Unified Interior Regions

Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian

Our Science Centers

Our Science Centers

The NAA Region has 15 Science Centers spanning 14 NE States and Washington, DC. The Centers conduct interdisciplinary biologic, geologic, hydrologic, and energy monitoring and research addressing natural resource issues facing our nation.

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March Photo Contest

March Photo Contest

Check out the winning photographs in the March 2020 Photo Contest! Categories include People, USGS at Work, Where We Work, and Honorable Mention

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Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 1,145
Date published: April 7, 2020
Status: Active

Immune System Changes and Susceptibility to Disease in Birds Exposed to Environmental Contaminants

Disease dynamics in wildlife are commonly related to changes or increases in environmental stressors that are placed upon an animal. Environmental pollutants are known to affect the immune system of wildlife, resulting in impaired resistance to infection and potential increases in disease outbreaks.

In collaboration with: Jill Jenkins, Ph.D USGS Wetland and Aquatic Research Center;...

Date published: April 7, 2020
Status: Active

Effects of Short Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (SCCPs) on developing birds

The Challenge: Short-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (SCCPs) are complex technical mixtures of polychlorinated n-alkanes used in lubricants and coolants in metalworking, as flame retardants, and in paints, adhesives, sealants, textiles and polymeric materials, plastics and rubber. SCCPs are of concern because they are globally transported, bioaccumulate in wildlife and humans, and are...

Date published: April 7, 2020
Status: Active

Do pesticide coatings on agricultural seeds pose a threat to earthworms and to the birds that eat them?

Earthworms are a vital part of a healthy, functioning soil ecosystem and are also an important protein-rich food source for wildlife, including many species of birds and mammals. In an agricultural setting, the presence of earthworms can increase crop yields by 25%, but can also expose earthworms to pesticides. Seed treatment is the principal application method for neonicotinoid insecticides,...

Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Mine Drainage and Water Quality Research

PaWSC conducts research on geochemical and hydrological processes that control water quality, particularly the sources, transport, and attenuation of metals and nutrients in undisturbed and mining-impacted watersheds and aquifers.  Results apply to scientific and regulatory programs for the prevention and remediation of aquatic contamination.

Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Terrestrial wildlife and legacy oil mining on National Wildlife Refuges

Amphibian surveys are being conducted on select National Wildlife Refuges with active and/or legacy oil mining to determine species relative distribution and their risk to short- and long-term effects from exposure to crude oil and its byproducts.

Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Produced water from Marcellus Shale and amphibians

Research biologists at the USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center (PWRC) are conducting a series of scientific studies on the potential effects of wastewater from hydraulic fracturing activities on terrestrial wildlife. Findings will help in assessing proposals for managing recycling and distribution of large volumes of flowback and produced waters generated by methods of oil and gas...

Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Grand River near Painesville, OH

Water-quality “super” gages (also known as “sentry” gages) provide real-time, continuous measurements of the physical and chemical characteristics of stream water at or near selected U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamgages in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. A super gage includes streamflow and water-quality instrumentation and representative stream sample collection for laboratory analysis....

Date published: April 2, 2020
Status: Active

Virginia Coast Reserve Long Term Ecological Research VII

The highly protected Virginia Coast Reserve (VCR) is the largest undeveloped region along the Atlantic seaboard.The VCR is managed by the Nature Conservancy, and was designated a Man and the Biosphere Reserve in 1979, providing a unique environment for which to study coastal impacts of climate change on a variety of coastal ecosystems from barrier islands across back barrier lagoons, mudflats...

Date published: April 2, 2020
Status: Active

Assessing Faunal Recovery in a Headwater Stream

A catastrophic fish-kill in a small tributary stream of the Etowah River system (Dawson County, Georgia) has created the opportunity to assess faunal recovery, including recolonization by a federally-listed fish species (the Cherokee darter Etheostoma scotti).  Fishes are expected to recolonize Flat Creek by moving upstream from downstream sources.  In particular, Flat Creek flows...

Date published: April 2, 2020
Status: Active

Evaluating the Design of the Waterfowl Breeding Population and Habitat Survey

The Waterfowl Breeding Population and Habitat Survey (WBPHS) is a primary source of waterfowl population status and trend information for management of ducks in North America.  The survey has not been reviewed in several decades, and since the last review new analysis approaches and information needs have created a need to reassess the design, scope of inference, and analysis of the survey to...

Contacts: John Sauer, Ph.D., William Link, Ph.D., Emily Silverman, Kathy Fleming
Date published: March 31, 2020
Status: Active

Blue-winged Teal and Cross Continental Avian Influenza Transmission

This project aims to improve our understanding of the migratory ecology of Blue-winged Teal and how this may impact the ability of this species to transmit avian influenza or other pathogens across the wild bird – domestic poultry interface.This project aims to improve our understanding of the migratory ecology of Blue-winged Teal and how this may impact the ability of this species to transmit...

