Arizona Water Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 354
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Year Published: 2021

Occurrence, fate, and transport of aerially applied herbicides to control invasive buffelgrass within Saguaro National Park Rincon Mountain District, Arizona, 2015–18

The spread of the invasive and fire-adapted buffelgrass (Cenchrus ciliaris L.) threatens desert ecosystems by competing for resources, increasing fuel loads, and creating wildfire connectivity. The Rincon Mountain District of Saguaro National Park addressed this natural resource threat with the use of glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs). In 2010,...

Paretti, Nicholas V.; Beisner, Kimberly R.; Gungle, Bruce W.; Meyer, Michael T.; Kunz, Bethany K.; Hermosillo, Edyth; Cederberg, Jay R.; Mayo, Justine P.
Paretti, N.V., Beisner, K.R., Gungle, B., Meyer, M.T., Kunz, B.K., Hermosillo, E., Cederberg, J.R., and Mayo, J.P., 2021, Occurrence, fate, and transport of aerially applied herbicides to control invasive buffelgrass within Saguaro National Park Rincon Mountain District, Arizona, 2015–18: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2021–5039, 65 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20215039.

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Year Published: 2021

Estimation of dissolved-solids concentrations using continuous water-quality monitoring and regression models at four sites in the Yuma area, Arizona and California, January 2017 through March 2019

Multiple linear regression models were developed to estimate dissolved-solids concentrations in water at four sites in the Yuma area between Imperial Dam, Arizona and California and the southerly international boundary with Mexico at San Luis, Arizona. Continuous and discrete water-quality data were collected at gaging stations in the Colorado...

Cederberg, Jay R.; Paretti, Nicholas V.; Coes, Alissa L.; Hermosillo, Edyth; Andrade, Lucia
Cederberg, J.R., Paretti, N.V., Coes, A.L., Hermosillo, E., Andrade, L., 2021, Estimation of dissolved-solids concentrations using continuous water-quality monitoring and regression models at four sites in the Yuma area, Arizona and California, January 2017 through March 2019: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2021–5080, 26 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20215080.

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Year Published: 2021

Historical floods and geomorphic change in the lower Little Colorado River during the late 19th to early 21st centuries

The Little Colorado River is a major tributary to the Colorado River with a confluence at the boundary between Marble and Grand Canyons within Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona. The bedrock gorge of the lower Little Colorado River is home to the largest known population of Gila cypha (humpback chub), an endangered fish endemic to the Colorado...

Unema, Joel A.; Topping, David J.; Kohl, Keith A.; Pillow, Michael J.; Caster, Joshua J.
Unema, J.A., Topping, D.J., Kohl, K.A., Pillow, M.J., and Caster, J.J., 2021, Historical floods and geomorphic change in the lower Little Colorado River during the late 19th to early 21st centuries: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2021–5049, 34 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20215049.

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Year Published: 2021

Groundwater and surface-water data from the C-aquifer monitoring program, Northeastern Arizona, 2012–2019

The Coconino aquifer (C aquifer) is a regionally extensive multiple-aquifer system supplying water for municipal, agricultural, and industrial use in northeastern Arizona, northwestern New Mexico, and southeastern Utah. This report focuses on the C aquifer in the arid to semi-arid area between St. Johns, Ariz., and Flagstaff, Ariz., along the...

Jones, Casey J. R.; Robinson, Michael J.
Jones, C.J.R., and Robinson, M.J., 2021, Groundwater and surface-water data from the C-aquifer monitoring program, Northeastern Arizona, 2012–2019: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1051, 34 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211051.

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Year Published: 2021

Preliminary assessment of carbon and nitrogen sequestration potential of wildfire-derived sediments stored by erosion control structures in forest ecosystems, southwest USA

The role of pyrogenic carbon (PyC) in the global carbon cycle is still incompletely characterized. Much work has been done to characterize PyC on landforms and in soils where it originates or in “terminal” reservoirs such as marine sediments. Less is known about intermediate reservoirs such as streams and rivers, and few studies have characterized...

