Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center

Data and Tools

GECSC staff are responsible for the development of data and tools that support global environmental research, landscape change investigations, geologic studies and emergency response activities. 

Filter Total Items: 105
Date published: September 11, 2019

U-series and Sr-isotope data release supporting Tufa and Water Radiogenic Geochemistry and Tufa Ages for Two Karst Aquifers in the Buffalo National River Region, Northern Arkansas

This dataset includes tables of U- and Th-isotopic data used to calculate uranium-series age estimates (230Th/U method) and initial 234U/238U activity ratios for samples of tufa mounds formed by groundwater seepage. In addition, data include 87Sr/86Sr and 234U/238U values determined for spring discharge and streamflow collected from sites in the vicinity of Buffalo National River.

Date published: September 5, 2019

Data release for Monarch Habitat as a Component of Multifunctional Landscape Restoration Using Continuous Riparian Buffers

Stabilizing the eastern, migratory population of monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) is expected to require substantial habitat restoration on agricultural land in the core breeding area of the Upper Midwestern U.S. Previous research has considered the potential to utilize marginal land for this purpose because of its low productivity, erodible soils, and high nutrient input requirem

Date published: September 4, 2019

Data release for: Evaluating k-nearest neighbor (kNN) imputation models for species-level aboveground forest biomass mapping in Northeast China

Quantifying spatially explicit or pixel-level aboveground forest biomass (AFB) across large regions is critical for measuring forest carbon sequestration capacity, assessing forest carbon balance, and revealing changes in the structure and function of forest ecosystems. When AFB is measured at the species level using widely available remote sensing data, regional changes in forest compo

Date published: February 1, 2019

Data release for Applying the Community Ice Sheet Model to evaluate PMIP3 LGM climatologies over the North American ice sheets

The data release consists of a single NetCDF file with results from a suite of ice sheet model simulations. We ran with Community Ice Sheet Model (CISM2) with input from models used in the Palaeoclimate Modelling Intercomparison 3 (PMIP3). The NetCDF file contains output from model year 50,000 for a limited number of variables to keep the file size reasonably small. This subset of varia

Date published: January 1, 2019

Data release for it matters when you measure it: using snow-cover Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) to isolate post-fire conifer regeneration

Landsat Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) is commonly used to monitor post-fire green-up; however, most studies do not distinguish new growth of conifer from deciduous or herbaceous species, despite potential consequences for local climate, carbon and wildlife. We found that dual season (growing and snow cover) NDVI improved our ability to distinguish conifer tree pres

Date published: January 1, 2019

U and Th isotope data for "Establishing chronologies for alluvial-fan sequences with analysis of high-resolution topographic data: San Luis Valley, Colorado, USA"

This dataset includes tables of U- and Th-isotopic data used to calculate uranium-series age estimates (230Th/U method) and initial 234U/238U activity ratios for samples of pedogenic carbonate formed in soils on alluvial fans in the San Luis Valley, Colorado, USA.

Date published: January 1, 2019

Data release for the potential role of very high-resolution imagery to characterise lake, wetland and stream systems across the Prairie Pothole Region, United States

Aquatic features critical to watershed hydrology range widely in size from narrow, shallow streams to large, deep lakes. In this study we evaluated wetland, lake, and river systems across the Prairie Pothole Region to explore where pan-sharpened high-resolution (PSHR) imagery, relative to Landsat imagery, could provide additional data on surface water distribution and movement,

Date published: January 1, 2019

Data release for the Historical land use and land cover for assessing the northern Colorado Front Range urban landscape

The dataset was generated to describe historical land-use and land-cover (LULC)for the northern Colorado urban Front Range (which includes the cities of Boulder, Fort Collins, Greeley, and Denver) for an area covering approximately 1,023,660 hectares. The Front Range urban landscape is diverse and interspersed with highly productive agriculture as well as natural land cover type

Date published: January 1, 2019

Data release for the Land Change Causes for the United States Interior Highlands (2001 to 2006 and 2006 to 2011 time intervals)

These data were created to describe the causes of land cover change that occurred in the Interior Highland region of the United States for the time intervals of 2001 to 2006 and 2006 to 2011. This region, which covers approximately 17.5 million hectares, includes portions of the U.S. states of Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Kansas. Most of the area is covered by gently rolling hill

Date published: January 1, 2019

Data Release for "Holocene thermokarst lake dynamics in northern Interior Alaska: the interplay of climate, fire, and subsurface hydrology"

The current state of permafrost in Alaska and meaningful expectations for its future evolution are informed by long-term perspectives on previous permafrost degradation. Thermokarst processes in permafrost landscapes often lead to widespread lake formation and the spatial and temporal evolution of thermokarst lake landscapes reflects the combined effects of climate, ground conditions, vegetat...

Date published: January 1, 2019

Data release for Isotopic constraints on middle Pleistocene cave evolution, paleohydrologic flow, and environmental conditions from Fitton Cave speleothems, Buffalo National River, Arkansas (KIG'17)

This dataset accompanies publication 'Isotopic constraints on middle Pleistocene cave evolution, paleohydrologic flow, and environmental conditions from Fitton Cave speleothems, Buffalo National River, Arkansas', to be published as a USGS Scientific Investigations Report associated with the 2017 USGS Karst Interest Group meeting in San Antonio, TX.

Date published: January 1, 2019

U-series isotope data used to date a 130,000-year-old archaeological site in southern California, U.S.A.

This dataset includes tables with physical information and isotopic data that are used to calculate uranium-series ages (230Th/U method) and initial 234U/238U activity ratios on a suite of mastodon bones from the Cerutti Mastodon site near San Diego, CA area.