Date published: March 30, 2020
Status: Active

Seagrass Vulnerability to Environmental Conditions Under Changing Temperature Regimes

Seagrasses are among the most productive ecosystems on the planet. Water quality degradation and direct human disturbance have caused loss of nearly a third of the seagrass habitat worldwide. These threats are exacerbated by stresses associated with a changing global climate. Predicting how seagrass distribution, abundance, and species composition will change in response to increased...

Filter Total Items: 462
Date published: June 2, 2020

Mean tidal range of marsh units in north shore Long Island salt marsh complex, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of north shore Long Island, New York. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence

Date published: June 2, 2020

Conceptual marsh units of north shore Long Island salt marsh complex, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of north shore Long Island, New York. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence

Date published: June 1, 2020

Continuous monitoring data from Great Barnstable Marsh on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2017-19

These USGS datasets can be used to evaluate changes in water levels across ditched and natural salt marsh regions and provide information for any future studies of salt marsh productivity and geomorphic models in Great Barnstable Marsh.

Date published: June 1, 2020

Continuous Monitoring Data From Great Barnstable Marsh on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2017-19

Salt marshes are environmental ecosystems that contribute to coastal landscape resiliency to storms and rising sea level. Ninety percent of mid-Atlantic and New England salt marshes have been impacted by parallel grid ditching that began in the 1920s–40s to control mosquito populations and to provide employment opportunities during the Great Depression (James-Pirri and others, 2009;

Date published: May 28, 2020

GIS for focus areas of potential domestic resources of 11 critical minerals—aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum group elements, rare earth elements, tantalum, tin, titanium, and tungsten: U.S. Geological Survey data release

Phase 2 focuses on the following minerals: aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum group elements (PGE), rare earth elements, tantalum, tin, titanium, and tungsten. The focus areas are provided as geospatial data supported by tables that summarize what is known about the mineral potential and brief descriptions of data gaps that could be addressed by the Earth MRI program.

Date published: May 28, 2020

GIS for focus areas of potential domestic resources of 11 critical minerals—aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum group elements, rare earth elements, tantalum, tin, titanium, and tungsten

In response to Executive Order 13817 of December 20, 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) coordinated with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to identify 35 nonfuel minerals or mineral materials considered critical to the economic and national security of the United States (U.S.) (https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2018/1021/ofr20181021....

Date published: May 27, 2020

Estimated low-flow statistics at ungaged stream locations in New Jersey, water year 2019

Estimates of various low-flow statistics were computed at 53 ungaged stream locations throughout New Jersey during the 2019 water year using methods in the published reports, 1) Streamflow characteristics and trends in New Jersey, water years 1897-2003 (Watson and others, 2005) and 2) Implementation of MOVE.1, censored MOVE.1, and piecewise MOVE.1 low-flow regressions with appli

Date published: May 26, 2020

Inputs and Selected Outputs Used to Assess Spatial and Temporal Patterns in Streamflow, Water-Chemistry, and Aquatic Macroinvertebrates of Selected Streams in Fairfax County, Virginia, 2007-2018

Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and suspended-sediment (SS) loads, in Fairfax County, Virginia streams have been calculated using monitoring data from five intensively monitored watersheds for the period from water year (October - September) 2008-2017. Nutrient and suspended-sediment loads were computed using a surrogate (multiple-linear regression) approach with lab ana

Date published: May 22, 2020

Electron microprobe analyses of feldspars from the Hawkeye and Lyon Mountain Granite Gneisses in the Adirondacks of New York.

Iron oxide-apatite (IOA) deposits of the Adirondack Mountains of New York locally contain elevated REE concentrations (e.g. Taylor and others, 2019). Critical to evaluating resource potential is understanding the genesis of the IOA deposits that host the REE-rich minerals. As part of this effort, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is conducting bedrock geologic mapping, geochro

Date published: May 21, 2020

Fort Belvoir, Virginia, stream-water, streambed-sediment, and soil data collected in 2019

Field parameters and chemical-analysis results of stream water, streambed sediment, and soil data collected during 2019 at Fort Belvoir, Virginia are presented.

