Unified Interior Regions

Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian

Our Science Centers

Our Science Centers

The NAA Region has 15 Science Centers spanning 14 NE States and Washington, DC. The Centers conduct interdisciplinary biologic, geologic, hydrologic, and energy monitoring and research addressing natural resource issues facing our nation.

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July Photo Contest

July Photo Contest

Check out the winning photographs in the July 2021 Photo Contest! Categories include People, USGS at Work, Where We Work, and Honorable Mention

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Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 1,126
Date published: April 8, 2020
Status: Active

Rafinesque’s Mammals

The Challenge: Taxonomic nomenclature relies, in part, upon an accurate taxonomic history in order to establish the correct name for a taxon. Constantine S. Rafinesque (1783–1840), was a knowledgeable North American natural historian who was is responsible for describing and naming such iconic American mammals as the mule deer [Odocoileus hemionus (Rafinesque, 1817)] and the white-footed mouse...

Date published: April 8, 2020
Status: Active

Survival of the Least Fit: Incidence of Physical Trauma in a Wild Mammal Community

The Challenge: It has been generally considered that a severe injury to a wild mammal that seemingly limits its ability to forage for food or escape predators will almost certainly lead to that individual’s demise.  Inspection of skeletons of wild caught small mammals, however, has revealed a surprising number of individuals with healed fractures of the skeletal bones―including the primary...

Date published: April 8, 2020
Status: Active

Diversity and Biogeography of Treeshrews

The Challenge: Treeshrews (order Scandentia) are small-bodied mammals endemic to South and Southeast Asia. Since it was first described in 1820, the Common Treeshrew (Tupaia glis) has had a complex taxonomic history that has led to widely variable estimates of diversity, misidentification of populations, and general confusion regarding it and closely related species. One result is that T. glis...

Date published: April 8, 2020
Status: Active

Biodiversity of North American Mammals

The Challenge: Despite more than a century and a half of study, accurate understanding of the diversity North American mammalian species and the distribution of those species remains unrefined. Yet this understanding is essential for determining the conservation status of species, for mapping out potential disease reservoirs, and for understanding the response of species to habitat...

Date published: April 8, 2020
Status: Active

How Mammals Move: Locomotory Function in the Soricidae

The Challenge: The postcranial skeletons of mammals exhibit tremendous variation in form that partly relates to phylogeny (who a particular species is related to) and partly to locomotory function (how that species moves through its environment). Understanding the contributions of these two factors is important because phylogenetic characters assist in working out evolutionary relationships,...

Date published: April 8, 2020
Status: Active

What Ancient Egyptian Shrew Mummies Reveal About Small Mammal Responses to Climate Change

The Challenge: Ancient Egyptians mummified animals for a variety of reasons, not the least of which was as votive offerings to certain deities. Among the six species of shrews that have been identified as mummies, one is now extinct, one is no longer occurs in Egypt, and the remaining four have more restricted distributions in the country. One of the latter species also exhibits significantly...

Date published: April 7, 2020
Status: Active

Immune System Changes and Susceptibility to Disease in Birds Exposed to Environmental Contaminants

Disease dynamics in wildlife are commonly related to changes or increases in environmental stressors that are placed upon an animal. Environmental pollutants are known to affect the immune system of wildlife, resulting in impaired resistance to infection and potential increases in disease outbreaks.

In collaboration with: Jill Jenkins, Ph.D USGS Wetland and Aquatic Research Center;...

Date published: April 7, 2020
Status: Active

Effects of Short Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (SCCPs) on developing birds

The Challenge: Short-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (SCCPs) are complex technical mixtures of polychlorinated n-alkanes used in lubricants and coolants in metalworking, as flame retardants, and in paints, adhesives, sealants, textiles and polymeric materials, plastics and rubber. SCCPs are of concern because they are globally transported, bioaccumulate in wildlife and humans, and are...

Date published: April 7, 2020
Status: Active

Do pesticide coatings on agricultural seeds pose a threat to earthworms and to the birds that eat them?

Earthworms are a vital part of a healthy, functioning soil ecosystem and are also an important protein-rich food source for wildlife, including many species of birds and mammals. In an agricultural setting, the presence of earthworms can increase crop yields by 25%, but can also expose earthworms to pesticides. Seed treatment is the principal application method for neonicotinoid insecticides,...

Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Mine Drainage and Water Quality Research

PaWSC conducts research on geochemical and hydrological processes that control water quality, particularly the sources, transport, and attenuation of metals and nutrients in undisturbed and mining-impacted watersheds and aquifers.  Results apply to scientific and regulatory programs for the prevention and remediation of aquatic contamination.

Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Terrestrial wildlife and legacy oil mining on National Wildlife Refuges

Amphibian surveys are being conducted on select National Wildlife Refuges with active and/or legacy oil mining to determine species relative distribution and their risk to short- and long-term effects from exposure to crude oil and its byproducts.

Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Produced water from Marcellus Shale and amphibians

Research biologists at the USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center (PWRC) are conducting a series of scientific studies on the potential effects of wastewater from hydraulic fracturing activities on terrestrial wildlife. Findings will help in assessing proposals for managing recycling and distribution of large volumes of flowback and produced waters generated by methods of oil and gas...

Filter Total Items: 492
Date published: June 11, 2020

Data for statewide assessment of New York's karst aquifers with an inventory of closed-depression and focused-recharge features

The New York State Departments of Environmental Conservation and Health are concerned about groundwater contamination in the carbonate-bedrock aquifers with the potential to host karst features throughout New York State, especially relating to the unintended introduction of chemical or agricultural contamination into these aquifers. USGS Scientific Investigations Report, SIR 2020-5030 (Kap...

Date published: June 10, 2020

Model archive for analysis of the effects of impervious cover on receiving-water quality with the Stochastic Empirical Loading Dilution Model (SELDM)

This is a model archive of SELDM development data and simulation results of total phosphorus concentrations in concurrent stormflows from drainage basins in the Northeastern U.S. with varying levels of imperviousness. Model development files include details of simulated hydrology, basin properties, upstream undeveloped area water quality, and developed area (impervious area) runoff qual

Date published: June 9, 2020

Nanoscale Molecular Composition of Solid Bitumen from the Eagle Ford Group Across a Natural Thermal Maturity Gradient

Solid bitumen is a petrographically-defined secondary organic matter residue produced during petroleum generation and subsequent oil transformation. The presence of solid bitumen impacts many shale reservoir properties including porosity, permeability, and hydrocarbon generation and storage, amongst others. Furthermore, solid bitumen reflectance is an important parameter for assessing the

Date published: June 9, 2020

Potomac River ADCP Bathymetric Survey, October 2019

Water-penetrating LiDAR technology was used to remotely sense bathymetric elevation data as part of a spatial data acquisition on the Potomac River. In support of this effort, a bathymetric survey with a boat-mounted acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) was conducted in the study area on October 21-24, 2019. Global Navigational Satellite Systems (GNSS) were used to concurrently

Date published: June 8, 2020

Reported groundwater levels and groundwater pump-and-treat withdrawal volumes, former Naval Air Warfare Center, West Trenton, New Jersey, 2018

This dataset contains U.S. Navy contractor-reported groundwater level data measured on June 18, 2018 and reported daily total groundwater pump-and-treat withdrawal volumes for calendar year 2018 at the former Naval Air Warfare Center, West Trenton, New Jersey. This data release supports: Fiore, A.R., and Lacombe, P.J., 2020, Groundwater levels and generalized potentiometric s

Date published: June 2, 2020

Coastal wetlands of north shore Long Island, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of north shore Long Island, New York. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence wetland...

Date published: June 2, 2020

Slope Values Across Marsh-Forest Boundary in Chesapeake Bay Region, USA

The marsh-forest boundary in the Chesapeake Bay was determined by geoprocessing high-resolution (1 square meter) land use and land cover data sets. Perpendicular transects were cast at standard intervals (30 meters) along the boundary within a GIS by repurposing the...

