Earthquake Hazards

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,612
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Year Published: 2019

Earthquake stress drop and Arias Intensity

We determine earthquake stress drops directly from the Arias intensity database of NGA-West2. Arias intensity (Arias, 1970) is an engineering measure proportional to the integral of the absolute value of acceleration squared, over the significant duration of the signal. As such, it is closely related to root-mean-square acceleration, and can...

Baltay, Annemarie S.; Hanks, Thomas C.; Abrahamson, Norman A.

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Year Published: 2019

The Mw 6.0 South Napa earthquake of August 24, 2014—Observations of surface faulting and ground deformation, with recommendations for improving post-earthquake field investigations

The Mw 6.0 South Napa earthquake of August 24, 2014, produced complex and extensive surface faulting and other ground deformation features. Following the event, geologists made more than 1,200 field observations at locations where tectonic faulting and ground failure produced visible deformation that fractured and disturbed the ground surface. At...

Ponti, Daniel J.; Rosa, Carla M.; Blair, James Luke
Ponti, D.J, Rosa, C.M, and Blair, J.L., 2019, The Mw 6.0 South Napa earthquake of August 24, 2014—Observations of surface faulting and ground deformation, with recommendations for improving post-earthquake field investigations: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1018, 50 p., 15 appendixes, https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191018.

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Year Published: 2019

Seismic hazard assessment at the Fallon, Nevada, Frontier Observatory for Research in Geothermal Energy site

Enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) technology aims to engineer a productive geothermal reservoir in regions of hot, but low permeability, rocks. In any EGS operation, the rock mass requires stimulation by high pressure injection of fluids, which has the potential to induce seismicity. To address the seismic hazard specifically, a probabilistic...

Kaven, J. Ole; Majer, Ernest L.; Foxall, William; Sonnenthal, Eric L.; Pettitt, William
Kaven, J.O., Majer, E.L., Foxall, W., Sonnenthal, E.L., Pettitt, W., 2019, Seismic hazard assessment at the Fallon, Nevada, Frontier Observatory for Research in Geothermal Energy site: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1020, 16 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191020.

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Year Published: 2019

Two-dimensional seismic velocities and structural variations at three British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority (BC Hydro) dam sites, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada

SummaryIn June, 2017, we acquired seismic data along five linear profiles at three British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority (BC Hydro, a Canadian provincial Crown Corporation) dam sites (John Hart, Ladore, and Strathcona Dams) on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. We also attempted to acquire linear seismic profiles at two additional BC...

Catchings, Rufus D.; Addo, Kofi O.; Goldman, Mark R.; Chan, Joanne H.; Sickler, Robert R.; Criley, Coyn J.
Catchings, R.D., Addo, K.O., Goldman, M.R., Chan, J.H., Sickler, R.R., and Criley, C.J., 2019, Two-dimensional seismic velocities and structural variations at three British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority (BC Hydro) dam sites, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1015, 125 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191015.

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Year Published: 2019

Hydromechanical earthquake nucleation model forecasts onset, peak, and falling rates of induced seismicity in Oklahoma and Kansas

The earthquake activity in Oklahoma and Kansas that began in 2008 reflects the most widespread instance of induced seismicity observed to date. We develop a reservoir model to calculate the hydrologic conditions associated with the activity of 902 saltwater disposal wells injecting into the Arbuckle aquifer. Estimates of basement fault stressing...

Norbeck, Jack; Rubinstein, Justin L.

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Year Published: 2019

When the earth doesn’t stop shaking: How experiences over time influenced information needs, communication, and interpretation of aftershock information during the Canterbury Earthquake Sequence, New Zealand

The Canterbury Earthquake Sequence (CES) began with the Darfield earthquake on 4 September 2010. Continual large and small aftershocks since that time have meant communities have cycled through repeated periods of impact, response and recovery. Scientific communication about aftershocks during such a prolonged sequence has faced distinct...

Becker, Julia S.; Potter, Sally J.; McBride, Sara; Wein, Anne M.; Paton, Douglas

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Year Published: 2019

A constant slip rate for the western Qilian Shan frontal thrust during the last 200 ka consistent with GPS-derived and geological shortening rates

Active thrust faulting at the front of the Qilian Shan accommodates the northeastward growth of the Tibetan Plateau, however, the lifespan of individual faults and their slip history on different timescales remain largely unknown. Here, we show that the main range-bounding thrust fault of the western Qilian Shan has accrued tectonic slip at an...

Hetzel, Ralf; Hampel, Andrea; Gebbeken, Pia; Xu, Qiang; Gold, Ryan D.

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Year Published: 2019

Rupture model of the M5.8 Pawnee, Oklahoma earthquake from regional and teleseismic waveforms

The 2016 M5.8 Pawnee, Oklahoma earthquake is the largest earthquake to have been induced by wastewater disposal. We infer the coseismic slip history from analysis of apparent source time functions and inversion of regional and teleseismic P‐waveforms, using aftershocks as empirical Green's functions. The earthquake nucleated on the shallow part of...

Moschetti, Morgan P.; Hartzell, Stephen H.; Herrmann, R. B.

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Year Published: 2019

Organic geochemical investigation of far‐field tsunami deposits of the Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawai'i

Far‐field tsunami deposits observed in the Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawai'i (USA), were investigated for their organic‐geochemical content. During short high‐energy events, (tsunamis and storms) organic and chemical components are transported with sediment from marine to terrestrial areas. This study investigates the use of anthropogenic based...

Bellanova, Piero; Frenken, Mike; Richmond, Bruce M.; Schwarzbauer, Jan; La Selle, Seanpaul; Griswold, Frances; Jaffe, Bruce E.; Nelson, Alan R.; Reicherter, Klaus

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Year Published: 2019

Rayleigh wave ellipticity measurement uncertainty across the IRIS/USGS and New China Digital Seismograph Networks

Long-period Rayleigh wave horizontal to vertical amplitude (H/V) ratios at a station provide information about local earth structure that is complementary to phase velocity. However, a number of studies have observed that significant scatter appears in these measurements making it difficult to use H/V ratio measurements to resolve earth structure...

Ringler, Adam T.; Wilson, David C.; Zürn, Walter; Anthony, Robert E.

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Year Published: 2019

Four major Holocene earthquakes on the Reelfoot fault recorded by sackungen in the New Madrid seismic zone, USA

Three sequences of well-documented, major ~M7+ earthquakes (1811-1812 CE, ~1450 CE, and ~900 CE) in the New Madrid seismic zone, USA, contribute significantly to seismic hazard in the region. However, it is unknown whether this <550 yr recurrence interval has been constant throughout the Holocene given limited geomorphic evidence of prior...

Gold, Ryan D.; Duross, Christopher; Delano, Jaime E.; Jibson, Randall W.; Briggs, Richard W.; Mahan, Shannon A.; Williams, Robert; Corbett, D. Reide

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Year Published: 2019

Evaluation of temporally correlated noise in global navigation satellite system time series: Geodetic monument performance

Estimates of background noise of Global Positioning System‐derived time series of positions for 740 sites in the western United States are examined. These data consist of daily epochs of three components of displacements that are at least 9.75 years long within the interval between 2000 and 2018. We find that these time series have...

Langbein, John; Svarc, Jerry L.