Earthquake Hazards

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,612
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Year Published: 2019

Characterizing large earthquakes before rupture is complete

Whether large and very large earthquakes are distinguishable from each other early on in the rupture process has been a subject often debated over the past several decades. Studies have shown that the frequency content of radiated seismic energy in the first few seconds of an earthquake scales with the final magnitude of the event, implying...

Melgar, Diego; Hayes, Gavin P.

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Year Published: 2019

Global earthquake response with imaging geodesy: recent examples from the USGS NEIC

The U.S. Geological Survey National Earthquake Information Center leads real-time efforts to provide rapid and accurate assessments of the impacts of global earthquakes, including estimates of ground shaking, ground failure, and the resulting human impacts. These efforts primarily rely on analysis of the seismic wavefield to characterize the...

Barnhart, William D.; Hayes, Gavin P.; Wald, David J.

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Year Published: 2019

National earthquake information center strategic plan, 2019–23

Executive SummaryDamaging earthquakes occur regularly around the world; since the turn of the 20th century, hundreds of earthquakes have caused significant loss of life and (or) millions of dollars or more in economic losses. While most of these did not directly affect the United States and its Territories, by studying worldwide seismicity we can...

Hayes, Gavin P.; Earle, Paul S.; Benz, Harley M.; Wald, David J.; Yeck, William L.
Hayes, G.P., Earle, P.S., Benz, H.M., Wald, D.J., and Yeck, W.L., 2019, National Earthquake Information Center strategic plan, 2019–23: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1457, 17 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1457.

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Year Published: 2019

Characterizing and imaging sedimentary strata using depth-converted spectral ratios: An example from the Atlantic Coastal Plain of the Eastern U.S.

Unconsolidated, near-surface sediments can have a profound influence on the amplitudes and frequencies of ground shaking during earthquakes, and these effects should be accounted for when using amplitude observations for seismic hazard assessments. This study explores methods to use teleseismic arrivals recorded on linear receiver arrays to...

Pratt, Thomas L.

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Year Published: 2019

Santa Rosa's past and future earthquakes

Santa Rosa is no stranger to earthquakes. This northern California city was damaged several times in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by shaking from earthquakes, culminating in the devastating earthquake of 1906, whose rupture passed 20 miles to the west of the city on the San Andreas Fault. Then in 1969, Santa Rosa was again strongly...

Hecker, Suzanne; McPhee, Darcy K.; Langenheim, Victoria E.; Watt, Janet T.
Hecker, S., McPhee, D.K., Langenheim, V.E., and Watt, J.T., 2019, Santa Rosa's past and future earthquakes: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3035, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193035.

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Year Published: 2019

Tsunamis: Stochastic models of generation, propagation, and occurrence

The devastating consequences of the 2004 Indian Ocean and 2011 Tohoku-oki tsunamis have led to increased research into many different aspects of the tsunami phenomenon. In this paper, we review research related to the observed complexity and uncertainty associated with tsunami generation, propagation, and occurrence described and analyzed using a...

Geist, Eric L.; David Oglesby; Kenny Ryan

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Year Published: 2019

Paleoliquefaction field reconnaissance in eastern North Carolina—Is there evidence for large magnitude earthquakes between the central Virginia seismic zone and Charleston seismic zone?

In June 2016, approximately 64 kilometers (km) of riverbank were examined along the Tar and Neuse Rivers near Tarboro and Kinston, North Carolina, for evidence of liquefaction-forming earthquakes. The study area is in the vicinity of the Grainger’s fault zone in eastern North Carolina. The Grainger’s fault zone is a fault zone in the inner Coastal...

Carter, Mark W.; McLaurin, Brett T.
Carter, M.W., and McLaurin, B.T., 2019, Paleoliquefaction field reconnaissance in eastern North Carolina—Is there evidence for large magnitude earthquakes between the Central Virginia Seismic Zone and Charleston Seismic Zone?: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5057, 54 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195057.

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Year Published: 2019

Natural hazards and mineral commodity supply: Quantifying risk of earthquake disruption to South American copper supply

Mineral resources, and their mining and enrichment operations, are not equally distributed across Earth. The concentration of mineral supply in certain regions, owing to the geology or geography of the mineral resource, raises the level of risk related to supply disruption. Where mineral production coincides with areas prone to natural hazards,...

Schnebele, Emily; Jaiswal, Kishor; Luco, Nicolas; Nassar, Nedal T.
Schnebele, Emily, Jaiswal, Kishor, Luco, Nicolas, and Nassar, Nedal T., 2019, Natural hazards and mineral commodity supply—Quantifying risk of earthquake disruption to South American copper supply: Resources Policy, 63, 101430.