Callegary, James B.; Norman, Laura M.; Eastoe, Christopher J.; Sankey, Joel B.; Youberg, Ann

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Year Published: 2021

Groundwater conditions and trends, 2009–19, Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

Groundwater is the primary source of municipal water for Saipan. Nearly all groundwater for the municipal water supply is withdrawn from a freshwater-lens system with a limited amount of freshwater that is susceptible to saltwater intrusion. The status of Saipan’s groundwater resources has not been thoroughly assessed since 2003. The U.S....

Mitchell, Jackson N.; Presley, Todd K.; Carruth, Robert L.
Mitchell, J.N., Presley, T.K., and Carruth, R.L., 2021, Groundwater conditions and trends, 2009–19, Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5129, 51 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205129.

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Year Published: 2021

Groundwater, surface-water, and water-chemistry data, Black Mesa area, northeastern Arizona—2016–2018

The Navajo (N) aquifer is the primary source of groundwater in the 5,400-square-mile Black Mesa area in northeastern Arizona. Availability of water is an important issue in the Black Mesa area because of continued water requirements for industrial and municipal use by a growing population and because of its arid climate. Precipitation in the area...

Mason, Jon P.
Mason, J.P., 2021, Groundwater, surface-water, and water-chemistry data, Black Mesa area, northeastern Arizona—2016–2018: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1124, 50 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211124.

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Year Published: 2021

Enumerating white-tailed deer using unmanned aerial vehicles

The white‐tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) is an ecologically important species in forests of North America. Effective management of forests requires accurate, precise estimates of deer population abundance to plan and justify management actions. Spotlight surveys in combination with distance sampling are a common method of estimating deer...

Preston, Todd M.; Wildhaber, Mark L.; Green, Nicholas S.; Albers, Janice L.; Debenedetto, Geoffrey P.

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Year Published: 2021

Procedures for field data collection, processing, quality assurance and quality control, and archiving of relative- and absolute-gravity surveys

Repeat microgravity surveys carried out using relative- and absolute-gravity meters are useful for identifying changes in subsurface mass, such as the volume of water stored in an aquifer. These surveys require careful field procedures to achieve the part-per-billion accuracy required to measure the small changes in gravity relevant for hydrologic...

Kennedy, Jeffrey R.; Pool, Donald R.; Carruth, Robert L.
Kennedy, J.R., Pool, D.R., and Carruth, R.L., 2021, Procedures for field data collection, processing, quality assurance and quality control, and archiving of relative- and absolute-gravity surveys: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 2, chap. D4, 50 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/tm2D4.

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Year Published: 2021

National-scale reservoir thermal energy storage pre-assessment for the United States

The U.S. Geological Survey is performing a pre-assessment of the cooling potential for reservoir thermal energy storage (RTES) in five generalized geologic regions (Basin and Range, Coastal Plains, Illinois Basin, Michigan Basin, Pacific Northwest) across the United States. Reservoir models are developed for the metropolitan areas of eight cities...

Pepin, Jeff D.; Burns, Erick; Dickinson, Jesse E.; Duncan, Leslie L.; Kuniansky, Eve L.; Reeves, Howard W.

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Year Published: 2021

Documentation of methods and inventory of irrigation information collected for the 2015 U.S. Geological Survey estimated use of water in the United States

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water-Use Science Project strives to report water-use estimates using the best available information for the period of the estimates. The information available on water used for irrigation activities varies from State to State and in some areas from county to county within a State, which results in many...

Painter, Jaime A.; Brandt, Justin T.; Caldwell, Rodney R.; Haynes, Jonathan V.; Read, Amy L.
Painter, J.A., Brandt, J.T., Caldwell, R.R., Haynes, J.V., and Read, A.L., 2021, Documentation of methods and inventory of irrigation information collected for the 2015 U.S. Geological Survey estimated use of water in the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5139, 39 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205139.

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Year Published: 2021

Self-limitation of sand storage in a bedrock-canyon river arising from the interaction of flow and grain size

Bedrock-canyon rivers tend to be supply limited because they are efficient transporters of sediment and not because the upstream supply of sediment is small. A byproduct of this supply limitation is that the finer alluvium stored in these rivers has shorter residence times and smaller volumes than in alluvial rivers. To improve our understanding...

Topping, David; Grams, Paul; Griffiths, Ronald E.; Dean, David J.; Wright, Scott A.; Unema, Joel A.