Jonathan Sleeman is the Center Director for the U.S. Geological Survey National Wildlife Health Center.
Dr. Sleeman leads a team to advance wildlife health science for the benefit of animals, humans, and the environment through multidisciplinary research and technical assistance to federal, state, and tribal agencies as well as internationally as a World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Collaborating Centre. He is also an Adjunct Professor at the University of Wisconsin, School of Veterinary Medicine. He has authored over 60 peer-reviewed publications and several book chapters all on the topics of wildlife and ecosystem health. He is active in various scientific organizations, including the Wildlife Disease Association and Ecohealth International, and serves on the OIE’s Working Group on Wildlife. He is board certified by the American College of Zoological Medicine and received his veterinary degree and master’s degree in zoology from the University of Cambridge, England. Previous positions include Director of the Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Center in Rwanda and Wildlife Veterinarian for the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.
Aug. 2015 - Present Adjunct Professor, Seoul National University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Sept. 2009 - Present Adjunct Professor, Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin
May 2009 - Present Center Director, USGS, National Wildlife Health Center
March 2005 - May 2009 Wildlife Veterinarian, Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries
Sept. 2003 - Present Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee
Aug. 2001 - Oct. 2009 Adjunct Professor, Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic and State University
Feb. 2001 - March 2005 Director of Veterinary Services, Wildlife Center of Virginia
Nov. 1997 - June 2000 Postdoctoral Fellow/Clinical Instructor, Zoological and Wildlife Medicine, Colorado State University
June 1997 - Feb. 1998 Interim Project Director, Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Project, Morris Animal Foundation
May 1997 - Oct. 1997 Clinical Instructor/Senior Veterinarian for Knoxville Zoo, Zoological Medicine, The University of Tennessee, College of Veterinary Medicine
July 1995 - April 1997 Field Director, Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Center, Kigali, Rwanda
Education and Certifications
2004 Master of Arts, Zoology, Churchill College, University of Cambridge
1997-2000 Educational Commission for Foreign Veterinary Graduates Certification (DVM equivalency), American Veterinary Medical Association
1989-1992 Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine (Distinction in Pathology, Microbiology and Avian Medicine), University of Cambridge, Department of Veterinary Medicine
1986-1989 Bachelor of Arts, Zoology (Awarded first class honours), Churchill College, University of Cambridge
Special Zoological Medicine Training
1993-1995 Resident, Avian and Zoological Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Tennessee
1992-1993 Intern, Exotic/Zoological Medicine, Coll
Science and Products
Science and Products
Pre-USGS PublicationsSleeman, J. M., Cristol, D. A., White, A. E., Evers, D. C., Gerhold, R. W. & Keel, M. K. Mercury poisoning in a North American river otter (Lontra canadensis). Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2010, 46(3): 1035-1039.Sleeman, J. M., Magura, K., Rohm, J. H., Howell, J. & Murphy, L. A. Hepatic mineral values of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) from Virginia. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2010, 46(2): 525-531.Sleeman, J. M., Howell, J. E., Knox, W. M., & Stenger, P. J. Incidence of hemorrhagic disease in white-tailed deer is associated with winter and summer climatic conditions. EcoHealth. 2009, 6(1): 11-15.Sleeman, J. M., Manning, E. J. B., Rohm, J. H., Sims J. P, Sanchez, S., Gerhold, R. W. & Keel, M. K. Johne’s disease in a free-ranging white-tailed deer from Virginia and subsequent surveillance for Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2009, 45(1): 201-206.Sleeman, J. M., Brown, J. D, Steffen, D., Jones, D., Robertson, J. & Holladay, S. Relationships among aural abscesses, organochlorine compounds and vitamin A in free-ranging eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina). Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2008, 44(4): 922-929.Kroenlein, K. R, Sleeman, J. M., Holladay, S., Brown, J. D., Joyner, P. H., Griffin, M., Saunders, G. & Smith, S. A. Inability to induce tympanic squamous metaplasia using organochlorine compounds in vitamin A deficient red-eared sliders (Trachemys scripta elegans). Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2008, 44(3): 664-669.Joyner, P. H., Jones, M. P., Ward, D., Gompf, R. E., Zagaya, N. & Sleeman, J. M. Induction and recovery characteristics and cardiopulmonary effects of sevoflurane and isoflurane in bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus). American Journal of Veterinary Research. 2008, 69(1): 13-22.Harris, M. C. & Sleeman, J. M. Morbidity and mortality of bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) and peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) admitted to the Wildlife Center of Virginia, 1993-2003. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 2007, 38(1): 62-66.Joyner, P. H., Brown, J. D., Holladay, S. & Sleeman, J. M. Characterization of the bacterial microflora of the tympanic cavity of eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina) with and without aural abscesses. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2006, 42(4): 859-864.Joyner, P. H., Shreve, A. A., Spahr, J., Fountain, A. L. & Sleeman, J. M. Phaeohyphomycosis in a free-living eastern box turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina). Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2006, 42(4): 883-888.Joyner, P. H., Kelly, S., Shreve, A. A., Snead, S. E., Sleeman, J. M. & Pettit, D. A. West Nile virus in raptors from Virginia during 2003: Clinical, diagnostic and epidemiologic findings. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2006, 42(2): 335-344.Feldman, S. H., Wimsatt, J., Marchang, R. E., Johnson, A. J., Brown, W., Mitchell, J. & Sleeman, J. M. Novel mycoplasma associated with upper respiratory disease syndrome in free-ranging eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina) in Virginia. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2006, 42(2): 279-289.Steen, D. A., Aresco, M. J., Beilke, S. G., Compton, B. W., Condon, E. P., Dodd, Jr., C. K., Forrester, H., Gibbons, J. W., Greene, J. L., Johnson, G., Langen, T. A., Oldham, M. J., Oxier, D. N., Saumure, R. A., Schueler, F. W., Sleeman, J. M., Smith, L.L., Tucker J. K. & Gibbs. J. P. Relative vulnerability of female turtles to road mortality. Animal Conservation. 2006, 9: 269-273.Adams, C. J., Feldman, S. H. & Sleeman, J. M. Phylogenetic analysis of avian poxviruses among free-ranging birds of Virginia. Avian Diseases. 2005, 49: 601-605.Sleeman, J. M. Disease risk assessment of African great apes using Geographic Information Systems. EcoHealth. 2005, 2 (3): 222-227.
Richards, J. M., Brown, J. D., Kelly, T. R., Fountain, A. T. & Sleeman, J. M. Absence of detectable Salmonella shedding in free-living reptiles upon admission to the Wildlife Center of Virginia. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 2004, 35(4): 562-563.Brown, J. D., Richards, J. M., Robertson, J., Holladay, S. & Sleeman, J. M. Pathology of aural abscesses in free-living eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina). Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2004, 40(4): 704-712.Kelly, T. R., Sleeman, J. M. & Wrangham, R. Urinalysis in free-living chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) from Kibale National Park, Uganda. The Veterinary Record. 2004, 154(4): 729-730.Brown, J. D., Sleeman, J. M. & Elvinger, F. Epidemiologic determinants of aural abscessation in free-living eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina) from Virginia. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2003, 39(4): 918-921.Sleeman, J. M., Clyde, V. L., Finnegan, M. V., Ramsay, E. C. & Shires, M. Mammary botryomycosis and mastectomy in an African elephant (Loxodonta africana). The Veterinary Record. 2003, 152(2): 54-55.Guerrera, W., Sleeman, J. M., Ssebide, B. J., Pace, L., Ichinose, T. Y. & Reif, J. S. Medical survey of the local human population to determine possible health risks to the mountain gorillas of Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park, Uganda. International Journal of Primatology. 2003, 24(1): 197-207.Adams, H. R., Sleeman, J. M., Rwego, I. B. & New. J. C. Self-reported medical survey of humans as a measure of health risk to the chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthhii) of Kibale National Park, Uganda. Oryx-The International Journal of Conservation. 2001, 35(4): 308-312.Moresco, A., Larsen, R. S., Sleeman, J. M., Wild, M. A. & Gaynor, J. S. Use of naloxone to reverse carfentanil citrate-induced hypoxemia and cardiopulmonary depression in Rocky Mountain wapiti (Cervus elaphus nelsoni). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 2001, 32(1): 81-89.Sleeman, J. M., Keane, J. M., Johnson, J. S., Brown, R. J. & VandeWoude, S. Feline leukemia virus in a captive bobcat. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2001, 37(1): 194-200.Sleeman, J. M., Meader, L. L., Mudakikwa, A. B., Foster, J. W. & Patton, S. Gastrointestinal parasites of mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) from the Parc National des Volcans, Rwanda. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 2000, 31(3): 322-328.Kearns, K. S., Sleeman, J. M., Frank, L. A., Munson, L. Zinc-responsive dermatosis in red wolves (Canis rufus). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 2000, 31(2): 255-258.Sleeman, J. M. & Gaynor, J. Sedative and cardiopulmonary effects of medetomidine and reversal with atipamezole in desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 2000, 31(1): 28-35.Sleeman, J. M., Cameron, K., Mudakikwa, A. B., Nizeyi, J-B., Anderson, S., Cooper, J. E., Hastings, B., Foster, J. W., Macfie, E. J. & Richardson, H. M. Field anesthesia of free-living mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) from the Virunga Volcano region, central Africa. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 2000, 31(1): 9-14.Sleeman, J. M. & Widdowson, M-A. Haematological reference values for East African wild ungulates. Research in Veterinary Science. 1993, 54: 261-263.