Date published: May 20, 2020

Investigating the effects of broad ion beam milling to sedimentary organic matter

To test if reflectance increases to sedimentary organic matter (vitrinite) caused by broad ion beam (BIB) milling were related to molecular aromatization and condensation, we used Raman and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopies to evaluate potential compositional changes in the same vitrinite locations pre- and post-BIB milling. The same locations also were examined by at

Date published: May 12, 2020

Low-altitude aerial imagery and related field observations associated with unmanned aerial systems (UAS) flights over Coast Guard Beach, Nauset Spit, Nauset Inlet, and Nauset Marsh, Cape Cod National Seashore, Eastham, Massachusetts on 1 March 2016

Low-altitude (approximately 120 meters above ground level) digital images were obtained from cameras mounted in a fixed-wing unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) flown from the lawn adjacent to the Coast Guard Beach parking lot on 1 March, 2016.   Two consecutive unmanned aerial systems (UAS) missions were flown, each with two cameras, autopilot computer, radios, and a global satellite navigation...

Filter Total Items: 15,846
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Year Published: 2020

Principles and mechanisms of wildlife population persistence in the face of disease

Emerging infectious diseases can result in species declines and hamper recovery efforts for at-risk populations. Generalizing considerations for reducing the risk of pathogen introduction and mitigating the effects of disease remains challenging and inhibits our ability to provide guidance for species recovery planning. Given the growing rates of...

Russell, Robin E.; Direnzo, Graziella Vittoria; Szymanski, J.; Alger, Katrina Elizabeth; Campbell Grant, Evan H.

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Year Published: 2020

Dynamics of marsh-derived sediments in lagoon-type estuaries

Salt marshes are valuable ecosystems that must trap sediments and accrete in order to counteract the deleterious effect of sea‐level rise. Previous studies have shown that the capacity of marshes to build up vertically depends on both autogenous and exogenous processes including eco‐geomorphic feedbacks and sediment supply from in‐land and coastal...

Donatelli, Carmine; Kalra, Tarandeep S.; Fagherazzi, Sergio; Zhang, Xoaohe; Leonardi, Nicoletta

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Year Published: 2020

QCam: sUAS-based doppler radar for measuring river discharge

The U.S. Geological Survey is actively investigating remote sensing of surface velocity and river discharge (discharge) from satellite-, high altitude-, small, unmanned aircraft systems- (sUAS or drone), and permanent (fixed) deployments. This initiative is important in ungaged basins and river reaches that lack the infrastructure to deploy...

Fulton, John W.; Anderson, Isaac E.; Chiu, C.-L.; Sommer, Wolfram; Adams, Josip; Moramarco, Tommaso; Bjerklie, David M.; Fulford, Janice M.; Sloan, Jeff L.; Best, Heather; Conaway, Jeffrey S.; Kang, Michelle J.; Kohn, Michael S.; Nicotra, Matthew J.; Pulli, Jeremy J.

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Year Published: 2020

A latent process model approach to improve the utility of indicator species

The state of an ecosystem is governed by dynamic biotic and abiotic processes, which can only be partially observed. Costs associated with measuring each component limit the feasibility of comprehensive assessments of target ecosystems. Instead, indicator species are recommended as a surrogate index. While this is an attractive concept, indicator...

Fleming, Jillian Elizabeth; Sutherland, Chris; Sterrett, Sean C; Campbell Grant, Evan H.

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Year Published: 2020

Development of a suite of functional immune assays and initial assessment of their utility in wild smallmouth bass health assessments

Methods were developed for measuring immune function in Micropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass). The ultimate objective is to monitor and evaluate changes over time in immune status and disease resistance in conjunction with other characteristics of fish health and environmental stressors. To test these methods for utility in ecotoxicological...

Smith, Cheyenne R.; Ottinger, Christopher A.; Walsh, Heather L.; Blazer, Vicki S.
Smith, C.R., Ottinger, C.A., Walsh, H.L., and Blazer, V.S., 2020, Development of a suite of functional immune assays and initial assessment of their utility in wild smallmouth bass health assessments: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1077, 23 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201077.

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Year Published: 2020

Spatiotemporal pattern of interactions between an apex predator and sympatric species

Increases in apex predator abundance can influence the behavior of sympatric species, particularly when the available habitat and/or resources are limited. We assessed the temporal and spatiotemporal interactions between Florida panthers (Puma concolor coryi) and six focal sympatric species in South Florida, where Florida panther abundance has...

Guitart, Marta P; Onorato, David P; Hines, James E.; Oli, Madan K.

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Year Published: 2020

Estimating flood magnitude and frequency on streams and rivers in Connecticut, based on data through water year 2015

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Connecticut Department of Transportation, updated flood-frequency estimates with 50-, 20-, 10-, 4-, 2-, 1-, 0.5-, and 0.2-percent annual exceedance probabilities (2-, 5-, 10-, 25-, 50-, 100-, 200-, and 500-year recurrence intervals, respectively) for 141 streamgages in Connecticut and 11...

