysis Group, 2008; McLennan et al.,2012; Michalski et al.,2017). Characterizing these large,...

Thompson, David R.; Candela, Alberto; Wettergreen, David; Dobrea, E. Noe; Swayze, Gregg A.; Clark, Roger N; Greenberger, Rebecca

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Year Published: 2018

Characterizing the source of potentially asbestos-bearing commercial vermiculite insulation using in situ IR spectroscopy

Commercially produced vermiculite insulation from Libby, Montana, contains trace levels of asbestiform amphibole, which is known to cause asbestos-related diseases. When vermiculite insulation is found in a building, evaluation for its potential asbestos content traditionally involves collecting a sample from an attic or wall and submitting it for...

Swayze, Gregg A.; Lowers, Heather A.; Benzel, William M.; Clark, Roger N.; Driscoll, Rhonda L.; Perlman, Zac S.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Dyar, M. Darby

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Year Published: 2017

Multiscale hyperspectral imaging of the Orange Hill Porphyry Copper Deposit, Alaska, USA, with laboratory-, field-, and aircraft-based imaging spectrometers

In the past decade, use of hyperspectral imaging (imaging spectroscopy) for mineral exploration and mining operations has been increasing at different spatial scales. In this paper, we focus on recent trends in applying imaging spectrometer data to: 1) airborne imaging of high latitude deposits, 2) field-based imaging of outcrops, and 3)...

Kokaly, Raymond; Graham, Garth E.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Kelley, Karen D.; Johnson, Michaela R.; Hubbard, Bernard E.; Buchhorn, M.; Prakash, A.

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Year Published: 2017

Spectral properties of anhydrous carbonates and nitrates

No abstract available.

Bishop, J.L.; King, S.J.; Lane, M.D.; Lafuente, B.; Brown, A.J.; Hiroi, T.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Lin, J.-F.

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Year Published: 2017

Oiling accelerates loss of salt marshes, southeastern Louisiana

The 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill damaged thousands of km2 of intertidal marsh along shorelines that had been experiencing elevated rates of erosion for decades. Yet, the contribution of marsh oiling to landscape-scale degradation and subsequent land loss has been difficult to quantify. Here, we applied advanced remote sensing...

Beland, Michael; Biggs, Trent W.; Roberts, Dar A.; Peterson, Seth H.; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Piazza, Sarai
Beland, M., Biggs, T.W., Roberts, D.A., Peterson, S.H., Kokaly, R.F., and Piazza, S., 2017, Oiling accelerates loss of salt marshes, southeastern Louisiana: PLoS ONE, v. 12, no. 8, art. e0181197, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181197.

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Year Published: 2017

USGS Spectral Library Version 7

We have assembled a library of spectra measured with laboratory, field, and airborne spectrometers. The instruments used cover wavelengths from the ultraviolet to the far infrared (0.2 to 200 microns [μm]). Laboratory samples of specific minerals, plants, chemical compounds, and manmade materials were measured. In many cases, samples were purified...

Kokaly, Raymond F.; Clark, Roger N.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Livo, K. Eric; Hoefen, Todd M.; Pearson, Neil C.; Wise, Richard A.; Benzel, William M.; Lowers, Heather A.; Driscoll, Rhonda L.; Klein, Anna J.
Kokaly, R.F., Clark, R.N., Swayze, G.A., Livo, K.E., Hoefen, T.M., Pearson, N.C., Wise, R.A., Benzel, W.M., Lowers, H.A., Driscoll, R.L., and Klein, A.J., 2017, USGS Spectral Library Version 7: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1035, 61 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1035.