Unified Interior Regions

Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian

Our Science Centers

Our Science Centers

The NAA Region has 15 Science Centers spanning 14 NE States and Washington, DC. The Centers conduct interdisciplinary biologic, geologic, hydrologic, and energy monitoring and research addressing natural resource issues facing our nation.

Learn More

February Photo Contest

February Photo Contest

Check out the winning photographs in the February 2020 Photo Contest! Categories include People, USGS at Work, Where We Work, and Honorable Mention

See Photos

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 1,140
Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Terrestrial wildlife and legacy oil mining on National Wildlife Refuges

Amphibian surveys are being conducted on select National Wildlife Refuges with active and/or legacy oil mining to determine species relative distribution and their risk to short- and long-term effects from exposure to crude oil and its byproducts.

Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Produced water from Marcellus Shale and amphibians

Research biologists at the USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center (PWRC) are conducting a series of scientific studies on the potential effects of wastewater from hydraulic fracturing activities on terrestrial wildlife. Findings will help in assessing proposals for managing recycling and distribution of large volumes of flowback and produced waters generated by methods of oil and gas...

Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Grand River near Painesville, OH

Water-quality “super” gages (also known as “sentry” gages) provide real-time, continuous measurements of the physical and chemical characteristics of stream water at or near selected U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamgages in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. A super gage includes streamflow and water-quality instrumentation and representative stream sample collection for laboratory analysis....

Date published: April 2, 2020
Status: Active

Virginia Coast Reserve Long Term Ecological Research VII

The highly protected Virginia Coast Reserve (VCR) is the largest undeveloped region along the Atlantic seaboard.The VCR is managed by the Nature Conservancy, and was designated a Man and the Biosphere Reserve in 1979, providing a unique environment for which to study coastal impacts of climate change on a variety of coastal ecosystems from barrier islands across back barrier lagoons, mudflats...

Date published: April 2, 2020
Status: Active

Assessing Faunal Recovery in a Headwater Stream

A catastrophic fish-kill in a small tributary stream of the Etowah River system (Dawson County, Georgia) has created the opportunity to assess faunal recovery, including recolonization by a federally-listed fish species (the Cherokee darter Etheostoma scotti).  Fishes are expected to recolonize Flat Creek by moving upstream from downstream sources.  In particular, Flat Creek flows...

Date published: April 2, 2020
Status: Active

Evaluating the Design of the Waterfowl Breeding Population and Habitat Survey

The Waterfowl Breeding Population and Habitat Survey (WBPHS) is a primary source of waterfowl population status and trend information for management of ducks in North America.  The survey has not been reviewed in several decades, and since the last review new analysis approaches and information needs have created a need to reassess the design, scope of inference, and analysis of the survey to...

Contacts: John Sauer, Ph.D., William Link, Ph.D., Emily Silverman, Kathy Fleming
Date published: March 31, 2020
Status: Active

Blue-winged Teal and Cross Continental Avian Influenza Transmission

This project aims to improve our understanding of the migratory ecology of Blue-winged Teal and how this may impact the ability of this species to transmit avian influenza or other pathogens across the wild bird – domestic poultry interface.This project aims to improve our understanding of the migratory ecology of Blue-winged Teal and how this may impact the ability of this species to transmit...

Date published: March 30, 2020
Status: Active

Seagrass Vulnerability to Environmental Conditions Under Changing Temperature Regimes

Seagrasses are among the most productive ecosystems on the planet. Water quality degradation and direct human disturbance have caused loss of nearly a third of the seagrass habitat worldwide. These threats are exacerbated by stresses associated with a changing global climate. Predicting how seagrass distribution, abundance, and species composition will change in response to increased...

Date published: March 26, 2020
Status: Active

Huron River near Milan, OH

Water-quality “super” gages (also known as “sentry” gages) provide real-time, continuous measurements of the physical and chemical characteristics of stream water at or near selected U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamgages in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. A super gage includes streamflow and water-quality instrumentation and representative stream sample collection for laboratory analysis....

Date published: March 18, 2020
Status: Active

Response of fish assemblages and habitat to stream restoration in the Ashokan Watershed

Background: Streams are ecologically, culturally, and economically important systems that are subject to impacts from a large array of human activities. There has been a relatively recent increase in efforts to manage, protect, and restore streams that have experienced physical, chemical, and biological degradation. Unfortunately, interest in any single restoration effort tends to be...

