Core Science Systems

Publications

Here you will find publications, reports and articles produced by Core Science System scientists. For a comprehensive listing of all USGS publications please click the button below.

USGS Pubs

Filter Total Items: 154
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Year Published: 2020

Elevation-derived hydrography acquisition specifications

Hydrographic features derived from U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) 3D Elevation Program data, and collected for use by the USGS, must meet the specifications described in this document. The specifications described herein pertain to the final product delivered to the USGS, not to methods used to derive the hydrographic features. The specifications...

Terziotti, Silvia; Archuleta, Christy-Ann
Terziotti, S., and Archuleta, C.M., 2020, Elevation-Derived Hydrography Acquisition Specifications: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 11, chap. B11, 74 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/tm11B11.

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Year Published: 2020

Elevation-derived hydrography—Representation, extraction, attribution, and delineation rules

With the increasing availability of 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) quality high resolution elevation data across the United States and the pressing need for better integrated elevation and hydrography data, the U.S. Geological Survey is developing guidance to improve the horizontal and vertical alignment of these datasets. The U.S. Geological Survey...

Archuleta, Christy-Ann; Terziotti, Silvia
Archuleta, C.M., and Terziotti, S., 2020, Elevation-Derived Hydrography—Representation, Extraction, Attribution, and Delineation Rules: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 11, chap. B12, 60 p., https://doi.org/ 10.3133/ tm11B12.

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Year Published: 2020

Preserving meander bend geometry through scale

Stream meander geometry is a function of hydrologic, geologic, and anthropogenic forces. Meander morphometrics are used in geomorphic classification, ecological characterization, and tectonic and hydrologic change detection. Thus, detailed measurement and classification of meander geometry is imperative to multiscale representation of hydrographic...

Shavers, Ethan J.; Stanislawski, Larry; Buttenfield, Barbara P.; Kronenfeld, Barry J.

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Year Published: 2020

Sediment and chemical contaminant loads in tributaries to the Anacostia River, Washington, District of Columbia, 2016–17

A study was conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the Washington, D.C., Department of Energy & Environment to estimate the loads of suspended-sediment-bound chemical compounds in five gaged tributaries and four ungaged tributaries of the Anacostia River (known locally as “Lower Anacostia River”) in Washington, D.C...

Wilson, Timothy P.
Wilson, T.P., 2019, Sediment and chemical contaminant loads in tributaries to the Anacostia River, Washington, District of Columbia, 2016–17: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5092, 146 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195092.

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Year Published: 2020

A system design for implementing advanced feature descriptions for a map knowledge base

A prototype system to explore Linked Data that semantically integrates geospatial data in various formats from different publication sources with data from The National Map of the U.S. Geological Survey is presented. The focus is on accessing advanced feature descriptions for data from The National Map with data coreferenced from other sources....

Wagner, Matthew; Varanka, Dalia E.; Usery, E. Lynn
Wagner, M., Varanka, D.E., and Usery, E.L., 2020, A system design for implementing advanced feature descriptions for a map knowledge base: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5148, 25 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195148.

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Year Published: 2020

Alignment of surface water ontologies: A comparison of manual and automated approaches

More data are being collected about the world around us than ever before, but effectively using this information requires different data stores to be integrated in such a way that they can be seamlessly queried and analyzed. Automated alignment algorithms exist to facilitate this data integration challenge. In this paper we examine the utility of...

Cheatham, Michelle; Varanka, Dalia E.; Arauz, Fatima; Zhou, Lu

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Year Published: 2020

Simplification of polylines by segment collapse: Minimizing areal displacement while preserving area

This paper reports on a new Area Preserving Segment Collapse (APSC) algorithm for simplifying polygonal boundaries while preserving polygonal area at simplified target scales and minimizing areal displacement. A general segment collapse algorithm is defined by iteratively collapsing segments to Steiner points in priority order, guided by placement...

Kronenfeld, Barry J.; Stanislawski, Larry; Buttenfield, Barbara P.; Brockmeyer, Tyler

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Year Published: 2019

Integrating the sociology of space with geospatial semantics relation properties for data graphs

This research posits that socially constructed spatial relations address concepts of interactions instead of intersections, human/tool agents instead of physical processes, and broader ranges of geographical outcomes. The hypothesis is that social space can be represented by using patterns of logic relations between sets of entities. The data...

Varanka, Dalia E.

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Year Published: 2019

Employing an ecosystem services framework to deliver decision ready science

Public land managers have limited information to allow for the integration and balancing of multiple objectives in land management decisions including the social (cultural and health), economic (monetary and nonmonetary), and environmental aspects. In this article, we document an approach to consider the many facets of decision making by...

Pindilli, Emily J.; Hogan, Dianna M.; Zhu, Zhiliang

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Year Published: 2019

A spatio-contextual probabilistic model for extracting linear features in hilly terrain from high-resolution DEM data

This paper introduces our research in developing a probabilistic model to extract linear terrain features from high resolution DEM (Digital Elevation Model) data. The proposed model takes full advantage of spatio-contextual information to characterize terrain changes. It first derives a quantifiable measure of spatio-contextual patterns of linear...

Zhou, Xiran; Li, Wenwen; Arundel, Samantha

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Year Published: 2019

The effect of resolution on terrain feature extraction

Recent increase in the production of high-resolution digital elevation models (DEMs) from lidar data has led to interest in their use for terrain mapping. Although the impact of different resolutions has been studied relative to terrain characteristics like roughness, slope and curvature, its relationship to the extraction of terrain features...

Arundel, Samantha; Li, Wenwen; Zhou, Xiran

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Year Published: 2019

U.S. Geological Survey accomplishments in cartography 2015-2019

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the United States' official national topographic mapping organization, is building and maintaining geographic databases for fundamental base geographic layers of land cover, structures, boundaries, hydrography, geographic names, transportation, elevation, and orthoimagery as The National Map. Data from the 3D...

Usery, E. Lynn