Joseph Hughes is a hydrologist in the Earth Systems Modeling Branch and is currently working on MODFLOW enhancements
Dr. Joseph Hughes is a hydrologist with the U.S. Geological Survey Integrated Modeling and Prediction Division in Reston, Virginia. He completed his B.S. and Ph.D. at the University of South Florida and his M.S. at the University of Michigan. Prior to working at the U.S. Geological Survey, Dr. Hughes worked for a number of consulting firms including DHI Water and Environment and Arcadis Geraghty and Miller. Dr. Hughes has extensive experience simulating surface water and ground water interactions, variably saturated groundwater flow, groundwater flow in variable-density environments, and surface water and ground water quality at local and regional spatial scales. Dr. Hughes specializes in the development of of numerical simulation codes to solve surface-water flow, groundwater flow, and advective-dispersive transport equations. He is a co-author of several numerical hydrologic codes including MODFLOW 6, a control-volume, finite-difference version of MODFLOW (MODFLOW-USG), the Sea Water Intrusion (SWI2) Package for MODFLOW, the Surface Water Routing (SWR1) Process for MODFLOW, and a multi-species version of the density-dependent groundwater flow and transport code SUTRA (SUTRA-MS). Dr. Hughes also specializes in the development of linear sub-space methods to solve simultaneous systems of equations.
Science and Products
Documentation for the MODFLOW 6 Groundwater Flow Model
This report documents the Groundwater Flow (GWF) Model for a new version of MODFLOW called MODFLOW 6. The GWF Model for MODFLOW 6 is based on a generalized control-volume ﬁnite-difference approach in which a cell can be hydraulically connected to any number of surrounding cells. Users can deﬁne the model grid using one of three discretization...Langevin, Christian D.; Hughes, Joseph D.; Banta, Edward R.; Niswonger, Richard G.; Panday, Sorab; Provost, Alden M.
Documentation for the MODFLOW 6 framework
MODFLOW is a popular open-source groundwater flow model distributed by the U.S. Geological Survey. Growing interest in surface and groundwater interactions, local refinement with nested and unstructured grids, karst groundwater flow, solute transport, and saltwater intrusion, has led to the development of numerous MODFLOW versions. Often times,...Hughes, Joseph D.; Langevin, Christian D.; Banta, Edward R.
Documentation for the “XT3D” option in the Node Property Flow (NPF) Package of MODFLOW 6
This report describes the “XT3D” option in the Node Property Flow (NPF) Package of MODFLOW 6. The XT3D option extends the capabilities of MODFLOW by enabling simulation of fully three-dimensional anisotropy on regular or irregular grids in a way that properly takes into account the full, three-dimensional conductivity tensor. It can also improve...Provost, Alden M.; Langevin, Christian D.; Hughes, Joseph D.
Scripting MODFLOW model development using Python and FloPy
Graphical user interfaces (GUIs) are commonly used to construct and postprocess numerical groundwater flow and transport models. Scripting model development with the programming language Python is presented here as an alternative approach. One advantage of Python is that there are many packages available to facilitate the model development process...Bakker, Mark; Post, Vincent E. A.; Langevin, Christian D.; Hughes, Joseph D.; White, Jeremy; Starn, Jeffrey; Fienen, Michael N.
Examples of deformation-dependent flow simulations of conjunctive use with MF-OWHM
The dependency of surface- and groundwater flows and aquifer hydraulic properties on deformation induced by changes in aquifer head is not accounted for in the standard version of MODFLOW. A new USGS integrated hydrologic model, MODFLOW-OWHM, incorporates this dependency by linking subsidence and mesh deformation with changes in aquifer...Hanson, Randall T.; Traum, Jonathan A.; Boyce, Scott E.; Schmid, Wolfgang; Hughes, Joseph D.
Coupling geophysical investigation with hydrothermal modeling to constrain the enthalpy classification of a potential geothermal resource.
An appreciable challenge in volcanology and geothermal resource development is to understand the relationships between volcanic systems and low-enthalpy geothermal resources. The enthalpy of an undeveloped geothermal resource in the Karckar region of Armenia is investigated by coupling geophysical and hydrothermal modeling. The results of 3-...White, Jeremy T.; Karakhanian, Arkadi; Connor, Chuck; Connor, Laura; Hughes, Joseph D.; Malservisi, Rocco; Wetmore, Paul
MODFLOW-based coupled surface water routing and groundwater-flow simulation
In this paper, we present a flexible approach for simulating one- and two-dimensional routing of surface water using a numerical surface water routing (SWR) code implicitly coupled to the groundwater-flow process in MODFLOW. Surface water routing in SWR can be simulated using a diffusive-wave approximation of the Saint-Venant equations and/or a...Hughes, Joseph D.; Langevin, Christian D.; White, Jeremy T.
Feedback of land subsidence on the movement and conjunctive use of water resources
The dependency of surface- or groundwater flows and aquifer hydraulic properties on dewatering-induced layer deformation is not available in the USGS's groundwater model MODFLOW. A new integrated hydrologic model, MODFLOW-OWHM, formulates this dependency by coupling mesh deformation with aquifer transmissivity and storage and by linking land...Schmid, Wolfgang; Hanson, Randall T.; Leake, Stanley A.; Hughes, Joseph D.; Niswonger, Richard G.
Hydrologic conditions in urban Miami-Dade County, Florida, and the effect of groundwater pumpage and increased sea level on canal leakage and regional groundwater flow
The extensive and highly managed surface-water system in southeastern Florida constructed during the 20th Century has allowed for the westward expansion of urban and agricultural activities in Miami-Dade County. In urban areas of the county, the surface-water system is used to (1) control urban flooding, (2) supply recharge to production well...Hughes, Joseph D.; White, Jeremy T.
One-Water Hydrologic Flow Model (MODFLOW-OWHM)
The One-Water Hydrologic Flow Model (MF-OWHM) is a MODFLOW-based integrated hydrologic flow model (IHM) that is the most complete version, to date, of the MODFLOW family of hydrologic simulators needed for the analysis of a broad range of conjunctive-use issues. Conjunctive use is the combined use of groundwater and surface water. MF-OWHM allows...Hanson, Randall T.; Boyce, Scott E.; Schmid, Wolfgang; Hughes, Joseph D.; Mehl, Steffen W.; Leake, Stanley A.; Maddock, Thomas; Niswonger, Richard G.
Utilizing dimensional analysis with observed data to determine the significance of hydrodynamic solutions in coastal hydrology
In this paper, the authors present an analysis of the magnitude of the temporal and spatial acceleration (inertial) terms in the surface-water flow equations and determine the conditions under which these inertial terms have sufficient magnitude to be required in the computations. Data from two South Florida field sites are examined and the...Swain, Eric D.; Decker, Jeremy D.; Hughes, Joseph D.
Quantifying the predictive consequences of model error with linear subspace analysis
All computer models are simplified and imperfect simulators of complex natural systems. The discrepancy arising from simplification induces bias in model predictions, which may be amplified by the process of model calibration. This paper presents a new method to identify and quantify the predictive consequences of calibrating a simplified computer...White, Jeremy T.; Doherty, John E.; Hughes, Joseph D.