Contacts: Scott George
Date published: March 18, 2020
Status: Active

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Seaduck Challenge Study

This project seeks to improve our understanding of the susceptibility and pathogenesis of pertinent strains of avian influenza viruses in diving duck species.

Date published: March 17, 2020
Status: Active

Avian Influenza Surveillance in Waterfowl in the Atlantic Flyway

This project seeks to quantify the strains and prevalence of avian influenza viruses circulating in wild waterfowl across the Atlantic Flyway, and allow comparison with the nations other flyways.

Filter Total Items: 458
Date published: June 1, 2020

Continuous Monitoring Data From Great Barnstable Marsh on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2017-19

Salt marshes are environmental ecosystems that contribute to coastal landscape resiliency to storms and rising sea level. Ninety percent of mid-Atlantic and New England salt marshes have been impacted by parallel grid ditching that began in the 1920s–40s to control mosquito populations and to provide employment opportunities during the Great Depression (James-Pirri and others, 2009;

Date published: May 28, 2020

GIS for focus areas of potential domestic resources of 11 critical minerals—aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum group elements, rare earth elements, tantalum, tin, titanium, and tungsten: U.S. Geological Survey data release

Phase 2 focuses on the following minerals: aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum group elements (PGE), rare earth elements, tantalum, tin, titanium, and tungsten. The focus areas are provided as geospatial data supported by tables that summarize what is known about the mineral potential and brief descriptions of data gaps that could be addressed by the Earth MRI program.

Date published: May 28, 2020

GIS for focus areas of potential domestic resources of 11 critical minerals—aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum group elements, rare earth elements, tantalum, tin, titanium, and tungsten

In response to Executive Order 13817 of December 20, 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) coordinated with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to identify 35 nonfuel minerals or mineral materials considered critical to the economic and national security of the United States (U.S.) (https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2018/1021/ofr20181021....

Date published: May 27, 2020

Estimated low-flow statistics at ungaged stream locations in New Jersey, water year 2019

Estimates of various low-flow statistics were computed at 53 ungaged stream locations throughout New Jersey during the 2019 water year using methods in the published reports, 1) Streamflow characteristics and trends in New Jersey, water years 1897-2003 (Watson and others, 2005) and 2) Implementation of MOVE.1, censored MOVE.1, and piecewise MOVE.1 low-flow regressions with appli

Date published: May 26, 2020

Inputs and Selected Outputs Used to Assess Spatial and Temporal Patterns in Streamflow, Water-Chemistry, and Aquatic Macroinvertebrates of Selected Streams in Fairfax County, Virginia, 2007-2018

Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and suspended-sediment (SS) loads, in Fairfax County, Virginia streams have been calculated using monitoring data from five intensively monitored watersheds for the period from water year (October - September) 2008-2017. Nutrient and suspended-sediment loads were computed using a surrogate (multiple-linear regression) approach with lab ana

Date published: May 22, 2020

Electron microprobe analyses of feldspars from the Hawkeye and Lyon Mountain Granite Gneisses in the Adirondacks of New York.

Iron oxide-apatite (IOA) deposits of the Adirondack Mountains of New York locally contain elevated REE concentrations (e.g. Taylor and others, 2019). Critical to evaluating resource potential is understanding the genesis of the IOA deposits that host the REE-rich minerals. As part of this effort, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is conducting bedrock geologic mapping, geochro

Date published: May 21, 2020

Fort Belvoir, Virginia, stream-water, streambed-sediment, and soil data collected in 2019

Field parameters and chemical-analysis results of stream water, streambed sediment, and soil data collected during 2019 at Fort Belvoir, Virginia are presented.

Date published: May 20, 2020

Investigating the effects of broad ion beam milling to sedimentary organic matter

To test if reflectance increases to sedimentary organic matter (vitrinite) caused by broad ion beam (BIB) milling were related to molecular aromatization and condensation, we used Raman and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopies to evaluate potential compositional changes in the same vitrinite locations pre- and post-BIB milling. The same locations also were examined by at

Date published: May 12, 2020

Low-altitude aerial imagery and related field observations associated with unmanned aerial systems (UAS) flights over Coast Guard Beach, Nauset Spit, Nauset Inlet, and Nauset Marsh, Cape Cod National Seashore, Eastham, Massachusetts on 1 March 2016

Low-altitude (approximately 120 meters above ground level) digital images were obtained from cameras mounted in a fixed-wing unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) flown from the lawn adjacent to the Coast Guard Beach parking lot on 1 March, 2016.   Two consecutive unmanned aerial systems (UAS) missions were flown, each with two cameras, autopilot computer, radios, and a global satellite navigation...

