Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center

Publications

Products (journal articles, reports, fact sheets) authored by current and past scientists are listed below. Please check the USGS Pubs Warehouse for other USGS publications.

Filter Total Items: 1,282
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Year Published: 2020

Quantifying uncertainty for remote spectroscopy of surface composition

Remote surface measurements by imaging spectrometers play an important role in planetary and Earth science. To make these measurements, investigators calibrate instrument data to absolute units, invert physical models to estimate atmospheric effects, and then determine surface properties from the spectral reflectance. This study quantifies the...

Thompson, David R.; Braverman, Amy; Brodrick, Philip; Candela, Alberto; Carmon, Nimrod; Clark, Roger N.; Connelly, David; Green, Robert O.; Kokaly, Raymond; Li, Longlei; Mahowald, Natalie; Miller, Ronald L.; Okin, Gregory S.; Painter, Thomas H.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Turmon, Michael; Susilouto, Jouni; Wettergreen, David

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Year Published: 2020

Systems-deposits-commodities-critical minerals table for the earth mapping resources initiative

To define and prioritize focus areas across the United States with resource potential for 35 critical minerals in a few years’ time, the U.S Geological Survey Earth Mapping Resources Initiative (Earth MRI) required an efficient approach to streamline workflow. A mineral systems approach based on current understanding of how ore deposits that...

Hofstra, Albert H.; Kreiner, Douglas C.
Hofstra, A.H., and Kreiner, D.C., 2020, Systems-Deposits-Commodities-Critical Minerals Table for the Earth Mapping Resources Initiative: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1042, 24 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201042.

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Year Published: 2020

Bayesian modeling of non-stationary, univariate, spatial data for the Earth sciences

Some Earth science data, such as geochemical measurements of element concentrations, are non-stationary—the mean and the standard deviation vary spatially. It is important to estimate the spatial variations in both statistics because such information is indicative of geological and other Earth processes. To this end, an estimation method is...

Ellefsen, Karl J.; Van Gosen, Bradley S.
Ellefsen, K.J., and Van Gosen, B.S., 2020, Bayesian modeling of non-stationary, univariate, spatial data for the Earth sciences: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 7, chap. C24, 20 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/tm7C24.

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Year Published: 2020

User guide to the bayesian modeling of non-stationary, univariate, spatial data using R language package BMNUS

Bayesian modeling of non-stationary, univariate, spatial data is performed using the R-language package BMNUS. A unique advantage of this package is that it can map the mean, standard deviation, quantiles, and probability of exceeding a specified value. The package includes several R-language classes that prepare the data for the modeling, help...

Ellefsen, Karl J.; Goldman, Margaret A.; Van Gosen, Bradley S.
Ellefsen, K.J, Goldman, M.A., and Van Gosen, B.S., 2020, User guide to the bayesian modeling of non-stationary, univariate, spatial data using R language package BMNUS: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 7, chap. 20, 27 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/tm7C20.

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Year Published: 2020

Depth-dependent soil mixing persists across climate zones

Soil mixing over long (>102 y) timescales enhances nutrient fluxes that support soil ecology, contributes to dispersion of sediment and contaminated material, and modulates fluxes of carbon through Earth’s largest terrestrial carbon reservoir. Despite its foundational importance, we lack robust understanding of the rates and patterns of...

Gray, Harrison J.; Keen-Zebert, Amanda; Furbish, David; Tucker, Gregory E.; Mahan, Shannon A.

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Year Published: 2020

Major hydrostratigraphic contacts of the Truxton basin and Hualapai Plateau, northwestern Arizona, developed from airborne electromagnetic data

The area surrounding the Grand Canyon has spectacular outcrop exposure in the modern canyon walls, leading to stratigraphic contact delineations that are well constrained near canyons yet poorly constrained where the terrain remains undissected and relatively unexplored by boreholes. An airborne electromagnetic and magnetic survey of the western...

Mason, Jon P.; Ball, Lyndsay B.
Ball, L.B., 2020, Major hydrostratigraphic contacts of the Truxton basin and Hualapai Plateau, northwestern Arizona, developed from airborne electromagnetic data, chap. D of Mason, J.P., ed., Geophysical surveys, hydrogeologic characterization, and groundwater flow model for the Truxton basin and Hualapai Plateau, northwestern Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5017, 24 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205017D.

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Year Published: 2020

Pyrrhotite distribution in the conterminous United States, 2020

In parts of Connecticut and Massachusetts, foundations of some homes are cracking and crumbling. Failing foundations can reduce the market value of a home and lifting a house to replace and repour a foundation is an expensive undertaking. In response, some homeowners are defaulting on their mortgages and abandoning their homes. The...

Mauk, Jeffrey L.; Crafford, Thomas C.; Horton, John D.; San Juan, Carma A.; Robinson,, Gilpin R.
Mauk, J.L., Crafford, T.C., Horton, J.D., San Juan, C.A., and Robinson, G.R., Jr., 2020, Pyrrhotite distribution in the conterminous United States, 2020: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020-3017, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203017.

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Year Published: 2020

Geochemical and mineralogical study of the Red Mountain porphyry copper-molybdenum deposit and vicinity, Santa Cruz County, Arizona

The Red Mountain porphyry copper-molybdenum deposit (Cu-Mo deposit or PCD) is located in the northern part of the Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz County, Arizona. Extensive core drilling has delineated a large, deep-seated, structurally intact mineral system that extends from the present surface to depths of more than 1,765 meters. This system is...

Chaffee, Maurice
Chaffee, M.A., 2020, Geochemical and mineralogical study of the Red Mountain porphyry copper-molybdenum deposit and vicinity, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5077, 164 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195077.

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Year Published: 2020

High-resolution airborne geophysical survey of the Shellmound, Mississippi area

In late February to early March 2018, the U.S. Geological Survey acquired 2,364 line-kilometers (km) of airborne electromagnetic, magnetic, and radiometric data in the Shellmound, Mississippi study area. The purpose of this survey is to contribute high-resolution information about subsurface geologic structure to inform groundwater models, water...

Burton, Bethany L.; Minsley, Burke J.; Bloss, Benjamin R.; Kress, Wade H.; Rigby, James R.; Smith, Bruce D.
This publication is available at https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/sim3449. After the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) and product metadata have been registered by CrossRef, the official URL will be https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3449.

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Year Published: 2020

Apatite trace element geochemistry and cathodoluminescent textures—Acomparison between regional magmatism and the Pea Ridge IOA-REE andBoss IOCG deposits, southeastern Missouri iron metallogenic province, USA

The southeast Missouri iron metallogenic province contains a remarkable wealth of historically important Fe, Cu, Au, and rare earth element (REE) deposits including the Pea Ridge iron oxide-apatite-rare earth element (IOA-REE) deposit and the Boss iron oxide-copper-gold (IOCG) deposit. These deposits are coeval with silicic and intermediate...

Mercer, Celestine N.; Watts, Kathryn E.; Gross, Juliane

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Year Published: 2019

Using mobile GIS applications to support mineral resource investigations in the Eglab region, Algeria

The Algerian Geological Survey Agency – U.S. Geological Survey (ASGA-USGS) mineral resource assessment project in the Eglab region, Algeria, comprises the eastern part of the Reguibat Shield bounded by the Tindouf, Reggane, and Taoudeni basins to the north, east, and south, respectively. The use of mobile GIS applications on handheld tablets...

Johnson, Michaela R.; Belanteur, Nadjib F.; Taylor, Cliff D.