Unified Interior Regions

Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian

Our Science Centers

Our Science Centers

The NAA Region has 15 Science Centers spanning 14 NE States and Washington, DC. The Centers conduct interdisciplinary biologic, geologic, hydrologic, and energy monitoring and research addressing natural resource issues facing our nation.

Learn More

August and September Photo Contests

August and September Photo Contests

Check out the winning photographs in the August and September 2021 Photo Contests! Categories include People, USGS at Work, Where We Work, and Honorable Mention.

See Photos

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 1,126
Date published: February 7, 2020
Status: Active

Dysbiosis, immunomodulation, and health effects of agricultural pesticides in wild prairie grouse

Agrochemical pollution poses a severe threat to biodiversity.  Agrochemicals can detrimentally affect wildlife growth, development, survival, reproduction, and immune responses, which facilitates emergence and spread of infectious diseases that may cause unusually high mortality.  Animal microbiota plays a fundamental role in host’s food detoxification and defense against pathogens, regulates...

Date published: February 6, 2020
Status: Active

Assessment of fecal contamination sources to Alley Creek, Queens County, New York

PROBLEM Alley Creek, a tributary to Little Neck Bay (Queens County, New York; figure 1) has been designated as impaired by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYS DEC) for primary and secondary contact and included on the 303(d) Impaired Waterways for pathogens related to combined sewer overflow contributions. The New York City Department of Environmental Protection...

Date published: January 28, 2020
Status: Active

International Water Resources Activities

USGS water-related projects of international interest.

Date published: January 14, 2020
Status: Active

Harmful Algal Blooms in Pennsylvania

The U.S. Geological Survey is collaborating with State and local partners to develop models that provide real-time estimates of Escherichia coli (E. coli) (for pathogens) and (or) microcystin (for freshwater cyanotoxins) levels at Great Lakes beaches and drinking-water intakes. 

Date published: January 13, 2020
Status: Active

Geologic Energy Storage

The United States (U.S.) domestic energy supply increasingly relies on natural gas and renewable sources; however, their efficient use is limited by supply and demand constraints. For example, a) in summer, natural gas production may outpace home heating fuel demand and b) in daytime, wind and solar electricity production may outpace industrial power requirements. Storing rather than dumping...

Contacts: Marc L Buursink
Date published: January 9, 2020
Status: Active

Type of Wetlands Affect How Much Nitrogen is Removed from the Bay’s Tidal Rivers

Issue: Wetlands are important for removing nitrogen from rivers entering the Chesapeake Bay. More information is needed on how much nitrogen wetlands can remove.

Contacts: Gregory Noe
Date published: November 4, 2019
Status: Completed

New England Water Use

Background: The U.S. Geological Survey has compiled the Nation's water-use data at the county, State, and national levels every 5 years since 1950. The most recent estimated water-use compilation was completed in 2015. A summary for New England is presented on this web page.

The Issue: Comprehensive water-use data analysis is needed to quantify the...

Date published: November 4, 2019
Status: Completed

Connecticut Water Use

Background: The U.S. Geological Survey has compiled the Nation's water-use data at the county, State, and national levels every 5 years since 1950. The most recent estimated water-use compilation was completed in 2015. A summary for Connecticut is presented on this web page.

The Issue: Comprehensive water-use data analysis is needed to quantify the...

Date published: November 4, 2019
Status: Completed

Maine Water Use

Background: The U.S. Geological Survey has compiled the Nation's water-use data at the county, State, and national levels every 5 years since 1950. The most recent estimated water-use compilation was completed in 2015. A summary for Maine is presented on this web page.

The Issue: Comprehensive water-use data analysis is needed to quantify the stress on...

Date published: November 4, 2019
Status: Completed

Massachusetts Water Use

Background: The U.S. Geological Survey has compiled the Nation's water-use data at the county, State, and national levels every 5 years since 1950. The most recent estimated water-use compilation was completed in 2015. A summary for Massachusetts is presented on this web page.

The Issue: Comprehensive water-use data analysis is needed to quantify the...

Date published: November 4, 2019
Status: Completed

New Hampshire Water Use

Background: The U.S. Geological Survey has compiled the Nation's water-use data at the county, State, and national levels every 5 years since 1950. The most recent estimated water-use compilation was completed in 2015. A summary for New Hampshire is presented on this web page.

