Kansas Water Science Center
Organic Geochemistry Research Lab
Organic Geochemistry Research Laboratory (OGRL)
The Organic Geochemistry Research Laboratory is a multidisciplinary program that focuses on contributing new knowledge on the distribution, fate, transport, and effects of new and understudied organic compounds that are suspected of causing undesired effects on human health and/or ecosystems. OGRL works independently or collaboratively by investigating the organic contaminant occurrence, distribution, fate, transport, and modification paired with biological indicators when possible to examine integrated effects. The OGRL currently has three main focuses that include investigation of 1) point and nonpoint source assessment of occurrence, fate, transport and effects of pesticides, their degradates, and inert ingredients, 2) point and nonpoint source assessment of occurrence, fate, transport, and effects of emerging contaminants, their degradates, and effects, and 3) analytical methods development to support research objectives to study selected organic contaminants in multiple media (e.g. water, wastewater, soil, sediment, manure, biosolids) and to conduct independent and collaborative laboratory, field, watershed scale process studies and regional to national transport studies.
OGRL works independently or collaboratively to pair fate and transport with biological
experiments and effects. OGRL has three main focuses:
1. Development and modification of robust analytical methods needed for analysis of
compounds in multiple matrices to address relevant environmental health issues.
2. Conduct independent and collaborative lab to national based...
Algal toxins are a group of toxic compounds produced by a range of photosynthetic freshwater and marine plankton. These toxins have the ability to cause sickness in animals and humans and in severe cases lead to death. OGRL has the ability to evaluate and conduct occurrence, fate, transport, effects, and treatability studies methods.
Glyphosate and glufosinate are herbicides used for weed and vegetation control. AMPA, aminomethylphosphonic acid, is a degradation product of glyphosate. Since the introduction of glyphosate resistant (round-up ready) corn and soybeans glyphosate has become the most widely used herbicide in the world.
Antibiotics are used for human health and livestock management and health. The increase of antibiotic resistant infections has resulted in concern that sub-therapeutic use of antibiotics for weight gain in livestock and the release of low levels of antibiotics into surface and groundwater from urban and agricultural sources may be contributing to this problem.
Triazines and phenylureas are commonly used herbicides for controlling weeds in row crops. These herbicides and their degradation products have been found in samples collected from surface water, groundwater, and precipitation throughout the United States. Atrazine until recently was the most widely applied herbicide in the U.S. and is still a widely applied preplanting corn herbicide.
Acetamide herbicides are used to control weeds in row crops such as corn and soybeans. Acetamide herbicides and their degradates are common contaminants in surface and groundwater. Some of the widely detected acid degradates are on the USEPA contaminant candidate list (CCL).
Immunoassays are rapid screening techinques that can be used to provide data on a specific compound or class of compunds on a large number of samples. We have used these methods to conduct large scale reconnaissance studies of atrazine in rainfall and cyanobacterial toxins in the USEPA national lake and reservoir reconnaissance study.