Ahearn, Elizabeth A.; Hodgkins, Glenn A.
Ahearn, E.A., and Hodgkins, G.A., 2020, Estimating flood magnitude and frequency on streams and rivers in Connecticut, based on data through water year 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5054, 42 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205054.

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Year Published: 2020

Numerical characterization of cohesive and non-cohesive ‘sediments’ under different consolidation states using 3D DEM triaxial experiments

The Discrete Element Method has been widely used to simulate geo-materials due to time and scale limitations met in the field and laboratories. While cohesionless geo-materials were the focus of many previous studies, the deformation of cohesive geo-materials in 3D remained poorly characterized. Here, we aimed to generate a range of numerical ‘...

Elyashiv, Hadar; Bookman, Revital; Siemann, Lennart; ten Brink, Uri S.; Huhn, Katrin

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Year Published: 2020

Distribution of selected hydrogeologic characteristics of the upper glacial and Magothy aquifers, Long Island, New York

The Pleistocene- and Cretaceous-age sediments underlying Long Island, New York, compose an important sole-source aquifer system that is nearly 2,000 feet thick in some areas. Sediment characteristics of importance for water supply include water-transmitting properties—horizontal and vertical hydraulic conductivity—and the distribution of lignite,...

Walter, Donald A.; Finkelstein, Jason S.
Walter, D.A., and Finkelstein, J.S., 2020, Distribution of selected hydrogeologic characteristics of the upper glacial and Magothy aquifers, Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5023, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205023.

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Year Published: 2020

Improved prediction of management-relevant groundwater discharge characteristics throughout river networks

Groundwater discharge zones connect aquifers to surface water, generating baseflow and serving as ecosystem control points across aquatic ecosystems. The influence of groundwater discharge on surface flow connectivity, fate and transport of contaminants and nutrients, and thermal habitat depends strongly on hydrologic characteristics such as the...

Barclay, Janet R.; Starn, J. Jeffrey; Briggs, Martin A.; Helton, Ashley

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Year Published: 2020

Photoluminescence imaging of whole zircon grains on a petrographic microscope—An underused aide for geochronologic studies

The refractory nature of zircon to temperature and pressure allows even a single zircon grain to preserve a rich history of magmatic, metamorphic, and hydrothermal processes. Isotopic dating of micro-domains exposed in cross-sections of zircon grains allows us to interrogate this history. Unfortunately, our ability to select the zircon grains in a...

McAleer, Ryan J.; Jubb, Aaron M.; Hackley, Paul C.; Walsh, Gregory J.; Merschat, Arthur J.; Regan, Sean P.; Burton, William C.; Vazquez, Jorge A.

Filter Total Items: 66
USGS
May 3, 2000

A Double-observer approach for estimating detection probability and abundance from avian point counts.

USGS
June 18, 1998

Computes survival-movement, capture and recovery probabilities from multi-strata capture-recapture-recovery data.

USGS
October 1, 1997

Computes estimates of survival and capture probability for 2-age class open population capture-recapture models.

USGS
September 2, 1997

Computes estimates of survival and capture probability and the proportion of transients in open population capture-recapture data.

USGS
February 1, 1996

Analyzes dose responses for two populations, using the PROBIT model and the abbreviated protocol as described by Link et al(1996).

USGS
January 26, 1996

Computes estimates of survival-movement and capture probability for open capture-recapture models.

USGS
November 8, 1994

Compares estimates of survival (or any normally distributed parameter estimates).

USGS
April 26, 1994

Tests the hypothesis of prey-selectivity based on random samples of predator scats.

USGS
February 24, 1994

Estimates fatalities using raw counts of wildlife fatalities, trial experiments for carcass detection probability and persistence time.

USGS
June 2, 1989

Computes the number of animals that must be banded in order to achieve a specified level of precision for survival rates estimated using band recovery models.

USGS
April 26, 1988

Computes the power of between-model likelihood ratio tests.

USGS
January 12, 1988

Computes estimates of survival and temporary emigration under the "Open Robust Design".

Filter Total Items: 1,615
March 1, 2020

Pollen Laboratory Research at the FBGC (AD)

The USGS Florence Bascom Geoscience Center (FBGC) is at the leading edge of scientific research addressing critical societal issues and providing unbiased data and information to decision makers and the public. This video highlights the pollen laboratory

March 1, 2020

Geologic Mapping at the USGS Florence Bascom Geoscience Center (AD)

The USGS Florence Bascom Geoscience Center (FBGC) is at the leading edge of scientific research addressing critical societal issues and providing unbiased data and information to decision makers and the public. This video highlights geologic framework

March 1, 2020

USGS Florence Bascom Geoscience Center - Who we are (AD)

The USGS Florence Bascom Geoscience Center (FBGC) is at the leading edge of scientific research addressing critical societal issues and providing unbiased data and information to decision makers and the public. This video highlights the scientists, staff, labs, and fieldwork conducted by the FBGC with the goal of providing unbiased scientific information to the public.