The Issue: Comprehensive water-use data analysis is needed to quantify the...

Date published: November 4, 2019
Status: Completed

Rhode Island Water Use

Background: The U.S. Geological Survey has compiled the Nation's water-use data at the county, State, and national levels every 5 years since 1950. The most recent estimated water-use compilation was completed in 2015. A summary for Rhode Island is presented on this web page.

The Issue: Comprehensive water-use data analysis is needed to quantify the...

Filter Total Items: 495
Date published: April 9, 2020

Topobathymetric Digital Elevation Model (TBDEM) of the Eastern Shore Peninsula of Virginia and adjacent parts of Maryland with a horizontal resolution of 1 meter and vertical resolution of 1 centimeter

This topobathymetric digital elevation model (TBDEM) represents topography and bathymetry for the Eastern Shore peninsula of Virginia, including Accomack and Northampton counties, and extending into Worcester and Somerset counties in Maryland. The TBDEM has a horizontal grid spacing of 1 meter and vertical units of 1 (integer) centimeter. This dataset combines U.S. Geological Survey %

Date published: April 9, 2020

Ultra-short baseline - navigation points and tracklines for Applied Acoustics EasyTrack Nexus 2 USBL data collected for ROV Global Explorer during USGS field activity 2017-001-FA.

In spring and summer 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey’s Gas Hydrates Project conducted two cruises aboard the research vessel Hugh R. Sharp to explore the geology, chemistry, ecology, physics, and oceanography of sea-floor methane seeps and water column gas plumes on the northern U.S. Atlantic margin between the Baltimore and Keller Canyons. Split-beam and multibeam echo sounder

Date published: April 9, 2020

Chirp seismic reflection - shotpoints, tracklines, profile images, and SEG-Y traces for EdgeTech SB-512i chirp data collected during USGS field activity 2017-002-FA.

In spring and summer 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey’s Gas Hydrates Project conducted two cruises aboard the research vessel Hugh R. Sharp to explore the geology, chemistry, ecology, physics, and oceanography of sea-floor methane seeps and water column gas plumes on the northern U.S. Atlantic margin between the Baltimore and Keller Canyons. Split-beam and multibeam echo sounder

Date published: April 6, 2020

Fluorescence spectroscopy of ancient sedimentary organic matter via confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM)

Fluorescence spectroscopy via confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) was used to analyze ancient sedimentary organic matter, including Tasmanites microfossils in Devonian shale and Gloecapsomorpha prisca (G. prisca) in Ordovician kukersite from North American basins. We examined fluorescence emission as a function of excitation laser wavelength, sample orientation, and with respe

Date published: April 1, 2020

Statistical summaries of simulated groundwater residence times for the 10 regional aquifers of the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain aquifer system, at a 1 square-mile grid resolution

Groundwater residence times were simulated for the major regional aquifers of the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain aquifer system from New York to North Carolina using particle tracking in a regional groundwater flow model. Millions of particles were distributed throughout the aquifers of the North Atlantic Coastal Plain in a MODFLOW model with a volume-weighted algorithm, then tracked...

Date published: April 1, 2020

Adirondack New York soil chemistry data, 1992-2017

This dataset contains measurements of chemical concentrations of soil samples representing 28 headwater drainage basins completely within the Adirondack Park of New York State (ADK Park), one basin partially in the ADK Park, and one watershed 2 kilometers from the ADK Park boundary. Seven of these watersheds have been sampled 2 or 3 times over periods of 12 to 22 years. Soil samples wer

Date published: March 31, 2020

Coastal wetlands of eastern Long Island, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of eastern Long Island, New York, including the north and south forks, Gardiners Island, and Fishers Island. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model.

Date published: March 30, 2020

Sea-floor sediment samples, seabed imagery, and CTD instrument data collected on Stellwagen Bank in September, 2014, U.S. Geological Survey Field Activity 2014-055-FA

This field activity is part of the effort to map geologic substrates of the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary region off Boston, Massachusetts. The overall goal is to develop high-resolution (1:25,000) interpretive maps, based on multibeam sonar data and seabed sampling, showing surficial geology and seabed sediment dynamics.

