Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center

Publications

Products (journal articles, reports, fact sheets) authored by current and past scientists are listed below. Please check the USGS Pubs Warehouse for other USGS publications.

USGS Publications Warehouse

Filter Total Items: 1,629
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Year Published: 2020

Characterizing the diverse hydrogeology underlying rivers and estuaries using new floating transient electromagnetic methodology

The hydrogeology below large surface water features such as rivers and estuaries is universally under-informed at the long reach to basin scales (tens of km+). This challenge inhibits the accurate modeling of fresh/saline groundwater interfaces and groundwater/surface water exchange patterns at management-relevant spatial extents. Here we...

Lane, John W.; Briggs, Martin; Maurya, PK; White, Eric A.; Pedersen, JB; Auken, Esben; Terry, Neil; Minsley, Burke J; Kress, Wade; LeBlanc, Denis R.; Adams, Ryan F.; Johnson, Carole D.

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Year Published: 2020

Data release of reprocessed select National Uranium Resources Evaluation program samples in Wyoming

The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission established the National Uranium Resources Evaluation (NURE) program in 1973 to identify uranium resources throughout the United States. Part of this program focused on the collection of stream-sediment samples and subsequent geochemical analyses of these samples for uranium, in addition to 47 other elements. As...

Lucke, David W.; Smith, Steven M.; Azain, Jaime S.; Ingraham, Andrew David

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Year Published: 2020

Detrital record of the late Oligocene – Early Miocene mafic volcanic arc in the southern Patagonian Andes (~51 °S) from single-clast geochronology and trace element geochemistry

Retroarc foreland basins are important archives of continental arc magmatism and upper plate deformational processes that control the evolution of continental lithosphere. However, resolving source areas in foreland basin infill dominated from mixed mafic and recycled sediment using conventional methods such as detrital zircon geochronology poses...

VanderLeest, Rebecca A; Fosdick, Julie C; Leonard, Joel S; Morgan, Leah E.

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Year Published: 2020

Quantifying uncertainty for remote spectroscopy of surface composition

Remote surface measurements by imaging spectrometers play an important role in planetary and Earth science. To make these measurements, investigators calibrate instrument data to absolute units, invert physical models to estimate atmospheric effects, and then determine surface properties from the spectral reflectance. This study quantifies the...

Thompson, David R.; Braverman, Amy; Brodrick, Philip; Candela, Alberto; Carmon, Nimrod; Clark, Roger N.; Connelly, David; Green, Robert O.; Kokaly, Raymond; Li, Longlei; Mahowald, Natalie; Miller, Ronald L.; Okin, Gregory S.; Painter, Thomas H.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Turmon, Michael; Susilouto, Jouni; Wettergreen, David

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Year Published: 2020

Hydrothermal activity in the southwest Yellowstone Plateau Volcanic Field

In the past two decades, the U.S. Geological Survey and the National Park Service have studied hydrothermal activity across the Yellowstone Plateau Volcanic Field (YPVF) to improve the understanding of the magmatic-hydrothermal system and to provide a baseline for detecting future anomalous activity. In 2017 and 2018 we sampled water and gas over...

Hurwitz, Shaul; McCleskey, R. Blaine; Bergfeld, Deborah; Peek, Sara; Susong, David; Roth, David A.; Hungerford, Jefferson; White, Erin B; Harrison, Lauren; Hosseini, Behnaz; Vaughan, R. Greg; Hunt, Andrew G.; Paces, James

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Year Published: 2020

Exploring regional scale metamorphic fabrics in the Yukon Tanana terrane and environs using quantitative domain analyses

Metamorphic rock fabrics such as foliations and lineations provide a rock record of numerous deformational characteristics in the Earth’s crust. When spatial information is combined with fabric data collected at points on geologic maps, the nature and consistency of metamorphic fabrics can be explored through structural domain analysis. This is...

Caine, Jonathan; Jones, James V.

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Year Published: 2020

Bayesian modeling of non-stationary, univariate, spatial data for the Earth sciences

Some Earth science data, such as geochemical measurements of element concentrations, are non-stationary—the mean and the standard deviation vary spatially. It is important to estimate the spatial variations in both statistics because such information is indicative of geological and other Earth processes. To this end, an estimation method is...

Ellefsen, Karl J.; Van Gosen, Bradley S.
Ellefsen, K.J., and Van Gosen, B.S., 2020, Bayesian modeling of non-stationary, univariate, spatial data for the Earth sciences: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 7, chap. C24, 20 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/tm7C24.

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Year Published: 2020

User guide to the bayesian modeling of non-stationary, univariate, spatial data using R language package BMNUS

Bayesian modeling of non-stationary, univariate, spatial data is performed using the R-language package BMNUS. A unique advantage of this package is that it can map the mean, standard deviation, quantiles, and probability of exceeding a specified value. The package includes several R-language classes that prepare the data for the modeling, help...

Ellefsen, Karl J.; Goldman, Margaret A.; Van Gosen, Bradley S.
Ellefsen, K.J, Goldman, M.A., and Van Gosen, B.S., 2020, User guide to the bayesian modeling of non-stationary, univariate, spatial data using R language package BMNUS: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 7, chap. 20, 27 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/tm7C20.

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Year Published: 2020

Assessing mercury distribution using isotopic fractionation of mercury processes and sources adjacent and downstream of a legacy mine district in Tuscany, Italy

Mercury (Hg) concentrations and isotopic compositions in a range of sample types collected from the legacy Abbadia San Salvatore Mine (ASSM) area were used to evaluate the distribution of Hg in the region. The district generated more than 100,000 metric tons of Hg releasing extensive amounts of gaseous Hg emissions and producing large amounts of...

Pribil, Michael; Rimondi, Valentina; Costagliola, Pilario; Lattanzi, Pierfranco; Rutherford, Danny

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Year Published: 2020

Monazite and cassiterite Usingle bondPb dating of the Abu Dabbab rare-metal granite, Egypt: Late Cryogenian metalliferous granite magmatism in the Arabian-Nubian Shield

The Abu Dabbab rare-metal granite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt is a highly-evolved alkali-feldspar granite with transitional magmatic-hydrothermal features. Extreme geochemical fractionation and the associated significant TaSn resource make the Abu Dabbab intrusion an important feature in the metallogenic evolution of the Arabian-Nubian Shield....

Lehmann, Bernd; Zoheir, Basem; Neymark, Leonid A.; Zeh, Armin; Emam, Ashraf; Radwan, Abdelhady; Zhang, Rongqing; Moscati, Richard J.

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Year Published: 2020

Depth-dependent soil mixing persists across climate zones

Soil mixing over long (>102 y) timescales enhances nutrient fluxes that support soil ecology, contributes to dispersion of sediment and contaminated material, and modulates fluxes of carbon through Earth’s largest terrestrial carbon reservoir. Despite its foundational importance, we lack robust understanding of the rates and patterns of...

Gray, Harrison J.; Keen-Zebert, Amanda; Furbish, David; Tucker, Gregory E.; Mahan, Shannon A.