Core Science Systems

Publications

Here you will find publications, reports and articles produced by Core Science System scientists. For a comprehensive listing of all USGS publications please click the button below.

USGS Pubs

Filter Total Items: 171
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Year Published: 2015

A Systems Thinking approach to post-disaster restoration of maritime transportation systems

A Systems Thinking approach is used to examine elements of a maritime transportation system that are most likely to be impacted by an extreme event. The majority of the literature uses a high-level view that can fail to capture the damage at the sub-system elements. This work uses a system dynamics simulation for a better view and understanding of...

Lespier, Lizzette Pérez; Long, Suzanna K.; Shoberg, Thomas G.
Peréz Lespier, L., Long, S., and Shoberg, T., 2015. A systems thinking approach to post-disaster restoration of maritime transportation systems, in, Cetinkaya, S., and Ryan, J.K., eds., Proceedings of the 2015 Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference, Institute of Industrial Engineers, Norcross, GA.

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Year Published: 2015

Crowdsourcing The National Map

Using crowdsourcing techniques, the US Geological Survey’s (USGS) Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) project known as “The National Map Corps (TNMCorps)” encourages citizen scientists to collect and edit data about man-made structures in an effort to provide accurate and authoritative map data for the USGS National Geospatial Program’s web-...

McCartney, Elizabeth; Craun, Kari J.; Korris, Erin M.; Brostuen, David A.; Moore, Laurence R.

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Year Published: 2015

How a national vegetation classification can help ecological research and management

The elegance of classification lies in its ability to compile and systematize various terminological conventions and masses of information that are unattainable during typical research projects. Imagine a discipline without standards for collection, analysis, and interpretation; unfortunately, that describes much of 20th-century vegetation ecology...

Franklin, Scott; Comer, Patrick; Evens, Julie; Ezcurra, Exequiel; Faber-Langendoen, Don; Franklin, Janet; Jennings, Michael; Josse, Carmen; Lea, Chris; Loucks, Orie; Muldavin, Esteban; Peet, Robert K.; Ponomarenko, Serguei; Roberts, David G.; Solomeshch, Ayzik; Keeler-Wolf, Todd; Van Kley, James; Weakley, Alan; McKerrow, Alexa J.; Burke, Marianne; Spurrier, Carol
ESA Vegetation Classification Panel (2015), How a national vegetation classification can help ecological research and management. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 13: 185–186. doi:10.1890/15.WB.006

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Year Published: 2015

Minerals, lands, and geology for the common defence and general welfare, Volume 4, 1939-1961: A history of geology in relation to the development of public-land, federal science, and mapping policies and the development of mineral resources in the United States from the 60th to the 82d year of the U.S. Geological Survey

The fourth volume of the comprehensive history of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is titled “Minerals, Lands, and Geology for the Common Defence and General Welfare—Volume 4, 1939‒1961.” The title is based on a passage in the preamble of the U.S. Constitution. The late Mary C. Rabbitt (1915‒2002), a geophysicist who served with...

Rabbitt, Mary C.; Nelson, Clifford M.
Rabbitt, M.C., and Nelson, C.M., 2015, Minerals, lands, and geology for the common defence and general welfare—Volume 4, 1939–1961: Reston, Va., U.S. Geological Survey, 704 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/70142267.

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Year Published: 2015

Modeling climate change, urbanization, and fire effects on Pinus palustris ecosystems of the southeastern U.S.

Managing ecosystems for resilience and sustainability requires understanding how they will respond to future anthropogenic drivers such as climate change and urbanization. In fire-dependent ecosystems, predicting this response requires a focus on how these drivers will impact fire regimes. Here, we use scenarios of climate change, urbanization and...

Costanza, Jennifer; Terando, Adam J.; McKerrow, Alexa J.; Collazo, Jaime A.
Costanza, J. K., A. J. Terando, A. J. McKerrow, and J. A. Collazo, 2015: Modeling climate change, urbanization, and fire effects on Pinus palustris ecosystems of the southeastern U.S. J. Environ. Manage., 151, 186–199, doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.12.032. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301479714006112 (Accessed January 7, 2015).