Date published: May 11, 2020

Moraines and Ice Margins in the Enfield Creek Valley

This dataset contains locations of moraines and ice margins.

Date published: May 11, 2020

Records of Selected Wells in the Enfield Creek Valley

This dataset contains the well records compiled for this study.

Date published: May 11, 2020

Geologic Cross Section Lines in the Enfield Creek Valley

This dataset contains locations geologic cross sections used in the study.

Filter Total Items: 15,667
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Gas hydrates in sustainable chemistry

Gas hydrates have received considerable attention due to their important role in flow assurance for the oil and gas industry, their extensive natural occurrence on Earth and extraterrestrial planets, and their significant applications in sustainable technologies including but not limited to gas and energy storage, gas separation, and water...

Hassanpouryouzband, Aliakbar; Joonaki, Edris; Vasheghani Farahania, Mehrdad; Takeya, Satoshi; Ruppel, Carolyn D.; Yang, Jinhai; English, Neill; Schicks, Judith; Edlmann, Katriona; Mehrabian, Hadi; Tohidi, Bahman

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Modified QuEChERS extraction for the analysis of young-of-year smallmouth bass using GC × GC-TOFMS

Signs of disease, such as external lesions, have been prevalent in smallmouth bass throughout the Susquehanna River Basin, USA. Previous targeted chemical studies in this system have identified known persistent organic pollutants, but a common explanatory link across multiple affected sites remains undetermined. A fast and robust extraction method...

Teehan, Paige; Schall, Megan K.; Blazer, Vicki S.; Gruber, Beate; Dorman, Frank L

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Comparing trends in modeled and observed streamflows at minimally altered basins in the United States

We compared modeled and observed streamflow trends from 1984–2016 using five statistical transfer models and one deterministic, distributed-parameter, process-based model, for 26 flow metrics at 502 basins in the United States that are minimally influenced by development. We also looked at a measure of overall model fit and average bias. A higher...

Hodgkins, Glenn A.; Dudley, Robert; Russell, Amy M.; LaFontaine, Jacob H.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Conceptual framework and approach for conducting a geoenvironmental assessment of undiscovered uranium resources

This report presents a novel conceptual framework and approach for conducting a geologically based environmental assessment, or geoenvironmental assessment, of undiscovered uranium resources within an area likely to contain uranium deposits. The framework is based on a source-to-receptor model that prioritizes the most likely contaminant sources,...

Gallegos, Tanya J.; Walton-Day, Katherine; Seal, Robert R.
Gallegos, T.J., Walton-Day, K., and Seal, R.R., II, 2020, Conceptual framework and approach for conducting a geoenvironmental assessment of undiscovered uranium resources: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5104, 28 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185104.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Updating data inputs, assessing trends, and evaluating a method to estimate probable high groundwater levels in selected areas of Massachusetts

A method to estimate the probable high groundwater level in Massachusetts, excluding Cape Cod and the islands, was developed in 1981. The method uses a groundwater measurement from a test site, groundwater measurements from an index well, and a distribution of high groundwater levels from wells in similar geologic and topographic settings. The U.S...

Barclay, Janet R.; Mullaney, John R.
Barclay, J.R., and Mullaney, J.R., 2020, Updating data inputs, assessing trends, and evaluating a method to estimate probable high groundwater levels in selected areas of Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5036, 45 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205036.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

A non-linear relationship between marsh size and sediment trapping capacity compromises salt marshes’ resilience to sea-level rise

Global assessments predict the impact of sea-level rise on salt marshes with present-day levels of sediment supply from rivers and the coastal ocean. However, these assessments do not consider that variations in marsh extent and the related reconfiguration of intertidal area affect local sediment dynamics, ultimately controlling the fate of the...

Donatelli, Carmine; Zhang, Xiaohe; Ganju, Neil Kamal; Aretxabaleta, Alfredo; Fagherazzi, Sergio; Leonardi, Nicoletta

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Comparison of SELDM simulated total-phosphorus concentrations with ecological impervious-area criteria

Ecological studies indicate that impervious cover (IC) greater than approximately 5%–20% may have adverse effects on receiving-stream ecology. It is difficult to separate the effects of runoff quality from other effects of urbanization on receiving streams. This study presents the results of a numerical experiment to assess the effects of...

Jeznach, Lillian C.; Granato, Gregory E.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Groundwater levels and generalized potentiometric surfaces, former Naval Air Warfare Center, West Trenton, New Jersey, 2018

Groundwater-level conditions, generalized groundwater potentiometric surfaces, and generalized flow directions at the decommissioned Naval Air Warfare Center in West Trenton, New Jersey, were evaluated for calendar year 2018. Groundwater levels measured continuously in five on-site wells and one nearby off-site well were plotted as hydrographs for...

Fiore, Alex R.; Pierre J. Lacombe
Fiore, A.R., and Lacombe, P.J., 2020, Groundwater levels and generalized potentiometric surfaces, former Naval Air Warfare Center, West Trenton, New Jersey, 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1016, 28 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201016.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Incorporating spatial synchrony in the status assessment of a threatened species with multivariate analysis

Spatial synchrony—correlated abundance fluctuations among distinct populations—is associated with increased extinction risk but is not a component of widely-used extinction risk assessments (e.g., IUCN Red List, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Species Status Assessment). Alongside traditional viability metrics (i.e., the number of populations,...

Stowe, Edward; Wenger, Seth J.; Freeman, Mary; Freeman, Byron J.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Nowcasting methods for determining microbiological water quality at recreational beaches and drinking-water source waters

Nowcasts are tools used to provide timely and accurate water-quality assessments of threats to drinking-water and recreational resources from fecal contamination or cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms. They use mathematical models and techniques to provide near-real-time estimates of fecal-indicator bacteria (FIB) and cyanotoxin concentrations....

Francy, Donna S.; Brady, Amie M.G.; Cicale, Jessica; Dalby, Harrison D; Stelzer, Erin

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Timescales and processes of methane hydrate formation and breakdown, with application to geologic systems

Gas hydrate is an ice-like form of water and low molecular weight gas stable at temperatures of roughly -10ºC to 25ºC and pressures of ~3 to 30 MPa in geologic systems. Natural gas hydrates sequester an estimated one-sixth of Earth’s methane and are found primarily in deepwater marine sediments on continental margins, but also in permafrost areas...

Ruppel, Carolyn D.; Waite, William F.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Hyperpigmented melanistic skin lesions of smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu from the Chesapeake Bay watershed

Hyperpigmented melanistic skin lesions (HPMLs) of smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu are observed in the Potomac and Susquehanna rivers, Chesapeake Bay watershed, USA. Routine, nonlethal population surveys were conducted at 8 sites on the mainstem Susquehanna River and 9 on the Juniata River, a tributary of the Susquehanna River,...

Blazer, Vicki S.; Young, Kelsey T.; Smith, Geoffrey D.; Sperry, Adam; Iwanowicz, Luke R.

Filter Total Items: 66
USGS
May 3, 2000

A Double-observer approach for estimating detection probability and abundance from avian point counts.

USGS
June 18, 1998

Computes survival-movement, capture and recovery probabilities from multi-strata capture-recapture-recovery data.

USGS
October 1, 1997

Computes estimates of survival and capture probability for 2-age class open population capture-recapture models.

USGS
September 2, 1997

Computes estimates of survival and capture probability and the proportion of transients in open population capture-recapture data.

USGS
February 1, 1996

Analyzes dose responses for two populations, using the PROBIT model and the abbreviated protocol as described by Link et al(1996).

USGS
January 26, 1996

Computes estimates of survival-movement and capture probability for open capture-recapture models.

USGS
November 8, 1994

Compares estimates of survival (or any normally distributed parameter estimates).

USGS
April 26, 1994

Tests the hypothesis of prey-selectivity based on random samples of predator scats.

USGS
February 24, 1994

Estimates fatalities using raw counts of wildlife fatalities, trial experiments for carcass detection probability and persistence time.

USGS
June 2, 1989

Computes the number of animals that must be banded in order to achieve a specified level of precision for survival rates estimated using band recovery models.

USGS
April 26, 1988

Computes the power of between-model likelihood ratio tests.

USGS
January 12, 1988

Computes estimates of survival and temporary emigration under the "Open Robust Design".

Filter Total Items: 1,585
large microscopeon laboratory countertop with sifting pans nearby
January 9, 2020

Large microscope used for counting microplastics found in water sample

Large microscope used for counting microplastics found in water samples

Provincetown, MA and the northern section of the Cape Cod National Seashore.
January 3, 2020

Provincetown, MA

This image was created using the Continuous Bathymetry and Elevation Models of the Massachusetts Coastal Zone and Continental Shelf, shows Provincetown, MA and the northern section of the Cape Cod National Seashore.

