Specialty: A major focus of his research has been mapping the distribution of plant communities throughout the Islands initially utilizing photo interpretation and, more recently, digital image analysis.
Research Interests: Hawaiian species and ecosystem conservation; alien species impacts; vegetation ecology; plant community mapping; GIS applications for conservation; plant species and community modeling; vegetation monitoring; assessment of forest bird populations; bringing science to conservation planning.
Personal Interests: The conservation of Hawaiian biodiversity
Education and Certifications
Ph.D. 1990 Botanical Sciences, University of Hawai‘i at Manoa, Honolulu, HI
B.A. 1970 Biology, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA