Earthquake Hazards Program

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Filter Total Items: 2,119
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Year Published: 2021

A near-real-time model for estimating probability of road obstruction due to earthquake-triggered landslides

Coseismic landslides are a major source of transportation disruption in mountainous areas, but few approaches exist for rapidly estimating impacts to road networks. We develop a model that links the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) near-real-time earthquake-triggered landslide hazard model with Open Street Map (OSM) road network data to rapidly...

Wilson, B.H.; Allstadt, Kate; Thompson, Eric M.

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Year Published: 2021

NGA-East ground-motion characterization model Part II: Implementation and hazard implications

As a companion article to Goulet et al., we describe implementation of the NGA-East ground motion characterization (GMC) model in probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA) for sites in the Central and Eastern United States (CEUS). We present extensions to the EPRI/DOE/NRC seismic source characterization (SSC) model for the CEUS needed for full...

Youngs, Robert; Goulet, Christine A.; Bozorgnia, Yousef; Kuehn, Nicolas; Al Atik, Linda; Graves, Robert; Atkinson, Gail M.

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Year Published: 2021

Short‐period surface‐wave tomography in the continental United States—A resource for research

 grid for the four independent tomographic inversions (Love and Rayleigh and phase and group velocity). One reason for trying to obtain short‐period dispersion was to have a data set capable of constraining upper crust velocity models for use in determining regional moment tensors. The benefit of focusing on short‐period dispersion is...

Herrmann, R. B.; Ammon, C. J.; Benz, Harley M.; Aziz-Zanjani, A.; Boschelli, J.

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Year Published: 2021

Seismic wave propagation and basin amplification in the Wasatch Front, Utah

Ground‐motion analysis of more than 3000 records from 59 earthquakes, including records from the March 2020 Mw">MwMw 5.7 Magna earthquake sequence, was carried out to investigate site response and basin amplification in the Wasatch Front, Utah. We compare ground motions with the Bayless and Abrahamson (2019; hereafter, BA18)...

Moschetti, Morgan P.; Churchwell, David Henry; Thompson, Eric M.; Rekoske, John; Wolin, Emily; Boyd, Oliver S.

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Year Published: 2021

The proliferation of induced seismicity in the Permian Basin, Texas

The Permian Basin has a long history of induced earthquakes, but the seismicity rates have increased dramatically over the past two decades and included a MW 5.0 likely induced by wastewater disposal (WD) in March 2020. A detailed characterization of the proliferation of seismicity in the Permian Basin throughout this time period is...

Skoumal, Robert; Trugman, Daniel T.

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Year Published: 2021

Surface Rupture Map of the 2020 M 6.5 Monte Cristo Range earthquake, Esmeralda and Mineral counties, Nevada

The 15 May 2020, M6.5 Monte Cristo Range earthquake was the largest earthquake in Nevada in over 66 years and occurred in a sparsely populated area of western Nevada about 74 km southeast of the town of Hawthorne. The earthquake produced surface rupture distributed across a 28-km-long zone along the eastward projection of the Candelaria fault in...

Dee, Seth; Koehler, Richard D; Elliott, Austin John; Hatem, Alexandra Elise; Pickering, Alexandra; Pierce, Ian; Seitz, Gordon G.; Collett, Camille Marie; Dawson, Timothy E.; De Masi, Conni; dePolo, Craig M; Hartsorn, Evan; Madugo, Christopher; Trexler, Charles Cashman; Verdugo, Danielle M; Wesnousky, Steven G.; Zachariasen, Judith

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Year Published: 2021

Correlation of porosity variations and rheological transitions on the southern Cascadia megathrust

The unknown onshore extent of megathrust earthquake rupture in the Cascadia subduction zone represents a key uncertainty in earthquake hazard for the Pacific Northwest that is governed by the physical state and mechanical properties of the plate interface. The Cascadia plate interface is segmented into an interseismically locked zone located...

Guo, Hao; McGuire, Jeffrey; Zhang, Haijiang

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Year Published: 2021

Horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratios from California sites: Open-source database and data interpretation to establish site parameters

Frequency-dependent horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratios (HVSR) of Fourier amplitudes from three-component recordings can provide information on one or more site resonant frequencies and relative levels of amplification at those frequencies. Such information is potentially useful for predicting site amplification but is not present in site...

Wang, Pengfei; Zimmaro, Paolo; Gospe, Tatiana; Ahdi, Sean Kamran; Yong, Alan; Stewart, Jonathan P.

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Year Published: 2021

Ground motions in urban Los Angeles from the 2019 Ridgecrest earthquake sequence

We study ground-motion response in urban Los Angeles during the two largest events (M7.1 and M6.4) of the 2019 Ridgecrest earthquake sequence using recordings from multiple regional seismic networks as well as a subset of 350 stations from the much denser Community Seismic Network. In the first part of our study, we examine the observed response...

Filippitzis, Filippos; Kohler, Monica; Heaton, Tom; Graves, Robert; Clayton, Robert W.; Guy, Richard G.; Bunn, J. J.; Chandy, K. M.

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Year Published: 2021

Regional calibration of hybrid ground‐motion simulations in moderate seismicity areas: Application to the Upper Rhine Graben

This study presents the coupling of the spectral decomposition results for anelastic attenuation, stress drop, and site effects with the Graves‐Pitarka (GP) hybrid ground‐motion simulation methodology, as implemented on the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) broadband platform (BBP). It is targeted to applications in the Upper Rhine...

Razafindrakoto, Hoby N. T.; Cotton, Fabrice; Bindi, Dino; Pilz, Marco; Graves, Robert; Bora, Sanjay

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Year Published: 2021

A review of timing accuracy across the Global Seismographic Network

The accuracy of timing across a seismic network is important for locating earthquakes as well as studies that use phase‐arrival information (e.g., tomography). The Global Seismographic Network (GSN) was designed with the goal of having reported timing be better than 10 ms. In this work, we provide a brief overview of how timing is kept across...

Ringler, Adam T.; Anthony, Robert E.; Wilson, David C.; Auerbach, D.; Bargabus, S.; Davis, P.W.; Gunnels, M.; Hafner, K.; Holland, James; Kearns, A.; Klimczak, E.

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Year Published: 2021

Rayleigh wave amplitude uncertainty across the Global Seismographic Network and potential implications for global tomography

The Global Seismographic Network (GSN) is a multiuse, globally distributed seismic network used by seismologists, to both characterize earthquakes and study the Earth’s interior. Most stations in the network have two collocated broadband seismometers, which enable network operators to identify potential metadata and sensor issues. In this study,...

Ringler, Adam T.; Anthony, Robert E.; Dalton, C. A.; Wilson, David C.