Elizabeth Islands, Vineyard Sound, and Martha’s Vineyard.
January 3, 2020

Elizabeth Islands, Vineyard Sound, and Martha’s Vineyard.

This image created using the Continuous Bathymetry and Elevation Models of the Massachusetts Coastal Zone and Continental Shelf, shows the Elizabeth Islands, Vineyard Sound, and Martha’s Vineyard.

Drone pilots by creek
January 3, 2020

Drone Pilots on a mission at Nelson Island Creek, Rowley, MA

In collaboration with the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, the AIM group conducted UAS aerial surveys looking at vegetation classification/index surrounding a MBL gas flux tower located in Nelson Island Creek, Rowley, Massachusetts.

mouth of the Merrimack River, Plum Island and the Parker River National Wildlife Refuge.
January 3, 2020

Merrimack River, Plum Island, and Parker River Wildlife Refuge

This image created using the Continuous Bathymetry and Elevation Models of the Massachusetts Coastal Zone and Continental Shelf, shows the mouth of the Merrimack River, Plum Island and the Parker River National Wildlife Refuge.

Hydro tech Alex Wong collecting stream flow data - August 2019 Honorable Mention NER Photo
December 31, 2019

Hydro tech Alex Wong collecting stream flow data

Photo of hydro tech Alex Wong collecting stream flow data taken by Michael Upton. Honorable Mention for August 2019 NER Photo Contest

Tuckerman Ravine, White Mountains, New Hampshire, in winter
December 31, 2019

Tuckerman Ravine, White Mountains, New Hampshire, in winter

Tuckerman Ravine White Mountains New Hampshire in winter.

Eel climbing substrate
December 31, 2019

Eel climbing substrate

Left: Prototype ABS plastic eel climbing ramp under development and testing at CAFRL. New substrate design allows for passage of a wider size range of eels with less need for precise flow regulation. Right: juvenile eel climbing wetted ABS plastic substrate.

Release of radio-tagged silver phase American Eel
December 31, 2019

Release of radio-tagged silver phase American Eel

Radio-tagged silver phase American Eels being released for a CAFRL telemetry study of downstream passage of eels at hydroelectric dams on the Shetucket River, Connecticut.

Eel airlift bypass prototype
December 31, 2019

Eel airlift bypass prototype

Prototype design of an airlift developed at CAFL to transport downstream migrant eels through a bypass pipe and away from turbine intakes. The airlift design passes eels as well as a conventional siphon or gravity pipe.

Filter Total Items: 243
USGS
August 6, 2019

On July 19, a new journal article from the Cape Cod Toxic Substances Hydrology team was published online in the Journal of Geophysical Research—Biogeosciences.  New England WSC co-authors include Denis LeBlanc and Tim McCobb.  The study was partly supported by the Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources in Daejeon, South Korea.

USGS 2019 PECASE Awardees
July 29, 2019

The U.S. Geological Survey is celebrating the success of eight distinguished researchers who are recipients of the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers.

New England Newsletter - Spring-Summer 2019 cover
July 26, 2019

This issue of WaterMarks has information on the full spectrum of work we do: from flood monitoring to drought predictions, water-quality sampling in estuaries to the latest technology in rapid arsenic analysis. In addition, we are starting to highlight a few of our staff in each newsletter, so you get to meet and become more familiar with those who do the work and represent the future of our WSC.

Piping plover chicks on a beach
July 25, 2019

Storms and undeveloped coastlines can create and maintain habitat for this species, which is threatened along the Atlantic coast.

Monitor buoy floating on Lake Hopatcong
July 12, 2019

On July 9, USGS scientists deployed an advanced monitoring buoy to study water-quality conditions and a harmful algal bloom-HAB-recently detected in Lake Hopatcong, New Jersey. 

Great Lakes Science Center
July 5, 2019

Cooperative Science and Monitoring Initiative Data Integration for the 2018 Season in Lake Ontario

Domestic well in front of house in rural area
July 1, 2019

A new USGS study reports that shale-gas production in northern Pennsylvania has not currently caused widespread hydrocarbon contamination in the upland aquifer zone used for domestic supply.

Image shows a large yellow lander sitting on the seafloor next to several starfish
June 30, 2019

Usually when scientists do research, they go into the field, take samples, then bring them back to the lab. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill research engineer Howard Mendlovitz, working with Professor Chris Martens wants to reverse that.

Filter Total Items: 588