Date published: June 2, 2020

Mean tidal range of marsh units in north shore Long Island salt marsh complex, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of north shore Long Island, New York. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence

Date published: June 2, 2020

Conceptual marsh units of north shore Long Island salt marsh complex, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of north shore Long Island, New York. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence

Date published: June 2, 2020

Unvegetated to vegetated ratio of marsh units in north shore Long Island salt marsh complex, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of north shore Long Island, New York. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence

Date published: June 2, 2020

Slope Values Across Marsh-Forest Boundary in Chesapeake Bay Region, USA

The marsh-forest boundary in the Chesapeake Bay was determined by geoprocessing high-resolution (1 square meter) land use and land cover data sets. Perpendicular transects were cast at standard intervals (30 meters) along the boundary within a GIS by repurposing the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) Version 5.0, an ArcGIS extension developed by the U.S. Geological Survey. Ave

Date published: June 2, 2020

Elevation of marsh units in north shore Long Island salt marsh complex, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of north shore Long Island, New York. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence

Filter Total Items: 16,123
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Year Published: 2021

Emerging investigator series: Municipal wastewater as a year-round point source of neonicotinoid insecticides that persist in an effluent-dominated stream

Neonicotinoids in aquatic systems have been predominantly associated with agriculture, but some are increasingly being linked to municipal wastewater. Thus, the aim of this work was to understand the municipal wastewater contribution to neonicotinoids in a representative, characterized effluent-dominated temperate-region stream. Our approach was...

Webb, Danielle T.; Zhi, Hui; Kolpin, Dana W.; Klaper, Rebecca D.; Iwanowicz, Luke R.; LeFevre, Gregory H.

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Year Published: 2021

Slow recovery of headwater-stream fishes following a catastrophic poisoning event

Accidental spills of chemicals and other pollutants can decimate populations of stream-dwelling species. Recovery from such accidents can be relatively fast and complete when the affected stream reaches can be recolonized from upstream and downstream sources. However, faunal recoveries from accidental spills that extirpate populations from entire...

Freeman, Mary; Elkins, Duncan; Maholland, Peter; Butler, Zachary; Kleinhans, Maxwell; Skaggs, Jonathan; Stowe, Edward; Straight, Carrie A.; Wenger, Seth J.

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Year Published: 2021

Geophysical and video logs of selected wells at and near the former Naval Air Warfare Center Warminster, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, 2017-19

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collected borehole geophysical and video logs in 17 open-hole wells in Northampton, Warminster, and Warwick Townships, Bucks County, Pennsylvania during 2017–19 to support detailed groundwater investigations at and near the former Naval Air Warfare Center (NAWC) Warminster, where groundwater contamination with per...

Senior, Lisa A.; Anderson, J. Alton; Bird, Philip H.
Senior, L.A., Anderson, J.A., and Bird, P.H., 2021, Geophysical and video logs of selected wells at and near the former Naval Air Warfare Center Warminster, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, 2017–19: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1025, 92 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211025.

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Year Published: 2021

How does climate change affect emergent properties of aquatic ecosystems?

Emergent properties of ecosystems are community attributes, such as structure and function, that arise from connections and interactions (e.g., predator–prey, competition) among populations, species, or assemblages that, when viewed together, provide a holistic representation that is more than the sum of its individual parts. Climate change is...

Staudinger, Michelle; Lynch, Abigail; Gaichas, Sarah; Fox, Michael; Gibson-Reinemer, Daniel; Langan, Joseph; Teffer, Amy K.; Thackeray, Stephen; Winfield, Ian

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Year Published: 2021

A new addition to the embalmed fauna of ancient Egypt: Güldenstaedt’s White-toothed Shrew, Crocidura gueldenstaedtii (Pallas, 1811) (Mammalia: Eulipotyphla: Soricidae)

The Falcon Necropolis at Quesna in the Nile Delta of Egypt is considered to have been founded by the priest Djedhor, the Saviour, of Athribis (Tell Atrib in modern Benha) at the beginning of the Ptolemaic Period. Recent excavations here have revealed abundant avian remains from mummies dedicated to the ancient Egyptian god Horus Khenty-Khety....

Woodman, Neal; Ikram, Salima; Rowland, Joanne

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Year Published: 2021

Machine-learning predictions of high arsenic and high manganese at drinking water depths of the glacial aquifer system, northern continental United States

Globally, over 200 million people are chronically exposed to arsenic (As) and/or manganese (Mn) from drinking water. We used machine-learning (ML) boosted regression tree (BRT) models to predict high As (>10 μg/L) and Mn (>300 μg/L) in groundwater from the glacial aquifer system (GLAC), which spans 25 states in the northern United States and...