Date published: March 19, 2020

Vertical chemical profiles collected across haloclines in the water column of the Ox Bel Ha cave network within the coastal aquifer of the Yucatan Peninsula in January 2015 and January 20

Natural cave passages penetrating a coastal aquifer in the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico) were accessed to test the hypothesis that chemoclines associated with salinity gradients (haloclines) within the flooded cave networks of the karst subterranean estuary are sites of methane oxidation. Two field trips were carried out to the fully-submerged cave system located 6.6 km inland from the coastline...

Date published: March 19, 2020

High-resolution geophysical data collected in the vicinity of Buffalo Reef, Michigan, within Lake Superior, U.S. Geological Survey Field Activity 2018-043-FA

In September 2018, the U.S. Geological Survey, in collaboration with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, conducted high-resolution geophysical mapping and sediment sampling to determine the distribution of historical mine tailings on the floor of Lake Superior. Large amounts of waste material from copper mining, locally known as “stamp sands,” were dumped into the lake in the early 20th century...

Date published: March 19, 2020

Grain size, microfossil, and strontium data for the Kure Beach and Elizabethtown cores, North Carolina

Grain size, calcareous nannofossil, and strontium data for the Cenomanian to Santonian sediments of the Kure Beach and Elizabethtown cores in North Carolina

Date published: March 18, 2020

Multibeam backscatter data collected in the vicinity of Buffalo Reef, Michigan, within Lake Superior during USGS Field Activity 2018-043-FA using a dual-head Reson T20-P multibeam echosounder (8-bit GeoTIFF, UTM Zone 16N, NAD 83, 2-m resolution)

In September 2018, the U.S. Geological Survey, in collaboration with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, conducted high-resolution geophysical mapping and sediment sampling to determine the distribution of historical mine tailings on the floor of Lake Superior. Large amounts of waste material from copper mining, locally known as “stamp sands,” were dumped into the lake in

Filter Total Items: 16,199
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

A new addition to the embalmed fauna of ancient Egypt: Güldenstaedt’s White-toothed Shrew, Crocidura gueldenstaedtii (Pallas, 1811) (Mammalia: Eulipotyphla: Soricidae)

The Falcon Necropolis at Quesna in the Nile Delta of Egypt is considered to have been founded by the priest Djedhor, the Saviour, of Athribis (Tell Atrib in modern Benha) at the beginning of the Ptolemaic Period. Recent excavations here have revealed abundant avian remains from mummies dedicated to the ancient Egyptian god Horus Khenty-Khety....

Woodman, Neal; Ikram, Salima; Rowland, Joanne

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Machine-learning predictions of high arsenic and high manganese at drinking water depths of the glacial aquifer system, northern continental United States

Globally, over 200 million people are chronically exposed to arsenic (As) and/or manganese (Mn) from drinking water. We used machine-learning (ML) boosted regression tree (BRT) models to predict high As (>10 μg/L) and Mn (>300 μg/L) in groundwater from the glacial aquifer system (GLAC), which spans 25 states in the northern United States and...

Erickson, Melinda L.; Elliott, Sarah M.; Brown, Craig J.; Stackelberg, Paul; Ransom, Katherine Marie; Reddy, James E.; Cravotta, Charles A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Assessing the impact of an online climate science community: The Early Career Climate Forum

Online science communities can serve as powerful platforms for advancing scientific knowledge, capacity, and outreach by increasing collaboration and information sharing among geographically distant peers, practitioners, and the public. Here, we examine the value and role of the Early Career Climate Forum (ECCF), a climate-focused online science...

Guckian, Meaghan; Markowitz, Ezra; Tucker, Clay; Kiekebusch, Elsita; Klemm, Toni; Middleton, Lindsey; Wootten, Adrienne; Staudinger, Michelle

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Risks posed by SARS‐CoV‐2 to North American bats during winter fieldwork

The virus that causes COVID‐19 likely evolved in a mammalian host, possibly Old‐World bats, before adapting to humans, raising the question of whether reverse zoonotic transmission to bats is possible. Wildlife management agencies in North America are concerned that the activities they authorize could lead to transmission of SARS‐CoV‐2 to bats...

Cook, Jonathan D; Campbell Grant, Evan H.; Coleman, Jeremy T. H.; Sleeman, Jonathan M.; Runge, Michael C.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Evaluation and application of the Purge Analyzer Tool (PAT) to determine in-well flow and purge criteria for sampling monitoring wells at the Stringfellow Superfund site in Jurupa Valley, California, in 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency are developing analytical tools to assess the representativeness of groundwater samples from fractured-rock aquifers. As part of this effort, monitoring wells from the Stringfellow Superfund site in Jurupa Valley in Riverside County, California, approximately 50 miles east of Los...