March 1, 2020

Geologic Mapping at the USGS Florence Bascom Geoscience Center

The USGS Florence Bascom Geoscience Center (FBGC) is at the leading edge of scientific research addressing critical societal issues and providing unbiased data and information to decision makers and the public. This video highlights geologic framework

March 1, 2020

Karst Hazards Research at USGS Florence Bascom Geoscience Center (AD)

The Florence Bascom Geoscience Center conducts geologic research using digital elevation models to map karst systems and sinkhole hazards in the United States. Understanding these complex geologic systems helps to inform land use planning and development decisions. The

March 1, 2020

Karst Hazards Research at the USGS Florence Bascom Geoscience Center

The Florence Bascom Geoscience Center conducts geologic research using digital elevation models to map karst systems and sinkhole hazards in the United States. Understanding these complex geologic systems helps to inform land use planning and development decisions. The 

March 1, 2020

USGS Florence Bascom Geoscience Center - Who we are

The USGS Florence Bascom Geoscience Center (FBGC) is at the leading edge of scientific research addressing critical societal issues and providing unbiased data and information to decision makers and the public. This video highlights the scientists, staff, labs, and fieldwork conducted by the FBGC with the goal of providing unbiased scientific information to the public.

March 1, 2020

Arctic Sea Ice Research at USGS Florence Bascom Geoscience Center (AD)

This video introduces research that Florence Bascom Geoscience Center (FBGC) scientists are conducting on the 500,000 year history of Arctic sea ice to assess changes in weather, sea ice extent, temperature and ecosystems. The research informs decision makers on

March 1, 2020

Arctic Sea Ice Research at the USGS Florence Bascom Geoscience Center

This video introduces research that Florence Bascom Geoscience Center (FBGC) scientists are conducting on the 500,000 year history of Arctic sea ice to assess changes in weather, sea ice extent, temperature and ecosystems. The research informs decision makers on

March 1, 2020

FBGC Quaternary Wetlands and Permafrost Research (AD)

This video explains how scientists from the Florence Bascom Geoscience Center research paleo-environmental wetland conditions and explain how studying these environments is valuable to better understand past changes and responses to disturbance, such as fire, sea-level rise, and permafrost

March 1, 2020

FBGC Quaternary Wetlands and Permafrost Research

This video explains how scientists from the Florence Bascom Geoscience Center research paleo-environmental wetland conditions and explain how studying these environments is valuable to better understand past changes and responses to disturbance, such as fire, sea-level rise, and permafrost

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TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in Ohio and West Virginia
October 10, 2019

This challenge is coming along nicely with another 150 points added since our last update!

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: THUMBNAIL Timelapse of Mid-Atlantic City/Town Halls
October 3, 2019

Our Mid-Atlantic City / Town Hall mapping challenge is now finished!!  A huge shout-out to all of our volunteers who participated in this challenge!  Here are the summary results and a timelapse our volunteer contributions.

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in Ohio and West Virginia
October 3, 2019

It's always exciting to see features coming in for our new challenges!  Almost 100 points have already come in for this challenge. It just goes to show how amazing our volunteers are!

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in Ohio and West Virginia
September 30, 2019

We've launched a new Mapping Challenge! This challenge will focus on City / Town Hall structures in Ohio and West Virginia.

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City / Town Halls in PA, NJ, & NY
September 26, 2019

FINISHED!! Our Mapping Challenge for City / Town Hall Structures in the Mid-Atlantic is now complete!

USGS
September 6, 2019

USGS Microbial Ecologist Charlie Culbertson and Maine DEP Ecologist Jeremy Deeds met with members of the media on Thursday September 5th at Sabattus Pond while sampling for Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs).

Image shows buildings on an ice island
August 8, 2019

In addition to 10 years of data on the flow of heat in the Arctic ocean seafloor, the USGS and Geological Survey of Canada have published an analysis of that data using modern seismic data.

USGS
August 6, 2019

On July 19, a new journal article from the Cape Cod Toxic Substances Hydrology team was published online in the Journal of Geophysical Research—Biogeosciences.  New England WSC co-authors include Denis LeBlanc and Tim McCobb.  The study was partly supported by the Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources in Daejeon, South Korea.

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