Erickson, Melinda L.; Elliott, Sarah M.; Brown, Craig J.; Stackelberg, Paul; Ransom, Katherine Marie; Reddy, James E.; Cravotta, Charles A.

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Year Published: 2021

Assessing the impact of an online climate science community: The Early Career Climate Forum

Online science communities can serve as powerful platforms for advancing scientific knowledge, capacity, and outreach by increasing collaboration and information sharing among geographically distant peers, practitioners, and the public. Here, we examine the value and role of the Early Career Climate Forum (ECCF), a climate-focused online science...

Guckian, Meaghan; Markowitz, Ezra; Tucker, Clay; Kiekebusch, Elsita; Klemm, Toni; Middleton, Lindsey; Wootten, Adrienne; Staudinger, Michelle

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Year Published: 2021

Risks posed by SARS‐CoV‐2 to North American bats during winter fieldwork

The virus that causes COVID‐19 likely evolved in a mammalian host, possibly Old‐World bats, before adapting to humans, raising the question of whether reverse zoonotic transmission to bats is possible. Wildlife management agencies in North America are concerned that the activities they authorize could lead to transmission of SARS‐CoV‐2 to bats...

Cook, Jonathan D; Campbell Grant, Evan H.; Coleman, Jeremy T. H.; Sleeman, Jonathan M.; Runge, Michael C.

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Year Published: 2021

Evaluation and application of the Purge Analyzer Tool (PAT) to determine in-well flow and purge criteria for sampling monitoring wells at the Stringfellow Superfund site in Jurupa Valley, California, in 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency are developing analytical tools to assess the representativeness of groundwater samples from fractured-rock aquifers. As part of this effort, monitoring wells from the Stringfellow Superfund site in Jurupa Valley in Riverside County, California, approximately 50 miles east of Los...

Harte, Philip T.; Perina, Tomas; Becher, Kent; Levine, Herb; Rojas-Mickelson, Daewon; Walther, Lesley; Brown, Anthony
Harte, P.T., Perina, T., Becher, K., Levine, H., Rojas-Mickelson, D., Walther, L., and Brown, A., 2021, Evaluation and application of the Purge Analyzer Tool (PAT) to determine in-well flow and purge criteria for sampling monitoring wells at the Stringfellow Superfund site in Jurupa Valley, California, in 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5140, 54 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205140.

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Year Published: 2021

Assessment of water quality and discharge in the Herring River, Wellfleet, Massachusetts, November 2015 to September 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey, Cape Cod National Seashore of the National Park Service, and Friends of Herring River cooperated from 2015 to 2017 to assess nutrient concentrations and fluxes across the ocean-estuary boundary at a dike on the Herring River in Wellfleet, Massachusetts. The purpose of this assessment was to characterize environmental...

Huntington, Thomas G.; Spaetzel, Alana B.; Colman, John A.; Kroeger, Kevin D.; Bradley, Robert T.
Huntington, T.G., Spaetzel, A.B., Colman, J.A., Kroeger, K.D., and Bradley, R.T., 2021, Assessment of water quality and discharge in the Herring River, Wellfleet, Massachusetts, November 2015 to September 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5120, 59 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205120.

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Year Published: 2021

Genetic structure of Maryland Brook Trout populations: Management implications for a threatened species

Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalis have declined across their native range due to multiple anthropogenic factors, including landscape alteration and climate change. Although coldwater streams in Maryland (eastern United States) historically supported significant Brook Trout populations, only fragmented remnant populations remain, with the...

Morgan II, Raymond P; Kazyak, David; King, Tim L; Lubinski, Barbara A.; Sell, Matthew T; Heft, Alan A; Jones, Jess W

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Year Published: 2021

Assessing gas leakage potential into coal mines from shale gas well failures: Inference from field determination of strata permeability responses to longwall-induced deformations

This paper summarizes the changes in permeability at three boreholes located above an abutment pillar at a longwall coal mine in southwestern Pennsylvania. The motivation of this study was to better characterize the potential interaction between shale gas wells and the mine environment, through measurement of permeability changes in the coal mine...

Watkins, Eric; Karacan, C. Özgen; Gangrade, Vasu; Schatzel, Steven

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USGS
April 26, 1981

Computes expected coefficients of variation of survival and capture probability for use in the design of capture-recapture-resighting experiments.

USGS
April 26, 1979

Computes "species richness" or total number of species from emperical species abundance distribution data.

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Jennifer Lafayette sampling at 01208990 Saugatuck River in Redding, CT
February 3, 2021

Sampling at 01208990 Saugatuck River in Redding, CT

Jennifer Lafayette sampling at 01208990 Saugatuck River in Redding, CT

Photograph of USG lab manager analyzing pore water samples
December 31, 2020

Analyzing Pore Water Samples

Lab Manager, Adrian Mann, analyzes pore water samples on an Ion Chromatograph.

Photograph of USGS staff collecting data in a marsh
December 31, 2020

Field Collections at Head of the Meadow Bay, MA

Remote-Sensing Coastal Change project field collections at the Head of the Meadow Bay in Massachusetts.

Photograph of USGS scientist collecting water samples in a marsh
December 31, 2020

Collecting Water Samples

USGS samples water within wetlands to understand which environmental drivers impact carbon cycle and sediment accretion. Here USGS staff (Jennifer O'Keefe Suttles) pumps water from at Phragmites wetland, Mashpee, MA, to analyze at the Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center Environmental Geochemistry lab.

Streamgage 0110588340 on the Santuit River at Old Kings Road, Barnstable MA
December 31, 2020

Streamgage 0110588340 Barnstable, MA

Streamgage 0110588340 on the Santuit River at Old Kings Road, Barnstable MA.

Jon Cohl ADCP at 01457400 Musconetcong Riegelsville
December 30, 2020

Jon Cohl ADCP at 01457400 Musconetcong Riegelsville

Photo Contest Winner | January 2021 | People
Jon Cohl ADCP at 01457400 Musconetcong Riegelsville

a man on the beach with bags and poles touching a small yellow boat
November 22, 2020

Deploying the Autonomous Surf Vehicle at Pea Island

The USGS will be using an autonomous surf vehicle, built by Peter Traykovski of WHOI, to map the bathymetry of the Pea Island DUNEX Experiment Site. 

Teaching techs how to count clicks
November 19, 2020

Teaching techs how to count clicks

Photo Contest Winner | January 2021 | Honorable Mention 1
Teaching young techs how to count clicks

Neal Craig teaching new hydro tech
November 19, 2020

Neal Craig teaching new hydro tech Alice Mower at Fisherville, KY gage

Photo Contest Winner | June 2021 | People
Neal Craig teaching new hydro tech Alice Mower at Fisherville, KY gage

​​​​​​​Sligo Creek Storm
October 29, 2020

​​​​​​​Sligo Creek Storm

Photo Contest Winner | January 2021 | Honorable Mention 2
Sligo Creek Storm

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Oil, gas, and water separation vessels at a carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery operation
March 18, 2020

The U.S. Geological Survey has developed a new assessment method to estimate how much oil and gas could be produced by injecting carbon dioxide into petroleum reservoirs. The methodology also includes a way to estimate the amount of carbon dioxide remaining in the reservoir after the production of oil and gas is complete.

Jeff Chaplin and Cameron Ensor at Fishing Creek Elementary
March 13, 2020

USGS staff participated in Science Night at Fishing Creek Elementary School, where students learned about the native macroinvertebrate* population in nearby Yellow Breeches Creek.

Close up of Bastnaesite
February 21, 2020

Risk tool identified 23 mineral commodities whose supply poses the greatest risk, including those used in consumer electronics, renewable energy, aerospace, and defense applications.

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: Timelapse of City/Town Halls in OH & WV
December 18, 2019

This challenge is now complete!!  Thank you to everyone who contributed!  Here is a time lapse of our volunteer contributions for this challenge:

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in Ohio and West Virginia
December 5, 2019

Here is the weekly update for this challenge.  West Virginia is nearing completion while Ohio is filling in nicely with more and more counties becoming populated!  However, there's still several villages yet to be added for Ohio.

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in Ohio and West Virginia
November 21, 2019

Here is the weekly update for this challenge - it's exciting to see more counties filling in! Keep an eye out for another article on city / town halls in this month's newsletter.

Large stormwater retention pond compared to a green stormwater infrastructure dry pond with native vegetation.
November 18, 2019

A new study finds that a high density of green stormwater infrastructure can provide enhanced mitigation of peak flows and runoff volumes compared to large, detention-based stormwater control practices.

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