Harte, Philip T.; Perina, Tomas; Becher, Kent; Levine, Herb; Rojas-Mickelson, Daewon; Walther, Lesley; Brown, Anthony
Harte, P.T., Perina, T., Becher, K., Levine, H., Rojas-Mickelson, D., Walther, L., and Brown, A., 2021, Evaluation and application of the Purge Analyzer Tool (PAT) to determine in-well flow and purge criteria for sampling monitoring wells at the Stringfellow Superfund site in Jurupa Valley, California, in 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5140, 54 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205140.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Assessment of water quality and discharge in the Herring River, Wellfleet, Massachusetts, November 2015 to September 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey, Cape Cod National Seashore of the National Park Service, and Friends of Herring River cooperated from 2015 to 2017 to assess nutrient concentrations and fluxes across the ocean-estuary boundary at a dike on the Herring River in Wellfleet, Massachusetts. The purpose of this assessment was to characterize environmental...

Huntington, Thomas G.; Spaetzel, Alana B.; Colman, John A.; Kroeger, Kevin D.; Bradley, Robert T.
Huntington, T.G., Spaetzel, A.B., Colman, J.A., Kroeger, K.D., and Bradley, R.T., 2021, Assessment of water quality and discharge in the Herring River, Wellfleet, Massachusetts, November 2015 to September 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5120, 59 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205120.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Genetic structure of Maryland Brook Trout populations: Management implications for a threatened species

Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalis have declined across their native range due to multiple anthropogenic factors, including landscape alteration and climate change. Although coldwater streams in Maryland (eastern United States) historically supported significant Brook Trout populations, only fragmented remnant populations remain, with the...

Morgan II, Raymond P; Kazyak, David; King, Tim L; Lubinski, Barbara A.; Sell, Matthew T; Heft, Alan A; Jones, Jess W

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Assessing gas leakage potential into coal mines from shale gas well failures: Inference from field determination of strata permeability responses to longwall-induced deformations

This paper summarizes the changes in permeability at three boreholes located above an abutment pillar at a longwall coal mine in southwestern Pennsylvania. The motivation of this study was to better characterize the potential interaction between shale gas wells and the mine environment, through measurement of permeability changes in the coal mine...

Watkins, Eric; Karacan, C. Özgen; Gangrade, Vasu; Schatzel, Steven

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Simulation of groundwater flow in the aquifer system of the Anacostia River and surrounding watersheds, Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Virginia

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the District Department of Energy & Environment, Water Quality Division, is investigating the hydrogeology of the tidal Anacostia River watershed within Washington, D.C., with the goal of improving understanding of the groundwater-flow system and the interaction of groundwater and surface water...

Raffensperger, Jeff P.; Voronin, Lois M.; Dieter, Cheryl A.
Raffensperger, J.P., Voronin, L.M., and Dieter, C.A., 2021, Simulation of groundwater flow in the aquifer system of the Anacostia River and surrounding watersheds, Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013–5225, 59 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20135225.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Organic geochemistry and petrology of Devonian shale in eastern Ohio: Implications for petroleum systems assessment

Recent production of light sweet oil has prompted reevaluation of Devonian petroleum systems in the central Appalachian Basin. Upper Devonian Ohio Shale (lower Huron Member) and Middle Devonian Marcellus Shale organic-rich source rocks from eastern Ohio and nearby areas were examined using organic petrography and geochemical analysis of solvent...

Hackley, Paul C.; Ryder, Robert T.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Organic petrology and geochemistry of the Sunbury and Ohio Shales in eastern Kentucky and southeastern Ohio

As part of a study to determine the origin of oil and gas in the Berea Sandstone in northeastern Kentucky and southeastern Ohio, 158 samples of organic-rich shale from the Upper Devonian Olentangy and Ohio Shales and the Lower Mississippian Sunbury Shale, collectively referred to as the “black shale,” were collected and analyzed from 12 cores. The...

