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Filter Total Items: 495
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Year Published: 2009

Prevention, early detection and containment of invasive, nonnative plants in the Hawaiian Islands: current efforts and needs

Introduction: Invasive, non-native plants (or environmental weeds) have long been recognized as a major threat to the native biodiversity of oceanic islands (Cronk & Fuller, 1995; Denslow, 2003). Globally, several hundred non-native plant species have been reported to have major impacts on natural areas on oceanic islands (Kueffer et al., 2009...

Christoph Kueffer; Loope, Lloyd

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Year Published: 2009

Forest and forestry insect pests in Hawaii: past, present, and future

Cram, Michelle M.; Contant, Patrick; Hauff, Robert; Loope, Lloyd; King, Cynthia

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Year Published: 2009

An integrated approach to benthic habitat mapping using remote sensing and GIS: An example from the Hawaiian Islands

This chapter documents our effort to map benthic habitats within the KalokoHonokohau National Historic Park, Hawai`i, USA. We produce detailed benthichabitat maps by using a combination of color aerial photography, high-resolution bathymetry, and georeferenced underwater video and still photography. We classify individual habitat polygons using...

Yang, X.; Gibbs, A.E.; Cochran, Susan A.

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Year Published: 2009

Passerine bird trends at Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge, Hawai‘i

Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge, on the Island of Hawai‘i, was established in 1985 to protect native forest birds, particularly endangered species. Management actions on the 15,400 ha refuge include removing feral ungulates from the forest and pastures, controlling invasive alien plants, reforesting pastures, and supplementing...

Camp, Richard J.; Pratt, Thane K.; Gorresen, P. Marcos; Jeffrey, John J.; Woodworth, Bethany L.

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Year Published: 2009

Population trends of native Hawaiian forest birds, 1976–2008: the data and statistical analyses

The Hawaii Forest Bird Interagency Database Project has produced a centralized database of forest bird survey data collected in Hawai`i since the mid-1970s. The database contains over 1.1 million bird observation records of 90 species from almost 600 surveys on the main Hawaiian  Islands—a dataset including nearly all surveys from that...

Camp, Richard J.; Gorresen, P. Marcos; Pratt, Thane K.; Woodworth, Bethany L.

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Year Published: 2008

Top 10 principles for designing healthy coastal ecosystems like the Salish Sea

Like other coastal zones around the world, the inland sea ecosystem of Washington (USA) and British Columbia (Canada), an area known as the Salish Sea, is changing under pressure from a growing human population, conversion of native forest and shoreline habitat to urban development, toxic contamination of sediments and species, and overharvest of...

Gaydos, Joseph K.; Dierauf, Leslie; Kirby, Grant; Brosnan, Deborah; Gilardi, Kirsten; Davis, Gary E.
Top 10 principles for designing healthy coastal ecosystems like the Salish Sea; 2008; Article; Journal; EcoHealth; Gaydos, Joseph K.; Dierauf, Leslie; Kirby, Grant; Brosnan, Deborah; Gilardi, Kirsten; Davis, Gary E.

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Year Published: 2008

Top 10 principles for designing healthy coastal ecosystems

Like other coastal zones around the world, the inland sea ecosystem of Washington (USA) and British Columbia (Canada), an area known as the Salish Sea, is changing under pressure from a growing human population, conversion of native forest and shoreline habitat to urban development, toxic contamination of sediments and species, and overharvest of...

Gaydos, Joseph K.; Dierauf, Leslie; Kirby, Grant; Brosnan, Deborah; Gilardi, Kirsten; Davis, Gary E.
Top 10 principles for designing healthy coastal ecosystems; 2008; Article; Journal; EcoHealth; Gaydos, Joseph K., Dierauf, Leslie; Kirby, Grant; Brosnan, Deborah; Gilardi, Kirsten; Davis, Gary E.

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Year Published: 2008

Suspended-sediment and nutrient loads for Waiakea and Alenaio Streams, Hilo, Hawaii, 2003-2006

Suspended sediment and nutrient samples were collected during wet-weather conditions at three sites on two ephemeral streams in the vicinity of Hilo, Hawaii during March 2004 to March 2006. Two sites were sampled on Waiakea Stream at 80- and 860-foot altitudes during March 2004 to August 2005. One site was sampled on Alenaio Stream at 10-foot...

Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T.J.; Nishimoto, Dale C.
Suspended-sediment and nutrient loads for Waiakea and Alenaio Streams, Hilo, Hawaii, 2003-2006; 2008; OFR; 2007-1429; Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T. J.; Nishimoto, Dale C.

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Year Published: 2008

Ground Water on Tropical Pacific Islands - Understanding a Vital Resource

To a casual observer, tropical Pacific islands seem idyllic. Closer scrutiny reveals that their generally small size makes them particularly vulnerable to economic and environmental stresses imposed by rapidly growing populations, increasing economic development, and global climate change. On these islands, freshwater is one of the most precious...

Tribble, Gordon
Ground Water on Tropical Pacific Islands - Understanding a Vital Resource; 2008; CIR; 1312; Tribble, Gordon

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Year Published: 2008

Ground-Water Availability in the Wailuku Area, Maui, Hawai'i

Most of the public water supply in Maui, Hawai'i, is from a freshwater lens in the Wailuku area of the island. Because of population growth, ground-water withdrawals from wells in this area increased from less than 10 Mgal/d during 1970 to about 23 Mgal/d during 2006. In response to increased withdrawals from the freshwater lens in the Wailuku...

Gingerich, Stephen B.
Ground-Water Availability in the Wailuku Area, Maui, Hawai'i; 2008; SIR; 2008-5236; Gingerich, Stephen B.

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Year Published: 2008

Wild sheep and deer in Hawai'i: a threat to fragile ecosystems

The unique native flora of the Hawaiian Islands, which evolved in the absence of ungulates (grazing animals), is highly vulnerable to damage by trampling and browsing. Wild ungulates introduced into Hawai'i in the past 150 years, including mouflon, axis deer, and mule deer, have severely harmed the native flora. Control measures used against feral...

Hess, Steven C.
Wild sheep and deer in Hawai'i: a threat to fragile ecosystems; 2008; FS; 2008-3102; Hess, Steven C.

Our scientists in the Northwest Region conduct impartial, multi- and interdisciplinary research and monitoring on a large range of natural-resource issues that impact the quality of life of citizens of the Northwest states of Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.

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A pair of howling wolves as seen by thermal imagery at the Grizzly and Wolf Discovery Center.

Howling wolves/

A pair of howling wolves as seen by thermal imagery at the Grizzly and Wolf Discovery Center.

Our scientists in the Northwest Region conduct impartial, multi- and interdisciplinary research and monitoring on a large range of natural-resource issues that impact the quality of life of citizens of the Northwest states of Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.