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Year Published: 2015

2014-2015 Partnership accomplishments report on joint activities: National Gap Analysis Program and LANDFIRE

The intended target audience for this document initially is management and project technical specialist and scientists involved in the Gap Analysis Program (GAP) and the Landscape Fire and Resource Management Planning Tools - (LANDFIRE) program to help communicate coordination activities to all involved parties. This document is also intended to...

Davidson, Anne; McKerrow, Alexa J.; Long, Don; Earnhardt, Todd
LANDFIRE 2015. 2014-2015 Partnership Accomplishments Report on Joint Activities. National Gap Analysis Program and LANDFIRE.

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Year Published: 2015

Future land-use scenarios and the loss of wildlife habitats in the southeastern United States

Land-use change is a major cause of wildlife habitat loss. Understanding how changes in land-use policies and economic factors can impact future trends in land use and wildlife habitat loss is therefore critical for conservation efforts. Our goal here was to evaluate the consequences of future land-use changes under different conservation policies...

Martinuzzi, Sebastián; Withey, John C.; Pidgeon, Anna M.; Plantinga, Andrew; McKerrow, Alexa J.; Williams, Steven G.; Helmers, David P.; Radeloff, Volker C.
Martinuzzi, S., J. C. Withey, A. M. Pidgeon, A. J. Plantinga, A. A. McKerrow, S. G. Williams, D. P. Helmers, and V. C. Radeloff. Future land-use scenarios and the loss of wildlife habitat in the southeastern U.S. 2015. Ecological Applications, 25(1): 160-171.

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Year Published: 2015

Synoptic evaluation of scale-dependent metrics for hydrographic line feature geometry

Methods of acquisition and feature simplification for vector feature data impact cartographic representations and scientific investigations of these data, and are therefore important considerations for geographic information science (Haunert and Sester 2008). After initial collection, linear features may be simplified to reduce excessive detail or...

Stanislawski, Larry V.; Buttenfield, Barbara P.; Raposo, Paulo; Cameron, Madeline; Falgout, Jeff T.
Stanislawski, L.V., Buttenfield, B.P., Raposo, P., Cameron, M., Falgout, J., 2015, Synoptic evaluation of scale-dependent metrics for hydrographic line feature geometry. 2015 ICA Workshop on Generalization and Multiple Representation, August 21, 2015, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

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Year Published: 2015

Complex Topographic Feature Ontology Patterns

Semantic ontologies are examined as effective data models for the representation of complex topographic feature types. Complex feature types are viewed as integrated relations between basic features for a basic purpose. In the context of topographic science, such component assemblages are supported by resource systems and found on the local...

Varanka, Dalia E.; Jerris, Thomas J.

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Year Published: 2014

An applied ontology for semantics associated with surface water land cover

Ahlqvist, Ola; Varanka, Dalia; Fritz, Steffen; Janowicz, Krzysztof; Varanka, Dalia E.; Usery, E. Lynn

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Year Published: 2014

Crisis crowdsourcing framework: designing strategic configurations of crowdsourcing for the emergency management domain

Crowdsourcing is not a new practice but it is a concept that has gained significant attention during recent disasters. Drawing from previous work in the crisis informatics, disaster sociology, and computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW) literature, the paper first explains recent conceptualizations of crowdsourcing and how crowdsourcing is a...

Liu, Sophia B.
Liu, Sophia B. (2014). Crisis Crowdsourcing Framework: Designing Strategic Configurations of Crowdsourcing for the Emergency Management Domain. Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW) special issue on Crisis Informatics and Collaboration.

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Year Published: 2014

Specification for the U.S. Geological Survey Historical Topographic Map Collection

This document provides the detailed requirements for producing, archiving, and disseminating a comprehensive digital collection of topographic maps for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Historical Topographic Map Collection (HTMC). The HTMC is a digital archive of about 190,000 printed topographic maps published by the USGS from the inception of...

Allord, Gregory J.; Walter, Jennifer L.; Fishburn, Kristin A.; Shea, Gale A.
Allord, G.J., Walter, J.L., Fishburn, K.A., and Shea, G.A., 2014, Specification for the U.S. Geological Survey Historical Topographic Map Collection: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 6, chap. B11, 65 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/tm11B6.