Eble, Cortland F.; Hackley, Paul C.; Parris, Thomas M.; Greb, Stephen F.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Oil–source correlation studies in the shallow Berea Sandstone petroleum system, eastern Kentucky

Shallow production of sweet high-gravity oil from the Upper Devonian Berea Sandstone in northeastern Kentucky has caused the region to become the leading oil producer in the state. Potential nearby source rocks, namely, the overlying Mississippian Sunbury Shale and underlying Ohio Shale, are immature for commercial oil generation according to...

Hackley, Paul C.; Parris, T.M.; Eble, C. F.; Greb, S. F.; Harris, D.C.

Filter Total Items: 1,774
Map of gas hydrate locations known and inferred
May 16, 2020

Map of gas hydrate locations, known and inferred

Map of gas hydrate locations, known and inferred.  Browse graphic for ScienceBase data release, Preliminary global database of known and inferred gas hydrate locations. 

May 15, 2020

Capillary Action and Water

This video discusses how adhesion and cohesion work together to create capillary action! There is an experiment at the end of the video to demonstrate this as well! If you would like to do the experiment with us you will need: 1) Coffee filter 2) Washable marker 3) Glass of water
 

Map of SW Puerto Rico coast and seafloor
May 14, 2020

Finding Seafloor Faults Linked to Puerto Rico Earthquake

Map of the portion of the southwest coast of Puerto Rico affected by an earthquake sequence that began in December 2019, along with portions of the seafloor where faults involved in the earthquake sequence were suspected to exist. (A related image shows indications of seafloor faulting found on a USGS seismic research cruise led by USGS research geophysicist Uri ten Brink

...
May 12, 2020

Lesson 11d: Using SeaSketch to View 3DEP Lidar Areas of Interest

In this lesson you will learn how to zoom to your area of interest and view the footprints of existing and proposed topographic lidar projects. The Integrated Working Group on Ocean and Coastal Mapping and the 3D Elevation Program or 3DEP are demonstrating how we can work together to coordinate on mapping requirements and plans of Federal and state agencies around the

May 4, 2020

Surface Tension and Water

Surface tension performs many duties that are vitally important to the environment and people. This video briefly covers Surface tension.
 

USGS Responds to Spring Flooding in New York
May 1, 2020

USGS hydrographer makes a flood measurement in Tusten, NY

USGS hydrographer Dave Thompson makes a near-peak flood measurement off a bridge at Tenmile River in Tusten, New York.

Map of seismic research site on seafloor off Puerto Rico
April 30, 2020

Scientists find signs of undersea faults off SW Puerto Rico

Locations of multichannel seismic reflection profiles (in black), collected during cruise FA2020-14. The profiles are overlain on colored and shaded multibeam bathymetry, Lidar topography (green and white) and near-shore bathymetry (darker blue), and NOAA coastal relief model (light blue and white). Dashed purple lines – hypothesized faults from the distribution of

...
Photograph of USGS Scientist wearing a protective face covering
April 29, 2020

Meagan Gonneea at the Herring River Estuary, Wellfleet, MA

When wetland plants in the northeast emerged this spring, USGS scientists were working from home and unable to start many planned research activities. However, many instruments were already deployed and continued to collect information critical to USGS research. These instruments still need visits occasionally to download data and make sure there aren’t any problems.

...
April 27, 2020

Lesson 11b2: Using the 3DEP BAA – Areas of Interest Project Collector

In this lesson you will learn how to use the USGS areas of interest project collection tool to add your lidar project to the Seasketch Demonstration Site for Federal Mapping Data Acquisition Coordination.
 

April 20, 2020

Adhesion and Cohesion of Water

Adhesion and Cohesion are water properties that affect how water interacts with itself and with other things like leaves and even you! This video briefly talks about these two amazing properties of water.
 

April 20, 2020

Lesson 11b: Using 3DEP BAA Public Areas of Interest Project Collector

In this lesson you will learn how use the public areas of interest project collection tool to add your lidar project to the Seasketch Demonstration Site for Federal Mapping Data Acquisition Coordination.
 

April 20, 2020

Lesson 1: Introduction to Using The National Map Products and Services

Welcome to the USGS course on Using The National Map Products and Services. This series of videos is focused on The National Map and the variety of products and services that it provides.
 

Filter Total Items: 288
Image shows two women in a laboratory handling a rock sample
June 19, 2019

BGS Scientist Diana Sahy and USGS Scientist Nancy Prouty give us the low-down on where these rocks we've been seeing are coming from and, in the process, reveal where the seeps themselves originate.

Filter Total Items: 594