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Year Published: 2019

Preliminary report on engineering and geological effects of the July 2019 Ridgecrest earthquake sequence

The Ridgecrest Earthquake sequence included a foreshock event on July 4 2019 (M6.4) and a M7.1 mainshock event on July 5 2019. These events occurred in the Eastern California Shear Zone, near Indian Wells Valley, south of China Lake and west of Searles Valley. GEER has partnered with several organizations to collect perishable data and document...

Stewart, Jonathan P.; Brandenberg, Scott J; Wang, Pengfei; Nweke, Chukwuebuka C; Hudson, Kenneth; Mazzoni, Silvia; Bozorgnia, Yousef; Hudnut, Kenneth W.; Davis, Craig A.; Ahdi, Sean K; Zareian, Farzin; Fayaz, Jawad; Koehler, Richard D; Chupik, Colin; Pierce, Ian; Williams, Alana; Akciz, Sinan; Hudson, Martin B; Kishida, Tadahiro; Brooks, Benjamin A.; Gold, Ryan D.; Ponti, Daniel J.; Scharer, Katherine; McPhillips, Devin; Duross, Christopher; Ericksen, Todd; Hernandez, Janis .; Patton, Jay; Olson, Brian; Dawson, Timothy E.; Treiman, Jerome; Blake, Kelly; Buchhuber, Jeffrey; Madugo, Chris L M; Sun, Joseph; Donnellan, Andrea; Lyzenga, Greg; Conway, Erik
Stewart, J.P. (ed.), Brandenberg, S.J., Wang, Pengfei, N., Chukwuebuka C., Hudson, K., Mazzoni, S., Bozorgnia, Y., Hudnut, K.W., Davis, C.A., Ahdi, S.K., Zareian, F., Fayaz, J., Koehler, R.D., Chupik, C., Pierce, I., Williams, A., Akciz, S., Hudson, M.B., Kishida, T., Brooks, B.A., Gold, R.D., Ponti, D.J., Scharer, K.M., McPhillips, D.F., Ericksen, T.., Hernandez, J., Patton, J., Olson, B., Dawson, T., Treiman, J., Duross, C.B., Blake, K., Buchhuber, J., Madugo, C., Sun, J., Donnellan, A., Lyzenga, G., and Conway, E., 2019, Preliminary report on engineering and geological effects of the July 2019 Ridgecrest Earthquake sequence: Geotechnical Extreme Event Reconnaissance Association Report GEER-064, https://doi.org/10.18118/G6H66K.

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Year Published: 2019

Petrologic and mineral physics database for use with the U.S. Geological Survey National Crustal Model

We present a petrologic and mineral physics database as part of the U.S. Geological Survey National Crustal Model (NCM). Each of 209 geologic units, 134 of which are currently part of the geologic framework within the NCM, was assigned a mineralogical composition according to generalized classifications with some refinement for specific geologic...

Sowers, Theron; Boyd, Oliver S.
Sowers, T., and Boyd, O.S., 2019, Petrologic and mineral physics database for use with the U.S. Geological Survey National Crustal Model: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1035, 17 p.,https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191035.

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Year Published: 2019

Satellite observations of surface deformation at the Coso Geothermal Field, California

Surface deformation time series and rates are identified at the Coso Geothermal Field (CGF) and surrounding areas by applying interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) to satellite scenes from Envisat (June 2004 ̶ October 2010) and Sentinel (November 2014 – April 2018). The measurements are done in the line of sight (LOS) to each...

Eneva, Mariana; Barbour, Andrew; Adams, David; Hsiao, Vicky; Blake, Kelly; Falorni, Giacomo; Locatelli, Roberto

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Year Published: 2019

Landscape change associated with the upper Scenic Drive landslide, La Honda, California, January 10–June 28, 2017

La Honda, California, is a small town in unincorporated San Mateo County, located on the west edge of the San Francisco Peninsula in the Santa Cruz Mountains, between San Francisco and San Jose. The Scenic Drive area of La Honda has experienced several past episodes of landslide motion, which were documented in 1998, 2005, and 2006. This report...

Pickering, Alexandra J.; Prentice, Carol S.; DeLong, Stephen B.
Pickering, A.J., Prentice, C.S., and DeLong, S.B., 2019, Landscape change associated with the upper Scenic Drive landslide, La Honda, California, January 10–June 28, 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1024, 17 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:400, https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191024.